Overview Origins of the WRAP Scope of WRAP Tribal Participation How Tribes can benefit from WRAP
Origins of the WRAP Haze pictures Pima Point, Grand Canyon, April 2000 The WRAP has its roots in the Grand Canyon Visibility Transport Commission
Mission Statement The purpose of the WRAP is to develop data, tools, and policies needed by states and tribes to improve visibility in parks and wilderness areas across the West.
Regional Haze Rule Adopted by Congress in 1999 Mandates that the regional haze levels be reduced back to “natural” levels by 2064 Mandates Regional Haze State Implementation Plans (RH SIPs) 2018 is first 10-year strategic planning milestone –emission projections being done.
§309 v §308 2 major phases of the Regional Haze Rule §309 – Phase I –9 states (and tribes) were allowed to opt into a program to reduce haze at 16 specific Class I (national parks and wildernesses) on the Colorado Plateau by December 2003 –5 states (AZ, NM, OR, UT, WY) opted in –No Tribal §309 TIPs were submitted §308 – Phase II –All States have to submit §308 RH SIPS by 12/17/07
Q: What is “Regional Haze?” A: Pollutants that affect visibility Sulfates (SO 2 ) Nitrates (NO x ) Ozone Organic Carbon Particulate Matter (PM) –Smoke –Dust Volatile Air Toxics –188 pollutants –i.e Mercury Carbon Monoxide Lead INCLUDES:DOES NOT INCLUDE:
83% (468) of Tribes located in the WRAP Region (231 are Alaska Native Villages)
All 6 Tribal Class I Areas are in WRAP region Hualapai
WRAP Organization Numerous Meetings Many Policy and Technical products/reports for review Participation requires large time commitment
Benefits of Tribal Participation Overall, WRAP has proven a successful partnership between Tribes, States, and Federal Agencies Tribal participation has ensured that tribal issues are addressed Tribal participants have learned a great deal The WRAP has developed policy & technical products that can benefit Tribes
“Visibility is a Cultural Resource” Smoke from wildfire obscuring Mt. Tom – Bishop Paiute
Tribal Issues: Wood Burning Before Tribal participation, there was talk of regional bans on residential wood burning –Tribes “reeducated” the state/federal partner Mescalero Apache Tribe Traditional and ceremonial burning exempted from regulation due to tribal participation
Current Tribal Participation Current Tribal Participation 14 Tribal Board Member positions –10 have been actively participating Tribal Co-Chairs for major committees –Technical Oversight Committee –Initiatives Oversight Committee –Air Manager’s Committee –Communication Committee Have good participation in many of the forums, work groups and committees
WRAP Tribal Board Members Campo Band of Kumeyaay Indians –Mike Connolly –Melissa Estes (alt) Confederated Tribes of Salish and Kootenai –Randy Ashley Cortina Indian Rancheria –David C. Jones –Karen Flores (Alt) Hopi Tribe Hopi Tribe –Gayle Shingoitewa-Honanie Hualapai Nation of the Grand Canyon –Cisney Havatone Native Village of Shungnak –Hazel Apok Nez Perce Tribe –Gabriel Bohnee –Julie Simpson (alt) Northern Cheyenne Tribe –William Walksalong Pueblo of Acoma –Governor Fred S. Vallo, Sr. –Stanley Paytiamo (alt) Pueblo of San Felipe –Michael Romero Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of Fort Hall –Roger Turner Zuni Tribe –Head Councilman Carlton Albert, Sr. –Councilman Joseph C. Peynetsa (alt)
Tribes Actively Involved in WRAP Quinault Nation Salt River Pima Maricopa Indian Community Shoshone Bannock Tribes of Fort Hall Southern Ute Taos Pueblo Tohono O’odham Nation Ute Mountain Ute Walker River Paiute Tribe Wind River Yakama Tribe Bishop Paiute Tribe Campo Band of Mission Indians Colville Tribe Confederated Tribes of Salish & Kootenai Cortina Rancheria Fort Belknap Gila River Indian Community Hualapai Tribe Jemez Pueblo Jicarilla Apache Tribe Lone Pine Paiute Shoshone Reservation Manzanita Tribe Mescalero Apache Tribe Native Village of Shungnak Navajo Nation Nez Perce Tribe Northern Cheyenne Tribe Northwestern Band of the Shoshoni Nation Pueblo of Acoma Pueblo of Zuni
Tribal Data Development Work Group (TDDWG) Workgroup comprised of tribal representatives Initial focus: filling tribal data gaps Current focus has broadened – helping Tribes to get most out of WRAP Major Project – Development of Tribal Emissions Inventory Software System (TEISS) –Contractors: Lakes Environmental and ITEP –Has helped nearly 50 Tribes either create or update their Emissions’ Inventories –ITEP provides training on how to use it
TDDWG Project: Tribal Causes of Haze Project – Representative Analysis First use of scientific methodology to see if any air monitoring network represents tribal air quality 11 Tribes in WRAP region found not to be represented. Recommendation: additional monitors to cover gaps Great potential to help develop Tribal Air Monitoring Strategy Salt River Pima Maricopa Indian Community
TDDWG FY06 Projects 1 – Hire Contractor to analyze each SIP as it is being created for tribal implications 2 – Hire Contractor to work with specific Tribes to access all of the updated EI and modeling information now available. –Can use as basis of TIP
WRAP Projects of Interest to Tribes Causes of Haze Assessment project (CoHA) - http://coha.dri.edu/index.htmlhttp://coha.dri.edu/index.html – –Does “back trajectories” for each Class I Area – –Tribes can ask to be a “receptor” for modeling Emissions Data Management System (EDMS) - http://wrapedms.org/default_login.asp http://wrapedms.org/default_login.asp – –Collects all updated emissions data Regional Modeling Center (RMC) - http://pah.cert.ucr.edu/aqm/308/ http://pah.cert.ucr.edu/aqm/308/
Role of NTEC Facilitate Tribal involvement in WRAP –Host conference calls for the Tribal Caucus –Reimburse per diem costs for WRAP travel Recruit other tribes that can benefit from participation in WRAP Facilitate the Inter-RPO Tribal Workgroup Host the WRAP Tribal Policy and Technical Workshop
Lewis McLeod, WRAP Tribal Co-Director Confederated Tribes of Salish & Kootenai member (253) 203-5547
For More Information: WWW.WRAPAIR.ORG Ken Cronin WRAP Tribal Caucus Coordinator National Tribal Environmental Council (505) 507-9376 firstname.lastname@example.org www.ntec.org N ATIONAL T RIBAL E NVIRONMENTAL C OUNCIL
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