Presentation on theme: "Section 1: The Gilded Age Section 2: Progressive Ideas"— Presentation transcript:
1 Section 1: The Gilded Age Section 2: Progressive Ideas CHAPTER 8The Spirit of ReformSection 1: The Gilded AgeSection 2: Progressive IdeasSection 3: Reforming the WorkplaceSection 4: Women’s Suffrage and TemperanceSection 5: Minorities Fight for Change
2 SECTION 1The Gilded AgeQuestion:How did the appointment of federal officials change during the late 1800s?
3 The Gilded Age SECTION 1 Appointment of government jobs in late 1800s • jobs granted by spoils system• many unqualified individuals appointed to positionsAppointment of jobs after Pendleton Civil Service Act• jobs appointed by exam and merit system• under control of the Civil Service Commission
4 Question: How did progressives address the country’s social problems? SECTION 2Progressive IdeasQuestion:How did progressives address the country’s social problems?
5 Progressive Ideas SECTION 2 Social Problem Reform Childhood Education States pass laws requiring school attendance, started kindergarten programs, developed high school programs with courses in job training.Medical EducationThe AMA was reorganized.
6 Question: How did labor organize to improve the workplace? SECTION 3Reforming the WorkplaceQuestion:How did labor organize to improve the workplace?
7 Reforming the Workplace SECTION 3Reforming the WorkplaceWays that labororganized toimprove workingconditions• Some unionspushed forcapitalism orsocialism.• Other unionsheld strikes.
8 SECTION 4Women’s Suffrage and TemperanceQuestion:What new educational opportunities for women developed in the late 1800s and early 1900s, and what were the results?
9 NEW EDUCATION OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN SECTION 4Women’s Suffrage and TemperanceNEW EDUCATION OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMENOpportunityResultMany women were able toAttend colleges and universities.Many female graduates found it difficult to get jobs in male-dominated professions. Many women joined social clubs.
10 SECTION 5Minorities Fight for ChangeQuestion:How did immigration change for Chinese Americans and Mexican Americans during the Progressive Era?
11 Immigration Changes for Chinese and Mexican Americans SECTION 5Minorities Fight for ChangeImmigration Changes for Chinese and Mexican AmericansChinese immigration slowed because of laws restricting Chinese entering the United States.Mexican immigration rose because Mexicans could freely enter the United States.
12 Chapter Wrap-Up CHAPTER 8 1. What was the significance of the ruling in Lochner v. New York?2. Why did women form the National American Woman Suffrage Association?3. How did African Americans try to gain equal rights in the late 1800s and early 1900s?