Presentation on theme: "Selection of Wire and Wiring Techniques"— Presentation transcript:
1Selection of Wire and Wiring Techniques Introduction to Floral Design
2When should wire be used? Rule #1:Only wire when a flower cannot be used satisfactorily without it!
3Why do we use florist wire? Straighten crooked stemsSupport weakened stemsKeep flowers upright and help prevent wiltingHold flowers and foliage in a desired position
4Why do we use florist wire? Prevent flower heads from breaking offReplace flower stems on corsages so the corsage stem is not bulkyAdd accessories to corsages and arrangements
5Selecting Wire Wire is sold in 12 pound boxes Boxes contain straight wires 18 inches longThe number of wires per box varies according to the size of the wire…why?
6Selecting WireWires are coated with green enamel to help prevent rustingThe color makes it less noticeable in the designWire can also be purchased on spools
7Sizes of wireFlorist wire comes in various weights and diameters called gaugesSizes range from 18-thickest, to 32–thinnestThe LARGER the number the THINNER the wire!
8Sizes of wire 20-26 gauge is most common Choosing the proper size of is important: wire that is too large will damage the flower or if too thin, the flower will not be properly supported
9Rules of Wiring:Select the smallest wire that will support the flower and still hold it in placeDon’t use too much wire or it will detract from the arrangement—remember Rule #1
10Methods of wiring:Straight WireHookPiercingWrapStitch
11Straight Wire Method Used when the stem remains attached to the flower Often used when wiring flowers for vase arrangementsWire should show as little as possible!
12How to Straight wire:Hold a piece of wire parallel to the flower’s stemInsert into the calyx (fleshy part of the flower below petals)Push wire up toward the top of the flowerWrap the wire carefully around the stem going between the leaves
13Hook Method:Used on flat-headed flowers such as daisies, asters, chrysanthemumsThe hook helps prevent flower from breaking off of stemThe stem may be removed or left intact (depends on use of flower)
14How to Hook:For corsage work, cut the stem so that only ½ inch is left below the calyxRemove all remaining foliageThe wire is pushed up through the calyx and out the top of the flower
15How to Hook: The wire may also be pushed in the center of the stem Then, bend the end of the wire that sticks out top of flower into a small hookPull the wire downward so that the hook disappears into the flower head
16How to Hook:If using the flower in a corsage, it is now ready to be tapedIf using the flower in an arrangement, bend the wire around the stem to support it
17Piercing Method: Used on flowers that have an enlarged calyx…such as? Only use this method if the flower is going into a corsage or the stem will not be visible
18How to Pierce:The stem is removed about 1 to ½ inch below the calyx if for corsage workInsert a wire through the calyx at a point halfway between the calyx and the petals
19How to Pierce:If for a vase arrangement, push the wire until it sticks two inches beyond the calyxThen, bend both ends of the wire downWrap the longest end around the stem
20How to Pierce:For a corsage, push the wire so that the flower is located on the midpoint of the wireThen, bend both sides down parallel to the stem, wrap one length around the stem and other length of wire, and tape
21Wrap Method: Used on foliage made of many small leaflets (leatherleaf) Used on flowers composed of many small florets (baby’s breath)
22How to Wrap: Cut the stem to what length? Make a hairpin from gauge wireHang the hairpin over the lowest pair of leaflets so that the bend in the hairpin rests behind the stem
23How to Wrap:Wind one wire over both the other wire and the stem of the leafletWrap the stem and wire with tape
24Stitch Method: Used most commonly on broad, leathery skinned leaves Foliages that have been wired are much easier to use because the wire creates an extended petiole
25How to Stitch:From the back side of the leaf, take a 26 gauge wire and pass the wire through the leaf along the midribA stitch is made about halfway up the leaf
26How to stitch: Bend both ends of the wire down the back of the leaf Wrap one half of the wire around the other half and the petiole several timesTape the stem beginning at the base of the leaf
27Always Remember!Select the method that best suits the type of flower and its intended useKeep all wire hidden as much as possible!