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High-density lipoprotein subclasses in subjects with impaired fasting glucose Filippatos TD 1, Barkas F 1, Klouras E 1, Liontos A 1, Rizos EC 1, Gazi I.

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Presentation on theme: "High-density lipoprotein subclasses in subjects with impaired fasting glucose Filippatos TD 1, Barkas F 1, Klouras E 1, Liontos A 1, Rizos EC 1, Gazi I."— Presentation transcript:

1 High-density lipoprotein subclasses in subjects with impaired fasting glucose Filippatos TD 1, Barkas F 1, Klouras E 1, Liontos A 1, Rizos EC 1, Gazi I 1, Tselepis A 2, Elisaf M 1. 1Department of Internal Medicine, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece 2 Laboratory of Biochemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece

2 Introduction  The term “prediabetes” describes the intermediate condition in which fasting plasma glucose level is found above the highest normal value and below the cut-off level used to determine the diagnosis of T2DM.  Impaired fasting glucose (IFG) is defined as fasting plasma glucose concentration of 100–125 mg/dL according to the definition of American Diabetes Association (ADA).  Prediabetic subjects are at high risk for the development of T2DM and may exhibit increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Diabetes Care 2008;31: Diabetes Care 2012;35 Suppl 1:S11-63 Moutzouri et al. Eur J Pharmacol 2011;672:9-19.

3 Introduction (II)  High-density lipoprotein (HDL) includes discrete subfractions that differ with respect to size, density, composition, and other physicochemical properties.  HDL particles carry enzymes, such as the HDL-associated lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (HDL-LpPLA2) and paraoxonase-1 (PON1), which may play an essential role in their anti-atherogenic functions.  The anti-atherogenic properties of HDL are compromised in T2DM patients, an effect that may play a role in their increased CVD risk. Kontush et al. Nat Clin Pract Cardiovasc Med 2006;3: Mueller et al. Clin Chem Lab Med 2008;46: Tselepis et al. Atheroscler Suppl 2002;3:57-68 James R. Clin Chem Lab Med 2006;44:

4 Aims of the study The aim of the present study was to assess any differences in HDL subclass distribution and in activities of HDL-associated enzymes between subjects with IFG and non-prediabetic subjects.

5 Methods Greek subjects (n = 185) with IFG attending the Outpatient Lipid and Obesity Clinic of the University Hospital of Ioannina (Greece) participated in the present study. Exclusion criteria  Coronary heart disease (CHD) or any other clinically evident vascular disease.  Abnormal hepatic function (aminotransferase activity > 3 times ULN, and/or history of chronic liver disease  Serum creatinine levels > 1.8 mg/dL (159 μmol/L)  T2DM [fasting blood glucose > 126 mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L)]  Thyroid-stimulating hormone levels > 5.0 μU/L  Administration of any drug during recruitment

6 Results Variable IFG (glucose ≥100 mg/dL) Glucose <100 mg/dLp-value N (females/males)80 (40/40)105 (56/49)NS Age, years51 ± 11 NS BMI, kg/m ± ± Waist circumference, cm107 ± ± Glucose, mg/dL109 ± 890 ± 10<0.001 Insulin, μU/mL12.5 ( )9.1 (6.8–12.3)<0.01 HOMA index3.6 ( )2.0 ( )<0.001 Systolic BP, mmHg138 ± ± Diastolic BP, mmHg89 ± 984 ± Values are given as mean ± standard deviation or median (interquartile range) for parametric and non-parametric variables, respectively. IFG = impaired fasting glucose; BMI = body mass index; BP = blood pressure; HOMA = homeostasis model assessment; NS = not significant.

7 Results (II) Variable Prediabetes (glucose ≥100 mg/dL) Glucose <100 mg/dLp-value Total cholesterol, mg/dL231 ± ± 39NS Triglycerides, mg/dL160 ( )127 (92-179)0.02 HDL-C, mg/dL50 ± 1153 ± 10NS LDL-C, mg/dL149 ± ± 32NS apoA-I, mg/dL137 ± ± 22NS apoB, mg/dL108 ± ± 25NS apoE, mg/dL43 ± 2241 ± 14NS Lp(a), mg/dL10.3 ( )10.5 ( )NS apoC-II (mg/dL)5.3 ( )5.6 (4-6.5)NS apoC-III (mg/dL)12.5 ( )13.9 ( )NS

8 Results (III) Variable IFG (glucose ≥100 mg/dL) Glucose <100 mg/dLp-value sdLDL-C, mg/dL10 (4-22)8 (3-18)NS (0.08) sdLDL, %7.6 ( )6.0 ( )NS (0.09) LDL size, Å267 ( )267 ( )NS Large HDL2, mg/dL14 (9-19)15 (12-20)NS Small HDL3, mg/dL37 (31-42)36 (31-43)NS Small HDL3, %73 (65-80)69 (60-77)0.03 LpPLA 2 activity, nmol/mL/min 55 (44-66)52 (46-62)NS HDL-LpPLA 2 activity, nmol/mL/min 2.35 ( )2.9 ( )0.016 PON1 (paraoxon), U/L57 (40-106)65 (41-136)NS PON1 (arylesterase), U/mL46 (33-62)43 (35-59)NS

9 Multivariate regression analysis for the prediction of small HDL3 concentration and its proportion over HDL-C levels Small HDL3 concentrationSmall HDL3 proportion Variablebetap p TG0.10NS0.24<0.01 HDL-C0.56< <0.01 TC0.45< <0.01 Waist circumference NS Prediabetes presence0.05NS R 2 = 0.71R 2 = 0.52

10 Conclusions  The proportion of small HDL3 over HDL-C was significantly increased in prediabetic subjects compared with their controls (p<0.05).  The activity of the anti-atherogenic HDL-associated lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (HDL-LpPLA2) was significantly lower in subjects with prediabetes (p<0.05), whereas the activity of PON1 did not significantly differ between subjects with or without prediabetes.  In a stepwise linear regression analysis, the proportion of small HDL3 over HDL-C concentration was independently associated with the presence of prediabetes and with total cholesterol and TG concentration (positively), as well as with HDL-C levels (negatively).


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