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Commercial Space Transportation Advisory Committee Federal Aviation Administration May 18, 2007 Doug Comstock Director, Innovative Partnerships Program.

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Presentation on theme: "Commercial Space Transportation Advisory Committee Federal Aviation Administration May 18, 2007 Doug Comstock Director, Innovative Partnerships Program."— Presentation transcript:

1 Commercial Space Transportation Advisory Committee Federal Aviation Administration May 18, 2007 Doug Comstock Director, Innovative Partnerships Program Providing Value Through Partnerships with NASA

2 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Topics 1. Who is the Innovative Partnerships Program (IPP)? 2. Why does NASA do partnerships? 3. How are partnerships implemented? 4. What can IPP offer the commercial space community? 5. Where can I find my IPP contact?

3 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Who is the Innovative Partnerships Program?

4 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 The Innovative Partnerships Program (IPP) will facilitate partnering with the U.S. private sector, and leverage private sector resources, to produce technologies needed for NASA missions. The IPP and NASA’s Mission Directorates will identify new opportunities to adopt technologies developed through innovative partnerships. Strategic Goal 5 Encourage the pursuit of appropriate partnerships with the emerging commercial space sector. Who? 2006 NASA Strategic Plan

5 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Agency Organization Who?

6 COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Innovative Partnerships Program Office Director Deputy Director Secretary Technology Infusion SBIR/STTR Seed Fund Innovation Incubator Centennial Challenges FAST Innovation Transfusion New Activities Partnership Development Technology Transfer Intellectual Property New Innovative Partnerships Staff Functions Resources Management Administrative Officer Chief Technologist Communications ARCDFRCGRCGSFCJPLJSCKSCLaRCMSFCSSC IPP Offices at each of NASA’s Field Centers Who?

7 COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 FY 2008 Budget Request Who?

8 COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 IPP Themes PRIMARY ROLES Facilitator –Bring parties together (both inside and outside) –Bridge communication gaps Catalyst –Implement new things = change agent –Create new partnerships –Demonstrate new approaches and methods HOW DO WE APPROACH AN ISSUE? Always add value to Agency priorities and objectives Mindset must be “Yes” we can do this “if” “No” we can’t do this “because” Who?

9 COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Program Elements Technology Infusion Technology Infusion –SBIR –STTR –IPP Seed Fund Innovation Incubator Innovation Incubator –Centennial Challenges –New Business Models –Innovation Transfusion Partnership Development Partnership Development –Intellectual Property management –Technology Transfer –New Innovative Partnerships Who?

10 COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Why Does NASA Do Partnerships?

11 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Overview Looking For: Win-Win-Win –(NASA-Partner-Taxpayer/Public Good) Complementary Interests (1+1>>2) –Common Interests –Compatible Goals –Skin in the Game Why?

12 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Partnership Goals Provide: Leveraged technology investments Dual-use technology-related partnerships –create socio-economic benefits within the broader community through technology transfer Technology solutions for NASA Enable: Cost avoidance Accelerate technology maturation Increase: NASA's connection to emerging technologies in the external communities Why?

13 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 How Are Partnerships Implemented?

14 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 IPP’s Dynamic Innovation Process How?

15 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Partnership Model How?

16 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Partnership Model – Value Proposition IPP objective is to maximize partnership value for both NASA and partner. How?

17 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Summary of Partnering Tools Contract Cooperative Agreement Grant Space Act Agreement Patent License Enhanced Use Lease CRADA Purpose Used by NASA to acquire goods, services, or both. Used by NASA to sponsor activities that relate to a public purpose (generally R&D). Used by NASA for collaborations, excess capacity, leases, property loans, or any combination. Used by NASA to transfer specific rights associated with a NASA- owned invention. Used by Ames Research Center (ARC) and Kennedy Space Center (KSC) to lease under- utilized real property assets. Rarely used by NASA for cooperative research and development. Competition Required? Generally, YesNo Notable Requirement(s) -Goods or Services -Mission Need -Public Purpose -NASA Substantial Involvement (for Cooperative Agreement) -No Formal “Requirements” -NASA does have “Guidelines” -Intellectual Property -Royalty-Based Commercialization -Real Property-Federal Lab -R&D NASA Cash to the Non- NASA Party Yes Yes, but it’s very rare.No Process Owner Office of Procurement Technology Transfer Office Office of General Counsel* ARC and KSCUndefined at this time. Notable Advantage $$$$FlexibilityPossible Exclusive Rights to an Invention that may be Patentable In-Kind Consideration for Real Property Advanced Licensing of Inventions Not Yet Invented Notable Disadvantage Standard Regulations and Provisions Standard Regulations and Provisions (but not nearly as large as the FAR) Historically, SAAs are contain less rigor vs. a procurement contract. Royalty Payments as Consideration Limited to Two NASA Centers No Cash Contribution Allowed From NASA Authority Space Act; 31 USC 6303; 10 USC 2302 Space Act; 31 USC 6304; 31 USC 6305 Space Act35 USC 207Space Act; 42 USC 2459j 15 USC 3710a Regulation Federal Acquisition Regulations Grant and Cooperative Agreement Handbook (14 CFR Part 1260) No Formal Regulation; NASA has “Guidelines” documented in an SAA Guide 37 CFR Part 404, also referred to as the “Licensing Regulations” No Formal Regulation How?

18 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 What can IPP offer the commercial space community?

19 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 What Can IPP Provide? Funding or Leveraged Resources –NASA SBIR/STTR funds several hundred small businesses –IPP Seed Fund seeks partnerships to leverage resources with the private sector and other Federal labs –Centennial Challenges offers millions in purses Technology and Software –Access through licensing or other partnerships Facilities –Access to NASA’s facilities through partnerships Expertise –Access to NASA’s technical expertise through partnerships Facilitation to enable partnerships Advocacy as a change agent to try new things What?

20 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, Strategic Plan – Strategic Goal 5 Encourage the pursuit of appropriate partnerships with the emerging commercial space sector 51)Develop and demonstrate a means for NASA to purchase launch services from emerging launch providers. 52)By 2010, demonstrate one or more commercial space services for ISS cargo and/or crew transport. 53)By 2012, complete one or more prize competitions for independently designed, developed, launched, and operated missions related to space science or space exploration..... What?

21 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 NASA Strategic Goal 5 The Innovative Partnerships Program (IPP) plays an important role – as both facilitator and catalyst – towards achieving this NASA goal. IPP has been tasked to fulfill the role of being a single point of entry into NASA, for outside organizations seeking to partner with or provide services to NASA related to commercial space. –In this role, IPP will be a facilitator, seeking to connect outside capabilities and interests with internal needs and interests at HQ and the Centers – the goal is to make it easier for outside organizations to partner and work with NASA. What?

22 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 NASA Strategic Goal 5 IPP is tasked to demonstrate the purchase of parabolic aircraft flight and suborbital flight services from the emerging commercial space sector for research, technology development and training. –IPP is planning to initiate an activity for Facilitated Access to the Space environment for Technology development and training (FAST). –IPP is working with NASA’s Shared Capability Assets Program (SCAP) and the Glenn Research Center (GRC), as they conduct a solicitation for parabolic aircraft services. –FAST will offer funds and seek leveraging through partnerships, to use this contractual mechanism and demonstrate the business model for purchasing services to support NASA’s research and technology needs. –FAST will later pursue a similar approach using emerging suborbital launch services. What?

23 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Aeronautics Research Space Operations Space Shuttle: Return to Flight Space Communications Space Transportation ISS: Completion Return to Flight (Shuttle) Complete Space Station Crew Exploration Vehicle Return to the Moon Explore Mars Return to Flight (Shuttle) Complete Space Station Crew Exploration Vehicle Return to the Moon Explore Mars Exploration Systems Cost Safety Productivity Radiation Life Support Counter Measures Vehicle Health Mgmt. Human-Machine Symbiosis Sensors/Nano-electronics/ Computing Data Mining Full Cells/Energy Storage High Strength/Light Weight US Strategic Vision US Strategic Vision Thermal ManagementMultifunctionality Science Planetary Science Astrophysics Management & Policy Heliophysics Earth Science Fundamental Aeronautics Subsonics: Fixed Wing Subsonics: Rotary Wing Supersonics Hypersonics Aviation Safety Integrated Vehicle Health Mgmt. Integrated Intelligent Flight Deck Integrated Resilient Aircraft Control Aircraft Aging & Durability Aeronautics Test Airspace Systems NGATS: Airspace NGATS: Airportal Protect and maintain key research and test facilities Agency Capability Landscape What?

24 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 SBIR/STTR: 3-Phase Program PHASE I –Feasibility study –$100K award –6 months duration (SBIR) –12 months duration (STTR) PHASE II –Technology Development –2-Year Award –$750K (SBIR/STTR) PHASE III –Technology Infusion/Commercialization Stage –Use of non-SBIR Funds –Ability to award sole-source contracts without JOFOC based on specific SBIR authority – NASA and NASA primes What?

25 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 *FY06 program Budget Awarded in FY07 (September 06) ** FY07 Initial Operating Plan SBIR Programmatic Profile What?

26 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 *FY06 Budgeted Awards actually made in FY07 (September 06) ** FY07 Initial Operating Plan STTR Programmatic Profile What?

27 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Invocon, Inc SBIR Tibbetts Award SBIR Contribution to Wireless Technology Wing Leading Edge Impact Detection System Wireless Instrumentation and Data Recording Microgravity Instrumention (And Structural Dynamics) IWIS - Dynamics EWIS - Dynamics MMA for JEM – Micro-G SWIS – Launch to Activation Temps Micro-Wireless Instrumentation Systems Vehicle Health Monitoring with Wireless Systems Ultra-WIS SCAT SBIR Sensor Control and Acquisition Telecommunications Wireless Instrumentation Systems What?

28 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Maxwell Technologies of San Diego, California fabricated and tested an ASCII chip with single event latch up protection technology. Innovation enables the use of commercial chip technology in space missions, providing higher performance at a lower cost. Supplying A to D converter for Mars 2003 Rovers. Yardney Technical Products of Pawtucket, Connecticut developed lithium ion batteries with specific energy of >100Wh/kg and energy density of 240 Wh/l and long cycle life. Subsequently, they won a large Air Force/NASA contract to develop batteries for space applications. They are supplying the batteries for the 2003 Mars Rovers. Starsys Research of Boulder, Colorado developed several paraffin based heat switches that function autonomously. Heat switches control radiator for electronics package on Mars 2003 Rovers. SBIR Technologies on Mars Exploration Rovers What?

29 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 IPP Seed Fund Enhance NASA’s ability to meet Mission capability goals by providing leveraged funding to address technology barriers via cost-shared, joint-development partnerships Annual process for selecting additional innovative partnerships for funding Collaboration of Center IPP Office, internal co-PI, and external co-PI FY 2007 call to be released May 10. What?

30 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 IPP Seed Fund 2006 Seed Fund: –76 proposals received, evaluated by IPP and Mission Directorate experts Relevance/Value to NASA Mission Directorates Scientific/Technical merit and feasibility Leveraging of resources –29 projects selected, providing $28.3 million for the advancement of critical technologies and capabilities $6.6 million IPP Office funds $7.5 million program, project, Center funds $14.2 million external partner funds What?

31 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Seed Fund TRL Advancement What?

32 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Prizes Early European Aviation Prizes Led To The Creation of NACA Progress of European aviation due to prizes and competitions troubling to US observers Dr. Albert F. Zahm dispatched to Europe to study the situation there Zahm’s report emphasized the disparity between European progress and American inertia Report led to the creation of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics the predecessor of NASA –Source: Bilstein, Orders of Magnitude A History of the NACA and NASA, , NASA SP-4406,National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC, 1989.” NASA’s Connection to Prizes What?

33 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 How Do Prizes Benefit NASA?  Increased Participation by New Sources of Innovation  Leveraging of Tax-Payers’ Dollars  Innovative Technology Development to Meet NASA’s Needs  Increased Awareness of Science and Technology  Hands-on Training for Future Workforce  Increased Participation by New Sources of Innovation  Leveraging of Tax-Payers’ Dollars  Innovative Technology Development to Meet NASA’s Needs  Increased Awareness of Science and Technology  Hands-on Training for Future Workforce What?

34 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Centennial Challenge Competitions in 2007 CompetitionPursesComp. Date Astronaut Glove$250KMay 2-3 ’07 Regolith Excavation$250K12 May ’07 Personal Air Vehicle$250K4-12 August ’07 Beam Power$500KOctober ‘07 Tether$500KOctober ’07 Lunar Lander$2MOctober ’07 MoonROx (possible)$250KExp. June ’08 Personal Air Vehicle Challenge Regolith Excavation Challenge Regolith Excavation Challenge Lunar Lander Challenge MoonROx Challenge Astronaut Glove Challenge Tether Challenge Beam Power Challenge What?

35 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Astronaut Glove Challenge – May 2-3 Gary HarrisNick MoiseievPablo de Leòn Theodore Southern Thomas & Peter Homer What?

36 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Burst Test (Phase VI = 13.2psid) Pete Homer’s Glove Burst (popped a seam) at 21.2psid. MDLA’s Glove Burst (began dripping) at 29.4 psid! Team Southern’s Glove Burst (developed a huge bubble) at 6.2 psid. What?

37 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Joint Torque Test What?

38 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Flex & Dexterity Test Equipment What?

39 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 And The Winner Is......Peter Homer What?

40 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, Regolith Excavation Challenge Regolith Pit –Size of Regolith Pit: 4 m x 4 m x 35 cm –Amount of Regolith: 8 tons (approx. 4 m 3 ) Excavator Requirements –Max Weight: 40 kg –Max Power: 30 Watts DC –Autonomous Operation Excavation Requirements –Operation Time: 30 min –Excavated Mass: at least 150 kg Prizes Totaling $250,000 –1 st Prize: $125,000 –2 nd Prize: $75,000 –3 rd Prize: $50,000 What?

41 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Lunar Regolith “Sandbox” Dimensions: 4m x 4m Regolith: 8 tons, 25cm (avg) What?

42 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Tech Ranch Tornado RESULTS Run Time = 30 min Excavated 65 kg What?

43 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Jeff Pulk & Lloyd Brombach RESULTS Run Time ~ 10 min Excavated 16 kg What?

44 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Todd Mendenhall RESULTS Run Time ~ 6 min Excavated ~ 10 kg What?

45 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 University of Missouri at Rolla RESULTS Run Time = 10 sec Excavated 0 kg What?

46 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Regolith Excavation Results No Winners. –All teams said they would be back next year. The first lunar regolith simulant “sandbox”. –Built, filled, operated by Diani Building Corp. –I learned more in two days playing in this sandbox of JSC-1a than I have in two YEARS reading and studying about the stuff!* *A paraphrase of how Rob Mueller (KSC) reacted to his experience of attending the competition Regolith Excavation Challenge –Unwon $250k gets added to next year’s purse of $500k for a total of $750k. No Winners. –All teams said they would be back next year. The first lunar regolith simulant “sandbox”. –Built, filled, operated by Diani Building Corp. –I learned more in two days playing in this sandbox of JSC-1a than I have in two YEARS reading and studying about the stuff!* *A paraphrase of how Rob Mueller (KSC) reacted to his experience of attending the competition Regolith Excavation Challenge –Unwon $250k gets added to next year’s purse of $500k for a total of $750k. What?

47 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 FY06 Partnerships Summary During FY06, IPP facilitated: –Over 200 partnerships with the private sector, federal and state government, academia, and other entities –Over 50 license agreements with private entities for commercial and quality of life applications –Evaluation of more than 750 new technology reports for consideration of patent protection –More than 400 software agreements for commercial application of NASA software What?

48 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Where Can I Find My IPP Contact?

49 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Conclusion IPP offers many opportunities to provide value through partnership with NASA. We’ve got a highly dedicated workforce at each of the ten Field Centers wanting to help you. How can you tap into this resource? IPP Website –http://www.ipp.nasa.gov/ Contact the IPP Chief at your Field Center to follow up on any potential areas of interest. Where?

50 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 IPP Center Chiefs ARC Lisa Lockyer (650) DFRC Gregory Poteat (661) GRC Kathy Needham (216) GSFC Nona Cheeks (301) JPL Ken Wolfenbarger (818) JSC Michele Brekke (281) KSC Dave Makufka (321) LaRC Marty Waszak (757) MSFC Jim Dowdy (256) SSC Ramona Travis (228) Where? Center Name Phone

51 Who? COMSTAC Why? How? What? Where? Doug Comstock May 18, 2007 Questions?


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