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Chapter 15: Bleeding and Shock
Copyright ©2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 2 Pulse Points Locations on the body surface where arteries can be felt expanding and contracting
Copyright ©2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 3 Head and Neck Pulse Points Temporal artery – slightly above the outer eye edge Carotid artery – along the front margin of the sternocleidomastoid muscle
Copyright ©2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 4 Arm Pulse Points Brachial artery – along the inner border of the biceps brachii Radial artery – on the thumb side of the wrist
Copyright ©2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 5 Leg Pulse Points Femoral artery – in the groin (inguinal) area Popliteal artery – behind the knee Dorsalis pedis artery – on the anterior surface of the foot, below the ankle joint
Copyright ©2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 6 Application/Removal of Gloves To be effective, gloves must be properly put on and removed from the hands
Copyright ©2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 7 Application of Gloves Arrange the glove so its thumb is lined up with the thumb of the hand.
Copyright ©2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 8 Application of Gloves (cont.) Grasp the front of the cuff with one hand while inserting the other hand into the glove. Repeat for the other hand.
Copyright ©2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 9 Removal of Gloves Grasp the palm or cuff of the left glove with the gloved right hand. Pull the left glove toward the fingertips so the glove ends up inside out.
Copyright ©2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 10 Removal of Gloves (cont.) Holding the removed glove in the gloved right hand, insert 2 fingers from the left hand under the cuff of the right glove. Pull the right glove toward the fingertips of the right hand, ending up with the glove inside out and the left glove captured within the right glove.
Copyright ©2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 11 OSHA Requirements Intended to eliminate or reduce occupational exposure to blood and other infectious materials
Copyright ©2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 12 OSHA Requirements (cont.) Exposure Control Plan Exposure determination Methods of compliance –Standard precautions –Engineering controls –Work practice controls –Personal protective equipment
Copyright ©2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 13 OSHA Requirements (cont.) Methods of compliance (cont.) –Housekeeping/Waste disposal –Hepatitis B vaccination –Signs and labels on hazardous materials –Training Postexposure follow-up
Copyright ©2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 14 Wound Care Irrigate the wound with clean, cool water Remove all foreign particles Dry the wound Treat with first-aid cream Apply a dry sterile bandage
Copyright ©2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 15 Bleeding There are three types of bleeding –Arterial bleeding can be severe. –Venous bleeding is less severe but can be profuse. –Capillary bleeding is slow but may increase the risk of infection.
Copyright ©2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 16 Shock Shock is a failure of the circulatory system to oxygenate vital organs. This is a medical emergency. Undetected shock can lead to death.
Chapter 15 Bleeding and Shock. Objectives Describe the cardio-respiratory system. List the components of the circulatory system. Explain how blood circulates.
Blood enters the heart through the and vena cava into the. Blood then travels through the valve into the. Blood then travels through the valve into the.
When blood enters the heart it enters through the andvena cava into the. Once it is filled the blood passes through the valve into the. Blood goes through.
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Pulse Pressure: Difference between the systolic and diastolic measurements (Remember systolic is the number on the top of the ratio) Ex: 120/80 means that.
The Arterial Pulse With each contraction,the left ventricle ejects a volume of blood into the aorta and on into the arterial tree A pressure wave moves.
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Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 1 13:7 Using Sterile Techniques Many procedures require use of sterile techniques to.
CHAPTER 5: PREVENTING INFECTION. LEARNING OBJECTIVES Discuss infection prevention, including the types of infections Describe the chain of infection Explain.
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Chapter 16 Splinting Extremities. Splinting Reduces pain Prevents further damage to muscles, nerves, and blood vessels Prevents closed fracture from becoming.
Pulse the expansion/recoil of artery walls due to increased pressure _. Felt near surfaces.
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Arterial Pulse 1. What do u understand by term PULSE? The alternate expansion and recoil of elastic arteries after each systole of the left ventricle.
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Chapter 15 Bleeding and Shock. Objectives Upon completion of this chapter, you should be able to: –Describe the cardiorespiratory system –List the components.
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Bleeding and Hemorrhage Control Bleeding always gets our attention! The more extreme the bleeding the more we are unsure how to control it.
Surgical Hand Scrub & Gowning and Gloving. Surgical Hand Scrub Intended to remove as many microorganisms as possible from the hands and arms. –Transient.
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© 2010 Delmar, Cengage Learning 1 © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning PowerPoint Presentation to Accompany.
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Pulse (the pressure of the blood pushing against the wall of an artery as the heart beats) Sites where pulse may be felt Temporal – side of forehead Carotid.
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