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Convicted by Juries, Exonerated by Science June 1996 “Our system of criminal justice is best described as a search for truth. Increasingly, the forensic.

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Presentation on theme: "Convicted by Juries, Exonerated by Science June 1996 “Our system of criminal justice is best described as a search for truth. Increasingly, the forensic."— Presentation transcript:

1 Convicted by Juries, Exonerated by Science June 1996 “Our system of criminal justice is best described as a search for truth. Increasingly, the forensic use of DNA technology is an important ally in that search. By highlighting the importance and utility of DNA evidence, this report challenges the scientific and justice community. Among the tasks ahead are the following: maintaining the highest standards for the collection and preservation of DNA evidence, ensuring DNA testing methodology meets rigorous scientific criteria for reliability and accuracy....” Attorney General Janet Reno

2 The NC Center on Actual Innocence 501(c)(3) 501(c)(3) Seven participating Law School Innocence Projects® in NC. 200 volunteers a year. Seven participating Law School Innocence Projects® in NC. 200 volunteers a year. 1,200 Claims a Year 1,200 Claims a Year 90% Rejected after Initial Review 90% Rejected after Initial Review 130 Active Cases 130 Active Cases Criteria Criteria Complete Actual Innocence of NC FelonyComplete Actual Innocence of NC Felony Still Incarcerated, post appealStill Incarcerated, post appeal New EvidenceNew Evidence No RepresentationNo Representation

3 North Carolina DNA Exonerations Ronald Cotton – (Alamance) Ronald Cotton – (Alamance) Charges: Rape (2 cts.), Burglary (2 cts.)Charges: Rape (2 cts.), Burglary (2 cts.) Sentence: Life plus 54 yearsSentence: Life plus 54 years Causes: ID, Unreliable “Science”Causes: ID, Unreliable “Science” Keith Brown – (Wilson) Keith Brown – (Wilson) Charges: 2 nd Degree Rape, 2 nd Degree Sex Offense (Plea)Charges: 2 nd Degree Rape, 2 nd Degree Sex Offense (Plea) Sentence: 35 YearsSentence: 35 Years Causes: ID, False ConfessionCauses: ID, False Confession

4 North Carolina DNA Exonerations Lesly Jean – (Onslow) Lesly Jean – (Onslow) Charges: Rape, Sexual AssaultCharges: Rape, Sexual Assault Sentence: 2 Life SentencesSentence: 2 Life Sentences Causes: ID, HypnosisCauses: ID, Hypnosis Exonerated 2001Exonerated 2001 Leo Waters – (Onslow) Leo Waters – (Onslow) Charges: Rape, Sex Offense, RobberyCharges: Rape, Sex Offense, Robbery Sentence: LifeSentence: Life Causes: ID, HypnosisCauses: ID, Hypnosis

5 North Carolina DNA Exonerations Darryl Hunt – (Forsyth) Darryl Hunt – (Forsyth) Charges: MurderCharges: Murder Sentence: LifeSentence: Life Causes: ID, Misconduct, SnitchCauses: ID, Misconduct, Snitch Dwayne Dail – (Wayne) Dwayne Dail – (Wayne) Charges: Rape, Sex Offense, BurglaryCharges: Rape, Sex Offense, Burglary Sentence: Life x 2 plus 18 yearsSentence: Life x 2 plus 18 years Causes: ID, Unreliable ScienceCauses: ID, Unreliable Science

6 Dwayne Allen Dail

7 Age = 53 Age = 40

8 Case Analysis – Dwayne Dail Misidentification Misidentification Lighting, exposure time, weapon, trauma, age, suggestionLighting, exposure time, weapon, trauma, age, suggestion Forensic Science Forensic Science Microscopic Hair Comparison – hair vacuumed from a throw rugMicroscopic Hair Comparison – hair vacuumed from a throw rug Tunnel Vision Tunnel Vision Law Enforcement, Prosecution, and DefenseLaw Enforcement, Prosecution, and Defense Lack of Evidence Tracking Lack of Evidence Tracking Ineffective Assistance Ineffective Assistance


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