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9 November 2000 EUMETSAT AND ITS PROGRAMMES Alain RATIER EUMETSAT Earth Observation Information Meeting, Bruxelles, 3 October 2000.

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Presentation on theme: "9 November 2000 EUMETSAT AND ITS PROGRAMMES Alain RATIER EUMETSAT Earth Observation Information Meeting, Bruxelles, 3 October 2000."— Presentation transcript:

1 9 November 2000 EUMETSAT AND ITS PROGRAMMES Alain RATIER EUMETSAT Earth Observation Information Meeting, Bruxelles, 3 October 2000

2 9 November 2000 Hungary, Poland and Slovakia are Cooperating States of EUMETSAT 17 Member States 3 Cooperating States EUMETSAT Member States

3 9 November 2000 THE INITIAL CONVENTION: "The primary objective... is to establish, maintain and exploit European systems of operational meteorological satellites...." THE NEW CONVENTION: "A further objective... is to contribute to the operational monitoring of the climate and the detection of global climate change.." EUMETSAT OBJECTIVES

4 9 November 2000 EUMETSAT SATELLITE PROGRAMMES METEOSAT MSG Meteosat-5 Meteosat-6 Meteosat-7 MSG-1 MSG-2 MSG-3 EPS Metop-1 Metop-2 Metop-3 9697989900010203040506070809101112 Operational S/C at 0°(since 6/98) Over Indian Ocean since 7/98 Hot stand by at 10° W (since 6/98) 1313 1515 1616 1714 NominaI operation estimated lifetime Approved Non nominal operation Estimated fuel margin Available for launch IODC at 63°E Planned

5 9 November 2000 Meteosat IR imagery Meteosat WV imagery Meteosat VIS imagery Meteosat satellite

6 9 November 2000 0° LONGITUDE AND 63° E METEOSAT IMAGES METEOSAT-7 METEOSAT-5

7 9 November 2000 MSG System (from end 2003, TBC) (Meteosat-MSG parallel operations in 2002/2003) Data Collection Platforms (DCP) Raw & Processed Images and other data Processed Images and other data Data Collection System Reports EUMETSAT Control & Processing Centre Darmstadt High Rate User Station (HRUS) Primary Ground Station ( PGS ) Low Rate User Station (LRUS) Satellite Applications Facilities ( SAF ) LRIT HRIT Standby MSG Operational MSG E xternal S upport G round S Stations Data from other meteorological satellites Back-up Ground Station ( BGS ) Satellite Control Satellite Control (Back-up) Monitoring

8 9 November 2000 MSG Missions  Multispectral Imagery  Airmass Analysis  Hi-Resolution Imagery  Product Extraction  Data Dissemination  Data Collection  Additional Missions –Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget –Search and Rescue  Data Archive and Retrieval

9 9 November 2000 MSG SEVIRI Channels Basic + Airmass + Hi Res Vis Missions 3 km data sampling intervals at SSP, except HRV (1 km) Images each 15 minutes

10 9 November 2000 SEVIRI Channels Weighting Functions

11 9 November 2000 Cloud Distribution: low (red), mid (grey), high (white) MGS simulation: from GOES-8

12 9 November 2000 Discrimination of cloud phase: 8.6 - 11µ vs 11 - 12 µ Source: NOAA/CMISS (airborne observations)

13 9 November 2000 Snow detection (1.6 µ channel) (Source: NASA) Snow Clouds Thin Cirrus

14 9 November 2000 From ground From space “OK” Tornado : 3 May 99 530 CDT (2330 UTC) 1800 UTC 2300 UTC

15 9 November 2000 High trosphere Humidity ( + contours ECMWF contours at 300 hPa) Mid troposphere Humidity (+ ECMWF contours at 600 hPa)

16 9 November 2000 GOES high density winds in mid & high troposphere 2 May, 1998 (Source: P. Menzel, NOAA/CMIS)

17 9 November 2000 Ozone product & derived wind field (black arrows) (Source: Météo-France)

18 9 November 2000 GOES SST: high amplitude (2-3 °K) diurnal cycle (low wind conditions) Source: NOAA/CMIS

19 9 November 2000 ACCESS TO MSG DATA DIRECT REAL TIME ACCESS VIA LRUS & HRUS USER STATIONS –ALL SEVIRI CHANNELS AT FULL SPACE-TIME RESOLUTION ON HRIT/HRUS –3 TO 5 CHANNELS FULL SPATIAL RESOLUTION/REDUCED TIME SAMPLING ON LRIT/LRUS PLUS PRODUCTS (TBC) –PROCUREMENT OF USER STATIONS UNDER USER RESPONSIBILITY, KEY UNIT DELIVERED BY EUMETSAT, FREE LICENSE FOR RESEARCH USE REAL TIME ACCESS –THROUGH GTS/RMDCN: MPEF/SAF PRODUCTS –MSG INTERNET SERVICE : CONTENTS TBD OFF-LINE ACCESS: –FROM U-MARF: IMAGERY & MPEF PRODUCTS –FROM SAF ARCHIVING FACILITIES (TBC): SAF PRODUCTS

20 9 November 2000 MSG RESEARCH ANNOUNCEMENT OF OPPORTUNITY Jointly released by ESA and EUMETSAT Objective is to stimulate: –use of MSG data for research, in combination with other data (e.g. ERS, ENVISAT) –structured interactions between research and operational communities 43 Investigator Teams selected (Peer Selection) –Data available free of charge, dedicated interactions with MSG Project Teams –Investigations/Research not funded by ESA/EUMETSAT First RAO workshop held in Bologna in May 2000

21 9 November 2000 EPS within IJPS NOAA N & N’ p.m. METOP 1 & 2 a.m. Global data dump Global data dump NOAA GS EPS GS NOAA global data METOP blind orbits METOP global data NOAA blind orbits Blind orbits data dump CNES IASI TEC SAF EUMETSAT POLAR SYSTEM NOAA POES SYSTEM INITIAL JOINT POLAR SYSTEM

22 9 November 2000 SCOPE/BREAKDOWN OF EPS PROGRAMME EPS Ground Segment including SAFs 3 Metop satellites 3 Launch services 14 years of operation

23 9 November 2000 EPS MISSION OBJECTIVES: OPERATIONAL METEOROLOGY & CLIMATE MONITORING  Temperature and moisture sounding for NWP  High accuracy/vertical resolution  All weather capability  Troposphere, stratosphere and troposphere/stratosphere interactions  Imagery of clouds and land/ocean surfaces  Air-sea interactions  Ozone mapping & monitoring  Data collection and location  Direct broadcast/support to nowcasting  Search and Rescue

24 9 November 2000 EPS Capabilities/Payload  Atmospheric Sounding (temperature, moisture, O3/species): -IR/MW imaging sounders: HIRS-4/IASI, AMSU-A/MHS -UV/VIS imaging sounder: GOME-2 -limb viewing radio-occultation sounder: GRAS  Global VIS/IR Imagery: AVHRR-3  2-Dimensional wind field at ocean surface: ASCAT  Data Location & Collection: ARGOS DCS-2 Terminal  Global and Local Data Access: Solid State Recorder/X-Band downlink/HRPT/LRPT  Search & Rescue: S&R Terminal

25 9 November 2000 IASI HIRS-4 AVHRR-3 AMSU-A1 AMSU-A2 MHS GOME-2 GRAS ASCAT METOP INSTRUMENT PAYLOAD

26 9 November 2000 IASI: Simulated Performances (Moisture) Source: The Met. Office

27 9 November 2000 Cloud Liquid Water (top) and Rain Index (bottom) Source: NOAA

28 9 November 2000 Total Ozone and Profile (GOME/ERS-2)

29 9 November 2000 ERS Wind Vector Field (500 km Swath) Source: ESA

30 9 November 2000 EPS Data Circulation  Global data read-out through high latitude station  Exchange of global data with NOAA  Direct data read-out services: HRPT and LRPT  High Resolution Picture Transmission  Low Resolution Picture Transmission  Digital version of NOAA APT  Level of communality with MSG HRIT/LRIT  Coordinated with CGMS  Near Real Time delivery of CGS products (level 1 & selected level 2) to Primary NRT Terminals within Member States  Near Real Time delivery of level 2 products through GTS/RMDCN

31 9 November 2000 The EUMETSAT Ground Segment Delivers products/services required by EUMETSAT Users Has a distributed architecture, including : Central facilities at EUMETSAT HQ Satellite/Mission Control Data Acquisition/Dissemination Image Data Processing/Preprocessing: level 1 Meteorological Products Extraction: selected level 2 Multi-mission Archiving and Retrieval Facility (U-MARF) Ground Stations : Primary, Back-Up and Support Network of Satellite Applications Facilities hosted by national Met Services deliver other level 2 products and selected level 3

32 9 November 2000 EUMETSAT GROUND SEGMENT BREAKDOWN

33 9 November 2000 Development of SAF Network  Development of 7 SAFs approved by Council –3 funded from MSG Programme budget ­SAF on support to Nowcasting and VSRF ­SAF on Ocean and Sea Ice ­SAF on Ozone Monitoring –1 funded from MTP Programme budget ­SAF on Climate Monitoring –3 funded from EPS Programme budget ­SAF on Numerical Weather Prediction ­SAF on GRAS Meteorology ­SAF on Land Surface Analysis

34 9 November 2000 EUMETSAT OVERALL GROUND INFRASTRUCTURE Meteosat PGS Fucino MDD Roma Lannion MDD Toulouse Weilheim Meteosat BGS Madrid EUMETSAT HQ Darmstadt MCC + MPEF Bracknell MDD-FDRS Helsinki Lisboa FDRS Exchange of IJPS data with NOAA/USA Copenhagen Offenbach Usingen MSG PGS Svalbard EPS Polar CDA Station Canary Island MSG BRGS PGS Primary Ground Station MDD Meteorological Data Distribution BRGS Back-up and Ranging Station FDRS Foreign Data Relay Support CDA Command and Data Acquisition MCC Mission Control Centre MPEF Meteorological Product Extraction Facility Planned extension (EPS) EUMETSAT HQ Central Facilities Acquisition and Control Station Back-up or Support Station Satellite Application Facility Madrid (E): Support to Nowcasting and very Short Term Forecasting Lannion (F): Ocean and Sea Ice Helsinki (FIN): Ozone Monitoring Offenbach (D): Climate Monitoring Bracknell (UK): Numerical Weather Prediction Copenhagen (DK): GRAS Meteorology Lisboa (P): Land Surface Analysis

35 9 November 2000 U-MARF Multi-mission Archiving and Retrieval Facility User services MSG-GS Front-End EPS-GS Front-End MTP Import or Ingestion MSG Ground Segment EPS Ground Segment UMARF Facility SAF Facility Archive Repository MTP MARF SAF Local Archive &Catalogue SAF Local User Service s User Interface External Users Catalogue

36 9 November 2000 RESERVE SLIDES

37 1 February 2000 Slide: 32a EUMETSAT 's Satellite Coverage and Indian Ocean Data Coverage 04060 80 1001201401601802040608010012014016020 60 S 0 60 N Meteosat-7 Prime Position 0° Longitude Meteosat-5 IODC Position 63°E

38 9 November 2000 GEOSTATIONARY COMPOSITE IMAGE OF THE GLOBE

39 9 November 2000 METEOSAT SECOND GENERATION (MSG)

40 9 November 2000 MSG Responsibilities  ESA –Develops the MSG-1 Prototype satellite according to EUMETSAT requirements –Acts, on behalf of EUMETSAT, as procurement agent for MSG-2/-3 satellites  EUMETSAT –Contributes one third of the MSG-1 funding, and funds procurement of MSG-2/-3 –Finalises and maintains End User Requirements –Procures all launchers –Develops the Ground Segment –Ensures consistency between space system segments (space, ground, launcher service segments) –Operates the MSG System (12 years)

41 9 November 2000 MOP/MTP - MSG Comparison Meteosat First Generation (MOP/MTP)  3-channel Imaging Radiometer  100 RPM Spin-stabilised Body  Solid Apogee Boost Motor  5 years Station Keeping  200 Watts Power Demand  720 kg in GTO orbit  Flight qualified with Delta 2914, Ariane 1-3-4 Meteosat Second Generation (MSG)  12-channel Enhanced Imaging Radiometer  100 RPM Spin-stabilised Body  Bi-propellant Unified Propulsion System  7 years Station Keeping  600 Watts Power Demand  2030 kg in GTO orbit  Design compatibility with Ariane 4 and 5

42 9 November 2000 MSG Performance Comparison

43 9 November 2000  Spinning Enhanced Vis & IR Imager  12 channels  Image each 15 minutes  3 km horizontal sampling  Hi-Res channel at 1 km MSG SEVIRI Instrument

44 9 November 2000 SEVIRI IR Channel Bands

45 9 November 2000 MSG MPEF Products Baseline * GI & TOZ: algorithm development by SAF and extraction by MPEF Meteorological Products proposed as baseline for the MSG MPEF development  Cloud Analysis (CLA)  Cloud Top Height (CTH)  Global Instability (GI)*  Atmospheric Motion Vectors (AMV) (IR 10.8, WV 6.2, WV 7.3, VIS 0.6)  Clear Sky Radiance (CSR)  Tropospheric Humidity (THU)  Total Ozone (TOZ)*  Calibration Monitoring (CAL-MON)  Climate Data Set (CDS)  ISCCP Data Set (IDS)  GPCP Precipitation Index (PI)

46 9 November 2000 Atmospheric Motion Vectors (AMV) extracted from VIS (yellow), IR 10.8 µ (red) & WV 6.2 µ (blue) channels

47 9 November 2000 Comparison GI MSG (sim.) and GOES LI GOES LI MSG(Simulé)

48 9 November 2000 User Station functions developed/demonstrated as part of DADF, for monitoring purpose Detailed Design of DADF Prototype Stations available to potential customers and providers on EUMETSAT Home Page Users expected to procure their respective User Station(s) from Industry Station Key Units to be supplied by EUMETSAT Definition of the LRIT and HRIT data streams under discussion HRIT data stream expected to contain all SEVIRI channels at full resolution EC supporting acquisition of HRUSs in Africa (PUMA initiative) HRIT-LRIT User Stations

49 9 November 2000 GS - Data Acquisition Dissemination Facility - User Stations (for monitoring purpose)

50 9 November 2000 MSG PROGRAMME STATUS SYSTEM: SYSTEM CRITICAL DESIGN REVIEW SUCCESSFUL SPACE SEGMENT: MSG SATELLITES –MSG-1/2/3 UNDER DEVELOPMENT/PROCUREMENT –FLIGHT ACCEPTANCE REVIEW UNDER WAY (2 PHASES) GROUND SEGMENT –TEST & INTEGRATION OF INDIVIDUAL FACILITIES UNDERWAY DIFFICULTIES WITH CONTROL CENTRE (CF), IMAGE PROCESSING (IMPF) & PRIMARY GROUND STATION (PGS) –PRE-INTEGRATION STARTED, START OF FULL INTEGRATION PENDING DELIVERY OF KEY FACILITIES LAUNCHER –ARIANE-4 BASELINE FOR MSG-1 LAUNCH DATE: JANUARY 2002 TARGETED (NO MARGIN)

51 9 November 2000 EUMETSAT POLAR SYSTEM (EPS)

52 9 November 2000 A MAJOR COOPERATION BETWEEN EUROPE AND THE USA  IN THE MARGINS OF THE G7, EUROPE AGREED IN PRINCIPLE TO SHARE THE BURDEN OF THE METEOROLOGICAL POLAR SERVICE WITH THE USA  INITIAL JOINT POLAR SYSTEM (IJPS) TO BE IMPLEMENTED  In the context of the USA Convergence  Under a NOAA-EUMETSAT cooperation agreement signed in November 1998  Through integration & coordination of the NOAA POES and the EUMETSAT EPS ( EUMETSAT POLAR SYSTEM) Programmes  SCOPE OF COOPERATION  Afternoon & early morning orbits covered by the USA (POES & DMSP Satellites)  Morning orbit covered by Europe (Metop Satellites)  Exchange of instruments and data, coordinated development and operations

53 9 November 2000 EPS Users WMO Community through GTS/RMDCN NOAA U sers NOAA system EPS system IJPS The EPS System within the IJPS System

54 9 November 2000 EPS: AN INTEGRATED EUROPEAN EFFORT  COOPERATION BETWEEN EUMETSAT, ESA AND CNES  EPS SPACE SEGMENT: Metop SATELLITES  Metop-1 developed/co-funded with ESA; Metop-2 & 3 jointly procured  (single contract for Metop-1/2/3), fully funded by EUMETSAT  IASI-1 developed/co-funded by CNES, under CNES-EUMETSAT cooperation; IASI-2 & 3  procured by CNES, fully funded by EUMETSAT  MHS instruments for NOAA N/N’ & Metop-1/2/3 procured by EUMETSAT  ARGOS DCS Terminals provided by CNES  LAUNCH SERVICES PROCURED BY EUMETSAT  EPS GROUND SEGMENT  Central Core Ground Segment (CGS) developed/procured by EUMETSAT  Network of 7 satellite applications facilities (SAF) developed by EUMETSAT member states  in cooperation with EUMETSAT  IASI-TEC and IASI operational level 1 processor developed by CNES  EPS SYSTEM OPERATED BY EUMETSAT (14 YEARS)

55 9 November 2000 The Metop Satellite height:6.3 m transverse section: 3.4 m x 3.4 m (launch configuration) solar panel: 11.3 m power: 2210 W (end of life, orbit average) lifetime: 5 years 13 instruments launch mass: 4200 kg data flow: 3500 kbps

56 9 November 2000 IASI Instrument  Mission Objectives: -Temperature profile: 1K/1km (in the lower troposphere) -Relative Humidity: 10%/1 km (in the lower troposphere) -Trace gases: O 3 low resolution profile, CH 4, CO columns  Main Characteristics: -High spectral resolution (0.25 cm -1 unapodized) -Spectral range: 3.4 to 15.5 µ -Radiometric resolution < 0.2 K (NeDT), accuracy < 0.5 K -Horizontal resolution/sampling: 12km/25km -Wide swath (2200km) scanning synchronised with AMSU-A -Built-in imager for co-registration with AVHRR and Back-up

57 9 November 2000 EPS Product Services  PRODUCT SERVICES AVAILABLE FROM CORE GROUND SEGMENT  & NETWORK OF SATELLITE APPLICATION FACILITIES  CGS BASELINE PRODUCTS INCLUDE:  All level 1 Products from all NOAA & Metop sensors  Selected Level 2 Products: Temperature/Moisture Profiles, Cloud Products...  VARIETY OF SERVICES/LEVEL 2 PRODUCTS FROM 7 SAFs:  Ocean & Sea Ice  Support to nowcasting & VSRF (SW Packages)  Ozone Monitoring  GRAS Meteorology  Climate Monitoring  Land Surface Analysis  NWP

58 9 November 2000 Value of EPS to Meteorological Applications (1)  NOWCASTING AND VERY SHORT TERM FORECASTING  High Revisit frequency at high latitudes not covered by geostationary spacecraft  Microwave measurements not available from geostationary orbit  passive temperature/moisture sounding: AMSU-A/MHS  active: scatterometry over ocean (wind), ice and land  sensor synergy: co-located sounding, imagery, scatterometry  HRPT/LRPT real time service  NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDICTION  advanced sounding (global mission)  temperature, moisture, ozone  troposphere and stratosphere  all weather (AMSU-A/MHS/GRAS)  higher accuracy vertical resolution (1K/1km)  enhanced information on surface parameters

59 9 November 2000  CLIMATE RESEARCH AND APPLICATIONS  Air Sea Interactions (AVHRR, IASI, ASCAT)  Troposphere-Stratosphere Interactions (GRAS)  Cloud-Radiation Interactions/GEWEX  Ocean, Ice and Climate (ASCAT, AVHRR…)  Biosphere and climate  Dedicated SAF  OZONE & UV MONITORING, ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY  GOME-2, HIRS AND IASI  Dedicated SAF  CONTINENTAL BIOSPHERE AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT  Vegetation monitoring  Dedicated SAF Value of EPS to other Applications (2)

60 9 November 2000  PROGRAMMATICS/DECISIONS  Metop-1 & EPS Programmes approved; agreements signed with NOAA (IJPS) & ESA (Metop)  All space segment contracts signed: Metop, IASI, GOME-2  Procurement of launch services initiated with Arianespace/Starsem  Alcatel selected as CGS Prime Contractor; improvements of proposal under negotiation/Contract Proposal to be approved by Council in September 2000  Site selected for Polar CDA Station: Svalbard  DEVELOPMENT MILESTONES  System Requirements Review held in February 2000, System PDR wrap up planned in 2001  Satellite PDR held in June 1999, Critical Design Review planned in 2001  IASI CDR planned in 2001; MHS instruments delivered to NOAA  Ground Segment Requirement Review held in July 1999  CGS kick-off meeting planned in November 2000  Launch in 2005 EPS PROGRAMME STATUS

61 9 November 2000 U-MARF Archive : expected volume increase

62 9 November 2000 SAF Network: Programmatics  Distributed element of EUMETSAT Application Ground Segment –Providing services to operational and other users, such as: -real-time/off line products -user software packages -data management and related user services –Research and development, including coordination –Focus: operational meteorology and climate monitoring - in line with the new Convention under ratification  Development/operations co-funded by EUMETSAT and Member States –EUMETSAT financial contribution -up to 50% of development cost -up to 75% of agreed operations cost

63 9 November 2000 SAF on Support to Nowcasting and Very Short Range Forecasting  Hosted by Spanish NMS (INM) in Madrid  Involvement of Austria, France, Spain, and Sweden  Development kicked-off in February 1997  Targeted products are user software packages to extract: – Cloud parameters: mask/amount, type, top temperature/height, – Air mass: analysis and stability, total and layer precipitable water – Winds: high resolution wind vectors – Precipitation: identification of precipitating clouds, convective rainfall rate – Thunderstorms: tracking of rapid developing thunderstorms

64 9 November 2000 SAF on Ocean and Sea Ice  Hosted by Météo-France in Lannion  Involvement of Denmark, France, The Netherlands, Norway, and Sweden  Development kicked-off in April 1997  Examples of targeted products: –Sea Surface Temperature: Atlantic (10 km resolution), Regional (2 km resolution) –Scatterometer surface wind vectors (global) –Surface radiative fluxes (Atlantic) –Sea Ice (Polar Atlantic): ice edge/cover, thickness/age

65 9 November 2000 SAF on Ozone Monitoring  Hosted by Finnish NMS (FMI), in Helsinki  Involvement of Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, and The Netherlands  Development kicked-off in October 1997  Examples of targeted products –Ozone: total column, profiles (in real time and off line) –Other Trace Gases: NO 2, OClO, BrO total columns –UV: Clear sky UV radiation fields –Associated validation products

66 9 November 2000 SAF on Climate Monitoring  Hosted by German NMS (DWD) in Offenbach  Involvement of Belgium, Germany, Finland, The Netherlands, and Sweden  Development kicked-off in February 1999  Examples of targeted products –Sea Surface Temperature and sea ice cover –Cloud parameters –Surface radiation budget components –Radiation budget components at TOA

67 9 November 2000 SAF on NWP  Hosted by the The Met. Office, UK  Involvement of France, ECMWF, The Netherlands, and UK  Development kicked-off in February 1999  Deliverables are User Requirements & Software packages: –RTMs and observation operators (ASCAT, GOME, ATOVS/IASI, SSM/I, SEVIRI) –Software and techniques for improved assimilation of satellite observations in NWP models –Monitoring of quality of space observations

68 9 November 2000 SAF on GRAS Meteorology  Hosted by Danish NMS (DMI) in Copenhagen  Involvement of Denmark, Spain, and UK  Development kicked-off in April 1999  Examples of targeted products –High vertical resolution profiles of temperature and moisture (real-time and off-line) derived from observations by the GRAS instruments flown on the Metop satellites –Observation operators for assimilation of GRAS products in NWP models

69 9 November 2000 SAF on Land Surface Analysis  Hosted by Portuguese NMS (IM) in Lisbon  Involvement of Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Portugal, Spain, and Sweden  Development kicked-off in September 1999  Examples of targeted products: –Vegetation parameters and biophysical indicators –Snow cover –Land Surface Temperature, Emissivity and Soil Moisture –Short wave and long wave radiation parameters –Evapotranspiration rate


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