Geography ● Location: Central Asia ● Total: 447,400 sq km ● Land: 425,400 sq km ● Water: 22,000 sq km https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world- factbook/geos/uz.html
● More than 2.5 millennia ● Invaded by: o Alexander the Great (327 BC) o Arabs (7th -8th centuries) o Turks ( 9th century) o Genghis Khan (13th century) o Tamerlane the Great (14th century) o Russian Colonization (early 19th century) ● USSR ( ) ● Independent Uzbekistan (1991-present) History
Flag of Uzbekistan -Blue represents the clear blue sky and water -two red lines respresent blood of the people -white represents peace -green represents the green vegetation that is grown in fertile lands -moon represents the religion Islam -12 stars represent 12 months in a year
People ● Population: 28,929,716 (July 2014 est.) ● Birth Rate: births/1,000 population (2014 est.) ● Death Rate: 5.29 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uz.ht ml
Literacy ● Definition: age 15 and over can read and write ● Total population: 99.4% ● Male: 99.6% ● Female: 99.2% (2011 est.) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world- factbook/geos/uz.html
Food ● Bread holds a special place in Uzbek culture ● Referred to as “tandir non” ● Preferred not to be cut with a knife, which means it is always torn by hand ● It is cooked in large ovens called “Tandoors” ● During mealtime you tear the bread and spread it around “dusterhon” (table cloth) ● Working in bakeries is highly respected ● Green tea with raisins, and nuts are very common snacks to put with bread.
Food -Plov or “osh-polov” is considered the king of the Uzbek cuisine -This food is served to guests in weddings, funerals and any other celebrations or events. -Often eaten on Fridays -Uzbeks have been eating plov for 1,000 years!!! -Basic ingredients are: rice, onion, meat, carrot, salt and water -Mostly men cook the festive plovs
Cultural Diffusion in Culinary Arts -Persian Empire extended deeply into Central Asia -“Pilaf” (rice filled goody) is known to originate in Persia -Rice had been growing in East Asia and India for thousands of years. -Through the Silk Road “pilaf” or “osh” reached Uzbeks and others -This dish was served to Alexander the Great of Macedonia himself -Today the dish is consumed as far east as Xinjiang province in Western China and in North Africa. -This has obviously led to expansion diffusion
Wedding ●Traditionally Uzbek people celebrate weddings very richly and cheerfully. ●The celebration begin since the early morning with a festal wedding “pilaf” prepared in the houses of the groom and bride. ●During the wedding, bride and her maid of honor, groom and his best man sit together throughout entire wedding. A bride can never leave her seat without a female next to her and same for the groom. m
Wedding (2nd Day) ●Early in the morning after the wedding party the holiday is continued with the ceremony of Kelin salom. ●Kelin salom: young wife should welcome every guest, bowing from the waist to everyone, and guests should give her gifts and greetings. htm
Music ●Traditional Uzbek music has ancient sources. ●Folklore Uzbek music which came from the people is divided into many genres. ●Among them are lullabies and children’s songs as well as ritual, work, daily life songs, songs-dialogues, dancing and lyric fados.
Dance The main difference of Uzbek dance from dances of other Eastern nations is the accent on complicated and expressive hand gestures and animated facial expressions.
Popular vs. Folk Culture https://www.google.com/search?q=shaxzoda&biw=1093&bih=520&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=-Wl- VIyEE4_haJjIgKgO&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAg#tbm=isch&q=uzbek+culture&imgdiihttps://www.google.com/search?q=shaxzoda&biw=1093&bih=520&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=-Wl- VIyEE4_haJjIgKgO&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAg#tbm=isch&q=uzbek+culture&imgdii=_
Pop Culture -Many people have iPhones, iPads, Beats and other electronical products -Uzbekistan is participating in pageants now -Pizza is becoming a common fast food -Behaving like Americans -People are shopping less in “bazaars” -Supermarkets are becoming options -Women are more independent -Women prefer European clothes over traditional dresses -Cultural appropriation can be seen in Uzbeks celebrating New Year every Jan 1st with Santas and presents ( customs from Russia) -there are many changes parks and zoos created indicating various cultural landscapes. ttp://www.uzbekistan.org/uzbekistan/culture/
Folk Culture -“Navruz” is one of the oldest holidays -Celebrated in March 21st every year -Uzbek NEW YEAR!!! -“Sumalak” is a traditional food that takes 24 hours to cook ;) -cooking it with actual “rocks” ROCKS!!! -National Dresses called “atlas” are very popular -Music with “Karnay va Surnay” in weddings -Rooster fighting -Bazaars
ENVIRONMENT ● Climate: Mostly mid latitude desert, long, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid grassland in east ● Shortage of Water ● Along with Liechtenstein, one of the only two doubly landlocked countries in the world ● Huge impact by European countries, causing the population to westernize. -Environmental Determinism played a major role in shaping the culture of Uzbekistan by making us unique. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world- factbook/geos/uz.html
Popular Tourist Destinations 1.Registan- ancient city in “Samarkand” 2. Gur-e Amir is a mausoleum of the Asian conqueror Tamerlane in 3. Bibi-Khanym Mosque is named Samarkand, Uzbekistan after the wife of the 14th century ruler, located in Samarkand, Uz. /place/touristattraction/
Bibliography ● Advantour. (n.d.). Wedding. Retrieved December 2, 2014 from ● Central Intelligence Agency. (n.d.). Library-The World Factbook-Uzbekistan. Retrieved November 30, 2014 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uz.html https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uz.html ● Embassy of Uzbekistan to the United States. (n.d.). About Uzbekistan - History. Retrieved November 23, 2014, from ● Every Culture.(n.d.). Culture of Uzbekistan. Retrieved December 2, 2014 from Z/Uzbekistan.html Z/Uzbekistan.html ●Slide ●Slide 2 - https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uz.htmlhttps://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uz.html ●Slide 3 - ●Slide 4 - _JmrDhyAqIQ/T4igVKSF8oI/AAAAAAAAF2s/Q15nHgaux18/s1600/Uzbekistan%2B28.jpghttp://2.bp.blogspot.com/- _JmrDhyAqIQ/T4igVKSF8oI/AAAAAAAAF2s/Q15nHgaux18/s1600/Uzbekistan%2B28.jpg ●Slide 5 - ●Slide 6 - ●Slide ●Slide 8- https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uz.htmlhttps://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uz.html ●Slide ●Slide 10 - https://www.google.com/search?q=uzbek+culture&biw=1093&bih=520&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=e0h- VOjEE4XraN6ygtAD&sqi=2&ved=0CAYQ_AUoAQhttps://www.google.com/search?q=uzbek+culture&biw=1093&bih=520&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=e0h- VOjEE4XraN6ygtAD&sqi=2&ved=0CAYQ_AUoAQ ●Slide 21-