2 Lacrosse Rules Field Layout Player Positions Player Equipment “Offsides” and “Out of Bounds” rulesSubstitution rulesFoulsGame SituationsDifferent Rules for Youth Lacrosse
3 Lacrosse Field Substitution Area “Box” Team A Sideline Team B Sideline DefensiveZoneFace OffArea110 ydsWing AreaOffensiveZone(“Box”)20 yds20 yds15 ydsCrease(9 ft radius)60 yds“X”40 ydsWing Area
4 Player Positions 10 players max. 3 Attack (typically on the offensive side of the field)3 Midfielders (typically run the whole field)3 Defenders (typically on the defensive side of the field)1 GoalieAll players may run the entire length of the field (note “offsides” rule)Up to 4 long sticks can be on the field at any timePlayers may serve time penalties, requiring a team to play with less players on the field“Man-up” or “Extra-Man”vs. “Man-down”
5 Goalie’s CreaseOffensive players are not allowed in the crease (sticks are)Defensive players can be in the crease, but cannot carry the ball from outside the crease back into it (results in possession change). This includes the goalie.The ball can be passed back to the goalie in the creaseGoalie is protected as long as he is in the crease (as long as one foot remains in the crease)When in the crease and in possession of the ball, the Goalie’s stick can not be interfered with (results in ‘free clear”)Goalie has 4 seconds to get the ball out of the crease (pass it or run it out)
7 Equipment – Stick Pocket Depth is legal when the top of the ball remains above the bottom of the head’s wall when placed in the pocket of a horizontal stickBall must freely fall from pocket when turned upside down
8 Required Protective Equipment Helmet with 4-point chinstraps (designed for lacrosse)MouthpieceGloves (with unaltered palms; designed for lacrosse)Shoulder pads (designed for lacrosse)Arm pads (designed for lacrosse)Goalies:Chest protector (instead of shoulder pads)Throat protectorAthletic Cup
9 Off-sides Rule Off-sides! Must always have: 4 players on the defensive side3 players on the offensive sideOff-sides!MMAADDAGMMAGDDDDAAMM
10 Off-sides Rule Legal Transition Must always have: 4 players on the defensive side3 players on the offensive sideLegal TransitionMMAADDAGMMAGDDDDAAMM
11 Out of Bounds….. If ball is: Carried out of boundsDeflects off of a player or his stick and goes out of boundsPassed out of boundsthe team that last touched the ball before it went out of bounds loses possessionPlay restarts on the field (passing-in is not required like most other sports)
12 Ball out of Bounds…..If ball goes out of bounds due to a missed shot, the team closest to the ball when it goes out of bounds, gets the ball…..therefore offense (attack) should always be backing up the goalAgain, play restarts on the field
13 Substitutions Always through the Substitution Box “On the horn” when ball goes out along a sidelineNot when ball goes out the endline“On the fly”
14 “Horn” Substitutions M M M M M M A D A D M M A A D D G G M D M A D A M Ball went out of bounds, along a sideline. “Horn” called by coaches. All can sub at once.
15 “On the Fly” Substitutions DADADMMAADDMGGMMDMADAWhile play is continuing on the field. Player coming on to the field can’t come on until after the other player has left the field.
16 Checking Stick Checks Body Checks Striking an opponent’s stick or the gloved hand holding the stickBody ChecksFrom the front or side, between the waist and shoulders, with both hands on the stickBoth can be performed within 3 yards of a loose ball (on the ground or in the air)
17 Personal Fouls More serious Results in 1, 2 or 3 minute time-serving penalty, depending on severityReleasable (ended by an opponent’s goal) or non-releasable
18 Personal Fouls Illegal Stick (length, pocket) / Illegal Equipment Unsportsmanlike ConductSlashingVicious (“intended to harm”) uncontrolled swinging of the stickStriking opponent in the body with the stick (a hand on the stick is considered part of the stick)Cross-checkChecking or holding a player with the part of the shaft between the player’s handsTripping
19 Personal Fouls Illegal Body Check Unnecessary Roughness At youth level, check must be delivered upright (can not lower head or shoulder)More than 3 yards from ballDelivered without 2 hands on the stickFrom behindBelow the waist or above the shouldersLeading with the head (can be called on the player with the ball)Leaving feetTo a player on the groundAvoidable (ie. well after a player has passed or shot the ball)No “take-out” checks: considered more aggressive than necessaryUnnecessary RoughnessCan be called on the player with the ball if they intentionally try to run over the defender (it’s not football)
20 Technical Fouls Less serious Results in change of possession if the ball is loose or the offending team has possessionResults in a 30 second releasable penalty if the offended team has possession
21 Technical Fouls Offsides Pushing (from behind) May not push a player from behindFrom side and front is legal, when opponent has the ball or is within 3 yards of a loose ballUsually occurs during a loose ball situationIllegal Screen (moving pick, just like basketball)Offensive player moving into or blocking a defensive player, while his team has the ballOnly called when a team has possession of the ballStationary picks are legal
22 Technical Fouls Holding Interference Warding off Holding opponent with free hand or with stickInterferenceInterfering with an opposing player’s movement, when more than 3 yards away from the ballCommon interference: restricting an offensive player from running through the crease area or setting a pick and placing the stick out to the sideWarding offPlayer with the ball uses his free hand to push or control the direction of the defender or the defender’s stickUsing the loose arm as a stationary “shield” is legal
23 Technical Fouls Withholding ball from play Offensive Stalling Lying or sitting on a loose ball or clamping it for longer than necessary to obtain possessionOffensive StallingTeam with possession is not making an attempt to attack the goalReferee will give a warning firstCrease ViolationIllegal Procedureillegal substitution, too many men on the field, etc.
24 Technical FoulsFailure to Advance (similar to 10 second half-court violation in basketball)Failure to clear the ball across midfield in 20 secondsOnce across midfield, failure to get the ball into the offensive “box” within 10 secondsIf the ball leaves the box, another 10 second countdown starts
26 Fouls - Delayed Calls “Play On” Slow Whistle (“Flag Down”) For loose-ball, technical fouls when the offended player is put at a disadvantage if the play is stoppedReferee will delay his whistle until a situation of advantage (gained or lost) is completeSlow Whistle (“Flag Down”)When a team with the ball is fouled and keeps possession, the official calls the foul by throwing a flagPlay continues until possession is lost or the ball leaves the offensive zone
28 Face OffsPlay is started at beginning of each quarter and after each goal with a faceoffWing player may take position anywhere behind the wing line, on offensive or defensive side of midfieldAttack and Defensive players must remain behind defensive area line until possession is calledFaceoff players – crouch with sticks back to back (right handed), entire body to the left of the throat of his stick, sticks parallel to midfield line and not touching the ball.
29 Face-off Line-up M M A A D D A A G M M G D D D D A A M M Once the Blue middie gains possession of the ball, the attack and defense can release into the face-off area
31 Blue Team is 1 Man-Down. Red Team is Man-up 6-5 “Man-Up / Man-Down”MADAMDLSMADGAMMGDDMADABlue Team is 1 Man-Down. Red Team is Man-up
32 5-4 “Man-Up / Man-Down” M A D A M A D M D G A M G D D A D A Blue Team is 2 Man-Down. Red Team is down 1 man, resulting in them still being Man-up.
33 Blue Team is down 2 men. Red Team is Man-up 6-4 “Man-Up / Man-Down”MADAMMADDGAMGDDMADABlue Team is down 2 men. Red Team is Man-up
34 “Man-Down” – getting your man back on the field LSMADGAMMGDDMADAWhen penalty expires, the Attackman re-enters the field & maintains “on-sides”, allowing the Middie to even up the defenseBlue gets their Middie closer to the defensive zone by removing an Attackmen.Blue Team is 1 Man-Down. Red Team is Man-up.
35 “Man-up / Man-down” Situation at End of Quarter If penalty time remains at the end of the quarter, the remainder of the time will be served in the next quarterIf a team has possession of the ball at the end of the quarter and a penalty is still being served, that team starts the next quarter with possession (no face-off)
36 “Man-Down” Face-off Line-up GMMAGDDDDAAMMBlue Team is 1 Man-Down. During the face-off, an Attackman can come up to the wing position. He must stay on the offensive side of the field to stay “on-sides”.
37 Last 2 minutes of the game Game SituationsLast 2 minutes of the game
38 Last Two Minutes of the Game “Keep it in the Box” DAMMADDAMGMGDMADMDARed must keep the ball within the offensive “box”. Blue might pull the goalie from the cage and attempt to double the ball.
39 Different Rules for Youth Lacrosse Youth rules emphasize player safety and development. As such the overall physicality of the game is less than in high school and college. All checking penalties tend to be called more strictly at the youth level.At U9 – reduced # of players with reduced field sizeUsually play: 2 attack, 2 defenders, 3 middiesShot-blocker may be used for a “goalie”At U9 and U11No body checking (“boxing out” is acceptable)No time limit for “advancing the ball”No stalling or “keep it in” rule at end of gameAt U15 ONLY:Controlled, one-handed stick checks are legal
40 Different Rules for Youth Lacrosse Legal stick lengths – vary by age groupLength of GameU9: will vary depending on play-day formatU11-U15:10 minute, stop time quartersIf score is tied at the end of regulateion, one 4 minute “sudden victory” OT periodAll: “Mercy Rules”A team 4 or more goals behind automatically gets the ball, unless waived by the losing team’s coachAfter first half, if there is an 8 goal differential, running clock will be used