Presentation on theme: "SOFTBALL. Essential Questions What is the difference between pitching and throwing in softball? What is the difference between offense and defense in."— Presentation transcript:
Essential Questions What is the difference between pitching and throwing in softball? What is the difference between offense and defense in softball? How does follow through affect accuracy in a throw?
HISTORY The first known game of softball was in the late 1800’s Initially a broom was used instead of a bat The ball, being soft, was fielded barehanded George Hancock developed the game using a ball and undersized bat Farragut Club soon set rules for the game, which spread quickly to outsiders and the game started being played indoors during the winter and became known as indoor-baseball
HISTORY The name, “Softball,” was coined by Walter Hakanson of the YMCA and by 1930, the name was widely known. The rules were standardized in 1934 Softball is a popular sport and is now played in school’s, colleges and in the Olympics around the world Softball is also a popular recreational sport played by people of all ages and abilities
HOW TO PLAY Teams consist of 10 players: 1 st, 2 nd and 3 rd baseman, Shortstop, Left fielder, Right fielder, Right center fielder, Right fielder, Pitcher and Catcher Pitcher for visitor team pitches the ball to the first batter for the home team When the batter hits a fair ball, they attempt to run around the bases A run is scored when a base runner runs around all the bases and he/she touches home plate Fielding Team(Defense)switches to batting team when the batting team has 3 outs. Outs are determined by catching a fly ball, getting three strikes, throwing the ball to the base before the forced runner gets there or tagging the runner with the ball The winner is the team that scored the most runs in regulation. If the score is tied after seven innings, teams play extra innings if time allows A game consists of 7 innings
SOFTBALL SAFETY Players should wear proper shoes, fielding gloves when catching thrown or batted balls, and helmets when batting. Players should be aware of all players on the field and their positions. Players not in the game should stay away from the playing area. Make sure the playing field is debris free. For example, loose equipment, like bats and gloves, should be put away. Practice proper communication. For example, when a ball is hit to a certain area, defense players should communicate by saying, “Got it,” or “Mine.” Players should never throw the bat after they hit and should never run with the bat.
BATTING When a player hits the ball that has been pitched or hits a ball off a tee
1. Face home plate with feet parallel and shoulder width apart 2. Bend knees slightly with weight on back foot 3. Hands together knuckles aligned 4. Lift rear elbow away from body and hold bat off shoulder 5. Focus on the ball and step forward with the front foot 6. Swing quickly with both hands on the bat 7. Follow through BATTING SKILL CUES 6th Grade
Batting position for hitting a ball pitched underhanded Batting position for hitting a ball off a tee BATTING POSITION
BATTING TEAM OBJECTIVE (OFFENSE) Hit the ball off the Tee Run/Wheel around the bases
STRIKE ZONE The area over the plate from knees of the batter to the shoulders
STRIKE When a player swings at the ball and misses. If a player gets 3 strikes, they are out.
BALL & WALK BALLWALK A pitch that is out of the strike zone 4 balls, pitches that are out of the strike zone TOO HIGH TOO LOW
HIT/RUN HIT A ball hit such that the batter can advance safely to a base RUN A point scored by touching home plate after touching all other bases
FAIR & FOUL FAIR BALL FOUL BALL A ball that is put into play within the field of play Ball hit out of the playing area before it reaches 1 st or 3 rd base.
FIELDING When a player retrieves a ball in their glove that is hit by a batter
FIELDING SKILL CUES 7 th Grade 1.Align the body with the ball. 2.Use a forward stride stance. 3.Tuck the chin and eyes on ball. 4.Keep the arms and hands relaxed. 5.Hold the hands out in front of the body. 6.Give with the ball on contact. 7.Bring ball up to dominant hip to throw.
FIELDING TEAM OBJECTIVE (DEFENSE) Catch ball in air Tag base runner with ball Throw ball to player defending the base before runner touches base Strike out the batter
FLYBALL A ball that is hit high up into the air; If caught it equals an out
OUT Having a play ended by catching a fly ball, getting three strikes, throwing the ball to the base before the forced runner gets there or tagging the runner with the ball Catch ball in air Tag base runner with ball Throw ball to player defending the base before runner touches base Strike out the batter
INFIELDERS 1 st baseman, 2 nd baseman, short stop, 3 rd baseman, catcher, and pitcher RIGHT CENTER
OUTFIELDERS Right center fielder, left center fielder, left fielder, and right fielder RIGHT CENTER
BASE One of four stations that must be reached in order to score a run 1 st BASE 2 nd BASE 3 rd BASE HOME PLATE
BASERUNNING SKILL CUES 8 th Grade 1. Running stride and run over or past first base. 2. Run in a straight path between bases 3. Focus on the base not the ball. 4. Touch all bases.
PITCHING The act of throwing the ball underhanded to the batter
PITCHING CUES (High School) 1. Forward Stride Position (Opposite foot forward from throwing hand) 2. Face the target (Shoulders square to target) 3. Hold the ball in the glove or have hand at waist level. 4. Bend the trunk slightly forward at waist level. 5. Hand way back 6. Keep Feet on ground 7. Release forward toward target
IDENTIFY THE SOFTBALL Tennis Ball Soccer Ball Hockey Puck Softball Basketball
IDENTIFY THE PERSON PLAYING TEE BALL Tennis Tee-Ball Golf Hockey Golf
IDENTIFY THE PLAYERS USING A TEE FOR BATTING Tee Ball Hitting a Pitched Ball
WHAT SKILL AM I DOING? Pitching Batting Fielding Base running
WHY SHOULD I PLAY T- BALL/SOFTBALL? Playing softball is good for my cardiovascular health Playing softball stimulates my brain Playing softball keeps my muscles strong Playing softball allows me to play with friends
HOW WILL T-BALL/SOFTBALL HELP ME IN MY LIFE? Playing softball keeps me at a healthy weight Physical activity such as softball keeps me active and alert and keeps me from being tired Playing softball is a great way to have fun and make friends
WHAT DOES TEAMWORK AND BEING A GOOD SPORT LOOK LIKE?