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Can biofuel production be environmentally friendly? Szilvia LUDA ( PhD. Student) With collaboration of Ricardo Scacchetti and Giovanni Conti Corvinus University.

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Presentation on theme: "Can biofuel production be environmentally friendly? Szilvia LUDA ( PhD. Student) With collaboration of Ricardo Scacchetti and Giovanni Conti Corvinus University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Can biofuel production be environmentally friendly? Szilvia LUDA ( PhD. Student) With collaboration of Ricardo Scacchetti and Giovanni Conti Corvinus University of Budapest Department of Environmental Economics and T e chnology

2 Gazdálkodástudományi Kar 2

3 Gazdálkodástudományi Kar 3 Main reasons for energetic use of biomass (PROS) 1. Environmental2. Economic and policy reasons Carbon neutralReplacement of oil RenewableReduction of the energy dependence of the region Helps to save the rural landscape and regional features Increase regional employment in rural areas

4 Gazdálkodástudományi Kar 4  Eco-holistic evaluation is a new idea which combines traditional holism with an eco-centric view. We invite you to evaluate the biofuel production in a eco-holistic way

5 Gazdálkodástudományi Kar 5 Is production of bio-fuels really environmentally sound? (&CONS)  In the short run only intensive (industrial) systems are economically feasible (only big farms getting subsidies hectares )  Production with high industrial input, small positive energy balance, a lot of chemicals used  Mainly monocultures, reduced agro-biodiversity  GMO use is stimulated

6 Gazdálkodástudományi Kar High investments in Palm Oil in Brazil T Biodiesel/hec  Deforestation  Desertification

7 Gazdálkodástudományi Kar The environment sustainability depends on the production features. 1st generation Transport Biomass is a carbon neutral energy resource Biomass is renewable Employment can be increased in rural areas Mainly monocultures OGM Use of chemicals, small positive energy balance Transport Competition with food 2nd generation Local scale Large scale

8 Gazdálkodástudományi Kar 2nd generation biofuel it’s not feasible in large scale $/l 30$/bbl 50$/bbl 70$/bbl Crude oil

9 Gazdálkodástudományi Kar 9 The rape oil manufacture of Szedres d=60km TERMESZTÉS 5000ha Rape seed 430 MT Vegetable oil production Rape oil 150 MT Rape pellet 280 MT - Esterification Bio - d ies el - Dire c t fuels Machinery used in agriculture - Vegetable oil for food - Animal feeding - Heating Public building Office, other building, Shop

10 Gazdálkodástudományi Kar 10 Is it possible to create and actually operate a sustainable social-economical-ecological systems or not? Ecoflex model With the help of the okoflex model we try to frame the rape oil manufacture of Szedres into the triad of economy, society and environment. Ecoflex is a type of eco-agricultural model. The model’s originality is that it integrates the rape oil pressing manufacture into the ambient agricultural structure. The stock can be produced in a 50-60km zone. (Minimizing transport distances, reduces environmental charges and also reduces transport costs.) 

11 Gazdálkodástudományi Kar 11 Thanks for your attention!


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