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Competent Distributor Sales Professional Course. Introduction Reliance Fall Protection Marketplace Fall Protection Basics ABCD’s Fall Protection Hierarchy.

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Presentation on theme: "Competent Distributor Sales Professional Course. Introduction Reliance Fall Protection Marketplace Fall Protection Basics ABCD’s Fall Protection Hierarchy."— Presentation transcript:

1 Competent Distributor Sales Professional Course

2 Introduction Reliance Fall Protection Marketplace Fall Protection Basics ABCD’s Fall Protection Hierarchy Active Fall Protection Product Categories

3 Introduction Reliance Industries began operations in the year 2001 by patenting a revolutionary new technology for the design of horizontal lifeline systems that allowed the reduction of fall height requirements without increasing end-loadings. These Tuned- Cable™ horizontal lifelines are one of those “it can’t be done” innovations that suddenly seem simple once you understand how they work. The lifelines were followed by unique anchorages, the concrete embed system with remote connection, beam clamps and trolleys, and other engineered products. Reliance offers a comprehensive full-line catalog (shown here) that includes complete information on our products, services, and general fall protection concepts and practices.

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5 Facilities Overview Deer Park, TX Corporate Headquarters Soft Goods Manufacturing Product Assembly ISO Accredited Testing Facility Fall Protection Training Center Denver, CO Engineering & Product Development Hard Goods Manufacturing

6 Testing Facilities and Capabilities ISO accredited testing laboratory. Indoor and outdoor capabilities ANSI compliant and certified test towers Certified equipment to perform dynamic and static tests necessary for all applicable standards compliance Quantified test results readily available Products are tested not only to meet standards, but to reach far beyond their scope in creating “Higher Standards” Tensile testing up to 20,000 lbs. (88.8 kN) Drop towers that capture data via Dasylab™ software, which translates the results to spread sheets and graphs Analysis of areas where efficiencies may be gained and incorporated into product designs

7 Testing Facilities and Capabilities Reliance Testing Laboratory is pleased to announce that it has received its ISO/IEC accreditation through ACLASS. ISO General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories is the main ISO standard used by testing and calibration laboratories. Laboratories use ISO/IEC to implement a quality system aimed at improving their ability to consistently produce valid results.

8 Training Facilities and Capabilities Our state-of-the-art Training facilities teach students : Increased awareness about the hazards of falling from heights The ability to identify fall protection hazards An understanding of the risks of at-height work How to develop inspection procedures & programs How to implement procedures to mitigate fall protection hazards Reliance also offers : A monthly training program for Competent Inspectors of Fall Protection Equipment Quarterly courses for Fall Protection Competent Persons Coming soon – online training capabilities

9 Reliance has developed several truly innovative fall protection concepts that have helped establish higher standards for Fall Protection. Among them are : Innovation T.E.S.T.S. : Tool & Equipment Safety Tether System Available in a variety of load capacities - almost any hand tool can be fitted Proprietary energy absorber can accommodate tools weighing up to 50 lbs (22.6kg) for added safety Anchor loop available for tools with built-in anchor slot for quick application Field installable anchors available for tools that will not accommodate lanyard spring hooks Multiple anchor rings can be installed on one tool for added safety Patent Pending anchor banding and fasteners available in bulk quantities for large tool rooms This unique system provides the ultimate in protection for dropped-tool hazards. Shock absorbing lanyards are attached to tools via a proprietary anchoring system. Dropped tools cease to be a hazard to persons or equipment below, and costly damage to dropped tools and equipment is eliminated lb. Lanyard0 - 15lb. LanyardTool Anchor Ring

10 Tuned Cable® HLL TechnologyConcrete Embed Anchor System Tattletale™ WebbingSteelhead™ Snaphook Tuned Cable systems provide : Free spans up to 200’ Lower end loads Multiple end anchor choices Stanchion variety Reduced line tension & limited fall distances Receiver is cast into place with a 10,000 lb anchor strength Ties into rebar to increase strength in green concrete Numerous inexpensive receivers Remote connect/disconnect, up to 20’ overhead TattleTale™ web is inspectable web. It has a colored inner core which becomes exposed when the web becomes damaged by cuts or abrasion. Color that shows through “tells” the user that the equipment needs inspection, and where to look. 100% proof-loaded to 3,600 lbs. Patented FanGate™ design prevents webbing and hardware from being trapped behind gate Prevents gate loading, guards against potential rollout/burstout Design of the hook body makes false engagement impossible. Innovation

11 Fall Protection Marketplace Little Comprehensive data on the size and composition of the market exists. Frost & Sullivan has published annual reports which contain a lot of good information. However, these reports tend to under-estimate the size and volatility of the market and they consistently misidentify or ignore key players in the market.

12 Fall Protection Market Place TITAN by Miller

13 Fall Protection Manufacturers (US Market) ManufacturerAreas of SpecialtyAnnual Revenue (Est.)Mkt. Share Capital SafetyFull-Line Manufacturer 200,000, % DBI/SalaUpper-End Industrial and Construction ProtectaLow-End Construction HoneywellFull-Line Manufacturer 130,000, % MillerUpper-End Industrial and Construction TitanLow-End Construction MSAFull-Line Manufacturer, C&I 40,000,0006.4% GuardianFull-Line MFG/Trader - Gutter 35,000,0005.6% FallTechFall Arrest - Construction & Lt. Industrial 21,000,0003.4% Web DevicesFall Arrest - Construction & Lt. Industrial 20,000,0003.2% 3MFall Arrest - Construction & Lt. Industrial 15,000,0002.4% TractelFall Arrest - Construction & Lt. Industrial 10,000,0001.6% Elk RiverFall Arrest - Construction & Lt. Industrial 8,000,0001.3% UltraSafe, USAFall Arrest - Construction & Lt. Industrial 7,000,0001.1% RelianceFull-Line Mfg. Heavy Construction/Indus. 7,000,0001.1% RTC/SellstromFall Arrest - Construction & Lt. Industrial 7,000,0001.1% GemtorFall Arrest - Construction & Lt. Industrial 5,000,0000.8% BashlinFall Arrest - Electrical Trades 5,000,0000.8% BuckinghamFall Arrest - Electrical Trades 5,000,0000.8% French CreekFall Arrest - Construction & Lt. Industrial 4,000,0000.6% WernerFall Arrest - Construction & Lt. Industrial 3,000,0000.5% Webb-RiteFall Arrest - Construction & Lt. Industrial 3,000,0000.5% KlienFall Arrest - Electrical Trades 3,000,0000.5% Rigid LifelinesInstalled Systems 15,000,0002.4% Flexible Lifeline SystemsInstalled Systems 10,000,0001.6% HysafeInstalled Systems 10,000,0001.6% LatchwaysInstalled Systems 10,000,0001.6% Super AnchorOEM Anhorage - construction 7,500,0001.2% ClimbTechOEM Anhorage - construction/industrial 6,500,0001.0% Tuff BuiltConfined Space 6,000,0001.0% Mechanical SafetyRetractables/Confined Space 5,000,0000.8% Fallsafe USAHard to say 1,000,0000.2% Others 25,000,0004.0% Total: 624,000, % Total US Fall Protection Market estimated at ≈ $624 million per annum. This figure includes installed systems, but not all passive fall protection (i.e. guard rails and nets). With all passive measures taken into account, the market exceeds $1 Billion per year, and is growing.

14 Where does Reliance fit in the current market place ? Reliance is a small manufacturer, but we are the only small to medium sized maker with full-line capability. Reliance is the only maker in North America with its own fabrication facilities. Reliance is less reliant on open-market components and is one of only two US manufacturers to develop its own proprietary, patented connectors. Reliance has a commanding market-share in CFPS considering its small size (6%). Reliance is poised for growth and has increased manufacturing head-count in order to facilitate expansion of the line and to provide a higher level of service to its distributor partners. Reliance is one of only three manufacturers that operates an ISO Fall Protection Laboratory for self-certification with witness. In terms of size, Reliance is a third-tier player, but with strong first to second tier capabilities.

15 Capital Safety (DBI-Sala/Protecta), Honeywell (Miller/Titan), MSA Guaridan, FallTech, 3M Reliance, Web Devices, Elk River, Ultrasafe, Web Devices Bashlin, Buckingham, Klein, Gemtor, Webb Rite, Etc.

16 A system must always include a full body harness and connecting means between the harness and an anchorage or anchorage connector. Such connecting means may consist of a lanyard, energy absorber, fall arrester, lifeline, self-retracting, lanyard or suitable combinations of these components. ABCD=PFAS A= Anchorage B= Body Support C= Connector D= Deceleration Device

17 Anchorage- The terminating component of a fall protection system or rescue system that is intended to support any forces applied to the system. An anchorage is typically a fixed structural member required for the stability and other purposes of the structure itself. Examples include a beam, girder, column or floor. An anchorage connector, on the other hand, is a component that provides an interface to which the fall protection or rescue subsystem may be attached when the anchorage itself does not have a compatible connection point. Care must be taken to distinguish between an anchorage and an anchorage connector as those terms are commonly used interchangeably.

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19 Body Support- An assembly of webbing arranged to support the human body for fall protection purposes, including during and after fall arrest. The term “body support” is generally used to refer to a full body harness, chest harness, chest/waist harness, or a body belt. It generally includes adjustable means for fastening it about the body and attachment points suitable for fall protection applications.

20 Deceleration Device- A component of a personal fall arrest system designed to limit the maximum arresting force (MAF) on the person and anchor point. Types of Deceleration Devices: Shock Absorbing Lanyard Self Retracting Lanyard Vertical Fall Arrester

21 1.Remove the fall hazard through redesign 2.Implementation of a passive fall protection measure 3.Implementation of a personal fall protection system Hierarchy of Controls 1.Elimination or Substitution: Removal of the fall hazard. 2.Passive Fall Protection: Isolation of the hazard from workers. 3.Fall Restraint: Connection of the worker to an anchorage, preventing the worker from reaching the fall hazard. 4.Fall Arrest: Connection of the worker to a system designed to stop a fall after it has begun. 5.Administrative Controls: Work practices or procedures designed to warn a worker before he or she approaches a fall hazard.

22 Remove the Hazard Example A: A rolling crane type structure constructed in a building providing safe access to all structural and mechanical parts of the structure. Example B: Integrated means by which equipment can be lowered to the ground for maintenance instead of the worker going up to the level of the equipment.

23 Guardrails - Guardrails will keep the worker on an elevated surface. Stairways - Stairs provide a protected means of ascending and descending form heights. Platforms - A platform is an elevated secured surface that usually incorporates guardrails in order to eliminate fall hazards. (Passive systems don't require the worker to do or wear anything extra. They work all of the time and in all conditions once they are installed. Implementation of a Passive Fall Protection Measure

24 The 3rd group would be a Personal Fall Arrest System (PFAS). The difference between a personal fall protection system and a personal fall arrest system is the arrester. The PFAS has an arrester that reduces the total impact force on your body resulting from a fall. The arrester may be a shock absorbing lanyard or it may be incorporated into a mechanical device like a self-retracting lanyard.

25 Fall Arrest Work PositioningClimbing Dielectric Rescue Retrieval Work Suspension What is your application?

26 Fall Arrest Systems or Personal Fall Arrest Systems (PFAS), are those that are intended to arrest the fall of an authorized person in the event that they lose their purchase while working at height. Personal Fall Arrest Systems typically consist of: Anchorage (The structural element to which the user is attached, typically coupled with some form of anchorage connector) Bodywear (Full Body Harness consisting of straps which fully captivate the user’s torso) Connecting Device (An element that connects the user to the anchorage/anchorage connector) Deceleration Device (An element that reduces the arresting force in an effort to protect both the user and the structural integrity of the anchorage – The connecting device and deceleration device are commonly one in the same, i.e. shock-absorbing lanyards or self-retracting lifelines) Anchorage, Bodywear, Connecting/Deceleration Devices are commonly referred to as the ABCD’s of Fall Arrest. Each of these four components are available in a wide variety of types and configurations, each of which is designed to mitigate specific hazards or to support specific work process.

27 Restraint or Travel Restriction Systems are those which secure the authorized person to an anchorage using a lanyard short enough to prevent the user’s center of gravity from reaching the fall hazard. As with Personal Fall Arrest Systems, Restraint Systems include an Anchorage/Anchorage Connector, Bodywear (Full Body Harness, preferrably) and a Connecting Device. Typical connecting devices for Restraint applications are lanyards of fixed or adjustable length having a snap hook for attachment to the back D-ring of the user’s Full Body Harness as well as a hook on the opposite end for connection to the anchorage. When properly rigged, the user will be unable to reach the fall hazard, and is therefore restrained – making a fall physically impossible.

28 Work Positioning Systems are those that are configured to allow an authorized person to be supported on an elevated vertical or inclined surface so as to enable them to work with both hands free from body support. A properly configured Work Positioning System is comprised of: Anchorage/Anchorage Connector located at or near the user’s waist. Full Body Harness including attachment points at the hip or waist – Typically a pair of D-rings, one located on each side of the body. Connecting Device – A positioning lanyard, preferably in a “V” configuration, having snap hooks at the ends to affix to the hip/waist D- rings and a third hook in the center to attach to the anchorage. Back-up Personal Fall Arrest System consisting of a shock-absorbing lanyard or SRL attached to the user’s back D-ring and secured to a second independent anchorage.

29 Climbing Systems are those which allow the user to ascend and descend a structure (usually a fixed ladder) while maintaining at least three points of contact at all times while being simultaneously tied off to a vertical lifeline, cable, rail or track affixed to the structure. A properly Configured Climbing System will include: Vertical linear anchorage (VLL, rail, track or cable) Full Body Harness with front or sternal D-ring Fall Arrestor with connector

30 Work Suspension Systems are those which support 100% of the user’s body weight (including equipment) for the purpose of accessing a work location. A properly configured Work Suspension System will include: Primary Anchorage/Anchorage Connector which supports the suspended user. Suspension Line (Connects the user to primary anchorage and supports the weight of the user and their equipment) Full Body Harness Seat Board or Suspension Seat (Bears the user and/or the user’s equipment and is secured to the suspension line – the seat may or may not be integral to the user’s Full Body Harness) Back-up Personal Fall Arrest System attached to a second independent anchorage.

31 Full Line Product Overview Full Body Harnesses Snaphooks & Carabiners Positioning Devices Self Retracting Lifelines Shock Absorbing Lanyards Vertical Systems Anchorage Devices Guardrails & Overhead Rails Horizontal Lifeline Systems Confined Space & Rescue

32 Full Body Harnesses “A” Series “The industry standard construction & industrial Full Body Harness” Tattletale™ webbing Impact load indicators Bar-coded individual serial numbers Indelible serial number in back plaque “Floating” thigh stitching Improved geometry brings buckles to front of thigh Angled stitching for “tailored” sub-pelvic fit Extra large back pad eliminates ‘D-ring droop’ No elastic webbing Heat-set labels Corrosion resistant grommets Extra thick woven (not sewn) seat & leg webbing for added durability Competitive Position Un-belted FBH’s with mid-grade quality and construction Fits just below DBI Delta and Miller Duraflex based on perception and price List price from $ $ for Nomex versions DBI Delta list prices start at over $100 Protecta Pro list prices start at $45.50 What’s the Difference between our “cheap harness” and those offered by our competitors?

33 Ironman Series Tattletale™ webbing Impact load indicators Bar-coded individual serial numbers Indelible serial number in back plaque Removable back support/tool belt, shoulder padding Reliance Quick-Adjust™ torso adjustment buckles Slotted positive engaging chest buckle “Floating” thigh stitching Improved geometry brings buckles to front of thigh Angled stitching for “tailored” sub pelvic fit Extra large back pad eliminates ‘D-ring droop’ No elastic webbing Heat-set labels Corrosion resistant grommets Extra thick woven (not sewn) seat webbing for added durability “Designed for hard work” Competitive Position Belted FBH’s with mid-grade quality and construction Fits just below DBI Delta and Miller Duraflex based on perception and price List price from $ $ for specialty types DBI Delta list prices start at over $175 Protecta Pro list prices start at $80.00

34 Ironman-Light Series See Sample

35 Comfort-Shield Series See Sample

36 Choosing the Right Full Body Harness 1. What is the harness for? Fall Arrest Restraint Work Positioning Climbing Work Suspension Must have a back D-ring Must have hip/side D-rings + Back D-ring for B/U Fall Arrest Must have a front/sternal D-ring Must have Suspension Seat/Bosun’s Chair + Back D-ring for B/U Fall Arrest

37 Choosing the Right Full Body Harness 2. Are there special conditions? Construction/General Industry Few, if any special conditions Standard Polyester Webbing and Metallic hardware get the job done. Harsh Applications or Environments Extreme filth, contaminants, chemicals Polyurethane coated polyester mitigates many/most harsh application issues Extreme Heat Exposure to heat – applications where FRC’s may be required Nomex/Kevlar webbing is available Arc/Flash Exposure Potential exposure to Arc/Flash events primarily in utility and power transmission Nomex/Kevlar Webbing is available along with insulated hardware to mitigate the event

38 3. Is there a concern regarding user factors? Price “A” Series is the Reliance Price Option for Budget-conscious users Utility Ironman is the series with the most options, flexibility and durability – it is the work-horse of the line. Productivity Ironman Lite offers the flexibility of the Ironman line with reduced weight for increased productivity Premium Features Comfort Shield will be the flagship of the line offering lighter weight, improved padding and preferred features. Price, Price, Price We are not the cheapest – customers that want a cheap import don’t want Reliance!

39 Full Body Harness Accessories See catalog for additional items Tool Pouches & Carry Bags Shoulder, Back, and Leg Comfort Padding Positioning Belts & Tool Belts Tool Lanyards (T.E.S.T.S.)

40 Snaphooks & Carabiners Reliance leads the way in snaphook design, development, production, and implementation Design and manufacture our own snaphooks and carabiners Have exceeded the new ANSI requirements for a 3,600 lb. (16kN)gate for over six years All Reliance snaphooks are 100% proof-loaded to 3,600 lbs. and incorporate our patented FanGate™ design All Reliance hooks are designed to anticipate and mitigate deadly transverse loads. FanGate™ design ensures proper axial loading and prevents webbing and hardware from being trapped behind the gate Design prevents gate loading, and guards against potential rollout or burstout Dimensional design of the hook body makes false engagement impossible All Reliance snaphooks meet the new ANSI standard 3/4" to 2-1/4" opening snaphooks.8" to 2" opening carabiners Ergonomically Friendly Gate ‘Wings’ Protect Rivets Anti-Rollout Feature Patented FanGate™ Alloy Steel Forged Bodies

41 Shock Absorbing Lanyards Skyline™ Industry standard in single-leg shock absorbers Made from ‘Tattletale™’ webbing Comply with stringent ANSI standards Available with a variety of hooks for use in all types of environments FatPack™ Two complete independent shock absorber assemblies inside the same shock pack FatPack™ lanyards are able to absorb a “second” impact, reducing the possibility and severity of injury BlackMAX™ Regulates the arresting force depending on the height of fall Arrest falls in both “Force Level 1” (6’ free-fall) and “Force Level 2” (12’ free fall) conditions Eliminates the need for 2 styles of shock-absorbing lanyards BigBoy™ Designed for use by persons with a total body & tool weight greater than 310 lbs Maximum Arresting Force (MAF) will not exceed 1800 lbs Lanyard elongation won’t exceed 42” Adheres to requirements for equipment designed for users with a total body and tool weight of less than 310 lbs QuickStop™ “Tuned” to greatly reduce deceleration distance in the event of a fall Designed for use in areas where clearance to the next lower level is less than 14’ Maximum Arresting Force (MAF) will not exceed 1800 lbs

42 Positioning and Restraint Devices Ideal for all types of work positioning and fall restraint applications Effectively limit a worker’s exposure to potential fall hazards Each includes durable, easy opening hardware and is designed to perform in the toughest of environments. Rebar Chain Assembly Restraint Lanyard Adjustable Length Restraint Lanyard

43 Skyloc™ Self Retracting Lifelines Lightweight thermoplastic case Two fast and positive cam-driven locking pawls Available with cable or polyester web Forged steel Pelican hook Heavy-duty zinc plated full steel case Three cam-driven locking pawls Brass and stainless-steel brake Galvanized or Stainless aircraft cable Forged steel Pelican hook with load indicating swivel Stainless Steel Self Retracting Lifeline Up to 130’ stainless steel wire rope Stainless steel swivel snaphook Stainless steel Power retraction spring Three cam driven locking pawls 303 stainless steel SRL housing Manufactured entirely of non-corrosive metals and composites 7’ – 10’ working length External shock pack for added security Light weight and durable Dyneema webbing Pelican, Rebar, or Tie-Back hook Use individually or twin New Tie-Back versions available Meets applicable OSHA & ANSI Z359.01(07) Standards

44 Back Mount Self Retracting Lifelines Reliance Stoplite™ DBI-NanoLok™ Miller Turbo T- Bak™ Guardian Double Blow Blocker™ 3M Reload™ Web Devices Predator™

45 Back-Mount SRL’s (i.e. “fall limiters” or compact SRL’s) vs. Energy Absorbing Lanyards Pros When used correctly, can reduce fall distance When used correctly, can reduce arrest forces Generally reduce tripping hazards Often increase accessible work areas compared to EAL’s Cons Most often, are not used correctly Increased cost Increased complexity with greater inspection/maintenance consideration Increased weight can reduce comfort and productivity Longer lengths pose a greater swing fall hazard Many, if not most in the market, are not up to the task

46 Back-Worn SRL Comps Hooks Single or Twin Free-Fall Capacity Web ConnectorCommentsPrice Range Reliance StopLite (4004/4005) Pelican, Rebar Both2-4 feetY Will be revised in 2014 with high-capacity energy absorber from the $ $ Reliance StopLite (4003)Tie-BackBoth6 feet +Y Best-performing, best survivability on the planet $ $ DBI NanoLok Reg, Rebar, Tie- Back, Asstd. Alum. Both4 feetYCheap and dirty. Second only to StopLite.$133 - $425 3M ReloadReg, RebarBoth0 feetNOver-priced, under-powered$ $ Web Devices PredatorReg, RebarTwin Only0 feetN Heavy, unwieldy, not user-friendly. German manufactured with limited energy aborbing capacity. $ $ Miller Turbolite/T-BakReg, RebarBoth1-2 feetN Highly over-rated, under-performing. Dangerous if used with greater than two feet of free fall. $ $ Guardian Blow BlockerReg, RebarTwin Only0 feetN Made in India. Cheap knock off of the German unit offered by Web Devices and others. Dangerous! $ $300.00

47 10 – 20 Ft. Self Retracting Lifelines Reliance Skyloc™ Protecta Rebel™ Miller Falcon™ 3M Reload™ Web Devices Predator™ DBI Ultra-Lok™ Guardian Edge Series™ Fall Tech Duratech™

48 30 – 60 Ft. Self Retracting Lifelines Reliance Skyloc™ Protecta Rebel™ Miller Falcon™ and Mighty Lite™ 3M Reload™ Web Devices DBI Ultra-Lok™ Guardian Edge Series™ and Aardvark™ Fall Tech Duratech™ and Contractor™

49 75 – 100+ Ft. Self Retracting Lifelines Reliance Skyloc™ Protecta Rebel™ Miller Mighty Lite™ 3M Sealed Reload™ Web Devices DBI Ultra-Lok™ Guardian Aardvark™ Fall Tech Duratech™ 85 ft. Max 100 ft. Max 85 ft. Max 175 ft. Max 200 ft. Max 130 ft. Max 85 ft. Max 195 ft. Max DBI Sealed-Blok™ 175 ft. Max

50 Full Size SRL Comps Constituent Line Working LengthsCommentsPrice Range Reliance Skyloc (Cable) - 18'Galv. Cable18' Reliance is the only brand to offer fail-safe pawl technology in this working range $428 Reliance Skyloc (Web) - 20' Polyester Web 20' Reliance is the only brand to offer fail-safe pawl technology in this working range $ Reliance Skyloc (Cable)Galv. Cable30' - 100' Ruggedly built and featuring fail-safe pawl technology. Very durable and highly effective. Short DD's (2' or less). $733 - $1,212 Protecta Rebel Reg, Rebar, Tie-Back, Asstd. Alum. 20' - 100' Second worst SRL on the market. Very cheap and dirty design with metallic pawls engaging a sperrad molded into the nylon housing. No structural back-up - the plastic housing is load bearing! $322 - $1,322 DBI Ultra-Lok Galv. Cable or Poly Web 11' - 85' Well-built, but high-priced. Durable Nylon housings. Inertial/cam-driven pawls. $476 - $1,589 Miller Falcon Galv. Cable or Poly Web 16' - 65' Very poor pawl desing, not a large factor in the market $431 - $1,319 3M ReloadReg, Rebar23' - 50' Gimmicky desing, barely a factor in the market. OEM manufactured by Latchways in the UK. $614 -$892 Guardian AardvarkGalv. Cable16' - 80' Manufactured in India by Karam. A very bad knock-off of units made by Ikar in Germany. These are, hands-down, the worst SRL's money can buy. $285-$770 Guardian EdgeGalv. Cable20' - 50'Poor design, with under-sized sperrad.$300 - $500 FallTech DuraTechReg, Rebar15' - 195' Rugged design with partially sealed brake. Susceptible to lock-up on free-wheeling. $530 - $3500 FallTech ContractorGalv. Cable20' - 50'Inexpensive import - vulnerable to creep.$379 - $539

51 SRL’s are among the most convoluted classes of product in fall protection. Generally speaking, when comparing competitive items, you are not looking at apple to apple comparisons. It is important to understand which units are the real thing and which ones are not. It is also important to understand the end-user, their needs, work-process and potential fall hazards in order to recommend the correct products and to steer them away from the wrong ones. The SRL market has been further compounded by the introduction of the new ANSI Z standards which changed the classifications and performance requirements. To make matters worse, the Z standard is under revision right now and was recently balloted. Reliance has not fully conformed to the new standard yet due to the fact that the standard was in flux. It is important to note, however, that the Reliance line of SRL’s will meet all of the requirements of Z in spite of the fact we have not yet made a big push on publicizing the standard.

52 Z Classifications of SRL’s Self-Retracting Devices (SRD’s): Any retractable fall arrest lanyard designed to arrest a fall and limit the forces on the user/system. Self-Retracting Lanyard (SRL): Traditional straight up and down fall arrest unit Self-Retracting Lanyard, Leading Edge (SRL-LE): SRL’s designed to mitigate risks associated with falling over a leading edge – these units will have a supplementary energy absorber adjacent to the attachment-end hook or carabiner. Self Retracting Lanyard, Rescue (SRL-R): SRL’s typically used for confined space entry which have an integrated winch or hoist in order to raise or lower the user in the event of a fall or incapacitation. Some units come with integrated descenders but are outside the scope of this standard.

53 Z Classifications of SRL’s Within each of the three classifications (SRL, SRL-LE and SRL-R) there are two classes of product: Class A: Designed to arrest a fall with a maximum deceleration distance of 24” and MAF of 1800 lbs with an AAF of 1350 lbs. Class B: Designed to arrest a fall with a maximum deceleration distance of 54” and MAF of 180 lbs with an AAF of 900lbs. Class A and B designations do not apply to SRL-LE’s!! Compact or back-worn SRL’s (“fall-limiters”) are not defined in this standard, nor are there any tests designed to simulate their use!

54 Vertical Systems Cable Grab System Locking cable grab for use on 3/8” (10mm) cable Removable and installable from any point on the No pins to get lost or damaged Stainless Steel Construction Includes carabiner Rope Grab System Automatic fall-arrestors locks itself immediately on the vertical lifeline if a fall occurs “Hands Free” operation on weighted vertical safety line Moves freely along 5/8” rope on brass rollers Vertical Rope Lifelines Made from a combination fiber rope with a firm lay, excellent wear and a high strength to weight ratio Produced with high strength continuous filament polyester surface yarns wrapped over high tenacity Ultra Blue™ Fiber Available in : 25’, 50’, 100’, 150’, 200’, 250’, 300’, & 600’ Rolls Comes with 1 spliced eye with a thimble and carabiner

55 Anchorage Devices Adjustable Width Beam Anchors Temporary (movable) anchorages designed for use in steel erection Steel bar, aluminum jawed HLL anchor clamp can be used to anchor a horizontal lifeline system, or as an anchor point for a PFAS Adjustable Width Sliding Beam Anchors Combine freedom of movement and dependable fall protection Trails behind the user through attachment of shock absorbing lanyard Simple to install, remove, and size No pins or chains Dual beam grip Replaceable synthetic wear pads Screwjack™ Personal Fall Arrest Anchor Clamps Lightweight adjustable anchor designed to clamp directly to the flanges of various size ‘I’ and ‘W’ style beams Swiveling D-ring allows for a compatible attachment point of a personal fall arrest system (PFAS) for a single user Sliding jaw can be adjusted to the needed width and placed over the beam and then secured in place with the locking detent pin With the screw adjustment feature, the clamp can than be securely attached to vertical or inclined beams to prevent movement

56 Anchorage Devices Concrete D-Ring Anchor Temporary or permanent applications Re-usable D-ring assembly Rugged design for harsh environments Safe connection indicator notifies user that anchor has been installed properly Installs into 11/16”, 3⁄4”, or 18mm holes – only standard drill bits needed Reusable Concrete Anchor 5,000 lb. (22 kN) anchor point for vertical or overhead/ceiling concrete applications Can be removed and re-installed in a new location Exclusive quick-release button provides for immediate anchor removal Constructed of stainless steel, alloy steel & aluminum Designed for use in cured concrete with a compression strength of at least 3,000 psi (2,685 kPa) Available with wire loop anchor connection Concrete Insert Anchor System Receiver is cast into place, to 10,000 lb. (44.4kN) anchor strength Ties into rebar to provide increased strength in green concrete One ball-lock Connector can be used with numerous inexpensive receivers Remote connect/disconnect, up to 20’ (6.1m) overhead. Shown here : Metal Decking Insert, Concrete Embed Anchor Ring for permanent installation, Concrete Embed Bypass Ring for HLL's, Concrete Embed Connector for PFAS or HLL applications, Concrete Embed Receiver for outdoor applications

57 Anchorage Devices Lockjaw™ Remote Beam Grip Attaches easily to I-Beams using fiberglass pole 10,000 lb. (two-man) anchorage point Aluminum jaws, steel swivel For overhead anchorage use Bolts into two 1/2" diameter drilled holes 5000 lb. anchorage, zinc plated carbon steel Bolt-on D-ring Permanent installation on 4” to 16.5” flanges Corrosion resistant wheels Stainless Steel bearings Powder coated aluminum body Water and steam resistant FDA approved for contact with food products 5,000 lb single person fall arrest Beam Trolley 9,600 lb web sling 3” and 2” D-rings Available in various lengths 6’ Web Anchor Sling One hand operation Fits wide range of hole diameters 5,000 lb rated anchorage point Drop forged eye bolt Steel Anchor 6’ X 1/4” galvanized wire rope with vinyl coating 2” forged cargo O-ring on one end 3/4” Pelican hook on the other Available in multiple lengths Other styles available Wire Rope Anchors

58 Anchorage Devices 6512 Vertical Ladder Stanchion Eliminates the need for outdated ladder cages Ladder Stanchion Tube, Rung Clamps, Assembly Hardware, all Zinc plated 6’ Height, 40 lbs Accommodates any SRL size Attached to any OSHA compliant fixed metal ladder Works horizontally, vertically, & overhead Reusable Multiple sizes available Removable Concrete Anchor 5,000 lb capacity 360º rotation, 180º deflection Stainless construction Swivel Anchor Provides secure connection in steel flanges or pre-cast concrete Rated for single user Meets applicable standards Toggle Lock Anchor

59 Confined Space & Rescue See catalog for additional items 5-Piece Confined Space Entry System Designed for manhole and confined space entry/retrieval and fall arrest applications System breaks down into 5 lightweight aluminum components No tools required for assembly Modular design allows the use of various fixed and portable bases and an optional mast with extensions Multiple winches and/or vertical lifeline systems may be mounted as required Combination SRL / Emergency Retrieval Winch Designed for use in confined space entry and retrieval scenarios Includes a full-featured SRL May be used as an emergency winch for personnel retrieval 50’ 3/16” Galvanized or Stainless cable Capacity: 310 lbs Can raise and lower Mounting brackets available for most confined space kits and systems

60 Guardrails & Overhead Rails KeeGuard® Fall Protection System Designed for flat or low slope rooftops Prevents falls, ensures rooftop safety, and does not penetrate the roof membrane Can be used for retrofitting to older buildings as well as for new construction Kee Hatch™ Safety Railing System Ensures Safety and Protect Personnel In and Around Rooftop Hatches KeeGuard® Contractor Free Standing, Non-Penetrating Portable Guardrail System SPANCO® Fall Arrest Track Available with two sizes of steel and two sizes of aluminum track in the standard fall arrest track systems Designed for indoor or outdoor use Low profile design Design enables greater distance between supported points with minimum loss of headroom Available in one or two man systems Systems come in a variety of mounted or freestanding versions

61 Horizontal Lifeline Systems Road & Bridge Systems Looped Rebar Nelson Stud Structural Steel for Bridge Beams Pour-In-Place Concrete Insert Structural Steel Systems Clamp-On System Weld-On System Choker Strap System Overhead System Fireproofed or Box Beam System Concrete Systems Bolt-In System Commercial Rebar System Drop-In Sleeve System Rebar Direct-Connect System Embedded System Specialty Systems Inverted ‘L’ System StrongBack™ System Custom Systems

62 Reliance Horizontal Lifeline Systems – Road & Bridge Reliance offers a variety of engineered horizontal lifeline systems that are specifically designed to address the fall protection hazards associated with the construction and maintenance of roadways and bridges. These systems use components that were developed to meet the standard requirements of road and bridge work environments, and have been thoroughly field tested on actual jobsites. Reliance Horizontal Lifeline Systems for Road and Bridge work share a common horizontal lifeline system, but use different anchor, stanchion, and other elements specific to the environment in which they are installed. Standard Road & Bridge Systems : Looped Rebar Nelson Stud Structural Steel for Bridge Beams Pour-In-Place Concrete Insert

63 Miller Skygrip HLL System 120’ Stanchion height is 36” therefore does not meet OSHA required 6’ free fall limit when using a 6’ shock absorbing lanyard Requires a bypass stanchion, extra bypass bracket, and 2 shock absorbers Instructions indicate only using Miller SRL’s Different brackets required for tie-back and stanchions resulting in the need for more equipment that is non-universal 6’ Shock Absorbing Lanyard = 20’1” Miller ONLY SRL = 17’1” Miller recommends you ADD a 3’ Safety Factor Fall Clearance Requirements

64 DBI Securaspan HLL System 120’ Stanchion height is 36” therefore does not meet OSHA required 6’ free fall limit when using a 6’ shock absorbing lanyard Requires a bypass stanchion, and 2 shock absorbers when lines are longer than 60’ Instructions indicate only using DBI / Protecta SRL’s Different brackets required for tie-back and stanchions resulting in the need for more equipment that is non-universal 6’ Shock Absorbing Lanyard = 20’2” DBI ONLY SRL = 16’8” DBI does NOT include a safety factor in this calculation Fall Clearance Requirements

65 120' HLL System Comparisons - Maximum Free-Span Stanchion Height Minimum System Strength Max. Free- Span Min. Sub- Spans # of User per sub- span Min. Clearance RequirementList Price Capital Safety SecuraSpan 120' Looped Rebar Bridge System 3'5,000 lbs60'2220.2' This is a lie. The manual for the independent HLL indicates dyno-sag of 12.6'. Add FF, user height, EAL elongation and safety factor and MRC = 26.6' $ 3, Miller SkyGrip 120' Looped Rebar Bridge System 3'5,000 lbs60'2224.5' This is also misleading - the manual for independent lifeline installation indicates an MRC of 27.75' $3, Reliance 120' Looped Rebar Bridge System 5'14,500 lbs ' This MRC is based on use of an SRL, as we don't allow a 6' EAL to be used on a 5' Stanchion. $ 2, Reliance 120' Looped Rebar Bridge System 6'14,500 lbs ' $ 2, Reliance 120' Looped Rebar Bridge System 7'14,500 lbs ' $ 2, Average savings when compared to competitive systems = 24%

66 120' HLL System Comparisons - Equivalent Sub-Spans Stanchion Height Minimum System Strength Max. Free- Span Min. Sub- Spans # of User per sub- span Min. Clearance RequirementList Price Capital Safety SecuraSpan 120' Looped Rebar Bridge System 3'5,000 lbs60'2220.2' This is a lie. The manual for the independent HLL indicates dyno- sag of 12.6'. Add FF, user height, EAL elongation and safety factor and MRC = 26.6' $ 3, Miller SkyGrip 120' Looped Rebar Bridge System 3'5,000 lbs60'2224.5' This is also misleading - the manual for independent lifeline installation indicates an MRC of 27.75' $3, Reliance 120' Looped Rebar Bridge System 5'14,500 lbs ' This MRC is based on use of an SRL, as we don't allow a 6' EAL to be used on a 5' Stanchion. $ 3, Reliance 120' Looped Rebar Bridge System 6'14,500 lbs ' $ 3, Reliance 120' Looped Rebar Bridge System 7'14,500 lbs ' $ 3, *Even when built out with two sub-spans, Reliance offers greater value by way of a lower price, simpler installation and sub-span capacities matched to work process allowingt the greatest number of workers to have access to the working area. Average savings when compared to competitive systems = 6%

67 Reliance Horizontal Lifeline Systems – Structural Steel Structural steel systems are designed for installation on existing structures. Utilizing off the shelf components, most all structures can be accommodated. System height is 5, 6, or 7’ (1.5, 1.8, 2.1m) above the walking surface or can be configured to hang from above. System stabilization is maintained with tie-back cables or strong back struts when stanchions are utilized. On structures (piperacks) where clamping on the top flange of I- beams is not feasible, under slung clamps may be used. Standard Structural Steel Systems : Clamp-On System Weld-On System Choker Strap System Overhead System Fireproofed or Box Beam System

68 Reliance Horizontal Lifeline Systems – Concrete Construction projects utilizing concrete foundations are among the most common in building sites. Concrete construction projects present a unique set of challenges for fall protection and horizontal lifeline setup and use. Reliance has extensive experience in this area, and offers a variety of systems and solutions for concrete construction projects. Reliance has invested a great deal in engineering and Research and Development geared towards meeting the needs of our customers. Currently, Reliance offers several off-the- shelf systems which effectively address most concrete construction applications. Since each project has unique challenges, custom fabrication of brackets and structural interfaces are available upon request. Standard Concrete Systems : Bolt-In System Commercial Rebar System Drop-In Sleeve System Rebar Direct-Connect System Embedded System

69 Reliance Horizontal Lifeline Systems – Specialty & Custom With our large selection of off the shelf components, most any structure may be fitted with a permanent or temporary Reliance horizontal lifeline. With the ability to ‘tune’ our lifeline systems, Reliance can accommodate clearance and span geometries that our competitors have difficulty with. Systems can be custom-built for non-standard applications. Our experience ensures that we can develop a solution for your specific needs. Specialty Systems : Inverted ‘L’ System StrongBack™ System Custom Systems

70 Horizontal Lifelines – Q & A Q : What is a Horizontal Lifeline ? A : It is a flexible line between two anchor points that provides a safe means for workers to horizontally traverse an elevated work area. Q : Why do I need one ? A : If workers are exposed to fall hazards that cannot be addressed with passive fall protection systems (guardrails, nets, etc.), and a high degree of mobility is necessary to perform the work. Q : Where are Horizontal Lifelines suitable or beneficial over traditional fixed anchor points? A : In areas where workers need to move freely back and forth between two points while remaining connected to a personal fall arrest system.

71 Horizontal Lifelines – Q & A Q : What are the OSHA regulations for Horizontal Lifelines ? A : OSHA (d)(8) : ‘Criteria for Personal Fall Arrest Systems’ : ‘The free-fall distance is limited to 6 feet. The deceleration distance must not exceed 42 inches; lifeline elongation is not included in deceleration distance; and the total fall distance is unregulated except that the employee cannot make contact with a lower level’. Q : What does this mean ? A : It means that if you are working at height and you fall, your fall must be completely arrested before you hit something on a lower level (this may may or may not be the ground). The distance that you fall before before your Personal Fall Arrest System (PFAS) begins to arrest your fall cannot exceed 6 feet. The distance between activation of the PFAS and total fall arrest cannot exceed 42 inches (in most cases). Q : What does this REALLY mean ? A : It means that if you aren’t using a Reliance system, you’re in deep trouble. Reliance is the only manufacturer offering stanchions taller than 42” – which means that we are the only ones restricting free-fall to 6 feet or less. This is critical where HLL’s are concerned, because fall-distance and acceleration are the enemy!

72 Horizontal Lifelines – Q & A Q : What if there’s no HLL or anchor overhead, and I have to tie off by my feet ? A : This will potentially double your free-fall distance, or increase it to an average of about 10 feet. Per OSHA (d)(16)(iii), this would only be allowed where an employer cannot provide a more suitable anchorage or other form of fall protection. In a situation where limiting the free fall to 6 feet is infeasible, the employer would be required to limit the free fall to the extent possible and to ensure that the arresting force would not exceed 1,800 pounds (see § (d)(16)). Q : Won’t I need special equipment in a case like that ? A : Yes. Reliance developed the BlackMAX™ lanyard for these situations. It is designed to regulate arresting force depending on the circumstances of a fall. The BlackMAX™ will arrest falls in both “Force Level 1” (6’ free-fall) and “Force Level 2” (12’ free fall) conditions; in either case, arresting force is limited to well under 1,800 lbs.

73 Q : What if there’s a someone else’s Horizontal Lifeline System in place already ? Can I use a Reliance harness and lanyard to attach (or vice-versa) ? A : In most cases, yes. The issue here is typically not with the harness, but with the connectors used to attach to the lifeline. In most cases, standard connectors (snaphooks, carabiners, etc.) at the end of a lanyard or lifeline are compatible. Connectors should allow components to fit together properly, and there should be no chance of accidental disconnection. Q : Can we just string up a cable between two structures and connect to that ? A : No. A Horizontal Lifeline is an engineered system, and a variety of factors must be considered during its design and construction. Among these are the anticipated load on end points, the number of system users required, the total lifeline length desired, proper cable tensioning, minimum required clearance of lifeline above working surface, and the types of deceleration devices used. ALL of these are critical factors in designing a Horizontal Lifeline System. Horizontal Lifelines – Q & A

74 Q : How am I supposed to calculate all of that of that information ? A : Through use of the Reliance ‘Horizontal Lifeline Wizard’ on the Reliance website at Anticipated lifeline tension and minimum required clearance beneath the walking surface are determined instantly by entering the following five items : Number of system users required Total lifeline length Number of intermediate supports Type of deceleration device used Elevation of lifeline above walking surface Since the calculations are almost instant, many design combinations may be viewed to obtain the best design for protection of the affected worker(s). The program will automatically invalidate the system if it is not viable based on the entries. When a viable system is configured, the user can generate a bill of material based on the components required for the system designed. Horizontal Lifelines – Q & A

75 Horizontal Lifeline Wizard Data regarding the desired system’s length, number if users, and other factors is entered. The Wizard calculates the factors required for a viable system based on the information entered. System creation is a step-by-step process that the Wizard guides the user through. The end result is an itemized list of materials needed to construct the lifeline.

76 Reliance offers Fall Protection Equipment in the following categories : Full Body Harnesses Snaphooks and Carabiners Shock Absorbing Lanyards Positioning Devices Self Retracting Lifelines Vertical Systems Anchorage Devices Confined Space & Rescue Guardrail Systems Overhead Rail Systems And our specialty : Horizontal Lifeline Systems The Reliance catalog features the following informational tools : ABCD’s for Equipment Selection Fall Clearance Calculations Equipment Inspection Criteria How to Don a Harness Applicable OSHA and ANSI Standard Information The Catalog can also serve as a desk reference for : Equipment Selection Applicable Standards Fall Protection Technology In Summary


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