2About Alexander Pope Suffered from prejudices Educated in Twyford ※Born in a CatholicfamilySuffered from prejudicesEducated in Twyford
3About Alexander Pope ※Moved to Binfield in 1700 Self-taught: “did nothing but read and write”Suffered from ill health: tuberculosis, asthma, and headaches
4About Alexander Pope ※Moved to Binfield in 1700 Humpbacked and deformed
5About Alexander Pope ※Published An Essay on Criticism in 1711 First striking success as a poet※ Made friends with Jonathan Swift and John Gay
6About Alexander Pope※Published an early version of “The Rape of the Lock” in 1712 (two cantos)A funny battle between sexes and follies of a young lady
7About Alexander Pope ◎ Characters: ※ Expanded “The Rape of the Lock” in 1714(five cantos)A quarrel between two families◎ Characters:Lord Petre :BaronMiss Arabella Fermor: Belinda
8About Alexander Pope ◎Background: ◎ Pope’s purpose: John Caryll’s suggestion to “pour poetic oils on these troubled waters” orHope that “a little laughter might serve to soothe ruffled tempers.”◎ Pope’s purpose:Do not worry about trivial things!
9About Alexander Pope ※Translated Iliad and Odyssey into English The first man to prove “Literature can raise writers.”
10About Alexander Pope ※Published The Dunciad in 1728 Became professional satirist“Sleepless themselves to give their readers sleep”
11About Alexander Pope※ Died on May 30, 1744The “Age of Pope” ended
16Canto 2 The travel on the Thames river The prayer of the young adventurer BaronThe Sylphs’ mission to “tend the Fair”—to protect BelindaBrillante—the earringsChrispissa—the locksAriel—Shock, Belinda’s lapdogMomentilla—the watchfifty chosen Sylphs—the petticoat
20Canto 4Belinda’s Ill-Natured mood and Affection after the loss of the lockUmbriel, the earthy gnome, descends to the Cave of SpleenThalestris’ speech rouses the rage of BelindaSir Plume bids in vain the payment of the lock
25Epic, the Characteristics A long narrative poemElevated, grand styleGreat heroes and heroinesThe setting is vast in geographical rangeSupernatural power
26Epic ConventionsThe theme is usually the adventure of a hero or a war.Invocate the Muse’s aid. (Calliope)Ask epic question(s).Begin with in medias res.Use epithets and similes.Gods’ interference in human affairs.
27Mock EpicA work designed to ridicule attitudes, style, or subject matter by handling either an elevated subject in a trivial manner or a low subject with mock dignity (Karl 30).Renders a trivial subject ridiculous by treating it with the elaborate (Karl 31).Compare small things with something great.
28Epic/ Mock Epic Traditional Epic The Rape of the Lock Invoke the aid of the muse: Calliope“ Say what strange motive, Goddess! Could compel” (1. 7)Begin with in medias resNoGods are involvedSpirits (Sylphs, Gnomes, Nymphs…) are involved
29The Epic Question“Among the gods, who brought this quarrel on?” (Iliad)1 What dire offense from amorous causes springs,What mighty contests rise from trivial things,…7 Say what strange motive, Goddess! Could compelA well-bred lord to assault a gentle belle?Oh, say what stranger cause, yet unexplored,Could make a gentle belle reject a lord?In tasks so bold can little men engage,And in soft bosoms dwells such mighty rage?
30Homeric Simile “Achilles, fast in battle as a lion.” “Hera, whose arms are white as ivory.”“Quick as her eyes” (2. 10), “Bright as the sun” (2. 13),“Shrink his thin essence like a riveled flower” (2. 132),“And falls like thunder on the prostrate Ace” (3. 98).
31Homeric Epithet “man-killer Hector” “sharp-eyed Hermes” “Bolt-hurling Zeus”“Fair nymphs, and well-dress'd youths around her shone” (2. 5)“The long-contended honours of her head” (4.140)“Why round our coaches crowd the white-glov'd beaux?” (5. 13).
32Structure Heroic couplet Rhymed in every two lines. Iambic pentameter Ten syllables in each lineAlternate with stressed and unstressed syllables
33Mock Epic Journey to the underworld The Cave of Spleen (ill nature of female hypochondriacs) (4. 1)Sacrifice offering to gods before an important war or journeyBaron sacrifices his former love-token. (2.35)
34Mock EpicBattleCliches, frowns and angry glances, snuff and bodkin. “So spoke the dame, “ (5. 35).The card game (Ombre).Rape of the female chastityRape of a lock of hair