Presentation on theme: "Bloodborne Pathogens Training for School Personnel."— Presentation transcript:
Bloodborne Pathogens Training for School Personnel
Objectives Define bloodborne pathogens (BBPs) Identify three most common BBPs Describe mode of transmission of BBPs Identify steps to take to reduce risk of exposure to BBPs Describe procedures to follow if an exposure incident occurs
Exposure Control Plan MINIMUM STANDARD This plan is provided by the department to be analogous with Title 29 Code of Federal Regulation § , Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Bloodborne Pathogens Standard as specified in Health and Safety Code, § PURPOSE The Bloodborne Pathogens Exposure Control Plan is to reduce or eliminate occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens and other potentially infectious material. REVIEW Employers review annually the exposure control plan, update when necessary, and document when accomplished. Annual training will be conducted for all district employees and for all new hires within 30 days. Copies of this plan can be found in the main office and nurse’s office at each school campus.
Bloodborne Pathogens (BBPs) Disease-causing organisms found in the blood or body fluids of an infected person. Three most common BBPs: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Hepatitis C Virus (HCV)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) HIV is the human immunodeficiency virus. It is the virus that can lead to acquired immune deficiency syndrome, or AIDS. CDC estimates that about 56,000 people in the United States contracted HIV in Primarily spread by having unprotected sexual contact, sharing needles/syringes used for illicit drug use or being born to an infected mother. Young people aged 13–29 accounted for 39% of all new HIV infections in HIV cannot reproduce outside the human body. It is not spread by: Air or water, insects, including mosquitoes, saliva, tears, or sweat, casual contact like shaking hands or sharing dishes, closed-mouth or “social” kissing.
Hepatitis B Hepatitis B is a contagious liver disease that results from infection with the Hepatitis B virus. Hepatitis B can live on surfaces for 7-10 days Hepatitis B is usually transmitted: -Birth (spread from an infected mother to her baby during birth). -Sex with an infected partner. -Sharing needles, syringes, or other drug-injection equipment. -Sharing items such as razors or toothbrushes with an infected person. -Direct contact with the blood or open sores of an infected person. -Exposure to blood from needle sticks or other sharp instruments.
Hepatitis B Vaccine The best way to prevent Hepatitis B is by getting vaccinated. Recommended for all high risk groups Safe 3 shots- initial, 1mo., 6mo. Life long immunity
Hepatitis C Hepatitis C is a contagious liver disease that results from infection with the Hepatitis C virus. There is no vaccine for Hepatitis C. Hepatitis C is usually transmitted: -Sharing needles, syringes, or other equipment to inject drugs. -Needle stick injuries in health care settings. -Being born to a mother who has Hepatitis C.
Transmission BBPs at work are transmitted mostly by: A contaminated sharp puncture the skin Contaminated blood coming into contact with broken skin or mucous membranes of eyes, nose or mouth
Transmission con’t. How BBPs are NOT spread: Through air, like cold or flu. Through casual contact. Through coughing, sneezing, kiss on the cheek, hugs, drinking fountains, mosquitoes or food.
Universal Precautions Universal precautions are practices & procedures that can help prevent the transmission of BBPs. Consider every person a possible carrier of a bloodborne pathogen and treat his/her blood and body fluids as if they were infected. Washing hands with soap and water is the best way to reduce the number of germs on them.
Good Handwashing What is the right way to wash your hands? Wet your hands with clean running water (warm or cold) and apply soap. Rub your hands together to make a lather and scrub them well; be sure to scrub the backs of your hands, between your fingers, and under your nails. Continue rubbing your hands for at least 20 seconds. Need a timer? Hum the "Happy Birthday" song from beginning to end twice. Rinse your hands well under running water. Dry your hands using a clean towel or air dry.
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Equipment that protects you from contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIMs). Gloves Gowns, aprons, lab coats Face shields, protective eyewear Masks, mouth pieces, resuscitation bags
PPE con’t. – First Aid Every school bus has a first aid and biohazard kit. Every Automatic External Defibrillator (AED) in the school has an accessory pouch that includes gloves and a CPR mask. For minor cuts and scrapes, encourage the victim to self-administer first aid. For more serious injuries, put on a pair of gloves, available in the school nurse’s office, before you administer first aid.
PPE - Gloves 1.Slip each hand into a clean glove, pulling it snugly over the fingers to assure a good fit. 2.Pull glove over the wrist as far as it will go to maximize coverage. 3.Do not reuse gloves
PPE con’t. – Safe Removal of Gloves 1.Remove gloves by turning the glove inside out as it is pulled over the hand. 2.During the removal of the second glove, avoid touching the outer surface by slipping the fingers of the ungloved hand under the glove and pulling it inside out as it is pulled over the hand. 3.Throw away promptly in a lined waste container. Never touch the outside of the gloves with your bare skin. 4.Every time you remove your gloves, wash your hands with soap and running water as soon as you possibly can.
Cleaning Up Cleaning up blood or body fluids on surfaces: Wear gloves Call a custodian - Custodians will use germicidal cleaners which kill bloodborne pathogens (Quat, 10% bleach solution, Saniwipes). Carefully cover the spill with paper towels then carefully pour an EPA approved cleansing solution over the area– and leave it for 10 minutes to kill any BBPs. Items contaminated with blood should be disposed of in a plastic lined pail. If very large amounts of blood are present, biohazard disposal bags are used (available in the school health office).
Cleaning Up Watch for fluorescent orange-red labels, red bags, and containers with a biohazard symbol. This symbol will warn you when the contents of containers are used for waste, storage, or shipping contain blood or OPIMs. If you empty garbage cans or laundry bins, always pick up and carry by the top. –Never hold next to your body or support with your hand underneath –Sharp objects can penetrate bags and cut you.
Cleaning Up Disposing of contaminated waste: Wear gloves Place contaminated items in a leak proof bag Place securely fastened bag in a plastic lined trash container Contaminated waste that would release blood when compressed, must be placed in a biohazard bag and disposed of separate from regular trash – notify supervisor and school nurse immediately Discard gloves
Cleaning Up Contaminated sharps: Use caution, wear gloves Do not break, bend or recap the needle Use a broom and dustpan to pick up and discard. Place the items in a closable, leak proof, puncture resistant container.
Cleaning Up Sports Equipment: Use an EPA-registered disinfectant solution to clean and decontaminate sports items and equipment that has come in contact with blood and OPIM.
What to do if Exposed DON’T PANIC! Immediately wash the affected area with soap and water Flush eyes, nose, mouth with large amounts of water for 15 mins. Report incident to your school nurse and principal Ensure source of exposure remains available
Frequently Asked Questions What if I need to give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation? Use pocket mask found in AED accessory package OR Hands-Only CPR has been shown to be as effective as conventional CPR for sudden cardiac arrest at home, at work or in public. It can double or even triple a victim’s chance of survival. *no documented cases of BBPs passed through CPR
Frequently Asked Questions What if I am not near a sink or running water? If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Alcohol-based hand sanitizers can quickly reduce the number of germs on hands in some situations, but sanitizers do not eliminate all types of germs. Since this is only a temporary measure, wash the area with soap and running water as soon a possible.
Additional Tips Keep soiled hands away from eyes, nose and mouth
Additional Tips ALWAYS wash your hands: Before, during, and after preparing food Before eating food Before and after caring for someone who is sick Before and after treating a cut or wound After using the toilet After changing diapers or cleaning up a child who has used the toilet After blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing After touching an animal or animal waste After handling pet food or pet treats After touching garbage
Additional Tips Wear gloves whenever you may be exposed to bloodborne pathogens.
Additional Tips When assisting someone who is bleeding, try to get the person to stop the bleeding with direct pressure himself.
Conclusion Your risk of being exposed to bloodborne pathogens at school is low. Remember to use universal precautions if you do come into contact with blood- treat all as if infected.
Documentation Please print this slide (page 31). Sign, date, and turn in to the school nurse. I have reviewed the presentation on Bloodborne Pathogens and have a full understanding of the safe practices that can assist me when dealing with situations that might have the potential danger of coming into contact with bloodborne pathogens and know what to do if I am exposed. _______________________________ Signature of EmployeeDate