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6/27/20111 PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE) Training Program NEW YORK MEDICAL COLLEGE Environmental Health and Safety Department.

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Presentation on theme: "6/27/20111 PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE) Training Program NEW YORK MEDICAL COLLEGE Environmental Health and Safety Department."— Presentation transcript:

1 6/27/20111 PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE) Training Program NEW YORK MEDICAL COLLEGE Environmental Health and Safety Department

2 6/27/20112 Objectives PPETo recognize agency who regulates the use of PPE To apply employee safety and protection PPETo review the main aspects of the PPE Program Job Hazard AnalysisTo describe a Job Hazard Analysis To recognize lines of defense PPETo choose the proper PPE in controlling exposure to hazards in the laboratory

3 6/27/20113 What is PPE? PPEPPE is designed to protect employees from serious workplace injuries or illnesses resulting from contact with chemicals, radiological, physical, electrical, mechanical or other workplace hazards. Occupational Safety Health Administration –OSHA- regulates the use of PPE

4 6/27/20114 What is Job Hazard Analysis? Job Hazard AnalysisA Job Hazard Analysis is a technique that focuses on job tasks as a way to identify hazards before they occur. It focuses on the relationship between the worker, the task, the tools, and the work environment. Ideally, after you identify uncontrollable hazards, you will take steps to eliminate or reduce them to an acceptable risk level

5 6/27/20115 Engineering Controls-1 First line of defenseFirst line of defense –To eliminate or reduce exposure to hazards by physically removing or reducing the hazard Example: Fume hoods, ventilation systems, equipment and machine guards –Engineering controls may require modifications or substitutions of equipment or materials to accommodate current activities and reduce potential hazard Using a less hazardous chemical Increased ventilation

6 6/27/20116 –Work must be discontinued if the engineering control is not functioning correctly. Example: Fume hood stops working Building must be evacuated when there is a loss of power Engineering Controls-2

7 6/27/20117 Administrative Controls-1 Second line of defenseSecond line of defense –To eliminate or reduce exposure by workplace policies and procedures. (review Lab Safety Manual) –These controls are hazard avoidance rather than control. They do not protect the employee if the employee fails to follow rules and procedures Examples –Policies and procedures for work practices –Training –Monitoring

8 6/27/20118 Administrative Controls-2 Dose = concentration x time –If the concentration of the chemical is reduced, the dose or exposure will be reduced –If the exposure time is reduced, the dose or exposure will also be reduced

9 6/27/20119 Personal Protective Equipment- PPE (1) Last line of defenseLast line of defense –PPE does not reduce the hazard, it acts as a barrier between the hazard and the worker Properly selected PPE must –Provide adequate protection –Be reasonably comfortable –Not get in the way of the employee

10 6/27/201110 Remember: only the PPE stands between you and the hazard If the PPE is inappropriate for the hazard, not worn properly, or is damaged, the user will not be protected Personal Protective Equipment- PPE (2)

11 6/27/201111 PPE Selection1 PPE Selection-1 PPE selection must be based on the job to be performed –Too much PPE or inappropriate PPE can be as dangerous as too little PPE –Doubling up 2 pairs of the wrong type of glove will not improve protection Before performing a task, identify the hazards and type of PPE required to provide protection

12 6/27/201112 PPE Selection-2 After selecting the level of protection, it is important to pick the proper type and size of PPE  PPE is designed for specific uses with specific hazards  Using PPE outside of manufacturer specifications will not protect the user from hazards Glove Selection Latex gloves are not recommended for use with most chemicals because of its short permeation rate. Nitrile should be used when handling chemicals.  Select the appropriate size  Don’t use PPE that is too big too small

13 6/27/201113 HAZARDPPE AbsorptionGloves, Lab Coat Splash HazardGoggles, Face Shield Flying Objects, Other Non- Liquid Eye Hazards Safety Glasses with side shields Inhalation ExposureRespirators Extremity Exposure to heat and Cold Protective Thermal Gloves PPE Selection Examples

14 6/27/201114 PPE - Liquid Nitrogen-1 PPEThe following PPE is required when using the liquid nitrogen system: –Cryogenic Gloves –Cryogenic Apron –Face Shield –Ear Plugs (only when system is filling) Above items are available at each filling station –Safety Glasses –Lab Coat Above 2 items are provided by each laboratory

15 6/27/201115 Face Shield Safety Glasses Lab Coat Ear Plugs Cryogenic Apron Cryogenic Gloves PPE - Liquid Nitrogen-2

16 6/27/201116 PPE use After selecting the appropriate PPE, it is important to know the proper way to use it –Read all instructions carefully –Ask questions if you are unsure of proper use –Inspect before each use Replace PPE often –Do not reuse disposable items –Decontaminate reusable items after use –Do not attempt to fix defective items Training is required before using PPE

17 6/27/201117 PPE-Animal Care PPE PPE for working in any room in Comparative Medicine Department (Animal Care) Hats, masks, shoe covers, gown, lab coat, safety glasses, gloves

18 6/27/201118 Proper Glove Removal Step 1 Pinch center of one glove Step 2 Pull the glove half way down hand Step 3 Remove glove on opposite hand by pinching the center as in Step 1 and pulling glove off There is now one gloved hand and one bare hand Step 4 Using the bare hand, grab the inside of the glove with index finger and remove Step 5 Both hands are now glove free, wash hands

19 6/27/201119 Minimum Requirements The following PPE is required for ALL work in the lab: Gloves Lab coat Safety Glasses –Contact EHS if you need glasses In addition to: –Close toed shoes –Long pants.

20 6/27/201120 Other PPE includes Other PPE includes….. Hard hats Safety shoes Goggles Coveralls/ Gowns Face shields (for flying objects) Safety glasses (for splashes, dusts, optical; radiation) Masks (for dust or bedding from animal cages) Gloves (e.g. for handling cryogenics) Ear plugs (for high noise levels created from homogenizers, sonicators) Respirators (for mists, gases, vapors, smoke)

21 6/27/201121 Respirators Respirators may not be used under any circumstances at NYMC unless approved by EHS.Respirators may not be used under any circumstances at NYMC unless approved by EHS. Contact EHS @ 594-4078 Contact EHS @ 594-4078 for information

22 6/27/201122 Training Employees must receive training / instruction specific to the PPE before use –Training is required by OSHA When PPE is necessary What PPE is necessary Limitations of the PPE Inspections Procedures How to properly put on, take off, adjust and use How to monitor while in use Proper care, maintenance and useful life Additional training may be provided by your PI or Supervisor Respirator use requires NYMC authorization and a medical evaluation

23 6/27/201123 Remember….. Always wear your PPE…!!!

24 6/27/201124 Summary Where possible, hazards should first be reduced or eliminated through –Engineering Controls –Administrative Controls Conduct a Job Hazard Analysis to protect yourself –Use the Job Hazard Analysis to determine the proper level of PPE Last but not least…. –Use common sense and be safe!

25 6/27/201125 protective-equipment_3 you are done!, take a quiz, please click on the link and follow the instructions

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