Presentation on theme: "Paper Works (Preparing Handouts)"— Presentation transcript:
1 Paper Works (Preparing Handouts) FIELD STUDY 3 EPISODE 5Paper Works (Preparing Handouts)Submitted by:Alejandro E. Raterta IIIJhanin D. LidresLeah Mae B. AguilarHerlyn Chenette GalvezMarie Sol C. Cagobcob
2 HAND-OUT PLANSubject Matter: SoftballGrade/Year Level: Fourth Year High SchoolOutline:What is Softball?A. HistoryB. General DescriptionSkills and PlayersA. Skills1. Pitching2. Batting3. Fielding4. Throwing5. Base RunningB. PlayersEquipmentRulesTermsReferences:
3 History and General Description Softball is an adaptation of baseball. Originally played indoors: The bat was made smaller, the ball softer and the baselines and pitching distances shorter. Some of the basic rules adopted by the YMCA in the 1900’s were the ball being pitched underhand and base stealing was not permitted until the ball left the pitcher’s hand. Over the years, the National Recreation Association of America was in need of a game that could be adapted to small outdoor spaces and played by people of all ages. It took on such names as playground ball, kitten ball, recreation ball, and ladies ball, but in 1933 the name softball was officially adopted and the ASA was formed. Also, in 1933 the first set of official softball rules were standardized. Today, it is the single most play co-educational recreational activity in America. A softball team is made up of ten player positions: catcher, pitcher, first basemen, second basemen, third basemen, shortstop, right- center- left fielder’s and a rover. The period of time during which both teams have been up at bat and have retired after three outs in called an inning. A compete game of softball consists of seven innings.
4 Skills Pitching Batting Throwing In slow-pitch softball, the ball is delivered underhand and must make an arch that rangesbetween 6’ – 12’ as it travels to the batter. The arching pitch gives the pitcher morecontrol and accuracy.BattingThe batter must follow the flight of the ball toward him/her, make a judgment as to whenand how to swing, and swing so as to generate the biggest force. Also, the batter mustmaintain control of the bat during the swing. The batter must always take a full swing atthe ball. There are no bunts, fouling, free base if hit by a pitched ball.ThrowingIn the game of softball, throwing is one of the most important skills and is used in almostevery play. The overhand throw is used when speed and distance are required. Theunderhand throw is used for short distances and to pitch. Remember to grip the ball withthe fingers.
5 Skills Players Base Running There are ten players on a team. The four bases in softball are first, second, third and home. The base runner must havegood running form and speed. The runner must have agility and maintain control ofhis/her moving body. Remember to hit the ball and RUN! Run through or past the firstbase and turn to the right on a close play.Always touch each base as you run by it. A player must remain on base until the ballreaches home plate. A player is awarded first base after four balls. A runner must beaware of the action of other base runners so that he does not jeopardize their play. Thereis no stealing, sliding or leading off in P.E. classes.PlayersThere are ten players on a team.They are the:PitcherCatcherFirst basemanSecond basemanShort stopThird basemanLeft fielderCenter fielderRightfielder
6 Equipment Used Fielding positions: 1. The bat: Shall not be more than 34” in length and not more than 2 ¼ “ in diameter at its largest part.2. Ball:The official ball shall be a regular smooth seam, flat surface ball of any type, 16’ in circumference. It shall not weigh more than 10 oz.3. The Bases:The bases, other than home plate, shall be 15” square. 4.4. GlovesFielding positions:P = pitcherC = catcher1 = 1st basemen2 = 2nd basemen3 = 3rd basemenSS = short stopR = right fielderC = center FielderL = left fielder
7 TERMS Backstop – The fence behind the catcher Base runner - A player who has finished his/her turn at bat and reached first baseBatted ball – Any ball that hits the bat or is hit by the bat intentionally or notBatting order – A list of players in the order in which each player must come to batCatch – A ball caught with the hand or gloveDefensive team – The team in the fieldDouble play – Two offensive players are put out by the defense in continuous actionFly ball – any ball batted into the airForce out – A base runner loses the right to the base he is occupyingInfield – The are located inside the boundaries of the four basesInning – After three outs, teams alternate offense and defense.Offensive team – The team at batOutfield – That portion of the field within the foul lines and beyond first, second, andthird basesOverthrow – A ball thrown from one fielder to another and goes into foul territory on a play at first, third, or home baseStrike zone – The area between the batter’s armpit and the top of his kneeStrike – A batter swings at a pitched ball and misses, or fails to swing at a pitch that falls within the strike zone.Out – A batter is out when there are three strikes, a batted ball is caught a runner is tagged out, or a force out
9 SOFTBALL Players Skills Equipment Throwing Batting Pitching Base SecondBasemanCatcherPitcherThrowingBattingLeftFielderFirstBasemanPlayersShortstopPitchingRightFielderSkillsCenterFielderThirdBasemanBaseRunningFieldingSOFTBALLBatEquipmentBasesReferences:BallGloves
10 Analysis 1. What are the good features of a handout? Features of a good handout:A strong titleTopic that is easily recognizedA clear layoutIn bullet form instead of narrative formPresence of subtitlesPresence of diagrams and illustrationsOrderly presentation of topicsKeywords in bold or italicNot more than 2 fold types in a single documentAll important information are present2. Which of these features are present in the handout we made?Our handout has a good title and a very useful topic for general usage. The layout is clear and outline is presented in bullet form, though some parts are narrative like the history and description, to maximize explanation. Subtitles are present to make reading and understanding easier. Diagrams and illustrations provide clearer presentation of the topic. Important information are emphasized by use of bold letters.3. Which features are not present in the handout we made?We admit that the handout we made does not contain much graphics which actually plays a great role in catching students’ interest in the topic.
11 ReflectionsWhat difficulties, if any, did you encounter in making the handouts? How did you overcome them?RatertaThe difficult part in making an effective handout is in the order of the presentation of the topic, for you have to make a lot of considerations to ensure that the target students of the handout not only gain learning but also maximum attention and interest. Through the use of an outline, I was able to make a clear picture of the whole learning experience.LidresMaking a handout is not easy because you have to think wisely for you to come up with an effective and better output. The most difficult part is outlining, for you need to make it in such a way that it will be easy for the students to read and comprehend to the whole presentation as well as designing it to make it more attractive for the target audience.2. What tips can you give teachers regarding presentation of handouts?Before making a handout, look for as many references as possible, and compile them in such as way that it is short or concise, but it should contain the fundamentals of the topic you are discussing. Include graphics and other visual presentations which do not only add beauty to the design but also arouses interest from target readers.
12 LidresIn making handouts you should make it short yet informative. You can also use flowcharts and graphic organizers to make it clearer and easier for the students to comprehend.