Presentation on theme: "Rape case attrition in a sample of European countries Only a fraction of reported rape cases result in conviction."— Presentation transcript:
Rape case attrition in a sample of European countries Only a fraction of reported rape cases result in conviction.
Key Impacts and Risks Physical and reproductive health Mental healthLegal Judicial Housing Shelter EducationEmployment Productivity Individual Homicide, suicide, maiming, increased risk of STI/HIV, miscarriage, unwanted pregnancy Suicide, depression, post traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, insomnia Temporary housing/shelter Decreased participation in education Time off work for injuries, dropping out of school/losing job due to violence Community Burden on health services in the community Emotional support to victims of violence Burden to provide shelter for victims Economic support to friends or family victims State Society Costs in public services Crisis centers, hotlines, counseling Police, prosecution, incarceration, compensation to victims. Shelters including security costs to protect victims at shelters Second chance programs for dropouts Reduced tax base with lower earnings Children of victims Lower vaccination rates, higher under five mortality rates, lower nutrition levels Emotional or behavioral problems Abuse of alcohol and drugs, early sexual activity, tendency to enter into abusive relationships Lower school attendance rates, worsened academic performance, emotional or behavioral problems Longer term impacts of behavioral and emotional problems
What is the World Bank doing on Violence Against Women? Analytical work – Global and regional studies (e.g., WDR 2012; East Asia and Pacific Companion) – Country Gender Assessments (e.g., Vietnam, PNG) – Evaluation of Program Impacts (e.g., Peru Juntos; Brazil Bolsa Familia) Technical Assistance – Strengthening Data, Measurement, Analysis (e.g., Africa regional workshop) – Institutional Capacity Building (e.g., Vietnam, Brazil) Operational work – Improving Access to Justice (e.g., Justice for the Poor Initiative) – Strengthening Women’s Voice and Participation (e.g. PNG Women in Mining Initiative)