3IntroductionReliance Industries began operations in the year 2001 by patenting a revolutionary new technology for the design of horizontal lifeline systems that allowed the reduction of fall height requirements without increasing end-loadings. These Tuned-Cable™ horizontal lifelines are one of those “it can’t be done” innovations that suddenly seem simple once you understand how they work. The lifelines were followed by unique anchorages, the concrete embed system with remote connection, beam clamps and trolleys, and other engineered products.Reliance offers a comprehensive full-line catalog (shown here) that includes complete information on our products, services, and general fall protection concepts and practices.
5Facilities Overview Deer Park, TX Denver, CO Corporate Headquarters Soft Goods ManufacturingProduct AssemblyISO Accredited Testing FacilityFall Protection Training CenterDenver, COEngineering & Product DevelopmentHard Goods Manufacturing
6Testing Facilities and Capabilities ISO accredited testing laboratory.Indoor and outdoor capabilitiesANSI compliant and certified test towersCertified equipment to perform dynamic and static tests necessary for all applicable standards complianceQuantified test results readily availableProducts are tested not only to meet standards, but to reach far beyond their scope in creating “Higher Standards”Tensile testing up to 20,000 lbs. (88.8 kN)Drop towers that capture data via Dasylab™ software, which translates the results to spread sheets and graphsAnalysis of areas where efficiencies may be gained and incorporated into product designs
7Testing Facilities and Capabilities Reliance Testing Laboratory is pleased to announce that it has received its ISO/IEC accreditation through ACLASS.ISO General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories is the main ISO standard used by testing and calibration laboratories. Laboratories use ISO/IEC to implement a quality system aimed at improving their ability to consistently produce valid results.
8Training Facilities and Capabilities Our state-of-the-art Training facilities teach students :Increased awareness about the hazards of falling from heightsThe ability to identify fall protection hazardsAn understanding of the risks of at-height workHow to develop inspection procedures & programsHow to implement procedures to mitigate fall protection hazards Reliance also offers :A monthly training program for Competent Inspectors of Fall Protection EquipmentQuarterly courses for Fall Protection Competent PersonsComing soon – online training capabilities
9T.E.S.T.S. : Tool & Equipment Safety Tether System InnovationReliance has developed several truly innovative fall protection concepts that have helped establish higher standards for Fall Protection. Among them are :T.E.S.T.S. : Tool & Equipment Safety Tether SystemThis unique system provides the ultimate in protection for dropped-tool hazards. Shock absorbing lanyards are attached to tools via a proprietary anchoring system. Dropped tools cease to be a hazard to persons or equipment below, and costly damage to dropped tools and equipment is eliminated.15-50 lb. LanyardTool Anchor Ring0 - 15lb. LanyardAvailable in a variety of load capacities - almost any hand tool can be fittedProprietary energy absorber can accommodate tools weighing up to 50 lbs (22.6kg) for added safetyAnchor loop available for tools with built-in anchor slot for quick applicationField installable anchors available for tools that will not accommodate lanyard spring hooksMultiple anchor rings can be installed on one tool for added safetyPatent Pending anchor banding and fasteners available in bulk quantities for large tool rooms
10Innovation Tuned Cable® HLL Technology Concrete Embed Anchor System Tuned Cable systems provide : • Free spans up to 200’• Lower end loads• Multiple end anchor choices• Stanchion variety• Reduced line tension & limitedfall distances• Receiver is cast into place with a10,000 lb anchor strength• Ties into rebar to increasestrength in green concrete• Numerous inexpensive receivers • Remote connect/disconnect, upto 20’ overheadTattletale™ WebbingSteelhead™ SnaphookTattleTale™ web is inspectable web. It has a colored inner core which becomes exposed when the web becomes damaged by cuts or abrasion. Color that shows through “tells” the user that the equipment needs inspection, and where to look.• 100% proof-loaded to 3,600 lbs.• Patented FanGate™ designprevents webbing and hardwarefrom being trapped behind gate• Prevents gate loading, guardsagainst potential rollout/burstout• Design of the hook body makesfalse engagement impossible.
11Fall Protection Marketplace Little Comprehensive data on the size and composition of the market exists. Frost & Sullivan has published annual reports which contain a lot of good information. However, these reports tend to under-estimate the size and volatility of the market and they consistently misidentify or ignore key players in the market.
13Fall Protection Manufacturers (US Market) Areas of SpecialtyAnnual Revenue (Est.)Mkt. ShareCapital SafetyFull-Line Manufacturer200,000,00032.1%DBI/SalaUpper-End Industrial and ConstructionProtectaLow-End ConstructionHoneywell130,000,00020.8%MillerTitanMSAFull-Line Manufacturer, C&I40,000,0006.4%GuardianFull-Line MFG/Trader - Gutter35,000,0005.6%FallTechFall Arrest - Construction & Lt. Industrial21,000,0003.4%Web Devices20,000,0003.2%3M15,000,0002.4%Tractel10,000,0001.6%Elk River8,000,0001.3%UltraSafe, USA7,000,0001.1%RelianceFull-Line Mfg. Heavy Construction/Indus.RTC/SellstromGemtor5,000,0000.8%BashlinFall Arrest - Electrical TradesBuckinghamFrench Creek4,000,0000.6%Werner3,000,0000.5%Webb-RiteKlienRigid LifelinesInstalled SystemsFlexible Lifeline SystemsHysafeLatchwaysSuper AnchorOEM Anhorage - construction7,500,0001.2%ClimbTechOEM Anhorage - construction/industrial6,500,0001.0%Tuff BuiltConfined Space6,000,000Mechanical SafetyRetractables/Confined SpaceFallsafe USAHard to say1,000,0000.2%Others25,000,0004.0%Total:624,000,000100.0%Total US Fall Protection Market estimated at ≈ $624 million per annum. This figure includes installed systems, but not all passive fall protection (i.e. guard rails and nets).With all passive measures taken into account, the market exceeds $1 Billion per year, and is growing.
14Where does Reliance fit in the current market place? Reliance is a small manufacturer, but we are the only small to medium sized maker with full-line capability.Reliance is the only maker in North America with its own fabrication facilities.Reliance is less reliant on open-market components and is one of only two US manufacturers to develop its own proprietary, patented connectors.Reliance has a commanding market-share in CFPS considering its small size (6%).Reliance is poised for growth and has increased manufacturing head-count in order to facilitate expansion of the line and to provide a higher level of service to its distributor partners.Reliance is one of only three manufacturers that operates an ISO Fall Protection Laboratory for self-certification with witness.In terms of size, Reliance is a third-tier player, but with strong first to second tier capabilities.
15Capital Safety (DBI-Sala/Protecta), Honeywell (Miller/Titan), MSA Guaridan, FallTech, 3MReliance, Web Devices, Elk River, Ultrasafe, Web DevicesBashlin, Buckingham, Klein, Gemtor, Webb Rite, Etc.
16Instructor’s Notes – Fall Arrest Systems A system must always include a full body harness and connecting means between the harness and an anchorage or anchorage connector. Such connecting means may consist of a lanyard, energy absorber, fall arrester, lifeline, self-retracting, lanyard or suitable combinations of these components.ABCD=PFASA= AnchorageB= Body SupportC= ConnectorD= Deceleration DeviceA PFAS has 4 basic components. Can you identify each in this slide?Full Body HarnessLanyards with shock absorberConnectorsAnchorageIn addition to these components, there are 2 additional components that can be incorporated into a PFAS:MechanicalLifelinesWe will discuss the features of each component in more detail. As a result of this training, you should be able to describe the details of each component and best practices for using a PFAS.
17Instructor’s Notes – Fall Arrest Systems Anchorage- The terminating component of a fall protection system or rescue system that is intended to support any forces applied to the system.Care must be taken to distinguish between an anchorage and an anchorage connector as those terms are commonly used interchangeably.An anchorage is typically a fixed structural member required for the stability and other purposes of the structure itself. Examples include a beam, girder, column or floor.An anchorage connector, on the other hand, is a component that provides an interface to which the fall protection or rescue subsystem may be attached when the anchorage itself does not have a compatible connection point.A PFAS has 4 basic components. Can you identify each in this slide?Full Body HarnessLanyards with shock absorberConnectorsAnchorageIn addition to these components, there are 2 additional components that can be incorporated into a PFAS:MechanicalLifelinesWe will discuss the features of each component in more detail. As a result of this training, you should be able to describe the details of each component and best practices for using a PFAS.
18Instructor’s Notes – Fall Arrest Systems A PFAS has 4 basic components. Can you identify each in this slide?Full Body HarnessLanyards with shock absorberConnectorsAnchorageIn addition to these components, there are 2 additional components that can be incorporated into a PFAS:MechanicalLifelinesWe will discuss the features of each component in more detail. As a result of this training, you should be able to describe the details of each component and best practices for using a PFAS.
19Instructor’s Notes – Fall Arrest Systems Body Support- An assembly of webbing arranged to support the human body for fall protection purposes, including during and after fall arrest.A PFAS has 4 basic components. Can you identify each in this slide?Full Body HarnessLanyards with shock absorberConnectorsAnchorageIn addition to these components, there are 2 additional components that can be incorporated into a PFAS:MechanicalLifelinesWe will discuss the features of each component in more detail. As a result of this training, you should be able to describe the details of each component and best practices for using a PFAS.The term “body support” is generally used to refer to a full body harness, chest harness, chest/waist harness, or a body belt. It generally includes adjustable means for fastening it about the body and attachment points suitable for fall protection applications.
20Instructor’s Notes – Fall Arrest Systems Deceleration Device- A component of a personal fall arrest system designed to limit the maximum arresting force (MAF) on the person and anchor point.Types of Deceleration Devices:Shock Absorbing LanyardSelf Retracting LanyardVertical Fall ArresterA PFAS has 4 basic components. Can you identify each in this slide?Full Body HarnessLanyards with shock absorberConnectorsAnchorageIn addition to these components, there are 2 additional components that can be incorporated into a PFAS:MechanicalLifelinesWe will discuss the features of each component in more detail. As a result of this training, you should be able to describe the details of each component and best practices for using a PFAS.
21Hierarchy of Controls Remove the fall hazard through redesign Implementation of a passive fall protection measureImplementation of a personal fall protection systemElimination or Substitution: Removal of the fall hazard.Passive Fall Protection: Isolation of the hazard from workers.Fall Restraint: Connection of the worker to an anchorage, preventing the worker from reaching the fall hazard.Fall Arrest: Connection of the worker to a system designed to stop a fall after it has begun.Administrative Controls: Work practices or procedures designed to warn a worker before he or she approaches a fall hazard.
22Remove the HazardExample A: A rolling crane type structure constructed in a building providing safe access to all structural and mechanical parts of the structure. Example B: Integrated means by which equipment can be lowered to the ground for maintenance instead of the worker going up to the level of the equipment.
23Implementation of a Passive Fall Protection Measure (Passive systems don't require the worker to do or wear anything extra. They work all of the time and in all conditions once they are installed.Guardrails - Guardrails will keep the worker on an elevated surface.Stairways - Stairs provide a protected means of ascending and descending form heights.Platforms - A platform is an elevated secured surface that usually incorporates guardrails in order to eliminate fall hazards.
24The 3rd group would be a Personal Fall Arrest System (PFAS) The 3rd group would be a Personal Fall Arrest System (PFAS). The difference between a personal fall protection system and a personal fall arrest system is the arrester. The PFAS has an arrester that reduces the total impact force on your body resulting from a fall. The arrester may be a shock absorbing lanyard or it may be incorporated into a mechanical device like a self-retracting lanyard.
25What is your application? Instructor’s Notes – Fall Arrest SystemsWhat is your application?Rescue RetrievalWork SuspensionFall ArrestA PFAS has 4 basic components. Can you identify each in this slide?Full Body HarnessLanyards with shock absorberConnectorsAnchorageIn addition to these components, there are 2 additional components that can be incorporated into a PFAS:MechanicalLifelinesWe will discuss the features of each component in more detail. As a result of this training, you should be able to describe the details of each component and best practices for using a PFAS.Work PositioningClimbingDielectric
26Fall Arrest Systems or Personal Fall Arrest Systems (PFAS), are those that are intended to arrest the fall of an authorized person in the event that they lose their purchase while working at height. Personal Fall Arrest Systems typically consist of:Anchorage (The structural element to which the user is attached, typically coupled with some form of anchorage connector)Bodywear (Full Body Harness consisting of straps which fully captivate the user’s torso)Connecting Device (An element that connects the user to the anchorage/anchorage connector)Deceleration Device (An element that reduces the arresting force in an effort to protect both the user and the structural integrity of the anchorage – The connecting device and deceleration device are commonly one in the same, i.e. shock-absorbing lanyards or self-retracting lifelines)Anchorage, Bodywear, Connecting/Deceleration Devices are commonly referred to as the ABCD’s of Fall Arrest. Each of these four components are available in a wide variety of types and configurations, each of which is designed to mitigate specific hazards or to support specific work process.
27Restraint or Travel Restriction Systems are those which secure the authorized person to an anchorage using a lanyard short enough to prevent the user’s center of gravity from reaching the fall hazard.As with Personal Fall Arrest Systems, Restraint Systems include an Anchorage/Anchorage Connector, Bodywear (Full Body Harness, preferrably) and a Connecting Device. Typical connecting devices for Restraint applications are lanyards of fixed or adjustable length having a snap hook for attachment to the back D-ring of the user’s Full Body Harness as well as a hook on the opposite end for connection to the anchorage.When properly rigged, the user will be unable to reach the fall hazard, and is therefore restrained – making a fall physically impossible.
28Work Positioning Systems are those that are configured to allow an authorized person to be supported on an elevated vertical or inclined surface so as to enable them to work with both hands free from body support.A properly configured Work Positioning System is comprised of:Anchorage/Anchorage Connector located at or near the user’s waist.Full Body Harness including attachment points at the hip or waist – Typically a pair of D-rings, one located on each side of the body.Connecting Device – A positioning lanyard, preferably in a “V” configuration, having snap hooks at the ends to affix to the hip/waist D-rings and a third hook in the center to attach to the anchorage.Back-up Personal Fall Arrest System consisting of a shock-absorbing lanyard or SRL attached to the user’s back D-ring and secured to a second independent anchorage.
29Climbing Systems are those which allow the user to ascend and descend a structure (usually a fixed ladder) while maintaining at least three points of contact at all times while being simultaneously tied off to a vertical lifeline, cable, rail or track affixed to the structure.A properly Configured Climbing System will include:Vertical linear anchorage (VLL, rail, track or cable)Full Body Harness with front or sternal D-ringFall Arrestor with connector
30Work Suspension Systems are those which support 100% of the user’s body weight (including equipment) for the purpose of accessing a work location.A properly configured Work Suspension System will include:Primary Anchorage/Anchorage Connector which supports the suspended user.Suspension Line (Connects the user to primary anchorage and supports the weight of the user and their equipment)Full Body HarnessSeat Board or Suspension Seat (Bears the user and/or the user’s equipment and is secured to the suspension line – the seat may or may not be integral to the user’s Full Body Harness)Back-up Personal Fall Arrest System attached to a second independent anchorage.
31Full Line Product Overview Full BodyHarnessesSnaphooks& CarabinersShock AbsorbingLanyardsPositioningDevicesSelf RetractingLifelinesVerticalSystemsAnchorageDevicesConfined Space& RescueGuardrails &Overhead RailsHorizontalLifeline Systems
32Full Body Harnesses “A” Series Competitive PositionUn-belted FBH’s with mid-grade quality and constructionFits just below DBI Delta and Miller Duraflex based on perception and priceList price from $ $ for Nomex versionsDBI Delta list prices start at over $100Protecta Pro list prices start at $45.50Tattletale™ webbingImpact load indicatorsBar-coded individual serial numbersIndelible serial number in back plaque“Floating” thigh stitchingImproved geometry brings buckles to front of thighAngled stitching for “tailored” sub-pelvic fitExtra large back pad eliminates ‘D-ring droop’No elastic webbingHeat-set labelsCorrosion resistant grommetsExtra thick woven (not sewn) seat & leg webbing for added durabilityWhat’s the Difference between our “cheap harness” and those offered by our competitors?“The industry standard construction & industrialFull Body Harness”
33Ironman Series “Designed for hard work” Tattletale™ webbing Impact load indicatorsBar-coded individual serial numbersIndelible serial number in back plaqueRemovable back support/tool belt, shoulder paddingReliance Quick-Adjust™ torso adjustment bucklesSlotted positive engaging chest buckle“Floating” thigh stitchingImproved geometry brings buckles to front of thighAngled stitching for “tailored” sub pelvic fitExtra large back pad eliminates ‘D-ring droop’No elastic webbingHeat-set labelsCorrosion resistant grommetsExtra thick woven (not sewn) seat webbing for added durabilityCompetitive PositionBelted FBH’s with mid-grade quality and constructionFits just below DBI Delta and Miller Duraflex based on perception and priceList price from $ $ for specialty typesDBI Delta list prices start at over $175Protecta Pro list prices start at $80.00“Designed forhard work”
36Choosing the Right Full Body Harness Fall ArrestMust have a back D-ringRestraintMust have a back D-ringMust have hip/sideD-rings + Back D-ring for B/U Fall Arrest1. What is the harness for?Work PositioningClimbingMust have a front/sternal D-ringMust have Suspension Seat/Bosun’s Chair + Back D-ring for B/U Fall ArrestWork Suspension
37Choosing the Right Full Body Harness Construction/General IndustryFew , if any special conditionsStandard Polyester Webbing and Metallic hardware get the job done.Harsh Applications or EnvironmentsExtreme filth, contaminants, chemicalsPolyurethane coated polyester mitigates many/most harsh application issues2. Are there special conditions?Extreme HeatExposure to heat – applications where FRC’s may be requiredNomex/Kevlar webbing is availableArc/Flash ExposurePotential exposure to Arc/Flash events primarily in utility and power transmissionNomex/Kevlar Webbing is available along with insulated hardware to mitigate the event
383. Is there a concern regarding user factors? Price“A” Series is the Reliance Price Option for Budget-conscious usersUtilityIronman is the series with the most options, flexibility and durability – it is the work-horse of the line.ProductivityIronman Lite offers the flexibility of the Ironman line with reduced weight for increased productivity3. Is there a concern regarding user factors?Premium FeaturesComfort Shield will be the flagship of the line offering lighter weight, improved padding and preferred features.Price, Price, PriceWe are not the cheapest – customers that want a cheap import don’t want Reliance!
39Full Body Harness Accessories See catalog for additional items Tool Pouches& Carry BagsShoulder, Back, and Leg Comfort PaddingPositioning Belts & Tool BeltsTool Lanyards(T.E.S.T.S.)
40Alloy Steel Forged Bodies Snaphooks & CarabinersAlloy Steel Forged BodiesPatentedFanGate™Anti-RolloutFeatureGate ‘Wings’Protect RivetsErgonomicallyFriendlyReliance leads the way in snaphook design, development, production, and implementationDesign and manufacture our own snaphooks and carabinersHave exceeded the new ANSI requirements for a 3,600 lb. (16kN)gate for over six yearsAll Reliance snaphooks are 100% proof-loaded to 3,600 lbs. and incorporate our patented FanGate™ designAll Reliance hooks are designed to anticipate and mitigate deadly transverse loads.FanGate™ design ensures proper axial loading and prevents webbing and hardware from being trapped behind the gateDesign prevents gate loading, and guards against potential rollout or burstoutDimensional design of the hook body makes false engagement impossibleAll Reliance snaphooks meet the new ANSI standard3/4" to 2-1/4" opening snaphooks.8" to 2" opening carabiners
41Shock Absorbing Lanyards BlackMAX™Skyline™FatPack™Industry standard in single-leg shock absorbersMade from ‘Tattletale™’ webbingComply with stringent ANSI standardsAvailable with a variety of hooks for use in all types of environmentsTwo complete independent shock absorber assemblies inside the same shock packFatPack™ lanyards are able to absorb a “second” impact, reducing the possibility and severity of injuryRegulates the arresting force depending on the height of fallArrest falls in both “Force Level 1” (6’ free-fall) and “Force Level 2” (12’ free fall) conditionsEliminates the need for 2 styles of shock-absorbing lanyardsBigBoy™QuickStop™Designed for use by persons with a total body & tool weight greater than lbsMaximum Arresting Force (MAF) will not exceed 1800 lbsLanyard elongation won’t exceed 42”Adheres to requirements for equipment designed for users with a total body and tool weight of less than 310 lbs“Tuned” to greatly reduce deceleration distance in the event of a fallDesigned for use in areas where clearance to the next lower level is less than 14’Maximum Arresting Force (MAF) will not exceed 1800 lbs
42Positioning and Restraint Devices Adjustable Length Restraint Lanyard Rebar Chain AssemblyIdeal for all types of work positioning and fall restraint applicationsEffectively limit a worker’s exposure to potential fall hazardsEach includes durable, easy opening hardware and is designed to perform in the toughest of environments.Restraint LanyardAdjustable Length Restraint Lanyard
43Skyloc™ Self Retracting Lifelines Lightweight thermoplastic caseTwo fast and positive cam-driven locking pawlsAvailable with cable or polyester webForged steel Pelican hookHeavy-duty zinc plated full steel caseThree cam-driven locking pawlsBrass and stainless-steel brakeGalvanized or Stainless aircraft cableForged steel Pelican hook with load indicating swivelStainless Steel Self Retracting LifelineUp to 130’ stainless steel wire ropeStainless steel swivel snaphookStainless steel Power retraction springThree cam driven locking pawls303 stainless steel SRL housingManufactured entirely of non-corrosive metals and composites7’ – 10’ working lengthExternal shock pack for added securityLight weight and durableDyneema webbingPelican, Rebar, or Tie-Back hookUse individually or twinNew Tie-Back versions availableMeets applicable OSHA & ANSI Z359.01(07) Standards
45Back-Mount SRL’s (i. e. “fall limiters” or compact SRL’s) vs Back-Mount SRL’s (i.e. “fall limiters” or compact SRL’s) vs. Energy Absorbing LanyardsProsWhen used correctly, can reduce fall distanceWhen used correctly, can reduce arrest forcesGenerally reduce tripping hazardsOften increase accessible work areas compared to EAL’sConsMost often, are not used correctlyIncreased costIncreased complexity with greater inspection/maintenance considerationIncreased weight can reduce comfort and productivityLonger lengths pose a greater swing fall hazardMany, if not most in the market, are not up to the task
46Reg, Rebar, Tie-Back, Asstd. Alum. Back-Worn SRL CompsHooksSingle or TwinFree-Fall CapacityWeb ConnectorCommentsPrice RangeReliance StopLite (4004/4005)Pelican, RebarBoth2-4 feetYWill be revised in 2014 with high-capacity energy absorber from the 4003.$ $438.33Reliance StopLite (4003)Tie-Back6 feet +Best-performing, best survivability on the planet$ $519.00DBI NanoLokReg, Rebar, Tie-Back, Asstd. Alum.4 feetCheap and dirty. Second only to StopLite.$133 - $4253M ReloadReg, Rebar0 feetNOver-priced, under-powered$ $346.00Web Devices PredatorTwin OnlyHeavy, unwieldy, not user-friendly. German manufactured with limited energy aborbing capacity.$ $360.00Miller Turbolite/T-Bak1-2 feetHighly over-rated, under-performing. Dangerous if used with greater than two feet of free fall.$ $541.84Guardian Blow BlockerMade in India. Cheap knock off of the German unit offered by Web Devices and others. Dangerous!$ $300.00
4830 – 60 Ft. Self Retracting Lifelines Protecta Rebel™DBI Ultra-Lok™Reliance Skyloc™Miller Falcon™ and Mighty Lite™Guardian Edge Series™ and Aardvark™Fall Tech Duratech™ and Contractor™3M Reload™Web Devices
4975 – 100+ Ft. Self Retracting Lifelines Protecta Rebel™DBI Ultra-Lok™Reliance Skyloc™DBI Sealed-Blok™Miller Mighty Lite™85 ft. Max85 ft. Max100 ft. Max175 ft. Max175 ft. Max3M Sealed Reload™Web DevicesGuardian Aardvark™Fall Tech Duratech™195 ft. Max130 ft. Max200 ft. Max85 ft. Max
50Reg, Rebar, Tie-Back, Asstd. Alum. Full Size SRL CompsConstituent LineWorking LengthsCommentsPrice RangeReliance Skyloc (Cable) - 18'Galv. Cable18'Reliance is the only brand to offer fail-safe pawl technology in this working range$428Reliance Skyloc (Web) - 20'Polyester Web20'$325.46Reliance Skyloc (Cable)30' - 100'Ruggedly built and featuring fail-safe pawl technology. Very durable and highly effective. Short DD's (2' or less).$733 - $1,212Protecta RebelReg, Rebar, Tie-Back, Asstd. Alum.20' - 100'Second worst SRL on the market. Very cheap and dirty design with metallic pawls engaging a sperrad molded into the nylon housing. No structural back-up - the plastic housing is load bearing!$322 - $1,322DBI Ultra-LokGalv. Cable or Poly Web11' - 85'Well-built, but high-priced. Durable Nylon housings. Inertial/cam-driven pawls.$476 - $1,589Miller Falcon16' - 65'Very poor pawl desing, not a large factor in the market$431 - $1,3193M ReloadReg, Rebar23' - 50'Gimmicky desing, barely a factor in the market. OEM manufactured by Latchways in the UK.$614 -$892Guardian Aardvark16' - 80'Manufactured in India by Karam. A very bad knock-off of units made by Ikar in Germany. These are, hands-down, the worst SRL's money can buy.$285-$770Guardian Edge20' - 50'Poor design, with under-sized sperrad.$300 - $500FallTech DuraTech15' - 195'Rugged design with partially sealed brake. Susceptible to lock-up on free-wheeling.$530 - $3500FallTech ContractorInexpensive import - vulnerable to creep.$379 - $539
51SRL’s are among the most convoluted classes of product in fall protection. Generally speaking, when comparing competitive items, you are not looking at apple to apple comparisons.It is important to understand which units are the real thing and which ones are not. It is also important to understand the end-user, their needs, work-process and potential fall hazards in order to recommend the correct products and to steer them away from the wrong ones.The SRL market has been further compounded by the introduction of the new ANSI Z standards which changed the classifications and performance requirements. To make matters worse, the Z standard is under revision right now and was recently balloted.Reliance has not fully conformed to the new standard yet due to the fact that the standard was in flux. It is important to note, however, that the Reliance line of SRL’s will meet all of the requirements of Z in spite of the fact we have not yet made a big push on publicizing the standard.
52Z359.14 Classifications of SRL’s Self-Retracting Devices (SRD’s): Any retractable fall arrest lanyard designed to arrest a fall and limit the forces on the user/system.Self-Retracting Lanyard (SRL): Traditional straight up and down fall arrest unitSelf-Retracting Lanyard, Leading Edge (SRL-LE): SRL’s designed to mitigate risks associated with falling over a leading edge – these units will have a supplementary energy absorber adjacent to the attachment-end hook or carabiner.Self Retracting Lanyard, Rescue (SRL-R): SRL’s typically used for confined space entry which have an integrated winch or hoist in order to raise or lower the user in the event of a fall or incapacitation. Some units come with integrated descenders but are outside the scope of this standard.
53Z359.14 Classifications of SRL’s Within each of the three classifications (SRL, SRL-LE and SRL-R) there are two classes of product:Class A: Designed to arrest a fall with a maximum deceleration distance of 24” and MAF of 1800 lbs with an AAF of 1350 lbs.Class B: Designed to arrest a fall with a maximum deceleration distance of 54” and MAF of 180 lbs with an AAF of 900lbs.Class A and B designations do not apply to SRL-LE’s!!Compact or back-worn SRL’s (“fall-limiters”) are not defined in this standard, nor are there any tests designed to simulate their use!
54Vertical Rope Lifelines Vertical SystemsCable Grab SystemRope Grab SystemLocking cable grab for use on 3/8” (10mm) cableRemovable and installable from any point on theNo pins to get lost or damagedStainless Steel ConstructionIncludes carabinerAutomatic fall-arrestors locks itself immediately on the vertical lifeline if a fall occurs“Hands Free” operation on weighted vertical safety lineMoves freely along 5/8” rope on brass rollersVertical Rope LifelinesMade from a combination fiber rope with a firm lay, excellent wear and a high strength to weight ratioProduced with high strength continuous filament polyester surface yarns wrapped over high tenacity Ultra Blue™ FiberAvailable in : 25’, 50’, 100’, 150’, 200’, 250’, 300’, & 600’ RollsComes with 1 spliced eye with a thimble and carabiner
55Anchorage Devices Adjustable Width Beam Anchors Adjustable Width Sliding Beam AnchorsCombine freedom of movement and dependable fall protectionTrails behind the user through attachment of shock absorbing lanyardSimple to install, remove, and sizeNo pins or chainsDual beam gripReplaceable synthetic wear padsTemporary (movable) anchorages designed for use in steel erectionSteel bar, aluminum jawed HLL anchor clamp can be used to anchor a horizontal lifeline system, or as an anchor point for a PFASScrewjack™ Personal Fall Arrest Anchor ClampsLightweight adjustable anchor designed to clamp directly to the flanges of various size ‘I’ and ‘W’ style beamsSwiveling D-ring allows for a compatible attachment point of a personal fall arrest system (PFAS) for a single userSliding jaw can be adjusted to the needed width and placed over the beam and then secured in place with the locking detent pinWith the screw adjustment feature, the clamp can than be securely attached to vertical or inclined beams to prevent movement
56Anchorage Devices Reusable Concrete Anchor Concrete D-Ring Anchor 5,000 lb. (22 kN) anchor point for vertical or overhead/ceiling concrete applicationsCan be removed and re-installed in a new locationExclusive quick-release button provides for immediate anchor removalConstructed of stainless steel, alloy steel & aluminumDesigned for use in cured concrete with a compression strength of at least 3,000 psi (2,685 kPa)Available with wire loop anchor connectionConcrete D-Ring AnchorTemporary or permanent applicationsRe-usable D-ring assemblyRugged design for harsh environmentsSafe connection indicator notifies user that anchor has been installed properlyInstalls into 11/16”, 3⁄4”, or 18mm holes – only standard drill bits neededConcrete Insert Anchor SystemReceiver is cast into place, to 10,000 lb. (44.4kN) anchor strengthTies into rebar to provide increased strength in green concreteOne ball-lock Connector can be used with numerous inexpensive receiversRemote connect/disconnect, up to 20’ (6.1m) overhead.Shown here : Metal Decking Insert, Concrete Embed Anchor Ring for permanent installation, Concrete Embed Bypass Ring for HLL's,Concrete Embed Connector for PFAS or HLL applications, Concrete Embed Receiver for outdoor applications
57Anchorage Devices Lockjaw™ Remote Beam Grip Bolt-on D-ring Attaches easily to I-Beams using fiberglass pole10,000 lb. (two-man) anchorage pointAluminum jaws, steel swivelFor overhead anchorage useBolts into two 1/2" diameter drilled holes5000 lb. anchorage, zinc plated carbon steelBeam Trolley6’ Web Anchor SlingPermanent installation on 4” to 16.5” flangesCorrosion resistant wheelsStainless Steel bearingsPowder coated aluminum bodyWater and steam resistantFDA approved for contact with food products5,000 lb single person fall arrest9,600 lb web sling3” and 2” D-ringsAvailable in various lengthsSteel AnchorWire Rope AnchorsOne hand operationFits wide range of hole diameters5,000 lb rated anchorage pointDrop forged eye bolt6’ X 1/4” galvanized wire rope with vinyl coating2” forged cargo O-ring on one end 3/4” Pelican hook on the otherAvailable in multiple lengthsOther styles available
58Anchorage Devices Removable Concrete Anchor Swivel Anchor Works horizontally, vertically, & overheadReusableMultiple sizes availableSwivel Anchor5,000 lb capacity360º rotation, 180º deflectionStainless construction6512 Vertical Ladder StanchionToggle Lock AnchorProvides secure connection in steel flanges or pre-cast concreteRated for single userMeets applicable standardsEliminates the need for outdated ladder cagesLadder Stanchion Tube, Rung Clamps, Assembly Hardware, all Zinc plated6’ Height, 40 lbsAccommodates any SRL sizeAttached to any OSHA compliant fixed metal ladder
59Confined Space & Rescue See catalog for additional items Combination SRL / Emergency Retrieval Winch5-Piece Confined SpaceEntry SystemDesigned for use in confined space entry and retrieval scenariosIncludes a full-featured SRLMay be used as an emergency winch for personnel retrieval50’ 3/16” Galvanized or Stainless cableCapacity: 310 lbsCan raise and lowerMounting brackets available for most confined space kits and systemsDesigned for manhole and confined space entry/retrieval and fall arrest applicationsSystem breaks down into 5 lightweight aluminum componentsNo tools required for assemblyModular design allows the use of various fixed and portable bases and an optional mast with extensionsMultiple winches and/or vertical lifeline systems may be mounted as required
60Guardrails & Overhead Rails KeeGuard® Fall Protection SystemKee Hatch™ Safety Railing SystemDesigned for flat or low slope rooftopsPrevents falls, ensures rooftop safety, and does not penetrate the roof membraneCan be used for retrofitting to older buildings as well as for new constructionEnsures Safety and Protect Personnel In and Around Rooftop HatchesKeeGuard® ContractorSPANCO® Fall Arrest TrackAvailable with two sizes of steel and two sizes of aluminum track in the standard fall arrest track systemsDesigned for indoor or outdoor useLow profile designDesign enables greater distance between supported points with minimum loss of headroomAvailable in one or two man systemsSystems come in a variety of mounted or freestanding versionsFree Standing, Non-PenetratingPortable Guardrail System
62Reliance Horizontal Lifeline Systems – Road & Bridge Reliance offers a variety of engineered horizontal lifeline systems that are specifically designed to address the fall protection hazards associated with the construction and maintenance of roadways and bridges. These systems use components that were developed to meet the standard requirements of road and bridge work environments, and have been thoroughly field tested on actual jobsites.Reliance Horizontal Lifeline Systems for Road and Bridge work share a common horizontal lifeline system, but use different anchor, stanchion, and other elements specific to the environment in which they are installed.Standard Road & Bridge Systems :• Looped Rebar• Nelson Stud• Structural Steel for Bridge Beams• Pour-In-Place Concrete Insert
63Fall Clearance Requirements Miller Skygrip HLL System 120’Stanchion height is 36” therefore does not meet OSHA required 6’ free fall limit when using a 6’ shock absorbing lanyardRequires a bypass stanchion, extra bypass bracket, and 2 shock absorbersInstructions indicate only using Miller SRL’sDifferent brackets required for tie-back and stanchions resulting in the need for more equipment that is non-universal6’ Shock Absorbing Lanyard = 20’1”Miller ONLY SRL = 17’1”Miller recommends you ADD a 3’ Safety FactorFall Clearance Requirements
64Fall Clearance Requirements DBI Securaspan HLL System 120’Stanchion height is 36” therefore does not meet OSHA required 6’ free fall limit when using a 6’ shock absorbing lanyardRequires a bypass stanchion, and 2 shock absorbers when lines are longer than 60’Instructions indicate only using DBI / Protecta SRL’sDifferent brackets required for tie-back and stanchions resulting in the need for more equipment that is non-universal6’ Shock Absorbing Lanyard = 20’2”DBI ONLY SRL = 16’8”DBI does NOT include a safety factor in this calculationFall Clearance Requirements
65120' HLL System Comparisons - Maximum Free-Span Stanchion Height Minimum System StrengthMax. Free-SpanMin. Sub-Spans# of User per sub-spanMin. Clearance RequirementList PriceCapital Safety SecuraSpan 120' Looped Rebar Bridge System3'5,000 lbs60'220.2'This is a lie. The manual for the independent HLL indicates dyno-sag of 12.6'. Add FF, user height, EAL elongation and safety factor and MRC = 26.6'$ 3,557.50Miller SkyGrip 120' Looped Rebar Bridge System24.5'This is also misleading - the manual for independent lifeline installation indicates an MRC of 27.75'$3,313.06Reliance 120' Looped Rebar Bridge System5'14,500 lbs120116.9'This MRC is based on use of an SRL, as we don't allow a 6' EAL to be used on a 5' Stanchion.$ 2,589.696'18.9'$ 2,632.957'17.3'$ 2,657.25Average savings when compared to competitive systems = 24%
66120' HLL System Comparisons - Equivalent Sub-Spans Stanchion Height Minimum System StrengthMax. Free-SpanMin. Sub-Spans# of User per sub-spanMin. Clearance RequirementList PriceCapital Safety SecuraSpan 120' Looped Rebar Bridge System3'5,000 lbs60'220.2'This is a lie. The manual for the independent HLL indicates dyno-sag of 12.6'. Add FF, user height, EAL elongation and safety factor and MRC = 26.6'$ 3,557.50Miller SkyGrip 120' Looped Rebar Bridge System24.5'This is also misleading - the manual for independent lifeline installation indicates an MRC of 27.75'$3,313.06Reliance 120' Looped Rebar Bridge System5'14,500 lbs120314.2'This MRC is based on use of an SRL, as we don't allow a 6' EAL to be used on a 5' Stanchion.$ 3,175.766'16.8'$ 3,239.917'15.3'$ 3,277.10*Even when built out with two sub-spans, Reliance offers greater value by way of a lower price, simpler installation and sub-span capacities matched to work process allowingt the greatest number of workers to have access to the working area.Average savings when compared to competitive systems = 6%
67Reliance Horizontal Lifeline Systems – Structural Steel Structural steel systems are designed for installation on existing structures. Utilizing off the shelf components, most all structures can be accommodated. System height is 5, 6, or 7’ (1.5, 1.8, 2.1m) above the walking surface or can be configured to hang from above.System stabilization is maintained with tie-back cables or strong back struts when stanchions are utilized. On structures (piperacks) where clamping on the top flange of I- beams is not feasible, under slung clamps may be used.Standard Structural Steel Systems :• Clamp-On System• Weld-On System• Choker Strap System• Overhead System• Fireproofed or Box Beam System
68Reliance Horizontal Lifeline Systems – Concrete Construction projects utilizing concrete foundations are among the most common in building sites. Concrete construction projects present a unique set of challenges for fall protection and horizontal lifeline setup and use. Reliance has extensive experience in this area, and offers a variety of systems and solutions for concrete construction projects.Reliance has invested a great deal in engineering and Research and Development geared towards meeting the needs of our customers. Currently, Reliance offers several off-the-shelf systems which effectively address most concrete construction applications. Since each project has unique challenges, customfabrication of brackets and structuralinterfaces are available upon request.Standard Concrete Systems :• Bolt-In System• Commercial Rebar System• Drop-In Sleeve System• Rebar Direct-Connect System• Embedded System
69Reliance Horizontal Lifeline Systems – Specialty & Custom With our large selection of off the shelf components, most any structure may be fitted with a permanent or temporary Reliance horizontal lifeline. With the ability to ‘tune’ our lifeline systems, Reliance can accommodate clearance and span geometries that our competitors have difficulty with.Systems can be custom-built for non-standard applications. Our experience ensures that we can develop a solution for your specific needs.Specialty Systems :• Inverted ‘L’ System• StrongBack™ System• Custom Systems
70Horizontal Lifelines – Q & A Q : What is a Horizontal Lifeline ?A : It is a flexible line between two anchor points that provides a safe means forworkers to horizontally traverse an elevated work area.Q : Why do I need one ?A : If workers are exposed to fall hazards that cannot be addressed withpassive fall protection systems (guardrails, nets, etc.), and a high degree ofmobility is necessary to perform the work.Q : Where are Horizontal Lifelines suitable or beneficial over traditional fixed anchor points?A : In areas where workers need to move freely back and forth between twopoints while remaining connected to a personal fall arrest system.
71Horizontal Lifelines – Q & A Q : What are the OSHA regulations for Horizontal Lifelines ?A : OSHA (d)(8) : ‘Criteria for Personal Fall Arrest Systems’ :‘The free-fall distance is limited to 6 feet. The deceleration distance must not exceed 42 inches; lifeline elongation is not included in deceleration distance; and the total fall distance is unregulated except that the employee cannot make contact with a lower level’.Q : What does this mean ?A : It means that if you are working at height and you fall, your fall must be completely arrested before you hit something on a lower level (this may may or may not be the ground). The distance that you fall before before your Personal Fall Arrest System (PFAS) begins to arrest your fall cannot exceed 6 feet. The distance between activation of the PFAS and total fall arrest cannot exceed 42 inches (in most cases).Q : What does this REALLY mean ?A : It means that if you aren’t using a Reliance system, you’re in deep trouble. Reliance is the only manufacturer offering stanchions taller than 42” – which means that we are the only ones restricting free-fall to 6 feet or less. This is critical where HLL’s are concerned, because fall-distance and acceleration are the enemy!
72Horizontal Lifelines – Q & A Q : What if there’s no HLL or anchor overhead, and I have to tie off by my feet ?A : This will potentially double your free-fall distance, or increase it to an average of about 10 feet. Per OSHA (d)(16)(iii), this would only be allowed where an employer cannot provide a more suitable anchorage or other form of fall protection. In a situation where limiting the free fall to 6 feet is infeasible, the employer would be required to limit the free fall to the extent possible and to ensure that the arresting force would not exceed 1,800 pounds (see § (d)(16)).Q : Won’t I need special equipment in a case like that ?A : Yes. Reliance developed the BlackMAX™ lanyard for these situations. It is designed to regulate arresting force depending on the circumstances of a fall. The BlackMAX™ will arrest falls in both “Force Level 1” (6’ free-fall) and “Force Level 2” (12’ free fall) conditions; in either case, arresting force is limited to well under 1,800 lbs.
73Horizontal Lifelines – Q & A Q : What if there’s a someone else’s Horizontal Lifeline System in place already ? Can I use a Reliance harness and lanyard to attach (or vice-versa) ?A : In most cases, yes. The issue here is typically not with the harness, but with the connectors used to attach to the lifeline. In most cases, standard connectors (snaphooks, carabiners, etc.) at the end of a lanyard or lifeline are compatible. Connectors should allow components to fit together properly, and there should be no chance of accidental disconnection.Q : Can we just string up a cable between two structures and connect to that ?A : No. A Horizontal Lifeline is an engineered system, and a variety of factors must be considered during its design and construction. Among these are the anticipated load on end points, the number of system users required, the total lifeline length desired, proper cable tensioning, minimum required clearance of lifeline above working surface, and the types of deceleration devices used. ALL of these are critical factors in designing a Horizontal Lifeline System.
74Horizontal Lifelines – Q & A Q : How am I supposed to calculate all of that of that information ?A : Through use of the Reliance ‘Horizontal Lifeline Wizard’ on the Reliance website at Anticipated lifeline tension and minimum required clearance beneath the walking surface are determined instantly by entering the following five items :• Number of system users required • Total lifeline length• Number of intermediate supports • Type of deceleration device used• Elevation of lifeline above walking surfaceSince the calculations are almost instant, many design combinations may be viewed to obtain the best design for protection of the affected worker(s). The program will automatically invalidate the system if it is not viable based on the entries. When a viable system is configured, the user can generate a bill of material based on the components required for the system designed.
75Horizontal Lifeline Wizard Data regarding the desired system’s length, number if users, and other factors is entered.The Wizard calculates the factors required for a viable system based on the information entered.System creation is a step-by-step process that the Wizard guides the user through.The end result is an itemized list of materials needed to construct the lifeline.
76In SummaryReliance offers Fall Protection Equipment in the following categories :Full Body HarnessesSnaphooks and CarabinersShock Absorbing LanyardsPositioning DevicesSelf Retracting LifelinesVertical SystemsAnchorage DevicesConfined Space & RescueGuardrail SystemsOverhead Rail SystemsAnd our specialty :Horizontal Lifeline SystemsThe Reliance catalog features the following informational tools :ABCD’s for Equipment SelectionFall Clearance CalculationsEquipment Inspection CriteriaHow to Don a HarnessApplicable OSHA and ANSI StandardInformationThe Catalog can also serve as a desk reference for :Equipment SelectionApplicable StandardsFall Protection Technology