2Essential Questions Basketball What is the difference between offense and defense in basketball?What is the difference between shooting a basketball and passing a basketball?
3HISTORYJames Naismith was the Canadian physical education instructor who invented basketball in 1891.The first rules were created in 1892.Initially, players dribbled a soccer ball up and down a court of unspecified dimensions.Points were earned by landing the ball in a peach basket.
4HISTORY Iron hoops and a hammock-style basket were introduced in 1893. The open-ended net was introduced ten years later. This put an end to manually retrieving the ball from the basket each time a goal was scored.In 1959, James Naismith was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame.
5HOW TO PLAY There are 2 teams Ball advances down the court by dribbling, passing, or shootingA player scores by shooting the ball into their basket; 1 point for free throws, 2 points for floor shots, 3 points for shots beyond the 3 point lineThe ball is given to the other team after a scoringThe game is won by the team with the most points after time has expired
6BASKETBALL SAFETY Wear appropriate athletic clothing and tennis shoes Players need to be aware of all surroundings making sure to not come in contact with another player, benches or wallsMake sure playing area is free of debris and liquid spillsPractice proper communication, for example, speaking loud enough for teammates to know where you are on the court. Only pass the ball to a player if the player is looking at you.
14OVERHEAD PASS (7th Grade) A pass thrown from over the head, to clear a defender or for added power.OVERHEAD PASS VIDEO
15OVERHEAD PASS CUES (7th Grade) 1. Bring ball behind the head2. Point elbows to receiver3. Pass the ball and follow through
16A pass that bounces off the floor before it reaches the receiver. BOUNCE PASS (7th Grade)A pass that bounces off the floor before it reaches the receiver.BOUNCE PASS VIDEO
17BOUNCE PASS CUES (7th Grade) Start with ball at chest levelPass the ball to receiver on the first bounceBounce ball 2/3 the distance from receiver
18A two-handed pass thrown from chest height. CHEST PASS (7th Grade)A two-handed pass thrown from chest height.CHEST PASS VIDEO
19CHEST PASS CUES (7th Grade) Ball at chestTwo hands-spread the fingers, thumbs behind the ballElbows outPush the ball and follow through
20BASKETBALL SHOOTING (8th Grade) Throwing the basketball up towards the basket/goal for the purpose of scoring points;1 point for free throws , 2 points for floor shots and3 points for shots beyond the 3 point line
21BASKETBALL SHOOTING CUES (8th Grade) Get ReadyBend the knees.Spread fingers of dominant hand behind the ball.Keep elbow under ball.Watch the target.ReleasePush the ball toward the goal.Extend the arm upward toward the goalArch the ball.Follow through (snap the wrist).
22SHOOTING CUES PICTURE Eyes on target Bend Knees Spread fingers Elbow under ballBend Knees
23FIELD GOALA basket scored on any shot other than a free throw, worth 2 or 3 points depending on the distance of the attempt from the basket.
24A shot taken with both feet on the floor in a set position SET SHOTA shot taken with both feet on the floor in a set position
25LAY-UPA type of shot, where the player dribbles to the basket and without stopping shoots the ball (right/left/hop/shoot).LAY-UP VIDEO
26FREE THROWA free shot taken from the free throw line after a foul; worth 1 point if made.
27THREE POINT SHOTA shot taken from outside a designated area on the court; worth 3 points if made
28Receiving a passed or thrown ball without letting it hit the floor CATCHINGReceiving a passed or thrown ball without letting it hit the floorCATCHING VIDEO
29BASKETBALL PASSING CUES Make a target with your handsMove toward passExtend arms toward ball to receivePull ball in towards body as the ball contacts hands
30OFFENSEThe team that has the ball; a player or team responsible for scoring in a game
31DEFENSE/GUARDINGThe team that does not have the ball; the process used by a team to prevent an opponent from scoring also called “guarding”
32PIVOTINGTo hold onto the ball and move around legally by keeping one foot in the same spot
33DOUBLE DRIBBLE AND TRAVELING VIOLATIONS A violation of dribbling the ball with two hands, or stopping and restarting the dribble.TRAVELINGA violation of moving withthe ball without dribbling
34A violation resulting from illegal contact FOULA violation resulting from illegal contact
41WHAT ARE THE HEALTH BENEFITS OF PLAYING BASKETBALL? Playing basketball keeps me at a healthy weightPlaying basketball is good for my cardiovascular healthPlaying basketball keeps my muscles strong
42WHY SHOULD I PLAY BASKETBALL? Playing basketball is good for my cardiovascular healthPlaying basketball stimulates my brainPlaying basketball helps keep my muscles and joints flexible and strongPlaying basketball allows me to make new friends and have fun while being active