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Florida Operations Level Hazardous Materials Training Unit 5.2 MISSION SPECIFIC: Technical Decontamination.

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Presentation on theme: "Florida Operations Level Hazardous Materials Training Unit 5.2 MISSION SPECIFIC: Technical Decontamination."— Presentation transcript:

1 Florida Operations Level Hazardous Materials Training Unit 5.2 MISSION SPECIFIC: Technical Decontamination

2 Florida Operations Level Hazardous Materials Training Program Decontamination q Contamination q Direct q Secondary q Exposure vs. contamination Unit 5.2  2

3 Florida Operations Level Hazardous Materials Training Program Decontamination A systematic process of removing contaminates from victims, responders or equipment in order to reduce exposure and prevent the spread of contamination Unit 5.2  3

4 Florida Operations Level Hazardous Materials Training Program Decontamination q Types q Emergency decontamination q Mass decontamination q Technical decontamination q Based on chemical and situation Unit 5.2  4

5 Florida Operations Level Hazardous Materials Training Program Decontamination Methods q Wet or Dry Absorption Adsorption Chemical degradation Dilution Disinfection Evaporation Isolation and disposal Neutralization Solidification Sterilization Vacuuming Washing Unit 5.2  5

6 Florida Operations Level Hazardous Materials Training Program Stages of Decontamination q Gross q Takes place at the edge of the hot zone q Goal: Remove bulk contaminates and leave them in the isolation area q Combination of dry methods Unit 5.2  6

7 Florida Operations Level Hazardous Materials Training Program Stages of Decontamination q Secondary decontamination q Occurs after gross decontamination has been completed q Is conducted in the warm zone q Goal: Systematic removal of contaminates in a head to toe fashion q Involves a thorough wash, rinse and removal of protective equipment Unit 5.2  7

8 Florida Operations Level Hazardous Materials Training Program Stages of Decontamination q Tertiary decontamination q Removal of remaining contaminates q Usually happens in health care facility q May be accomplished by personal shower Unit 5.2  8

9 Florida Operations Level Hazardous Materials Training Program Additional Considerations Preservation of evidence Tools and equipment including weapons Animals and criminal suspects Ambulatory victims Non-ambulatory victims Contain runoff Determine the effectiveness of decontamination Unit 5.2  9

10 Florida Operations Level Hazardous Materials Training Program Emergency Decontamination q Life threatening emergency q Strip and flush q Medical treatment q Secondary decontamination q Runoff not an issue Unit 5.2  10

11 Florida Operations Level Hazardous Materials Training Program SERC Model q Nine Basic Steps q Tool drop q Outer glove/boot removal q Gross wash (hot zone) q Primary wash/rinse q Final wash/rinse q Garment removal q Go off-air station q Inner glove/face piece q Rehab and medical evaluation Unit 5.2  11

12 Florida Operations Level Hazardous Materials Training Program Mass Decontamination q Goal: Rapid flush of large numbers of victims in order to reduce the likelihood of the spread of contamination or long term adverse health effects q Methods: Numerous methods exist q Single engine company q Multiple engine company Unit 5.2  12

13 Florida Operations Level Hazardous Materials Training Program Mass Decontamination q Considerations q Large numbers of panicked people may be encountered; scene control will be a major concern q Use of hand lines and deck guns in a controlled and safe manner is necessary q These are hands-off operations; getting too close to a panicked crowd can be dangerous Unit 5.2  13

14 Florida Operations Level Hazardous Materials Training Program Video “Technical Decontamination” Unit 5.2  14

15 Florida Operations Level Hazardous Materials Training Program Summary q Types of decontamination q Methods of decontamination q Stages of decontamination q PPE considerations Unit 5.2  15

16 Florida Operations Level Hazardous Materials Training Activity 5.2 Field Evolution – Establish Technical Decontamination Unit 5.2  16


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