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1 EASA Standardisation – AEI - 29.09.2006 Francesco Banal EASA Quality and Standardisation Director EASA Standardisation Belgrade, 29 September 2006.

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Presentation on theme: "1 EASA Standardisation – AEI - 29.09.2006 Francesco Banal EASA Quality and Standardisation Director EASA Standardisation Belgrade, 29 September 2006."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 EASA Standardisation – AEI Francesco Banal EASA Quality and Standardisation Director EASA Standardisation Belgrade, 29 September 2006

2 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade EASA Standardisation Standardisation: some definitions

3 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade a matter of definitions…

4 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade a matter of definitions… In the common use means:

5 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade a matter of definitions… always starts with common laws and ends with their uniform implementation… but could see its end through the many different ways to implement the laws

6 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade a matter of definitions… …we must be sure they are uniformly implemented common laws are not enough to achieve

7 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade a matter of definitions… means: In JAA/EASA terminology

8 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade a matter of definitions… In the JAA/EASA terminology: means:

9 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade a matter of definitions… In the JAA/EASA terminology:

10 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade The EC Regulation on standardisation inspections EASA Standardisation

11 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade EC Regulation 736/2006  Commission Regulation (EC) No 736/2006  Working methods of the European Aviation Safety Agency for conducting standardisation inspections  OJ L 129, , p.1 EASA Standardisation - Date of issue: Published in the EC Official Journal: Date of entry into force: Deadline for working procedure:

12 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade EASA Standardisation fully implemented by August 2006… - EASA procedures developed & adopted on July 31, First inspector training course delivered on Aug. 23, First three inspections terminated by Sept. 27, 2006

13 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade EASA Standardisation The new working methods

14 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade Wrap-up meeting Preliminary meeting 12 weeks max 10 weeks min Preparatory phase Opening session Reporting phase Closure Phase Follow-up phase Final Report Preliminary Report 16 weeks max Closing session Visiting phase As necessary On Site The overall picture of an STD inspection: As necessary SofC Inspection Programme Action Plan EASA Standardisation

15 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade in regard to the working methods…  Team Leader from EASA  Two (min) Team Members from EASA or NAA EASA Standardisation Note: Reg. 736/2006 allows NAA inspectors to continue to support the standardisation activity (as in JAA system), but the team leader shall be always from EASA

16 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade  1 pre-visit briefing at EASA (1 day)  1 inspection visit in the country (5 days)  1 post-visit debriefing at EASA (1 day) in regard to the working methods… EASA Standardisation

17 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade  Visit and findings to undertakings are only used as supporting evidence of findings to the visited authority in regard to the working methods… EASA Standardisation

18 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade in regard to the working methods… EASA Standardisation  Visits are conducted against a questionnaire (mainly based on section B of applicable part)  The visits are aimed at discovering weakness of the system, not specific isolated cases. Immediate safety hazard cases shall however be immediately fixed  A final report is issued to the NAA that shall answer with a corrective action plan within an established time  The European Commission and the Member State will receive the report  The European Commission may, at its discretion, inform all the other Member States

19 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade in regard to the working methods…  EASA shall agree the action plan and conduct all follow-up to monitor the closure of corrective actions and finally report to the Commission  EASA may decide follow-up inspections  The Commission may ask EASA to conduct ad- hoc-inspections for safety reasons  The Commission may decide further actions in case of failure on implementing corrective actions EASA Standardisation

20 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade EASA Standardisation Scope of EASA Standardisation

21 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade EASA/JAA Standardisation scope today PART 21 POA DOA PART 145 MOA PART 147 MTOA PART 66 technical licensing JAR - OPS AOC CAMO JAR - FCL flight crew licensing FTO EASA JAA PART M ETSOA TC STC all EASA NAA

22 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade JAA standardisation scope – after EASA JAR - 21 POA DOA PCA JAR – 145 JAR MTOA JAR - 66 technical licensing JAR - OPS AOC MMOA JAR - FCL flight crew licensing FTO ETSOA Non-EASA JAA NAA MOA

23 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade The playing field today FL IS GE AM AZ EE UA MD TR CY FR LV LT BE NL DE UK IR BYBY RO AL MK BG GR CH IT AU HU SM ES PT DK NO SE PL CZ MT BA MA DZ TN SY IQ IR KZ RU LU SK SL HR MC RU 25 EU 3 EEA 6 JAA LI

24 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade EASA Standardisation The EASA organisation for Standardisation

25 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade Finance & Procurement Quality & Standardisation Directorate F. Banal Rulemaking Directorate C. Probst Certification Directorate N. Lohl Executive Directorate P. Goudou Administrative Directorate M. Junkkari Policy Officers Safety Analysis & Research Communications Personnel Legal Service ICT and Technical Services Quality Assurance Standardisation Technical Training Programmes Products Organisations Environmental Protection Products Safety Flight Standards International Cooperation Standardisation in EASA is performed by only one department

26 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade EASA Standardisation Department Q&S Director F. Banal Q&S Director F. Banal Head of Standardisation F. Janvier Head of Standardisation F. Janvier Standardisation Manager – C. A. E. Bohland Standardisation Manager – C. A. E. Bohland Standardisation Manager – I.A. P. Blagden Standardisation Manager – I.A. P. Blagden Standardisation Team Leaders – I.A. Jiri Novy; Mark Kieft ( recruitment continues + 2) Standardisation Team Leaders – I.A. Jiri Novy; Mark Kieft ( recruitment continues + 2) Standardisation Team Leaders – C..A. Philippe Gaillard; Luis Pires; Jean-Louis Ammeloot; Sascha Schott ( recruitment continues + 4) Standardisation Team Leaders – C..A. Philippe Gaillard; Luis Pires; Jean-Louis Ammeloot; Sascha Schott ( recruitment continues + 4)

27 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade The transition from JAA to EASA the EC regulation 736/2006 has been adopted only recently… …what EASA did meanwhile?

28 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade The transition from JAA to EASA …EASA and JAA signed, on 1st of November 2004, the following document: Working Arrangement on transfer of certain Standardisation Co-ordination Activities from JAA to EASA

29 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade The transition from JAA to EASA EU Countries Non-EU Countries JAA EASA for JAA 2006…2004 transition Implementation of Commission Regulation on Standardisation Inspections: EASA for JAA

30 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade EASA Standardisation The work done during transition

31 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade  Standardisation activity in 2005 (1 st year of operation, full JAA working methods)  19 countries inspected on Continuing Airworthiness (Parts 145, M, 147, 66, 21.H )  7 countries inspected on POA (Part 21.G)  > 750 requests of corrective actions  > 80% teams supported by NAA inspectors  First all-NAA Standardisation Meeting (Part-66) The work done during transition

32 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade Major common findings in 2005 The work done during transition

33 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade  improper maintenance and airworthiness management of Eastern Aircraft  improper and/or late CAMO approvals  improper and/or late Part 66 AML conversions The work done during transition

34 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade  Current standardisation activity in 2006 (transition from JAA to EASA working methods)  Annual Report on Standardisation Status (sent to the Commission on 13 Feb 2006)  25 inspections planned for Continuing Airworthiness (17 carried-out as of today)  16 inspections planned for Initial Airworthiness (9 carried-out as of today)  Special survey on Part-66 conversion status (performed from March till May 2006)  Special Report on Part-66 conversion status (sent to the Commission on 20 June 2006)  4 all-NAA Standardisation Meetings planned (Part-M and Part-66 performed, Part-21.G and Part-145 to take place) The work done during transition

35 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade  Standardisation activity in 2005 for Part-66 and -147  19 countries visited:  Belgium, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Slovakia, Lithuania, Bulgaria, Slovenia, Iceland, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Italy, Portugal, Turkey, Croatia, Cyprus, Finland, Norway, Sweden The work done during transition

36 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade  Current standardisation activity in 2006 for Part-66 and -147  13 countries visited as of today:  Germany, Greece, Hungary, Slovakia, Denmark, Czech Republic, Belgium, Poland, Latvia, Estonia, Austria, Spain, Ireland  8 visits still to come:  Slovenia, Luxembourg, Lithuania, Romania, France, Malta, Bulgaria, Switzerland  Total findings to NAA as of today:  Part , of which 23 on conversion process  Part The work done during transition

37 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade EASA Standardisation Basic differences: JAA vs. EASA Standardisation

38 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade a matter of differences: recognition… JAA system vs. NAA  initial approval for mutual JAA recognition  continued oversight for continued recognition EASA system vs. NAA  initial approval for legal EU recognition  continued oversight for continued EU legality

39 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade a matter of differences: rules… JAA regulations vs. NAA  Standardisation is a voluntary process to achieve mutual recognition status  A JAA Member State may or may not accept an initial standardisation visit EASA regulations vs. NAA  Standardisation is a binding process  A standardisation visit from EASA cannot be refused

40 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade a matter of differences: rules… JAA regulations vs. NAA  AGM for approval of undertakings and individuals: - policies and procedures non binding at national level; - to be voluntary followed for mutual recognition only EASA regulations vs. NAA  Section B of Annexes (Parts) to Implementing Rules: bindings laws at national level  EASA AMC to Section B: non binding, but deviations must be justified

41 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade a matter of differences: strength… JAA rulemaking  JAR have no direct legal value in the Member States - they must be endorsed in the national legislation - national variants or amendments are possible EASA rulemaking  EASA gives technical opinions to the Commission  - when the opinions are accepted, they become laws with immediate legal value in all Member States - no national variants or amendments are possible

42 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade a matter of differences: strength…

43 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade a matter of differences: strength… JAA standardisation  No obligations for the Member States, but… - pros: they have an incentive to pass the standardisation visits because of the mutual recognition - cons: peer review among NAA, no clear independency of inspectors EASA standardisation  Binding process by law… - pros: three different actors: EASA, Commission, NAA, but…  - cons: Member States do not need initial recognition because of their automatic recognition by law

44 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade a matter of differences: strength… JAA standardisation  In case of non compliance - the CJAA can withdrawn or suspend the mutual recognition status of a Member State EASA standardisation  In case of non compliance  - neither EASA nor the Commission have direct enforcement power; only the European Court of Justice has - national judges or NAA only have enforcement power in their country

45 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade a matter of differences: strength…

46 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade a matter of differences: strength… How to render EASA standardisation stronger, in the present legal environment? A.Information by the Commission on EASA reports to all the other Member States is the key B.The other Members States then may act, just in case, to protect their citizens

47 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade a matter of differences: strength… Tomorrow? A. Direct enforcement powers to EASA or to the Commission? B. EASA acting as legally recognised board of appeal in national disputes between NAA and their regulated citizens? C. Others…?

48 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade The EASA strategy for standardisation EASA Standardisation

49 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade Basic principle Overall objective: to establish and maintain a high uniform level of civil aviation safety in Europe Standardisation inspections objectives: Monitoring NAA how they are implementing EU rules: Not less than required to protect EU citizens Not more than requiredto ensure level playing field new! EASA Standardisation Strategy

50 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade  Ensuring common standardisation procedures, documentation and working methods in all fields of the implementing rules  Ensuring the “standardisation” of inspectors through training and recurrent training provided by EASA  Enhancing the follow-up phase in order to resolve as much as possible non-conformities at EASA- NAA level EASA Standardisation Strategy

51 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade  Building up a strong organisational relationship with the European Commission for effective follow-up and enforcement  Developing a pro-active approach to Standardisation with NAA by:  a) involving as much as possible NAA inspectors as team members  b) promoting a common interpretation and implementation of the rules through structured Standardisation Meetings with all NAA  c) in depth training/workshops on IR for experienced inspectors open to all NAA EASA Standardisation Strategy

52 European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Standardisation – AEI – Belgrade EASA Thanks for your attention Any questions? Greetings from Cologne


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