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Bloodborne Pathogens are microorganisms (such as viruses) transmitted through blood, or other potentially infectious material such as certain bodily fluids.

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Presentation on theme: "Bloodborne Pathogens are microorganisms (such as viruses) transmitted through blood, or other potentially infectious material such as certain bodily fluids."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Bloodborne Pathogens are microorganisms (such as viruses) transmitted through blood, or other potentially infectious material such as certain bodily fluids (semen, breast milk, etc.) or tissues. Bloodborne Pathogens

3 Bodily fluids, especially those visibly contaminated with blood, are capable of causing disease. Pathogens can enter your body through a cut in the skin, through your eyes or mouth. Can also be transmitted sexually Main diseases of concern are Hepatitis B (and C) virus, and HIV (AIDS virus). Bloodborne Pathogens

4 HIV attacks your body’s ability to protect itself against disease Initially no visible signs of having the virus Most people with HIV develop AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) There is no vaccination for HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

5 HIV Virus lives outside the body only a few hours 4 modes of transfer:  blood  semen  vaginal secretions  breast milk

6 HIV virus particles per ml of blood

7 Aids Statistics from CDC

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10 Up to 100 times easier to catch than HIV Unlike HIV, can live outside of body for several days Hepatitis B Virus Hepatitis B (and C)

11 Concentration of Hepatitis B Virus in Various Body Fluids

12 Hepatitis B 1,000, ,000,000,000 virus particles per ml of blood Virus can live outside the body for several days

13 HIV vs. Hepatitis B

14 Hepatitis C 3-4 million carriers Disease can incubate for decades By 2010 may affect more Americans each year than AIDS HCV not related to the viruses that cause HBA and HBV

15 Hepatitis C

16 Risk Factors: o Long-term kidney dialysis o Sex with multiple partners o Tattooing or body piercing with shared needles or unsterilized equipment o Intranasal cocaine use with shared straws Pamela Anderson claims her infection came from a tattoo needle

17 Hepatitis B (and C) There is no cure for Hepatitis B or C… but unlike HIV, there is a vaccination for Hepatitis B. (There is no vaccination for Hepatitis C)

18 HBV and HCV Liver is located behind the lower ribs on the right side of your abdomen Weighs about 3 pounds and is roughly the size of a football. If infected with HBV, the liver often becomes tender and enlarged

19 Some signs and symptoms of HBV and HBC include: Flu-like symptoms fatigue jaundice severe pain in joints lung disease inflammation of liver inflammation on and ulcers of the colon may be asymptomatic (i.e. no symptoms indicated) normal Yellow from jaundice

20 Hepatitis Acute : 6-8 weeks, 90% 30-40% with acute HBV have no idea how or when they became infected 5-15% of infected carry virus for longer than 6 months (carriers) Chronic: Life, 10% Hepatitis B carriers are people infected with HBV and never fully recover. They carry the virus and can infect others for the rest of their lives Approximately one million people in the US carry HBV

21 Acute Viral Hepatitis by Type

22 Risk Factors for Acute Hepatitis B

23 Hepatitis B “The risk of contracting Hepatitis B from a single needlestick contaminated with blood from a person with known Hepatitis B ranges from 6% to 30%.” “Approximately 10% of those infected become chronic carriers who can infect their families and friends. They have up to 300 times greater than normal risk of developing liver cancer.” “Every year, approximately 5,000 Americans, die of HBV or its complications.

24 “…1 in 300 infected with HIV” Milwaukee Journal/Sentinel, July 7, 1996 “one in 20 people has or has had Hepatitis ” Statistics from Milwaukee Journal/Sentinel

25 How Bloodborne Pathogens Spread on the Job When you touch a contaminated surface and then touch your eyes, nose, mouth, or open wounds or inflamed skin When a contaminated object touches inflamed skin, acne, skin abrasions

26 UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS/ STANDARD PRECAUTIONS: A system of infection control which assumes that all human blood and certain body fluids are treated as if known to be infectious. How to Reduce Your Risk

27 Wash hands after changing diapers. Wear gloves for diaper changing, wiping noses, cleaning up after cuts, and injuries. How to Reduce Your Risk

28 Use Spill Kit for Clean-up Kit Includes: Face Mask Gloves Goggles Sharps Disposal Container Fluid Control Solidifier Personal Safety Equipment Cleaning Pads

29 How to Reduce Your Risk Don’t Recap Needles Clean up when kids get sick. Wear gloves when dealing with all body fluids and wastes.

30 Needles and other sharps must be discarded in rigid, leak-proof, puncture resistance containers How to Reduce Your Risk

31 Lift and carry the trash bag away from your body

32 Do not eat, drink, smoke, apply cosmetics or handle contact lenses in areas where there is the possibility of exposure to BBP, such as in UWM labs How to Reduce Your Risk

33 Personal Protective Equipment Gloves, masks, eye protection, CPR microshields

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35 Get Spill Kit from Janitorial Closet Put on gloves. Body Fluid Cleanup Procedures

36 If splashing is anticipated, wear protective eyewear and mask Body Fluid Cleanup Procedures

37 Remove visible material with absorbent towels Body Fluid Cleanup Procedures

38 Area should be decontaminated for 10 minutes Once the area has been disinfected, dry area with absorbent towels and dispose of towels in regular trash Body Fluid Cleanup Procedures

39 Glove removal and disposal technique Body Fluid Cleanup Procedures

40 Glove Removal and Disposal Grip one glove near the cuff and peel it down until it comes off inside out. Cup it in the palm of your gloved hand. Place two fingers of your bare hand inside the cuff of the remaining glove.

41 Glove Removal and Disposal Peel that glove down so that it also comes off inside out and over the first glove. Properly dispose of the gloves.

42 Wash hands well. Body Fluid Cleanup Procedures

43 Vaccination Very low risk vaccine Three doses over 6 months Must receive all three doses >79% effective Free to employees May decline vaccine (but must sign waiver) May receive vaccine later

44 Accident/Injury Report Complete report as soon as possible after incident Turn in to your supervisor Form is submitted to Workers Compensation

45 Conclusion Thank You! Any Questions?


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