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Selecting and Wiring Flowers
Wiring Techniques essential to the floral designer only wire a flower if it cannot be used satisfactorily without it
Florists wire used for a number of reasons straighten slightly crooked stems support weakened stems
Florists wire keep flowers upright and help prevent wilting hold flowers and foliage in a desired position
Florists wire prevent flower heads from breaking off the stem replace flower stems on corsages so the corsage stem is not bulky
Florists wire add accessories to corsages and arrangements
Selecting wires commonly sold in twelve pound boxes containing straight wires 18 inches long number of wires per box varies according to the size of the wire
Selecting wires wires are coated with green enamel which helps prevent rusting green color makes them less noticeable in the design
Selecting wires wire may also be purchased on spools for special needs such as making garlands or wreaths
Sizes of wire florist wire comes in various weights and diameters called gauges size ranges from 18 - thickest, to 32 - thinnest
Sizes of wire wire gauge numbers decrease as the wire gets larger gauge is the most common
Sizes of wire proper size of wire is important too large a wire will damage the flower if wire is too thin the flower will not be properly supported
Sizes of wire select the smallest wire that will support the flower and still hold it in place
Wiring should only be done when necessary too much wire can detract from an arrangement
Sizes of wire the size wire you choose is dependent upon the weight of the flower and the intended use
Methods of wiring straight wire method used when the stem remains attached to the flower most often used when wiring flowers for vase arrangements
Straight Wire hold a piece of 20 gauge wire about one half inch from the end insert into the calyx - fleshy part of the flower below petals
Straight wire push wire up toward your finger wrap the wire carefully around the stem going between the leaves wire should show as little as possible
Hook Method used on daisies, asters, chrysanthemums and other flowers used for corsages and funeral work method is recommended for any flower that breaks easily at the stem
Hook Method hook helps prevent flower from breaking off of stem may be removed or left intact depends on use of flower
Hook Method for corsage work, stem is cut 1/2 inch below the calyx all remaining foliage is removed from stem
Hook Method wire is pushed up through the calyx and out the top of the flower wire may also be pushed along the center of the stem
Hook Method bend end of wire that sticks out top of flower into a hook pull the wire and the hook downward so that the hook disappears into the flower head
Hook Method if using the flower in a corsage, it is now ready to be taped if using in an arrangement, wire is bent around stem to support it
Piercing method used on flowers that have an enlarged calyx such as carnations and roses stem is removed about one inch below calyx if for corsage
Piercing method insert a wire through the calyx at a point halfway between the calyx and the petals
Piercing method if for a vase arrangement, push wire till it sticks two inches beyond the calyx bend both ends of wire down wrap longest end around stem
Piercing method for corsage, push the wire through to the midpoint bend both sides down and tape
Wrap method used on foliage made of many small leaflets leatherleaf flowers composed of many small florets
Wrap method cut the stem so that a small portion of the stem remains on the leaf make a hairpin from gauge wire
Wrap method hang the hairpin over the lowest pair of leaflets so that the bend in the hairpin rests behind the stem
Wrap method wind one wire over both the other wire and the stem of the leaflet wrap the stem and wire with tape
Stitch method used most commonly on broad, leathery skinned leaves foliages that have been wired are much easier to use because the wire creates an extended petiole
Stitch method from the back side of the leaf, take a 26 gauge wire and pass the wire through the leaf under the midrib stitch is made about halfway up the leaf
Stitch method bend both ends of the wire down the back of the leaf wrap one half of the wire around the other half and the petiole several times
Stitch method tape the stem beginning at the base of the leaf
Wiring it is important to select the method that best suits the type of flower and its intended use keep all wire hidden as much as possible
Floral Taping non sticky tape that will stick to itself when stretched used primarily in corsage work to cover wires bind wires to flower stems
Floral Taping bind wired or taped flowers together half inch width is the most common one inch is also made but is not readily available
Floral Taping primary brand names are “Floratape” and “Parafilm” various colors available moss green and foliage green are the most common
Floral Taping white tape is used in wedding work while brown may be used for dried flowers taping requires skill that is developed with practice
Floral Taping taping is achieved by stretching the tape as you wrap it around the stem or wire or twist the wire or stem into the floral tape
Floral Taping the tape becomes sticky as you stretch it and will stick to itself properly taped wires will be smooth and lightly taped
Floral Taping if the tape does not adhere to the wire and is loose, increase the tension on the tape.
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