Presentation on theme: "Delhi rape case: exploring the fault lines Rajashree Ghosh, Resident Scholar Women’s Studies Research Center, Brandeis University December 4, 2013."— Presentation transcript:
Delhi rape case: exploring the fault lines Rajashree Ghosh, Resident Scholar Women’s Studies Research Center, Brandeis University December 4, 2013
Approaching the issue Violence against women in Delhi Nation World
Violence against women: world over 35 per cent of women worldwide have experienced either physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence or non-partner sexual violence In Australia, Canada, Israel, South Africa and the United States, intimate partner violence accounts for between 40 and 70 per cent of female murder victims 20,000 to 50,000 women were raped during the 1992– 1995 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina; 250,000 to 500,000 women and girls were targeted in the 1994 Rwandan genocide 40 and 50 per cent of women in European Union countries experience unwanted sexual advances, physical contact or other forms of sexual harassment at work In the United States, 83 per cent of girls aged 12 to 16 have experienced some form of sexual harassment in public Source: UN Women
CEDAW Defines violence against women as “any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life.”
Constitutional guarantees (India) Articles 14 and 15 of the Constitution of India adopted in) prohibits discrimination by the state “on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them”. Article 15(3) of the Constitution permits the State to make special provisions with respect to women and children Section 375, 376, 376 A-D IPC deal with rape. Marital Rape – is an exception under the IPC if the wife is under 15 years of age Anti dowry, sati Sex selective abortions (Female feticide)
Emergence of public protest Credit: Indian Express
Protest: Outrage expressed by men Credit: BBC
Police response and action Water canons and tear gas inflicted on protesters Credit: Hindu Business Line
Police presence and road closures Protesters were not allowed within the limits of the government centers such as the India Gate. Metro trains were stopped from functioning. The protesters moved to another location, Jantar Mantar, an ancient observatory and a site for popular demonstrations. Credit: India Ink
Sheila Dikshit: Chief Minister, Delhi Migrants “…. come into Delhi, commit a crime and just run back again.” My own daughter is unsafe…” and further “I am not satisfied with the law and order.”
Neeraj Kumar: Police Commissioner “…. in 97% of rape cases in India, the perpetrator is known to the victim. These are opportunistic crimes. The question of the police preventing these rapes does not arise. You cannot go into people's bedrooms and houses.” Photo credit: India Today
Poster allegedly released by Delhi police After school, go home directly. If going out, inform parents. If going to any friend's place inform parents. The bag should contain a piece of paper with their address and phone number. Do not talk to strangers or take lift from them. Do not go out of school premises without teachers' permission. Do not take food, cold drinks or gifts from strangers.
Number of rapes in India (WSJ/India)
Who are the perpetrators?
Mathura case 1972 Rape of minor by police Custodial rapes punishable by law Tarvinder Kaur 1979 Two hundred women mobilized to march in the streets Anti dowry laws Roop Kanwar 1987 Public outcry - antiquated practice of Sati Sati Prevention Act Bhanwari Devi (1991 ) Thousands of women joined in protest Sexual Harassment at Workplace (Bill, 2010
To: Sheila Dikshit,, Chief Minister of Delhi; Sushil Kumar Shinde, Home Minister; Sonia Gandhi, President, Congress Party We urge you to recognize that violence against women is a serious crime. We demand that the offenders be prosecuted and brought to justice. Sexual assault of any kind be deemed a palpable non baliable crime in the eyes of law. That victims of such heinous acts be treated with dignity and respect. Women anywhere should feel safe whether at home, out in public spaces and at work. There is imminent need to increase funding for forensic investigations, upgrading training of police to deal with sexual crimes, and making expert post-trauma support available to victims. The onus of proving the crime should not be on the victim but on the perpetrator.