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© 2011 National Safety Council ACTING IN AN EMERGENCY LESSON 2 2-1
© 2011 National Safety Council Nature of injury or illness Severity of injury or illness Presence of other injuries or illness Scene of emergency The victim Emergencies Vary 2-2
© 2011 National Safety Council Key Principles Apply in All Emergencies Take steps to prevent disease transmission Respond to all emergencies safely and efficiently Always check the scene for safety before entering Take care of yourself after an emergency 2-3
© 2011 National Safety Council Someone or something has infection Infectious pathogen leaves infected body Infectious pathogen reaches another by direct or indirect contact Second person develops infection How Are Infectious Diseases Transmitted? 2-4
© 2011 National Safety Council Caused by bacteria and viruses in blood and other body fluids Three serious bloodborne infections -HIV -Hepatitis B -Hepatitis C Bloodborne Disease 2-5
© 2011 National Safety Council Protection Against Bloodborne Disease Avoid contact with all victims’ blood and body fluids CDC recommends standard precautions whenever giving first aid: all victims, all the time 2-6
© 2011 National Safety Council Precautions Use personal protective equipment (PPE) If no gloves, use plastic bags Keep barrier between body fluids and yourself Wash your hands after giving first aid Cover any cuts or scrapes on skin 2-7
© 2011 National Safety Council Precautions continued Do not touch mouth, nose or eyes when giving first aid Avoid being cut Use absorbent material to soak up blood or body fluids Dispose of contaminated material appropriately 2-8
© 2011 National Safety Council Precautions continued If you are exposed to blood or body fluid: Wash immediately with soap and water Call your health care provider At work, report situation to your supervisor 2-9
© 2011 National Safety Council When Using Gloves Check that gloves are intact Do not use petroleum-based hand lotions Remove contaminated gloves carefully Dispose of gloves properly Handle sharp objects carefully Watch for signs and symptoms of latex allergy 2-10
© 2011 National Safety Council 1.Pull glove onto one hand 2-11
© 2011 National Safety Council 2.Pull glove tight 2-12
© 2011 National Safety Council 3.Put on other glove 2-13
© 2011 National Safety Council 1.With one hand, grasp your other glove at the wrist or palm and pull it away from your hand 2-14 Removing Contaminated Gloves
© 2011 National Safety Council 2.Pull the glove rest of the way off 2-15
© 2011 National Safety Council 3.Holding the removed glove balled up in the palm of your gloved hand, insert two fingers under the cuff of the remaining glove 2-16
© 2011 National Safety Council 4.Remove the glove by stretching it up and away from the hand and turning it inside out as you pull it off 2-17
© 2011 National Safety Council 5.Dispose of gloves in a biohazard container and wash your hands 2-18
© 2011 National Safety Council Barrier Devices Pocket face mask or face shield Used for rescue breaths during CPR Keep in first aid kit Greatly reduce chance of disease transmission 2-19
© 2011 National Safety Council Other PPE Eye protection, masks, gowns or aprons not usually required for first aid OSHA requires such protections in some workplaces 2-20
© 2011 National Safety Council Disposal and Disinfection of Supplies and Equipment Items may remain infectious for some time Never reuse disposable equipment or supplies Disinfect equipment and surfaces with bleach solution Double-bag wastes 2-21
© 2011 National Safety Council In All Emergencies 1.Recognize the emergency 2.Check the scene 3.Check the victim 4.Call 9-1-1 (when appropriate) 5.Give first aid 6.Have victim seek medical attention (when appropriate) 2-22 The 4 “C’s”
© 2011 National Safety Council Check the Scene Check for multiple victims Look for clues about what happened and what first aid may be needed Look for bystanders who can help 2-23
© 2011 National Safety Council Check for Hazards Smoke, flames Spilled chemicals, fumes Downed electrical wires Risk of explosion Building collapse Roadside dangers High-speed traffic Deep water, ice Potential personal violence If the scene is dangerous, stay away and call for help. 2-24
© 2011 National Safety Council Check the Victim For responsiveness For life-threatening conditions Do not move victim 2-25
© 2011 National Safety Council Call 9-1-1 For any life-threatening injury or illness For unresponsive victims Check responsive victims before calling 2-26
© 2011 National Safety Council Give First Aid Give basic life support for life-threatening conditions Do not administer medications In some cases help a victim with his or her own medication 2-27
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