Presentation on theme: "School District of Slinger BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS 2013-2014 Annual Training Instructions: Read this PowerPoint presentation and then go to Link4Learning."— Presentation transcript:
School District of Slinger BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS Annual Training Instructions: Read this PowerPoint presentation and then go to Link4Learning and fill out the BloodBorne Pathogens I-Form to document that you have received, read, and understand the material.
INTRODUCTION This annual requirement must be completed at the beginning of each school year. Please review each slide and, when finished, complete Bloodborne Pathogen I-Form in Link4Learning by September 16, 2013.
Bloodborne Pathogen Standard- Legal Requirements and SDS Procedures Federal Law 29 CFR sets forth the law employers must follow as part of a comprehensive effort to control the spread of bloodborne pathogens. District practice and procedure sets forth positions which have been determined to have exposure to bloodborne pathogens. District procedure provides in-depth information regarding SDS’s plan to control bloodborne pathogens.
BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS (BBP) What are BBPs? Micro-organisms that are carried in the blood that can cause diseases in humans The three most deadly bloodborne pathogens are : Hepatitis B (HBV) Hepatitis C (HBC) Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
HEPATITIS B (HBV) Causes serious liver disease, liver cancer and death 50% of people infected with HBV have no immediate symptoms. Symptoms can occur 1- 9 months after exposure Symptoms include jaundice, fatigue, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, occasional nausea or vomiting HBV can survive for at least one week in dried blood HBV causes 5,000 deaths per year
HEPATITIS B (HBV) VACCINE Staff who believe they should receive the Hepatitis B vaccination but who have not, should contact the District Office to request the series. The requests are reviewed on a case-by-case basis.
HEPATITIS C (HCV) Causes a serious liver disease known as Hepatitis C Viral infection, the most common bloodborne infection in the US May cause symptoms similar to Hepatitis B 85% infected with HCV are chronically infected Many people show no symptoms This is the leading cause of liver transplants Up to 10,000 people die annually from HCV There is no vaccine to prevent HCV
HUMAN IMMUNODEFIENCY VIRUS (HIV) Attacks person’s immune system and causes it to break down The infected person becomes seriously ill when the immune system loses its ability to fight infections Some infected persons may go on to develop AIDS There is no preventative vaccine for HIV
TRANSMISSION OF PATHOGENS Spread most easily through contact with blood, semen, vaginal secretions and other body fluids and tissue with visible blood At work, the diseases are spread by blood entering your body through cuts, punctures, or splashing that enters the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose or mouth Occurs most frequently from contaminated needles and unprotected sex
THE BOTTOM LINE Treat blood, all body fluids, excretions, secretions, non-intact skin and mucous membranes as though infected with bloodborne or other pathogens non-intact skin and mucous membranes as though infected with bloodborne or other pathogens
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE) (continued) Site administrators will inform employees of the location of PPE’s If the PPE is damaged or does not fit, please do not use the item If the PPE is penetrated by blood or body fluids, remove the item and dispose of it according to the district’s procedure
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE) (continued) Respirators and pocket masks are designed to protect you from a victim’s body fluids expelled during resuscitation You must wear gloves whenever contact with a potentially infectious material is possible. The district provides latex gloves as well as utility gloves. However, if you are allergic to latex, please speak with you supervisor about alternative gloves
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE) (continued) Gloves can get torn or punctured so cover hand cuts or skin abrasions with bandages before school Replace disposable single use gloves as soon as possible if contaminated, torn, punctured or no longer effective – NEVER RE-USE THEM
TO PROPERLY REMOVE GLOVES : While both hands are gloved, pinch the palm side of one glove near your wrist. Carefully pull the glove off so that it is inside out Hold the peeled glove in the gloved hand. Slip two ﬁngers under the glove at the wrist of the remaining gloved hand Pull the glove until it comes off, inside out. The ﬁrst glove should end up inside the glove you just removed NEVER touch the outside of a glove with your bare skin Dispose of promptly ALWAYS wash your hands with soap and running water as soon as possible after removing gloves
HAND WASHING Hand washing is the #1 protection against infection Hand washing keeps you from infecting other people or objects Wash your hands after contacting blood, body fluids, excretions or secretions, even if you are wearing gloves
HAND WASHING 101 TO PROPERLY WASH HANDS: Wash hands with soap and running water for minimum of 30 seconds (the “ABC” song) Scrub vigorously with soap over all surfaces, including above your wrists Using clean paper towel, turn off faucet Anti-microbial soaps or cleaners should only be used when indicated since they remove your skin’s natural protective defenses
COMMON SENSE WORK PRACTICES You should not eat, drink, or smoke where you are likely to be exposed to blood or body fluids Do not handle contact lenses or apply cosmetics or lip balms where exposure is possible NEVER keep food or drink in places where blood or other potentially infected materials are present Keep work surfaces and protective coverings clean
COMMON SENSE WORK PRACTICES (continued) Be careful to prevent exposure of your clothing and skin Wear gloves to handle contaminated laundry Clean all blood and fluid spills promptly according to District Procedure: Building maintenance is called first. If they are not available, Jacky or Mike are to be called. If they are not available, the principal or their designee are to be contacted. Deposit wet contaminated laundry in a leak-resistant container Dispose of blood and other regulated medical waste in appropriately labeled, closeable, leak-proof containers
Only use red bags if the blood is dripable or pourable If available, use fluorescent orange red labels, red bags and containers and warning signs must be used to warn that the contents contain blood or other potentially infected material Trash may contain sharp or other infectious material so do not push it down with your hands or feet. Instead, gently shake down waste containers and carry waste bags by the top away from your body COMMON SENSE WORK PRACTICES (continued)
GOOD HOUSEKEEPING GENERAL RULES TO FOLLOW : The building custodian should be contacted for clean up Use a broom and dustpan, not your hands, if you must clean up before the trained custodian can arrive Make sure equipment and working surfaces are clean and decontaminate with appropriate disinfectants as soon as possible after contact with potentially infectious material
GOOD HOUSEKEEPING (continued) Put potentially infectious waste in closeable containers labeled “biohazard” or color-coded leak-proof containers Contaminated sharps (needles or sharp objects) should be placed in sharps containers, not the trash
IF EXPOSED….. Follow staff post-exposure procedure: Report all exposures to building principals AND District Office right away. An accident report need to be completed Immediately wash exposed skin area with soap and water If infectious materials enter your eyes, flush eyes with large amounts of clean water Report exposure to supervisor immediately so post-exposure evaluation can begin
DISTRICT CONTACTS If you have any questions or concerns regarding any of the material presented, contact: Cindy Rogers, District Nurse Mike Karius, Maintenance Manager Finally …. Go to Link4Learning and complete your Bloodborne Pathogen I-Form. Thank you.