Presentation on theme: "Experiment 1 Exetainers that were filled in air contained ±13 times more oxygen than Exetainers filled in a glove bag, and showed greater variability among."— Presentation transcript:
Experiment 1 Exetainers that were filled in air contained ±13 times more oxygen than Exetainers filled in a glove bag, and showed greater variability among them. This O 2 contamination could result from contact with air during dispensing and the trapping of small air bubbles inside the Exetainer. Background and aims Incubation experiments involving anaerobic microbial organisms require anaerobic conditions throughout the incubation. However, the materials out of which incubation vials are made may themselves contain oxygen that can diffuse to the anaerobic samples and as such contaminate the sample with oxygen. We investigated oxygen contamination in anoxic water incubated in Labco ® Exetainers, glass tubes with a butyl rubber septum in the lid. We examined the degree of contamination associated with filling the Exetainers, and the contamination occurring during the incubation itself. Oxygen contamination during anoxic incubations L. De Brabandere 1, B. Thamdrup 1 and N.P. Revsbech 2 1 Nordic Center for Earth Evolution, Biology Institute, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark 2 Section of Microbiology, Department of Biological Sciences, Aarhus University, Denmark firstname.lastname@example.org Methods - EXPERIMENT 1: To test for O 2 contamination during dispensing, we filled Exetainers with N 2 -purged tap water using a glove bag or in air. The Exetainers were closed off with deoxygenated septa to rule out O 2 contamination from the septum. - EXPERIMENT 2: To test the effect of contamination by O 2 diffusing out of the butyl rubber septum, we compared O 2 contamination in Exetainers with untreated and deoxygenated septa (1 month in He atmosphere). In addition, we tested if we could reduce O 2 contamination in the samples by introducing a headspace in the Exetainer. All Exetainers were filled in air. - Oxygen concentrations were measured in an anoxic chamber, using an ultra-sensitive microsensor (detection limit ~1-10 nM). CONCLUSIONS Oxygen contamination is clearly a serious concern during Exetainer incubations of anoxic microbial samples. Contamination happens both while filling the Exetainers due to contact with air, as during the incubation itself due to O 2 dissolved in the butyl rubber septa. Using deoxygenated septa, and filling Exetainers in an anoxic environment significantly reduced O 2 contamination. If working under an anoxic environment is not possible, introducing a headspace might be the best alternative to reduce O 2 contamination. The results can be generalized to any kind of samples for which contamination with gasses that are known to dissolve in the sampling equipment has to be minimized. Fig 1: Comparison of O 2 concentrations in Exetainers filled in a glove bag or in air. Error bars = standard deviation. Bullets = outliers. Fig 2: Comparison of O 2 contamination in Exetainers with or without deoxygenated lid, and with or without headspace. Error bars = standard deviation. Bullets = outliers. Experiment 2 Exetainers with untreated septa contained significantly more O 2 than Exetainers with deoxygenated septa. Exetainers with headspaces showed lowest O 2 contamination while there was no longer a difference between Exetainers with untreated and deoxygenated septa. Nordic Center for Earth Evolution
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