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Uzbekistan Culture by: Fayoza Pardaeva, Diana Akhtyamova & Fozil Allayev.

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Presentation on theme: "Uzbekistan Culture by: Fayoza Pardaeva, Diana Akhtyamova & Fozil Allayev."— Presentation transcript:

1 Uzbekistan Culture by: Fayoza Pardaeva, Diana Akhtyamova & Fozil Allayev

2 Geography ● Location: Central Asia ● Total: 447,400 sq km ● Land: 425,400 sq km ● Water: 22,000 sq km https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world- factbook/geos/uz.html

3 ● More than 2.5 millennia ● Invaded by: o Alexander the Great (327 BC) o Arabs (7th -8th centuries) o Turks ( 9th century) o Genghis Khan (13th century) o Tamerlane the Great (14th century) o Russian Colonization (early 19th century) ● USSR (1925-1991) ● Independent Uzbekistan (1991-present) History http://www.uzbekistan.org/uzbekistan/history/

4 Flag of Uzbekistan -Blue represents the clear blue sky and water -two red lines respresent blood of the people -white represents peace -green represents the green vegetation that is grown in fertile lands -moon represents the religion Islam -12 stars represent 12 months in a year

5 People ● Population: 28,929,716 (July 2014 est.) ● Birth Rate: 17.02 births/1,000 population (2014 est.) ● Death Rate: 5.29 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uz.ht ml

6 Ethnicity ● Ethnic Groups: Uzbek 80%, Russian 5.5%, Tajik 5%, Kazakh 3%, Karakalpak 2.5%, Tatar 1.5%, other 2.5% (1996 est.) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uz.html

7 Language ● Languages: Uzbek (Official) 74.3%, Russian 14.2%, Tajik 4.4%, other 7.1% https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uz.html

8 Religion ● Religions: Muslim 88%, Eastern Orthodox 9%, other 3%: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world- factbook/geos/uz.html

9 Age Structure Age Structure: ● 0-14 years: 24.9% (male 3,693,838/female 3,514,734) ● 15-24 years: 20.5% (male 3,008,779/female 2,934,534) ● 25-54 years: 43% (male 6,178,921/female 6,255,715) ● 55-64 years: 6.8% (male 926,129/female 1,036,576) ● 65 years and over: 4.7% (male 588,881/female 791,609) (2014 est.) ●Population Pyramid: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the- world-factbook/geos/uz.html

10 Literacy ● Definition: age 15 and over can read and write ● Total population: 99.4% ● Male: 99.6% ● Female: 99.2% (2011 est.) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world- factbook/geos/uz.html

11 UZBEK CUISINE

12 Food ● Bread holds a special place in Uzbek culture ● Referred to as “tandir non” ● Preferred not to be cut with a knife, which means it is always torn by hand ● It is cooked in large ovens called “Tandoors” ● During mealtime you tear the bread and spread it around “dusterhon” (table cloth) ● Working in bakeries is highly respected ● Green tea with raisins, and nuts are very common snacks to put with bread. http://www.everyculture.com/To-Z/Uzbekistan.html

13 Food -Plov or “osh-polov” is considered the king of the Uzbek cuisine -This food is served to guests in weddings, funerals and any other celebrations or events. -Often eaten on Fridays -Uzbeks have been eating plov for 1,000 years!!! -Basic ingredients are: rice, onion, meat, carrot, salt and water -Mostly men cook the festive plovs http://www.travelcentre.com.au/FoodWineBeer/uzbek_food.htm

14 Cultural Diffusion in Culinary Arts -Persian Empire extended deeply into Central Asia -“Pilaf” (rice filled goody) is known to originate in Persia -Rice had been growing in East Asia and India for thousands of years. -Through the Silk Road “pilaf” or “osh” reached Uzbeks and others -This dish was served to Alexander the Great of Macedonia himself -Today the dish is consumed as far east as Xinjiang province in Western China and in North Africa. -This has obviously led to expansion diffusion http://eurasian-sensation.blogspot.com/2009/06/pilaf-how-rice-dish-conquered-world.html

15 Wedding ●Traditionally Uzbek people celebrate weddings very richly and cheerfully. ●The celebration begin since the early morning with a festal wedding “pilaf” prepared in the houses of the groom and bride. ●During the wedding, bride and her maid of honor, groom and his best man sit together throughout entire wedding. A bride can never leave her seat without a female next to her and same for the groom. http://www.advantour.com/uzbekistan/traditions/wedding.ht m

16 Wedding (2nd Day) ●Early in the morning after the wedding party the holiday is continued with the ceremony of Kelin salom. ●Kelin salom: young wife should welcome every guest, bowing from the waist to everyone, and guests should give her gifts and greetings. http://www.advantour.com/uzbekistan/traditions/wedding. htm

17 Music ●Traditional Uzbek music has ancient sources. ●Folklore Uzbek music which came from the people is divided into many genres. ●Among them are lullabies and children’s songs as well as ritual, work, daily life songs, songs-dialogues, dancing and lyric fados. http://www.advantour.com/uzbekistan/culture/music.htm

18 Dance The main difference of Uzbek dance from dances of other Eastern nations is the accent on complicated and expressive hand gestures and animated facial expressions. http://www.advantour.com/uzbekistan/culture/dance.htm

19 Popular vs. Folk Culture https://www.google.com/search?q=shaxzoda&biw=1093&bih=520&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=-Wl- VIyEE4_haJjIgKgO&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAg#tbm=isch&q=uzbek+culture&imgdiihttps://www.google.com/search?q=shaxzoda&biw=1093&bih=520&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=-Wl- VIyEE4_haJjIgKgO&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAg#tbm=isch&q=uzbek+culture&imgdii=_

20 Pop Culture -Many people have iPhones, iPads, Beats and other electronical products -Uzbekistan is participating in pageants now -Pizza is becoming a common fast food -Behaving like Americans -People are shopping less in “bazaars” -Supermarkets are becoming options -Women are more independent -Women prefer European clothes over traditional dresses -Cultural appropriation can be seen in Uzbeks celebrating New Year every Jan 1st with Santas and presents ( customs from Russia) -there are many changes parks and zoos created indicating various cultural landscapes. http://www.uzbekistan.org/uzbekistan/culture/ ttp://www.uzbekistan.org/uzbekistan/culture/

21 Folk Culture -“Navruz” is one of the oldest holidays -Celebrated in March 21st every year -Uzbek NEW YEAR!!! -“Sumalak” is a traditional food that takes 24 hours to cook ;) -cooking it with actual “rocks” ROCKS!!! -National Dresses called “atlas” are very popular -Music with “Karnay va Surnay” in weddings -Rooster fighting -Bazaars http://eumkff.blogspot.com/p/information-about-tajikistan.html

22 ENVIRONMENT ● Climate: Mostly mid latitude desert, long, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid grassland in east ● Shortage of Water ● Along with Liechtenstein, one of the only two doubly landlocked countries in the world ● Huge impact by European countries, causing the population to westernize. -Environmental Determinism played a major role in shaping the culture of Uzbekistan by making us unique. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world- factbook/geos/uz.html

23 Popular Tourist Destinations 1.Registan- ancient city in “Samarkand” 2. Gur-e Amir is a mausoleum of the Asian conqueror Tamerlane in 3. Bibi-Khanym Mosque is named Samarkand, Uzbekistan after the wife of the 14th century ruler, located in Samarkand, Uz. http://www.visituzbekistan.travel/sightseeing /place/touristattraction/

24 Bibliography ● Advantour. (n.d.). Wedding. Retrieved December 2, 2014 from http://www.advantour.com/uzbekistan/traditions/wedding.htm http://www.advantour.com/uzbekistan/traditions/wedding.htm ● Central Intelligence Agency. (n.d.). Library-The World Factbook-Uzbekistan. Retrieved November 30, 2014 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uz.html https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uz.html ● Embassy of Uzbekistan to the United States. (n.d.). About Uzbekistan - History. Retrieved November 23, 2014, from http://www.uzbekistan.org/uzbekistan/history/ http://www.uzbekistan.org/uzbekistan/history/ ● Every Culture.(n.d.). Culture of Uzbekistan. Retrieved December 2, 2014 from http://www.everyculture.com/To- Z/Uzbekistan.html http://www.everyculture.com/To- Z/Uzbekistan.html ●Slide 1 - http://www.orexca.com/img/uzbekistan_map.jpg,http://namangancity.uz/sites/cityportal/files/Uzbekistan-Flag.gif http://www.orexca.com/img/uzbekistan_map.jpghttp://namangancity.uz/sites/cityportal/files/Uzbekistan-Flag.gif ●Slide 2 - https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uz.htmlhttps://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uz.html ●Slide 3 - http://orexca.com/img/museums/temurids_museum/temur1-1.jpghttp://orexca.com/img/museums/temurids_museum/temur1-1.jpg ●Slide 4 - http://2.bp.blogspot.com/- _JmrDhyAqIQ/T4igVKSF8oI/AAAAAAAAF2s/Q15nHgaux18/s1600/Uzbekistan%2B28.jpghttp://2.bp.blogspot.com/- _JmrDhyAqIQ/T4igVKSF8oI/AAAAAAAAF2s/Q15nHgaux18/s1600/Uzbekistan%2B28.jpg ●Slide 5 - http://www.remotelands.com/images/itinerary_more/140417003.jpghttp://www.remotelands.com/images/itinerary_more/140417003.jpg ●Slide 6 - http://media.tumblr.com/7a95f2a9bae475802dfbdaba9dfbe815/tumblr_inline_n8i4ad5BMn1rusikm.jpghttp://media.tumblr.com/7a95f2a9bae475802dfbdaba9dfbe815/tumblr_inline_n8i4ad5BMn1rusikm.jpg ●Slide 7 - http://www.uzbektravel.com/img/art/namaz.jpg, http://www.eurasianet.org/sites/default/files/_MG_4818-1.jpg http://www.uzbektravel.com/img/art/namaz.jpghttp://www.eurasianet.org/sites/default/files/_MG_4818-1.jpg ●Slide 8- https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uz.htmlhttps://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uz.html ●Slide 9 - http://ut.uz/userfiles/images/VKH_0073-(1).jpg http://ut.uz/userfiles/images/VKH_0073-(1).jpg ●Slide 10 - https://www.google.com/search?q=uzbek+culture&biw=1093&bih=520&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=e0h- VOjEE4XraN6ygtAD&sqi=2&ved=0CAYQ_AUoAQhttps://www.google.com/search?q=uzbek+culture&biw=1093&bih=520&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=e0h- VOjEE4XraN6ygtAD&sqi=2&ved=0CAYQ_AUoAQ ●Slide 21- http://daraint.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/31-700x466.jpghttp://daraint.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/31-700x466.jpg


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