Presentation on theme: "INFECTIOUS DISEASES. 2 Infectious Diseases Danger of further injury to: Ourselves The injured person Bystanders The risk of contracting an infectious."— Presentation transcript:
2 Infectious Diseases Danger of further injury to: Ourselves The injured person Bystanders The risk of contracting an infectious disease while doing first aid is slim But not zero Need to use Universal Precautions
3 Hepatitis A and E are not generally fatal and resolve on their own without treatment B, C, D are much more serious These viruses are spread through direct contact between your bloodstream and the blood/body fluids of someone who is infected. They can go away, can lead to death from cirrhosis and/or liver cancer, or become a chronic infection.
4 HIV / AIDS Simple exposure of normal uninjured skin to infected blood or other fluids has not been shown to be a risk
5 Personal Concerns What should you do if you suspect exposure to a transmissible infection? How should you proceed?
6 High Risk Contact Procedures Don't panic Attend to the patient's priorities Wash off the patient’s blood Bleed out your wound for 5 minutes and disinfect it immediately Remove yourself from the scene after further help arrives
7 Exchange pertinent contact information Ask the patient discretely and privately whether he or she is known to have an infectious disease Contact an emergency physician immediately to explain the situation
8 Universal Precautions Routine use of barrier precautions, such as gloves and other practices to avoid contact with body fluids Barriers are aimed at preventing contact between the blood and body fluids of an injured person and your bloodstream
9 Barrier Devices Gloves Mask Glasses
10 Precautions Wear disposable, single use gloves Use a pocket mask wherever possible for AR Keep sharp objects away from the scene Dispose of bloody materials in sealed plastic bags Clean up blood and body fluids spilled at the scene Remove or cover bloody snow Wear eye protection Wear a mask that protects the nose and mouth
11 Gloves Surgical gloves offer the most frequently used and all around best form of barrier protection. When wearing gloves: Do not wear jewellery that might tear surgical gloves Examine the gloves frequently for tears
12 Removing Gloves Grip the outside of the glove near the top and pull it off Remove the second glove by sliding the bare hand into the glove and pushing down Then grab the inside part of the glove and pull it off Use biohazard bag