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©2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Personal Safety Chapter 16
©2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved 22 Personal Safety –Every year, more than 175,000 Americans die from injuries –The economic cost of injuries is more than $700 billion each year Differentiating Injuries –Injuries: predictable outcomes of factors that can be controlled or prevented –Intentional injury One that is purposely inflicted, by oneself or by another person –Unintentional injury Injury occurs when no harm is intended Fifth leading cause of death among Americans Leading cause of death for Americans under age 45
©2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved 33 Unintentional Injuries What causes an injury? –Combination of human and environmental factors Human factors include inner conditions or attitudes that lead to an unsafe state, whether physical, emotional, or psychological Environmental factors include external conditions or circumstances Motor vehicle injuries –More than 43,000 Americans were killed and nearly 2.5 million injured in motor vehicle crashes in 2008 –Factors contributing to motor vehicle injuries Speeding Aggressive driving Fatigue and sleepiness Cell phones and other distractions Alcohol and other drugs Safety belts, air bags, and child safety seats
©2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved 44 Preventing Motor Vehicle Injuries Obey the speed limit Always were a safety belt Never drive under the influence Keep your car in good working condition Allow for plenty of following distance Increase your following distance and slow down if weather is bad Choose interstate highways versus rural roads Always signal Stop completely at stop signs and follow all traffic laws Take special care at intersections Don’t pass on two-lane roads unless you’re in a designated passing area and have a clear view of the road
©2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved 55 Motorcycles and Motorized Scooters About one out of every ten traffic fatalities among people aged 15-34 involves someone riding a motorcycle Safety strategies: –Wear light colored clothing, drive with headlights on, correctly position yourself in traffic –Develop the necessary skills –Wear a helmet –Protect your eyes –Drive defensively and never assume that other drivers can see you
©2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved 66 Bicycles Bicycles are considered vehicles; bicyclists must obey all traffic laws Head injuries common, helmets important Safety strategies: –Wear safety equipment –Wear light-colored, reflective clothing, and use lights –Ride with flow of traffic –Ride defensively –Stop at all traffic lights and stop signs –Continue pedaling at all times
©2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved 77 Home Injuries Falls –Alcohol is a contributing factor in many falls Fires –Install smoke detectors Poisoning –National poison hotline 800.222.1222 Suffocation and choking –Heimlich maneuver Firearms –Always treat a gun as though it were loaded
©2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved 88 Leisure Injuries Don’t swim alone or under the influence Use personal flotation devices when on a boat Make sure facilities are safe when playing sports Check all equipment and wear safety gear Drink plenty of fluids Do not use alcohol or drugs during recreational activities
©2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved 99 Work Injuries 4.1 million Americans suffered injuries on the job in 2006 Many back injuries could be prevented through proper lifting techniques Repetitive strain injuries (RSIs) –Carpal tunnel syndrome
©2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved 10 Figure 16.1 Correct lifting technique
©2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved 11 Carpal Tunnel
©2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved 12 Violence and Intentional Injuries In 2007, more than 1.4 million violent crimes occurred in the U.S. Factors contributing to violence –Social factors –Violence in the media –Gender –Interpersonal factors –Alcohol and other drugs –Firearms
©2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved 13 Violence and Intentional Injuries Assault –Use of physical force by a person or persons to inflict injury or death on another –Men, teens, young adults, and members of minority groups, especially African Americans and Latinos, are most likely to be murder victims Homicide –In 2007, FBI estimated 17,000 murders occurred Gang-related violence –More than 1 million Americans belong to a gang Hate crimes –Occur when bias against another person’s race or ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, or disability motivates a criminal act School violence and bullying Workplace violence Terrorism
©2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved 14 Family and Intimate Violence Battering –Violence against intimate partners –95% of victims female Stalking and cyberstalking –Harassing behaviors such as following or spying on a person and making verbal, written, or implied threats –Cyberstalking can occur on the Internet, via e-mail, chat rooms, and electronic communication devices Violence against children –Every year, at least 1 million children are abused by parents –Another 1 to 2 million are victims of neglect Elder abuse –Each year, 1 to 2 million older adults are abused, exploited, or mistreated –Most abusers are family members who are serving as caregivers
©2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved 15 Sexual Violence Sexual Assault: Rape –Statutory rape –Date rape –Who commits rape? Women are at greater risk of being assaulted by a man they know than by a stranger –Factors contributing to date rape –Date-rape drugs Rohypnol GHB “Special K” –Dealing with a sexual assault Women Organized Against Rape (WOAR) recommendations –The effects of rape
©2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved 16 Sexual Violence Child sexual abuse –Incest –Surveys suggest that as many as 27% of women and 16% of men were sexually abused as children –An estimated 150,000 to 200,000 new cases of child sexual abuse occur each year Sexual harassment –Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal, visual, or physical conduct of a sexual nature –Affects academic or employment decisions or evaluations –Interferes with an individual’s academic or work performance –Creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive academic, work, or student living environment
©2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved 17 What You Can Do About Violence Training for conflict resolution Educating people to encourage tolerance and understanding Reducing gun-related injuries: –May require changes in availability, possession, and lethality –Adoption of consumer safety standards for guns
©2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved 18 Providing Emergency Care First aid Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) Emergency medical services (EMS) system –Check the situation –Check the victim –Call for help: Call 9-1-1 in most areas –Care for the victim
©2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Personal Safety Chapter 16
©2010 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Personal Safety Chapter 16.
© 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved. Personal Safety Chapter 21.
Personal Safety: Protecting Yourself from Unintentional Injuries and Violence Chapter 23.
© 2011 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Chapter Nineteen: Protecting Your Safety.
Chapter 11 Preventing Injury. © Copyright 2005 Delmar Learning, a division of Thomson Learning, Inc.2 Chapter Objectives 1.Explain the differences between.
Taking Charge of your Personal Safety Accidents are the leading cause of death for people 1 to 45 years of age People in a university environment are at.
1. Vehicle CrashesSuicides Falls Drownings Youth Violence Homicides Sports InjuriesBullying These are a few examples of a growing area in public health…
Chapter 15 Injuries as a Community and Public Health Problem.
Chapter 13: Violence Prevention. Vocabulary Violence, bullying, assailant, assault, homicide, abuse, stalking, sexual violence, sexual abuse.
Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings The Health Threats of Unintentional Injuries and Violence J. Don Chaney, Ph.D.
1. Motor vehicle crashes, falls, suicides, drowning, youth violence. These are just a few examples from a growing area in public health, which can be.
Chap 17: Injuries as a Community Health Problem Instructor’s Name Semester, 200_.
1 Journal #3 Whats worse…..doing something you know you should not or not doing something you know you should!
Bell Work!!! Write a paragraph bragging about how COOL you are!!!
Reducing the Risk of Injury. Two Types of Injury Unintentional Can almost always be predicted and prevented Caused when people take risks Can include.
(c) 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter Nineteen: Protecting Your Safety.
Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings PowerPoint® Lecture Slide Presentation prepared by Michael Hall Violence and.
Preventing Injuries Chapter 12. Unintentional vs. Intentional Injuries can be unintentional – Accidents Injuries can be unintentional – Accidents Injuries.
AVOIDING AND PREVENTING VIOLENCE. Violence in Our Society Violence is any act that causes physical or psychological harm to a person or damage to property.
Injury Prevention Chapter 6. Injury Risk Factors AgeGender Geographic location Economic status Alcohol use.
Chapter 13 Lessons Three & Four (Pages ) VIOLENCE PROTECTION & OVERCOMING ABUSE.
Chapter 7 Resolving Conflicts and Preventing Violence Lesson 3 Preventing Violence Next >> Click for: >> Main Menu >> Chapter 7 Assessment Teachers notes.
Grade 7 Life Path A Life Path B. The student will examine current data on intentional and unintentional injuries. The student will provide examples.
Personal BehaviorLesson 5, Chapter 21 Avoiding and Preventing Violence.
Personal Safety Chapter 21. Impact On the American Society 120,000 Americans die for injuries120,000 Americans die for injuries The economic cost of injuries.
BELL WORK Have you ever had an accident while camping or riding a bike or skateboard? If so explain.
The Extent, Nature, and Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence Beth Chaney Texas A&M University.
Child Abuse Statistics. More than three children die each day in the United States from child abuse and neglect.
Resolving Conflicts & Preventing Violence Chapter 14.
Preventing Unintentional Injuries Unintentional injuries, or accidents, are a leading cause of death among teens. In this unit we will discuss guidelines.
An Invitation to Health Chapter 18 Staying Safe: Preventing Injury, Violence, and Victimization Dr. Lana Zinger ©2004 Wadsworth Publishing Co.
1 Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. Copyright © 2008 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Chapter 38 Violence and Human Abuse.
Copyright McGraw-Hill, Inc Human Sexuality: Diversity in Contemporary America, 7th Edition.
Health Then and Now. In the 1800s and early 1900s infectious diseases such as influenza, tuberculosis, and diphtheria were the leading causes of death.
Understanding Violence (2:40) Click here to launch video Click here to download print activity.
STOPPING THE #1 KILLER OF TEENS IN AMERICA. TOO MANY TEENS ARE DYING Motor vehicle crashes are the #1 killer of teens in America About 400 junior high.
STOPPING THE #1 KILLER OF TEENS IN AMERICA. Motor vehicle crashes are the #1 killer of teens in America About 400 junior high teens die each year in car.
Personal safety is both physical safety (freedom from physical harm) as well a psychological safety, which also a freedom from worry about physical.
Unit 8 – An Overview of Community Risk Reduction Issues.
The Influence of Peers and the Media: Motor Vehicles and Safety Precautions Amanda McGoye.
VIOLENCE PREVENTION. PROTECTIVE FACTORS: Behaviors you can practice to stay safe Take precautions against risky situations and developing safety habits.
Delmar Learning Copyright © 2003 Delmar Learning, a Thomson Learning company Chapter 30 Family and Community Violence.
Choosing to Live Alcohol- Free (3:02) Click here to launch video Click here to download print activity.
Chapter 16 Injury and Violence © 2013 McGraw-Hill Education. All Rights Reserved.1.
Chapter 13 Chapter Review Choose the appropriate option. Q. Any physical or mental strategies used to protect oneself from harm are forms of _________.
ALCOHOLISM By Jacqueline Duskiewicz. OVERVIEW Causes of alcoholism Consequences Ways to get help.
Safe Families – Safe Homes A Collaborative Approach to Responding to and Preventing Domestic Violence For Family Service Workers and Other Head Start Staff.
Violence and Intentional Injuries More than 2 million Americans are victims of violent injury each year. Three violent crimes occur every minute in the.
Violence and Abuse: Creating Healthy Environments Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Health: The Basics.
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