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1 © The Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine Capturing the impact of research: lessons from the SHHEP initiative Dr. Sally Theobald, SHHEP and REBUILD RPC
2 © The Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine The SHHEP initiative http://www.health-policy- systems.com/supplements/9/S1
3 © The Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine Supplement foreword The work reported in this supplement provides examples of approaches that have been tried and from which other researchers can learn. They demonstrate that getting research into policy and practice is complex, dynamic and multi-faceted; and a wide range of context and issue specific conceptual and practical approaches have to be used. I hope that the innovative approaches and promising ways forward, presented in these papers, will inspire and motivate others. Professor Christopher Whitty & Dr Sue Kinn
4 © The Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine Questions for the special issue 1.How do SRH and HIV/AIDS research organisations describe their policy influencing aims, and who are the policy makers they seek to influence? 2.What influencing strategies and approaches are used by SRH, HIV and AIDS research organisations and how are these shaped by methodology, context and subject area? 3.What are the different ways in which research evidence is strategically framed in order to maximise impact? 4.What strategies do research organisations use to track the impact of their work? 5.From the perspective of research organisations, what models and conceptual frameworks are helpful?
5 © The Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine Organised into five themes Theme one Theme two Theme three Theme four Theory and practice of research engagement Applying policy analysis to explore role of research evidence Strategies and methodologies for engagement Advocacy and engagement to influence attitudes Theme five Institutional approaches to intersectoral engagement for action and strengthening communications
6 © The Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine Literature on research to policy fast growing ODI RAPID IDRC ESRC WHO HRSA Less common is reflection from researchers or research-funding organisations themselves about the ideal roles of research organisations, about the compatibility between research and communications objectives, and about some of the tensions and challenges involved in policy influencing. Less common is reflection from researchers or research-funding organisations themselves about the ideal roles of research organisations, about the compatibility between research and communications objectives, and about some of the tensions and challenges involved in policy influencing.
7 © The Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine Categorising research impact Discursive changes Content changes Procedural changes Behavioural changes Change discourse Change laws / policies Change how stakeholders analyse their data on service delivery or GL Raised awareness, attitudinal, building national capacity for research Young and Mendizabal model
8 © The Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine Change discourse
9 © The Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine Change guidelines/develop new guidelines
10 © The Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine Raise awareness of research and support attitudinal change Extracts from information resources to raise awareness about rape, reduce stigma and inform Makutano Junction viewers about post-rape care services.
11 © The Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine Learning from the SHHEP process Investing in communications and research uptake matters... Undertaking reflective assessments of the policy relevance of research evidence, its scope and limitations within a particular context and the ethical implications of communicating the research Carrying out strategic scoping of opportunities and levers for influence through analysis of the policy context, actors and processes, including the political or cultural acceptability of research approaches and findings within context and throughout the research cycle ‘embedded’ Assessing the nature of the research evidence and consulting with other key actors on how best to frame it in ways that increase local decision makers’ receptivity. Keeping ccommunications strategies flexible, innovative, jargon free and relevant to research institutions’ objectives to keep them effective. Being aware of the broad range of research impacts and multiple approaches to capturing impact
12 © The Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine Networking and coalitions Complex approaches Different institutions forging partnerships Embedded, connected, forging relationships Paradigm shift away from dissemination to ongoing partnerships “If you do [research] in partnership with government they easily accept the findings and take it up. […] if they were our partners from the very beginning of that project then they would easily believe its credible.” (Communications Officer, Kenya) “If you do [research] in partnership with government they easily accept the findings and take it up. […] if they were our partners from the very beginning of that project then they would easily believe its credible.” (Communications Officer, Kenya)
13 © The Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine NEW OPPORTUNITIES PROVIDED BY THE REF Research Exercise Framework – 2013 A key change from the 2008 Research Assessment Exercise (the predecessor of the REF) is the need to develop case studies on research impact Debates and discussion - How will impact be measured and assessed Unintended consequences?
14 © The Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine Position and skills of research actors Diversity in characteristics, actions and organisational approach ‘‘I’m pushy and I think of everything as an opportunity and I don’t shut doors and I keep resisting […] I am always looking for ways [for there to be] something more than just research in a book. Because […] I work a lot with poverty and urban poverty and especially […] in urban slums, I think [in terms] of the rights perspective or the structural inequalities for poor people.” (Researcher, Bangladesh) ‘‘I’m pushy and I think of everything as an opportunity and I don’t shut doors and I keep resisting […] I am always looking for ways [for there to be] something more than just research in a book. Because […] I work a lot with poverty and urban poverty and especially […] in urban slums, I think [in terms] of the rights perspective or the structural inequalities for poor people.” (Researcher, Bangladesh) “You know many good researchers don’t make good advocates. Quite a different skill and I think that's very rarely recognised. A good academic is trained to […] state the […] cautions, the doubts, whereas those are fatal qualities for an advocate who has to simplify, dramatise, exaggerate.” (Researcher, UK) “You know many good researchers don’t make good advocates. Quite a different skill and I think that's very rarely recognised. A good academic is trained to […] state the […] cautions, the doubts, whereas those are fatal qualities for an advocate who has to simplify, dramatise, exaggerate.” (Researcher, UK)
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