Personal Protective Equipment Kerstin Bergemalm-Rynell Senior Chemist Marianne Andersson Lab Technician Occupational & Environmental Medicin Sahlgrenska University Hospital
AFS 2001:3 From The Swedish Work Environment Authority The use of Personal Protective Equipment ”Shall mean all equipment designed to be worn or held by the worker to protect him/her against one or more hazards likely to endanger his/her safety and health at work, and addition or accessory designed to meet this objective.”
AFS 2001:3 Use of Personal Protective Equipment Personal protective equipment shall be used when the risks cannot be avoided or sufficiently limited by technical means off collective protection or by measures, methods or procedures of work organisation. The employer shall, at no cost to the employee, provide the personal protective equipment needed for the work.
Safety helmets Hearing Protection Eye Protection Safety Gloves Respiratory Protection Safety shoes Protective Clothing Fall Protection First Aid Skin Protection Different kinds of Personal Protective Equipment, PPE
Safety Gloves Shall comply with the requirements in AFS 1996:7 and the package shall be marked with Manufacturer/Representative within the EU Model/Description Size Pictograms (symbols) that fulfil the protection requirements that are valid for the gloves Expiring date (if relevant) CE-marks containing CE + 4 digits
ADI 549 Protect your hands Protective Gloves –choose the right glove against chemicals Is the chemical in solid state or in vapor or liquid phase Is there a mechanical risk Is there an electrical risk? Is there a risk in that the environment is too hot or too cold. Is there a biological risk? Are there other risks?
Chemical Durability Three different categories: 1.Gloves used in low risk situations. 2.All kinds of gloves that cannot be caracterised as 1 eller 3 3.Gloves that will be used in dangerous environments and where there will be a huge risk of dangerous accidents to happen i.e. for instance when very aggressive chemicals are being used
SS-EN374-2 Protection against Microorganisms SS-EN374-3 Protection against Chemicals Code ChemicalCAS numberCategories AMethanol67-56-1Primary alcohols BAcetone67-64-1Ketons CAcetonitrile75-05-8Nitrile solutions DDichloro methane75-09-2Chlorinated paraffins ECarbon disulfide75-15-0 Sulfur containing an organic compound FToluene108-88-3Aromatic hydrocarbons GDiethyl amine109-89-7Amines HTetrahydro furane109-99-9 Heterocyklic and ethereal compound IEthyl acetate141-78-6Esters Jn-Heptane142-85-5Saturated hydrocarbons K Sodium hydroxide 40% 1310-73-2Inorganic base LSulfuric acid 96%7664-93-9Inorganisk mineral acid EN374-3:2003 AJKL 374-1:2003
SS-EN374-2 Protection against Microorganisms SS - EN374-3 Protection against Chemicals PermeationBreak-through time Level 1>10 min Level 2>30 min Level 3>60 min Level 4>120 min Level 5>240 min Level 6>480 min EN 374-2:2003 Level 3 PenetrationAQL Level 1<4,0 Level 2<1,5 Level 3<0,65
An Example of how to Mark Gloves CE 0120 EN 374-3:2003EN 374-2:2003 EN 388:2003 3000 Level 3 AJKL CATEGORY lll Extra length: 300 mm AQL 0,65 G1 Virus Resistant Micro-organism Resistant Large/9
Guides for choosing the appropiate glove www.ansellpro.com/specware/ www.guide.eu http://www.ejendals.se/1295.php
To choose the appropriate gloves Low risk Natural rubberPVC/Vinyl Polyethylene, PE High risk Neoprene Nitrile ? ButylViton Laminated plastic gloves No Yes From Ejendals
Review of different glove materials Groups of chemicals Natural rubber NitrileNeoprenePVCPVAButyl SolventsXX--- KetonesX-X-XX AcidsXXXX Hydro carbons-XX-- Oils-XXXX Lubricants-XXXX Organic solvents-XX-- EN 374 and from EU Guide
General advice The glove does not protect you for ever … Be careful about where you throw your used gloves Be careful to always keep your packings, containers, and equipment clean on the outside