Presentation on theme: "Before Giving Care Recognizing and responding to an emergency"— Presentation transcript:
1 Before Giving Care Recognizing and responding to an emergency Overcoming barriers to actGood Samaritan Laws and obtaining consentPreventing disease transmissionEmergency Action StepsReaching and moving and ill or injured PersonRemoving disposable gloves
2 Recognizing and Responding to an Emergency Usually signaled by something unusual:Unusual sightUnusual noisesUnusual odorsUnusual appearances or behaviorsThese all may be hard to recognize!
3 Overcoming Barriers to Act The most common factors that keep people from responding are:The presence of other peopleBeing unsure of the ill or injured person’s conditionThe type of injury or illnessFear of catching a diseaseFear of doing something wrongFear of being suedBeing unsure when to call 9-1-1
4 Ways to Overcome Barriers to Act Getting the right trainingCPRFirst AidAEDAvoiding contact with blood or body fluids by wearing protective barriers and following standard precautions.Being familiar with Good Samaritan laws and obtaining consent.
5 Good Samaritan LawsAll 50 states have enacted Good Samaritan Laws that give legal protection to people who willingly give emergency care to an ill or injured person without accepting anything in return.
6 Good Samaritan LawsDeveloped to encourage people to help, these laws require the “Good Samaritan” to:Act in good faithNot be deliberately negligent or recklessAct within the scope of his/her trainingNot abandon the person after starting to give care
7 Obtaining ConsentBefore giving care, you must obtain his/her permission to give care…this is consent. A conscious person has the right to refuse or accept care.To obtain consent:State your nameTell the person you are trained in first aidAsk the person if you can helpExplain what you think is wrongExplain what you plan to doConsent is implied if:UnconsciousInfant (no parent/guardian present)Child (no parent/guardian present)
8 Preventing Disease Transmission Whenever possible, you should:Avoid contact with blood or other body fluidsAvoid touching soiled objectsUse glovesRemove jewelry, rings or watchesAvoid eating, drinking, applying lip balm, touching eyes, face or mouth while giving first aidUse protective breathing barriers
9 Emergency Action Steps CheckSceneIs it safe?What happened?How many people involved?Is there immediate danger involved?Is anyone else available to help?For life-threatening conditionsUnconsciousnessNo breathing or troubled breathingNo signs of lifeSevere bleeding
10 Emergency Action Steps CallCall 9-1-1This is often the most important action you can take to help an ill or injured person.
11 Emergency Action Steps CareIF YOU ARE ALONE:Call FirstCall first before giving care for:An unconscious adult or adolescent older than 12A witnessed collapse of a child or infantAn unconscious infant or child with known heart problemsCare FirstGive 2 minutes of care and then call 9-1-1An unwitnessed collapse of an unconscious person younger than 12 years oldAny victim of drowning
12 Reaching and Moving and Ill or Injured Person DO NO FURTHER HARM!Moving a seriously injured person can cause additional injury and pain.Only move a person under 3 circumstances:When you are faced with immediate dangerWhen you have to get to another person who may have more serious injury or illnessWhen you need to provide proper care
14 Removing Disposable Gloves Partially remove the first glovePinch glove at wrist, only touching the gloves outside surface.Pull the glove toward finger tips without completely removing it.Remove the second gloveWith the partially removed glove hand, pinch the outside of the second glovePull the second glove towards the fingertips until it is completely off.Finish removing both glovesGrasp both gloves with free handTouch only the clean interior of the gloveDiscard glove in appropriate containerWASH HANDS THOROUGHLY!