Presentation on theme: "Research in Nursing: Evidence Based Practice"— Presentation transcript:
1 Research in Nursing: Evidence Based Practice Associate Professor Dianne Roy12 March 2015
2 Session Outline Evidence based practice Research Identifying research reportsTypes of literatureResearch articlesScholarly opinion articlesFinding research
3 Evidence Based Practice “the integration of the best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values” (Sackett and others, 2000, as cited in White, 2013, p. 10)A competency requirement for registered nurses in NZEvidence based decision making is fundamental to providing high quality care to clientsInformed by an evaluation of the available evidenceAn active process involving:Recognised information needForming a focused clinical questionSearching for most appropriate evidenceCritically appraising the retrieved evidenceIncorporating the evidence into action/practiceEvaluating the effects(See McCormack & Crisp, 2013; Thompson et al., 2004)
4 Research“A systematic process used to confirm and refine existing knowledge and to build new knowledge” (Usher & Mills, 2012, p. 11).Research knowledge sits alongside other forms of knowledge in guiding nursing practice:Tradition and customAuthorityTrial and errorPersonal experienceIntuitionReasoning(Review: Usher & Mills, 2012, pp. 7-12)
5 Linking the domains of research, knowledge, and evidence-based practise (Source: Usher & Mills, 2012, p. 6)
6 “Research must be critically read and evaluated, as well as aligned with other forms of professional evidence before it can be implemented and practice changed” (Schneider & Whitehead, 2007, p. 5).So what does research look like?How do we access research?
7 Types of Literature News items Commentaries Scholarly opinion article Research report/articleSystematic reviewThe type of article and the journal editorial policy dictates what an article looks likeLet’s compare:Scholarly Quantitative QualitativeLook only at abstract
8 Recognising Research Articles Know the parts of a journal articleAbstract - the first clue lies here, but you can be fooledIntroduction/backgroundLiterature reviewAim of the study/research questionStudy designEthical considerationsSample/participantsData collectionData analysisFindings/resultsDiscussionSummary/conclusionsScholarly Quantitative Qualitative
9 How do we find research articles? Hard copy – journal holdings (Unitec Library)Databases – e.g. Ebsco > CINAHL, Medline etc.Specialist data bases (accessed through Unitec Library database list)Joanna Briggs – see exampleCochrane Collaboration – access exampleWebsites – check quality of information:Trusted websitesOrigin (.com, .org, .govt, .ac or .edu)(See, Fitzgerald & Stokes, 2012; Ribbons, 2012 )
10 ReferencesFitzgerald, L., & Stokes, J. (2012). Using library resources: What, when and how! In S. Borbasi & D. Jackson (Eds.), Navigating the maze of research: Enhancing nursing and midwifery practice (3rd ed., pp ). Chatswood, NSW: Mosby Elsevier. Lee, K. (2013). Student and infection prevention and control nurses’ hand hygiene decision making in simulated clinical scenarios: A qualitative research study of hand washing, gel and glove use choices. Journal of Infection Prevention, 14(3), doi: / McCormack, B., & Crisp, J. (2013). Critical inquiry and practice development. In J. Crisp, C. Taylor, C. Douglas & G. Rebeiro (Eds.), Potter and Perry's Fundamentals of Nursing (4th Australian ed., pp ). Chatswood, NSW: Elsevier Australia. Osborne, S. (2013). Infection control. In J. Crisp, C. Taylor, C. Douglas & G. Rebeiro (Eds.), Potter and Perry's Fundamentals of Nursing (4th Australian ed., pp ). Chatswood, NSW: Elsevier Australia. Patrick, M., & Van Wicklin, S. A. (2012). Implementing AORN recommended practices for hand hygiene. AORN Journal, 95(4), doi: /j.aorn Ribbons, B. (2012). Navigating the net: A source of nursing and midwifery knowledge. In S. Borbasi & D. Jackson (Eds.), Navigating the maze of research: Enhancing nursing and midwifery practice (3rd ed., pp ). Chatswood, NSW: Mosby Elsevier. Thompson, C., Cullum, N., McCaughan, D., Sheldon, T., & Raynor, P. (2004). Nurses, information use, and clinical decision making: The real world potential for evidence-based decisions in nursing. Evidence Based Nursing, 7(3), doi: /ebn Usher, K., & Mills, J. (2012). Introduction to nursing and midwifery research. In S. Borbasi & D. Jackson (Eds.), Navigating the maze of research: Enhancing nursing and midwifery practice (3rd ed., pp. 3-26). Chatswood, NSW: Mosby Elsevier. van De Mortel, T. F., Kermode, S., Progano, T., & Sansoni, J. (2012). A comparison of the hand hygiene knowledge, beliefs and practices of Italian nursing and medical students. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 68(3), doi: /j x White, J. (2013). Nursing today. In J. Crisp, C. Taylor, C. Douglas & G. Rebeiro (Eds.), Potter and Perry's Fundamentals of Nursing (4th Australian ed., pp. 2-18). Chatswood, NSW: Elsevier Australia.