2Geography Location: Central Asia Total: 447,400 sq km Land: 425,400 sq kmWater: 22,000 sq kmhttps://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uz.html
3Alexander the Great (327 BC) Arabs (7th -8th centuries) HistoryMore than 2.5 millenniaInvaded by:Alexander the Great (327 BC)Arabs (7th -8th centuries)Turks ( 9th century)Genghis Khan (13th century)Tamerlane the Great (14th century)Russian Colonization (early 19th century)USSR ( )Independent Uzbekistan (1991-present)
4Flag of Uzbekistan -Blue represents the clear blue sky and water -two red lines respresent blood of the people-white represents peace-green represents the green vegetation that is grown in fertile lands-moon represents the religion Islam-12 stars represent 12 months in a year
5People Population: 28,929,716 (July 2014 est.) Birth Rate: births/1,000 population (2014 est.)Death Rate: 5.29 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uz.html
6Ethnicity Ethnic Groups: Uzbek 80%, Russian 5.5%, Tajik 5%, Kazakh 3%, Karakalpak 2.5%, Tatar 1.5%, other 2.5% (1996 est.)https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uz.html
7Language Languages: Uzbek (Official) 74.3%, Russian 14.2%, Tajik 4.4%, other 7.1%https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uz.html
8Religion Religions: Muslim 88%, Eastern Orthodox 9%, other 3% https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uz.html
12Food Bread holds a special place in Uzbek culture Referred to as “tandir non”Preferred not to be cut with a knife, which means it is always torn by handIt is cooked in large ovens called “Tandoors”During mealtime you tear the bread and spread it around “dusterhon” (table cloth)Working in bakeries is highly respectedGreen tea with raisins, and nuts are verycommon snacks to put with bread.
13Food Plov or “osh-polov” is considered the king of the Uzbek cuisine This food is served to guests in weddings, funerals and any other celebrations or events.Often eaten on FridaysUzbeks have been eating plov for 1,000 years!!!Basic ingredients are: rice, onion, meat, carrot, salt and waterMostly men cook the festive plovs
14Cultural Diffusion in Culinary Arts Persian Empire extended deeply into Central Asia“Pilaf” (rice filled goody) is known to originate in PersiaRice had been growing in East Asia and India for thousands of years.Through the Silk Road “pilaf” or “osh” reached Uzbeks and othersThis dish was served to Alexander the Great of Macedonia himselfToday the dish is consumed as far east as Xinjiang province in Western China and in North Africa.This has obviously led to expansion diffusion
15WeddingTraditionally Uzbek people celebrate weddings very richly and cheerfully.The celebration begin since the early morning with a festal wedding “pilaf” prepared in the houses of the groom and bride.During the wedding, bride and her maid of honor, groom and his best man sit together throughout entire wedding. A bride can never leave her seat without a female next to her and same for the groom.
16Wedding (2nd Day) Early in the morning after the wedding party the holiday is continued with theceremony of Kelin salom.Kelin salom: young wife should welcomeevery guest, bowing from the waist to everyone,and guests should give her gifts and greetings.
17Music Traditional Uzbek music has ancient sources. Folklore Uzbek music which came fromthe people is divided into manygenres.Among them are lullabies and children’ssongs as well as ritual, work, daily life songs,songs-dialogues, dancing and lyric fados.
18DanceThe main difference of Uzbek dance from dances of other Eastern nations is the accent on complicated and expressive hand gestures and animated facial expressions.
19Popular vs. Folk Culture https://www.google.com/search?q=shaxzoda&biw=1093&bih=520&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=-Wl-VIyEE4_haJjIgKgO&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAg#tbm=isch&q=uzbek+culture&imgdii=_
20Pop CultureMany people have iPhones, iPads, Beats and other electronical productsUzbekistan is participating in pageants nowPizza is becoming a common fast foodBehaving like AmericansPeople are shopping less in “bazaars”Supermarkets are becoming optionsWomen are more independentWomen prefer European clothes over traditional dressesCultural appropriation can be seen in Uzbeks celebrating New Year every Jan 1st with Santas and presents ( customs from Russia)there are many changes parks and zoos created indicating various cultural landscapes.ttp://www.uzbekistan.org/uzbekistan/culture/
21Folk Culture “Navruz” is one of the oldest holidays Celebrated in March 21st every yearUzbek NEW YEAR!!!“Sumalak” is a traditional food that takes 24 hours to cook ;)cooking it with actual “rocks” ROCKS!!!National Dresses called “atlas” are very popularMusic with “Karnay va Surnay” in weddingsRooster fightingBazaars
22ENVIRONMENTClimate: Mostly mid latitude desert, long , hot summers, mild winters; semiarid grassland in eastShortage of WaterAlong with Liechtenstein, one of the only two doubly landlocked countries in the worldHuge impact by European countries,causing the population to westernize.Environmental Determinism played a majorrole in shaping the culture of Uzbekistan bymaking us unique.https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uz.html
23Popular Tourist Destinations 1.Registan- ancient city in “Samarkand”2. Gur-e Amir is a mausoleum of theAsian conqueror Tamerlane in3. Bibi-Khanym Mosque is namedSamarkand, Uzbekistan after the wife of the 14th century ruler, located in Samarkand, Uz.
24BibliographyAdvantour. (n.d.). Wedding. Retrieved December 2, 2014 fromCentral Intelligence Agency. (n.d.). Library-The World Factbook-Uzbekistan. Retrieved November 30, 2014 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uz.htmlEmbassy of Uzbekistan to the United States. (n.d.). About Uzbekistan - History. Retrieved November 23, 2014, fromEvery Culture.(n.d.). Culture of Uzbekistan. Retrieved December 2, 2014 fromSlide 1 - ,http://namangancity.uz/sites/cityportal/files/Uzbekistan-Flag.gifSlide 2 - https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uz.htmlSlide 3 -Slide 4 -Slide 5 -Slide 6 -Slide 7 - ,Slide 8- https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uz.htmlSlide 9 -Slide 10 - https://www.google.com/search?q=uzbek+culture&biw=1093&bih=520&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=e0h-VOjEE4XraN6ygtAD&sqi=2&ved=0CAYQ_AUoAQSlide 21-