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Research in Nursing: Evidence Based Practice Associate Professor Dianne Roy 12 March 2015

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Presentation on theme: "Research in Nursing: Evidence Based Practice Associate Professor Dianne Roy 12 March 2015"— Presentation transcript:

1 Research in Nursing: Evidence Based Practice Associate Professor Dianne Roy 12 March 2015

2 Session Outline Evidence based practice Research Identifying research reports – Types of literature Research articles Scholarly opinion articles Finding research

3 Evidence Based Practice “the integration of the best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values” (Sackett and others, 2000, as cited in White, 2013, p. 10) A competency requirement for registered nurses in NZ Evidence based decision making is fundamental to providing high quality care to clients – Informed by an evaluation of the available evidence – An active process involving: Recognised information need Forming a focused clinical question Searching for most appropriate evidence Critically appraising the retrieved evidence Incorporating the evidence into action/practice Evaluating the effects (See McCormack & Crisp, 2013; Thompson et al., 2004)

4 Research “A systematic process used to confirm and refine existing knowledge and to build new knowledge” (Usher & Mills, 2012, p. 11). Research knowledge sits alongside other forms of knowledge in guiding nursing practice:  Tradition and custom  Authority  Trial and error  Personal experience  Intuition  Reasoning (Review: Usher & Mills, 2012, pp. 7-12)

5 Linking the domains of research, knowledge, and evidence-based practise (Source: Usher & Mills, 2012, p. 6)

6 “Research must be critically read and evaluated, as well as aligned with other forms of professional evidence before it can be implemented and practice changed” (Schneider & Whitehead, 2007, p. 5). So what does research look like? How do we access research?

7 Types of Literature News items Commentaries Scholarly opinion article Research report/article Systematic review The type of article and the journal editorial policy dictates what an article looks like Let’s compare: ScholarlyQuantitativeQualitative ScholarlyQuantitativeQualitative

8 Recognising Research Articles Know the parts of a journal article – Abstract - the first clue lies here, but you can be fooled – Introduction/background – Literature review – Aim of the study/research question – Study design – Ethical considerations – Sample/participants – Data collection – Data analysis – Findings/results – Discussion – Summary/conclusions ScholarlyQuantitativeQualitative

9 How do we find research articles? Hard copy – journal holdings (Unitec Library) Databases – e.g. Ebsco > CINAHL, Medline etc. – Specialist data bases (accessed through Unitec Library database list) Joanna Briggs – see examplesee example Cochrane Collaboration – access exampleaccess example Websites – check quality of information: – Trusted websites – Origin (.com,.org,.govt,.ac or.edu) (See, Fitzgerald & Stokes, 2012; Ribbons, 2012 )

10 References Fitzgerald, L., & Stokes, J. (2012). Using library resources: What, when and how! In S. Borbasi & D. Jackson (Eds.), Navigating the maze of research: Enhancing nursing and midwifery practice (3rd ed., pp ). Chatswood, NSW: Mosby Elsevier. Lee, K. (2013). Student and infection prevention and control nurses’ hand hygiene decision making in simulated clinical scenarios: A qualitative research study of hand washing, gel and glove use choices. Journal of Infection Prevention, 14(3), doi: / McCormack, B., & Crisp, J. (2013). Critical inquiry and practice development. In J. Crisp, C. Taylor, C. Douglas & G. Rebeiro (Eds.), Potter and Perry's Fundamentals of Nursing (4th Australian ed., pp ). Chatswood, NSW: Elsevier Australia. Osborne, S. (2013). Infection control. In J. Crisp, C. Taylor, C. Douglas & G. Rebeiro (Eds.), Potter and Perry's Fundamentals of Nursing (4th Australian ed., pp ). Chatswood, NSW: Elsevier Australia. Patrick, M., & Van Wicklin, S. A. (2012). Implementing AORN recommended practices for hand hygiene. AORN Journal, 95(4), doi: /j.aorn Ribbons, B. (2012). Navigating the net: A source of nursing and midwifery knowledge. In S. Borbasi & D. Jackson (Eds.), Navigating the maze of research: Enhancing nursing and midwifery practice (3rd ed., pp ). Chatswood, NSW: Mosby Elsevier. Thompson, C., Cullum, N., McCaughan, D., Sheldon, T., & Raynor, P. (2004). Nurses, information use, and clinical decision making: The real world potential for evidence-based decisions in nursing. Evidence Based Nursing, 7(3), doi: /ebn Usher, K., & Mills, J. (2012). Introduction to nursing and midwifery research. In S. Borbasi & D. Jackson (Eds.), Navigating the maze of research: Enhancing nursing and midwifery practice (3rd ed., pp ). Chatswood, NSW: Mosby Elsevier. van De Mortel, T. F., Kermode, S., Progano, T., & Sansoni, J. (2012). A comparison of the hand hygiene knowledge, beliefs and practices of Italian nursing and medical students. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 68(3), doi: /j x White, J. (2013). Nursing today. In J. Crisp, C. Taylor, C. Douglas & G. Rebeiro (Eds.), Potter and Perry's Fundamentals of Nursing (4th Australian ed., pp. 2-18). Chatswood, NSW: Elsevier Australia.


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