2 What’s In It for You?Reasons for Going to CollegeThe Advantages of a College EducationImproved Opportunities for Financial SecurityObtaining the Necessary Skills for Today's WorkforceThe College AdvantageThe Personal Benefits of Going to CollegeYou're Part of a Diverse College PopulationGetting Involved in Your College CommunityGetting Socially InvolvedTips for Getting Socially InvolvedGetting Academically InvolvedTips for Getting Academically Involved
3 Finding the Right Balance Getting Off to a Good Start in Your ClassesBenefiting from Resources and ServicesUsing Your College Catalog/Student HandbookAcademic Requirements and ProceduresStudent ServicesUsing Your Placement OfficeWorking with the SystemTips for Making the System Work for YouGetting There Financing Your EducationKnow Where Your Money GoesTips for Reducing ExpensesWorking Through School
4 Coping with Credit Cards: Going Plastic Tips for Coping with Credit CardsIdentity Theft: What You Should KnowTips for Minimizing Your Risk for Identity TheftFinancial AidStudent Financial Aid and Scholarship Information on the WebBalancing School, Work, Family, and FriendsStrategies for Work and SchoolTips for Managing Work and SchoolStrategies for Family and SchoolTips for Managing Children and SchoolChild Care
5 Communicating with Others Online Social NetworkingSecurity Dangers of Online Social NetworkingPersonal Risks of Online Social Networking
7 What’s In It for You?What Is Critical Thinking?The Importance of Critical Thinking to Your Professional and Personal LifeWhat Qualities Do Critical Thinkers Possess?The Process and Tools for Critical ThinkingTools for Critical ThinkingBasic Guidelines for Critical ThinkingDeveloping Critical Reading SkillsQuestioning: The Tool of Critical ReadingTen Critical Thinking Questions to Probe Your ReadingCritical Thinking: You and the Media
8 Tips for Thinking Critically About the Media Highlights Discussion QuestionsActivitiesPracticing for Academic SuccessPracticing for Career SuccessPracticing for Personal SuccessIn Your Own Words
10 What’s In It for You?• The basics of effective writing strategies.• How to write a well organized research paper.• Tips for producing quality memos, letters, and reports for work.• Strategies for overcoming the fear of public speaking.• Tips for making interesting, well organized oral presentations.
11 The Basic Steps to Effective Writing Step 1: Choosing a Topic for a Writing AssignmentStep 2: PrewritingStep 3: OrganizingStep 4: Writing a Rough DraftStep 5: RevisingPractice, Practice, PracticeWriting and ComputersTips for Writing with Computers
12 The Research PaperKnow the RopesChoose a TopicGather InformationSelect Information from Your ResourcesConstruct an OutlineWrite Rough Draft(s)Revise and PolishWriting for WorkWriting MemosTips for Writing a Better MemoWriting Business LettersWriting Reports
13 SAMPLE OF A MENU DRIVEN PRESENTATION Making PresentationsTips for Preparing a PresentationTips for Making PresentationsSAMPLE OF A MENU DRIVEN PRESENTATION
14 CHAPTER 4:LEADERSHIP, ETHICS, AND RESPONSIBILITY
15 What's In It for YouThis chapter explores the important traits ofleadership, ethics, and responsibility.College provides a perfect environment for youto work on developing your leadership skills!
16 WHAT’S THE ONE THING THAT ALL LEADERS HAVE IN COMMON? LEADERSHIPWHAT’S THE ONE THING THATALL LEADERS HAVE IN COMMON?FOLLOWERS!
18 AdaptableApproachableAuthenticCharismaticCollaborativeCommittedCompassionateCompetentConsistentDecisiveDependableDisciplinedEffectiveEfficientEmpatheticEngagedEthicalFamily OrientedFirmFlexibleFocusedForward ThinkerGoal OrientedHonorableInfluentialInnovativeIntelligentListenerOpportunisticOptimisticOrganizedOutgoingProductiveResilientResourcefulResponsibleRole ModelSense of HumorSpiritualStableSteadfastStraight ForwardTactfulTeam PlayerTolerantTranscendentVisibleVisionaryWise
19 THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Behavioral – assumes people lead because they care about people, respond to other people’s needs, are genuinely interested in other people, can select the best approach to a problem, and are able to be decisive in crisis situations.Contingency – suggests that leadership is variable, that it depends on the particular situation, the characteristics of the people involved, the context of the particular group, the style of the leader, and whether the leader is trusted or not.
20 TYPES OF LEADERS: BASIC LEADERSHIP TRAITS SOURCES OF POWERIn most societies, the group selects a leader.What are some other ways people select leaders?TYPES OF LEADERS: BASIC LEADERSHIP TRAITSWHAT IS A SUCCESSFULLY LEADER?
21 TIPS FOR DEVELOPING LEADERSHIP SKILLS ReadDevelop your vocabularyBe fairGet involvedBrainstorm ideasTreat people with respect
22 ETHICS AND RESPONSIBILITY Ethics – a set of values.ETHICAL PRINCIPLESRespect autonomy (other people’s rights)Do no harmBenefit othersBe justBe faithful
23 ETHICAL TERMSEthics – a set of values based on moral beliefs and attitudesMorality – the rules, or mores, which an individual or group has about what is right or wrong, good or evilMores – the values and beliefs of a particular cultureValue – that which we choose to be worthwhile or believe to have merit, such as truthfulness, respect for others, confidentiality, etc.Value system – the way in which we organize, prioritize, and make decisions based on our valuesVirtues – values turned into actions
24 CHOICES AND CHALLENGES!!! What would you do?Find a wallet…Hit a car and no one sees it…Someone asks you to help them cheat on an exam…Cashier gives you back too much money…CHOICES AND CHALLENGES!!!ACADEMIC INTEGRITY!!!
25 RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES Student Responsibilities &BILL OF RIGHTSStudent ResponsibilitiesYou have the responsibility to take control of your own learning process.You have the responsibility to develop skills for learning, test-taking, and problem-solving.You have the responsibility to think and act positively.You have the responsibility to ask questions when you don't understand somethingYou have the responsibility to attend classes.You have the responsibility to participate actively in class.You have the responsibility to complete assignments.You have the responsibility to help others when asked.You have the responsibility not to have a negative impact on other students or the instructor.Student Bill of Rights!You have the right to an education.You have the right to take control of your learning process.You have the right to be treated as an adult.You have the right to define success in your own terms.You have the right to feel good about yourself regardless of your abilities.You have the right to ask questions.You have the right to be treated fairly.You have the right to need extra help.You have the right to say you don't understand.You have the right not to be put down.You have the right to evaluate your instructors.
27 WHAT'S IN FOR YOU? The advantage of our diverse world Ways to overcome stereotypes, prejudice, and discriminationTips for understanding and relating to students with diverse backgroundsThe significance of body languageEffective listening skillsHow to communicate assertivelyStrategies for dealing with sexual harassmentHow to protect yourself from crimeTips to protect yourself from rape and date rape
28 TAKING ADVANTAGE OF OUR DIVERSE WORLD Are we really GRAMFAM????We are culturally diverse in that the world is a mixtureof people of different colors, backgrounds, abilities and faiths.
29 STEROTYPES, PREJUDICE, AND DISCRIMINATION Stereotyping means attributing the perceived characteristics of a category of people to every individual within that category, leaving no room for the specific qualities within each person.Prejudice means pre-judging. It’s judging a person on what you think you know about them or the group of people they come from.Discrimination is a action based on prejudice; it is the unequal treatment of members of a group.
30 Tips for Eliminating Prejudice and Discrimination Relating to Students with Diverse BackgroundsTips for Eliminating Prejudice and Discriminationand Improving RelationshipsLearn to recognize prejudicial attitudes in yourself.Look for the best in othersPractice inclusionBe the person who asks the new student to be a part of the groupSpeak up for those who others are putting downLearn more about other peopleGet involvedBe kind!
31 COMMUNICATING Effective listening is probably the foundation for good relationships and good communication between people. Become more aware of ways that you may want to improve your listening skills. LISTENING SKILLS ASSESSMENT (CLICK ON THE ICON TO TAKE THE LISTENING SKILLS ASSESSMENT)
32 ASSERTIVE COMMUNICATION REFLECTIVE LISTENINGReflective listening is an active form of listening which communicates that you understand what the speaker has said.Paraphrasing is repeating what someone has said – to let them know that you’ve been paying attention and know the message he/she is trying to get across (reflecting).ASSERTIVE COMMUNICATIONAssertive communication is expressing your point of view by standing up for yourself and being direct – while still respecting others.
33 QUALITIES OF AN ASSERTIVE COMMUNICATOR When things are clear, assertive communicators will ask questions.Assertive communicators is able to say, “I was wrong about that” and “I’m beginning to see your point”, and “I never looked at it that way before.”Assertive communicators know that the point of the conversation is to exchange ideas – not win a debate.
34 QUALITIES OF AN NON-ASSERTIVE COMMUNICATOR Individuals are usually timid and allow others to violate their rights by failing to express their honest feelings and thoughts.Non assertive communicators want to please others and avoid conflicts.Non assertive communicators are afraid to express their view.
35 QUALITIES OF AN AGGRESSIVE COMMUNICATOR Individuals are usually insecure and they express these feelings by responding in ways that do not show respect for others – they often “put down” others to make their point.Aggressive communicators tend to shout or speak harshly and get impatient.Aggressive communicators think of themselves first and, therefore don’t think much about the feelings of others.
36 DEALING WITH SEXUAL HARASSMENT Most women experience sexual harassment in the form of unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other forms of unwanted verbal and physical conduct of a sexual nature.The conduct can be as blatant as grabbing or touching, or as subtle as hints and suggestions.Pervasive displays of nude or pornographic pictures at the workplace also have been ruled harassment.The harassment can be carried out in forms of demanding sexual favors for grades or promotion, or to maintain employment.The evidence also shows that women are more frequently exposed to sexual harassment than men.Studies have shown that sexual harassment is more about power than sex, and about the harasser's feelings of insecurity.
37 DEALING WITH SEXUAL HARASSMENT If you are harassed sexually at school, report it first to a school counselor.This person can guide you to your school's procedures for complying with sexual harassment laws.Your local Office for Civil Rights and the equal Employment Opportunity Commission also can guide you in the proper procedures for taking action against sexual harassment.Sexual harassment is unacceptable conduct and should not be tolerated.It builds barriers between men and women.Both sexes need to be more aware of sexual harassment.Both sexes need to assert themselves when they are offended by inappropriate conduct at school, at work, and in other areas of life.Both men and women need to expect respect from each other and to speak up when they see sexual harassment occurring.
38 UNDERSTANDING RAPE AND DATE RAPE Rape is a crime of violence, not sex.It is emotionally devastating not only to the victim but to the victim's family and close friends, as well as to society in general.Rape is forced sexual intercourse where physical force, threats, and fear are used to overpower and control the victim.If it is against your will, it is against the law.Rape is a felony.Date rape in particular has received a lot of media attention in recent years.A victim sometimes is thought to have been "asking for it" because she dressed or behaved in a provocative way. The fact is, rape is a crime of violence, not sex. Rapists are not attracted to their victims in a sexual sense; they are attracted to them as people who seem weak and can be dominated by force. Victims feel the effect of the attack for a long time. Not only is the memory of the attack painful, as well as any physical injuries, but victims also have to deal with family, friends, and acquaintances who may not know how to respond.
39 UNDERSTANDING RAPE AND DATE RAPE If You're a Victim of RapeIf you are a victim of rape or know someone close to you who was a victim of rape, report the crime at once.Call the police or the emergency number "911."Alternatively, call your community rape hotline; hotline numbers usually are located in the front of your telephone book under Community Service Numbers. Members of the hotline will inform you of your options, explain legal processes, and provide counseling and assistance through the medical exam to court proceedings, and after.Remember that the person who is raped is not at fault—the perpetrator is. The person who was raped did not "ask for it"; the person who was raped was the victim of a crime, not the guilty party.There are complicated, painful feelings involved following rape; get the assistance of a rape crisis center or another counselor to help get you through the experience. Help is out there.
40 CHAPTER 6: MAKING HEALTHY CHOICES What’s In It for You?Managing StressKinds of StressStress Management StrategiesTips for Coping with Stress Healthy EatingTips for Balanced EatingThe USDA Dietary GuidelinesManaging Your WeightTips for Controlling Your WeightEating DisordersThe Benefits of ExerciseDeveloping a Personal Exercise ProgramTips for Strength BuildingTips for Sticking to Your Exercise Program
41 There were many moments when the young artist doubted his ability for the task. In January 1509, he wrote his father, “My work does not seem to go ahead in a way to merit anything. This is due to the difficulty of the work and also because it is not my profession. In consequence, I lose my time fruitlessly.” But he persisted, and the result was a work that set new standards and has stood the test of time.Michelangelo, as he writes about his work on the Sistine Chapel in Rome
42 CHAPTER 6: MAKING HEALTHY CHOICES (continued) Considering the Risks and Options of SexSexual RelationshipsBirth ControlPreventing Sexually Transmitted DiseasesUnderstanding Substance AbuseAlcoholTips for Responsible DrinkingSmokingTips for Quitting Smoking—Kick It Before It Kicks YouOther Drugs Highlights
43 CHAPTER 7: PLANNING FOR YOUR CAREER What’s In It for You?Know YourselfAssessing Your Workplace ValuesAssessing Your InterestsAssessing Your Occupational Personality TypeAssessing Your SkillsInvestigating Career OptionsInformational InterviewsTips for Conducting Informational Interviews Job Search StrategiesJob Searching via the WebUsing Your College Career Services OfficeNetworking as Part of Your Job Search
44 CHAPTER 7: PLANNING FOR YOUR CAREER (continued) Tips for Successful Networking via Social MediaTips for Successful Job Search Networking—In PersonUsing Your Portfolio to Market Yourself for the JobYour ResumeTips for Writing an Effective ResumeThinking Outside the Box MarketingMajor Components of a ResumeHow to Create a Scannable Resume Cover LettersTips for Writing Effective Cover Letters Job ApplicationsTips for Completing Job Applications Job InterviewsAt the InterviewCommon Interview Questions
45 CHAPTER 7: PLANNING FOR YOUR CAREER (continued) Tips on Preparing for a Job InterviewInterview Follow Up—Thank YouHighlightsDiscussion QuestionsActivitiesPracticing for Academic SuccessPracticing for Career SuccessPracticing for Personal SuccessIn Your Own Words
46 CHAPTER 8: INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY What’s In It for You?Information Boom to Information OverloadShould I Buy a New Computer or Upgrade?Tips for Upgrading or Purchasing a New ComputerInternet BasicsThe Way of the Web Searching and Researching via the WebWeb DirectoriesSearch EnginesMetasearch EnginesTips for Searching the Web Using the Web for Class ResearchTips for Evaluating Information on the WebStyle for Citing Online InformationPractices and Etiquette for College, Career, and Life
47 CHAPTER 8: INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (continued) Tips for Etiquette and Other ConsiderationsKeeping Up with Technology to Keep Up with the Changing WorkplaceSafety and Security Tips for You and Your Computer
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