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February 13, 2015 Zachary Mills Public Finance Specialist Governance Global Practice Wrap Up Session: Fiscal Adjustment 1.

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Presentation on theme: "February 13, 2015 Zachary Mills Public Finance Specialist Governance Global Practice Wrap Up Session: Fiscal Adjustment 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 February 13, 2015 Zachary Mills Public Finance Specialist Governance Global Practice Wrap Up Session: Fiscal Adjustment 1

2 Key Themes 2 Definitional issues Importance of modelling and accurate information Scope and pace of the reform depend on context Tools at your disposal Key success factors

3 Definitions 3 No standard definition of fiscal consolidation o Cyclically adjusted primary balance to GDP o Debt to GDP ratio o Sizeable: 1% of GDP or more per year o Package of measures to reduce debt or deficits Spending reviews o Comprehensive ‘cost-benefit analysis’ of an existing expenditure program o More sophisticated than in-year budget adjustments

4 Data and Information 4 Importance of modeling and forecasts o Macroeconomic, Expenditure, Revenue o Seasonal and global effects o Comprehensiveness / frequency of budget reporting o Debt sustainability analysis Fiscal risks Quality / accessibility of data for impact analysis (fiscal, social, etc.)

5 Context Matters 5 Initial conditions and severity of fiscal situation influence design of measures o Initial public debt levels o Market reaction o Political cycle o Social conditions Design choices o Pace of adjustment o Scope of adjustment (expenditure / revenue mix)

6 Fiscal Management Tools 6 Spending reviews o Comprehensive exercise that is integrated into the budgeting process o Requires sufficient time to be done properly o As a pre-condition, performance objectives must be defined Wage bill forecasting model o Customized tool to forecast the fiscal impact of changes in public pay and staffing policies Other tools (fiscal rules, etc.)

7 Success Factors 7 Political will o Management of reform process (parliament committee, government decision, cabinet office, etc.) Strategic and long-term vision o Impacts on equity, efficiency and growth Set and manage expectations o Communication strategy Flexibility of expenditures Be prepared

8 Thank You! 8


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