Presentation on theme: "Emery Mattheis Voltaire. Satirical novel published in 1759 Written as attack on Gottfried Leibniz and Optimists Optimists believed that this world."— Presentation transcript:
Satirical novel published in 1759 Written as attack on Gottfried Leibniz and Optimists Optimists believed that this world was the best of all possible worlds. Ha. Basics
Louis XV reigned as King of France An earthquake struck Lisbon and killed fifty thousand people. (1755) The Seven Years War began in 1755. Enlightenment period. History period
François-Marie Arouet (1694-1778) grew up in Paris. Went to jail. A lot. (for his criticisms of people in power) Became a hero of the people later in life. Le Author
Satirical. Yes, satirical. And witty. Simple sentence structure and diction. His tone never matches the mood of the story. Author’s Style
Novel – fictional protagonist, journey-like plot, dialogues, limited third person point of view, and various settings Satire – concern with ethical issues, desire for public reform, attacks on vices and ignorance, and whole- hearted wit. Characteristics of Genre
Misery, death, despair, and sheep. Grand Journey (Novel) Begins with Candide getting kicked out of mansion and ends with everyone working on a farm. Plot Sheep.
Candide -- Flat as can be. Easily influenced. Either determined or ignorant. Probably both. Cunégonde – Also one dimensional. Her beauty is all that matters to everyone. She is bland in every other regard. Characteristics of … Characters… Oh, and Pangloss is an optimistic idiot.
Failures of Optimism – Rape, murder, disease, poverty, misery. All great aspects of a perfect world. Evil in People/Hypocrisy of Religion– Inquisitor has a mistress, friar is a thief, Pope has a daughter, etc. Horrible deeds done in the name of god. Fate -- ‘You observe,’ said Candide to Martin, ‘that crime is sometimes punished. That rogue of a Dutch captain has had the fate he deserved.’ ‘Yes,’ said Martin. ‘But why should the passengers have perished too? God has punished a scoundrel, but the devil has drowned the rest.’ (93) The world is unpredictable. And Candide is a tool. Themes