Presentation on theme: "Strategi Pelayanan. Sasaran Pembelajaran ä ä Formulate a strategic service vision. ä ä Discuss the competitive environment of services. ä ä Describe how."— Presentation transcript:
Sasaran Pembelajaran ä ä Formulate a strategic service vision. ä ä Discuss the competitive environment of services. ä ä Describe how a service competes using the three generic service strategies. ä ä Discuss the service purchase decision. ä ä Discuss the competitive role of information in services. ä ä Explain the role of the virtual value chain in service innovation. ä ä Discuss the limits in the use of information. ä Categorize a service firm according to its stage of competitiveness. ä Conduct a data envelopment analysis (DEA).
Visi Strategi Pelayanan Service Visi Pangsa pasa Sasaran ä What are common characteristics of important market segments? ä What dimensions can be used to segment the market, demographic, psychographic? ä How important are various segments? ä What needs does each have? ä How well are these needs being served, in what manner, by whom?
Strategic Service Vision Service Concept ä What are important elements of the service to be provided, stated in terms of results produced for customers? ä How are these elements supposed to be perceived by the target market segment, by the market in general, by employees, by others? ä How do customers perceive the service concept? ä What efforts does this suggest in terms of the manner in which the service is designed, delivered, marketed?
Strategic Service Vision Operating Strategy ä What are important elements of the strategy: operations, financing, marketing, organization, human resources, control? ä On which will the most effort be concentrated? ä Where will investments be made? ä How will quality and cost be controlled: measures, incentives, rewards? ä What results will be expected versus competition in terms of, quality of service, cost profile, productivity, morale/loyalty of servers?
Visi Pelayanan Jasa Sistem Pelayanan Penghantaran ä What are important features of the service delivery system including: role of people, technology, equipment, layout, procedures? ä What capacity does it provide, normally, at peak levels? ä To what extent does it, help insure quality standards, differentiate the service from competition, provide barriers to entry by competitors?
Lingkungan Kompetitif Pelayanan ä Biaya masuk yang murah ä Skala ekonomi yang terbatas ä Biaya transportasi yang mahal ä Fluktuasi penjualan yang cepat berubah ä Tidak ada kesepakatan dengan pembeli dan pemasok. ä Substitusi produk untuk pelayanan ä Loyalitas pelanggan yang tinggi ä Kendala keluar dari pasar
Strategi Pelayanan Kompetitif (Overall Cost Leadership) ä Mencari pelanggan dengan biaya murah ä Menstandarkan Pelayanan yang dikustom ä Mengurangi biaya personal sebagai unsur pelayanan (Promosikan self-service) ä Mengurangi biaya Network (hub and spoke) ä Melakukan operasi pelayanan secara Off- line
Competitive Service Strategies (Differentiation) ä Making the Intangible Tangible (memorable) ä Customizing the Standard Product ä Reducing Perceived Risk ä Giving Attention to Personnel Training ä Controlling Quality ä Controlling Quality Note: Differentiation in service means being unique in brand image, technology use, features, or reputation for customer service.
Competitive Service Strategies (Focus) ä Buyer Group: (e.g. USAA insurance and military officers) ä Service Offered: (e.g. Shouldice Hospital and hernia patients) ä Service Offered: (e.g. Shouldice Hospital and hernia patients) ä Geographic Region: (e.g. Austin Cable Vision and TV watchers)
Service Purchase Decision ä Service Qualifier: To be taken seriously a certain level must be attained on the competitive dimension, as defined by other market players. Examples are cleanliness for a fast food restaurant or safe aircraft for an airline. ä Service Winner: The competitive dimension used to make the final choice among competitors. Example is price.
Service Purchase Decision (cont.) ä Service Loser: Failure to deliver at or above the expected level for a competitive dimension. Examples are failure to repair auto (dependability), rude treatment (personalization) or late delivery of package (speed).
Peraanan Kompetitif Pelayanan Informasi Fokus Strategi Penggunaan Informasi Kompetitif On-line Off-line On-line Off-line (Real time) (Analysis) (Real time) (Analysis) Creation of barriers to entry: Data base asset: Creation of barriers to entry: Data base asset: External Reservation system Selling information External Reservation system Selling information (Customer) Frequent user club Development of services (Customer) Frequent user club Development of services Switching costs Micro-marketing Switching costs Micro-marketing Revenue generation: Productivity enhancement: Revenue generation: Productivity enhancement: Internal Yield management Inventory status Internal Yield management Inventory status (Operations) Point of sale Data envelopment (Operations) Point of sale Data envelopment Expert systems analysis (DEA) Expert systems analysis (DEA)
Rantai Nilai Virtual ä Marketplace vs Marketspace ä Creating New Markets Using Information (Gather, Organize, Select, Synthesize, and Distribute) ä Tiga tahap evaluasi 1st Stage (Visibility): See physical operations more effectively with information – Ex. USAA “paperless operation” 2 nd Stage (Mirroring Capability): Substitute virtual activities for physical – Ex. USAA “automate underwriting” 3 rd Stage (New Customer Relationships): Draw on information to deliver value to customer in new ways – Ex. USAA “event oriented service”
Keterbatasan Penggunaan Informasi ä Anti-competitive (Barrier to entry) ä Fairness (Yield management) ä Invasion of Privacy (Micro-marketing) ä Data Security (Medical records) ä Reliability (Credit report)
Menggunakan Informasi Mengelompokkan Pelanggan ä Coding grades customers on how profitable their business is. ä Routing is used by call centers to place customers in different queues based on customer code. ä Targeting allows choice customers to have fees waived and get other hidden discounts. ä Sharing data about your transaction history with other firms is a source of revenue.
Tahapan dalam Pelayanan Informasi yang berdaya saing 1. Ketersediaan Pelayanan 2. Pekerja harian 3. Kompetensi distingtif 4. Penyampaian Pelayanan Berkelas Global 1. Ketersediaan Pelayanan 2. Pekerja harian 3. Kompetensi distingtif 4. Penyampaian Pelayanan Berkelas Global Customers patronize service Customers neither seek Customers seek out the firm The company’s name is synonymous Customers patronize service Customers neither seek Customers seek out the firm The company’s name is synonymous firm for reasons other than out nor avoid the firm. on the basis of its sustained with service excellence. Its service firm for reasons other than out nor avoid the firm. on the basis of its sustained with service excellence. Its service performance. reputation for meeting doesn’t just satisfy customers; it performance. reputation for meeting doesn’t just satisfy customers; it customer expectations delights them and thereby expands customer expectations delights them and thereby expands customer expectations to levels its customer expectations to levels its competitors are unable to fulfill. competitors are unable to fulfill. Operations is reactive, Operations functions in a Operations continually excels, Operations is a quick learner and fast Operations is reactive, Operations functions in a Operations continually excels, Operations is a quick learner and fast at best. mediocre, uninspired reinforced by personnel innovator; it masters every step of the at best. mediocre, uninspired reinforced by personnel innovator; it masters every step of the fashion. management and systems service delivery process and provides fashion. management and systems service delivery process and provides that support an intense capabilities that are superior to that support an intense capabilities that are superior to customer focus. competitors. customer focus. competitors. SERVICE QUALITY SERVICE QUALITY Is subsidiary to cost, Meets some customer Exceeds customer Raises customer expectations and Is subsidiary to cost, Meets some customer Exceeds customer Raises customer expectations and highly variable. expectations; consistent expectations; consistent seeks challenge; improves highly variable. expectations; consistent expectations; consistent seeks challenge; improves on one or two key on multiple dimensions. continuously. on one or two key on multiple dimensions. continuously. dimensions. dimensions.
Stages in Service Firm Competitiveness 1. Available for service 2. Journeyman 3. Distinctive competence 4. World-class service delivery BACK OFFICE Counting room. Contributes to service, plays Is equally valued with front Is proactive, develops its own an important role in the total office; plays integral role. capabilities, and generates an important role in the total office; plays integral role. capabilities, and generates service, is given attention, opportunities. service, is given attention, opportunities. but is still a separate role. but is still a separate role.CUSTOMER Unspecified, to be A market segment whose A collection of individuals A source of stimulation, ideas, satisfied at minimum cost. basic needs are understood. whose variation in needs is and opportunity. understood. understood. INTRODUCTION OF NEW TECHNOLOGY When necessary for When justified by cost When promises to enhance Source of first-mover advantages, survival, under duress. savings. service. creating ability to do things your competitors can’t do. competitors can’t do.WORKFORCE Negative constraint. Efficient resource; disciplined; Permitted to select among Innovative; creates procedures. follows procedures. alternative procedures. follows procedures. alternative procedures. FRONT-LINE MANAGEMENT Controls workers. Controls the process. Listens to customers; coaches Is listened to by top management and facilitates workers. as a source of new ideas. Mentors works to enhance their career. and facilitates workers. as a source of new ideas. Mentors works to enhance their career.
America West Winning Customers ä Service Qualifiers: ä Service Winners: ä Service Losers:
America West Strategic Service Vision ä Target market segments ä Service concept ä Operating strategy ä Service delivery system
Posisi America West Airlines CABIN SERVICE CABIN SERVICE Full Service Full Service PREFLIGHT SERVICE Inconvenient Convenient Inconvenient Convenient No Amenities No Amenities
Mrs. Fields Strategic Use of Information Strategic Focus Competitive Use of Information On-line Off-line On-line Off-line (Real time) (Analysis) (Real time) (Analysis) Creation of barriers to entry: Data base asset: Creation of barriers to entry: Data base asset: External External (Customer) (Customer) Revenue generation: Productivity enhancement: Revenue generation: Productivity enhancement: Internal Internal (Operations) (Operations)
Mrs. Fields Management Information System ä How might the management information system contribute to a reported 100% turnover of store managers? ä Will the management information system support or inhibit the expansion of Mrs. Field’s outlets? Why?
Alamo Drafthouse Positioning MOVIE SELECTION FOOD QUALITY ManyFew Poor Good
Alamo Drafthouse Strategic Service Vision ä Target market segments ä Service concept ä Operating strategy ä Service delivery system
Alamo Drafthouse Winning Customers ä Qualifiers ä Service winners ä Service losers
Alamo Drafthouse Profitability Recommendations
Discussion Topics 1. Give examples of service firms that use both the strategy of focus and differentiation and the strategy of focus and overall cost leadership. 2. What ethical issues are associated with micro-marketing? 3. For each of the three generic strategies (i.e., cost leadership, differentiation, and focus) which of the four competitive uses of information is most powerful? 4. Give an example of a firm that begin as world-class and has remained in that category. 5. Could firms in the “world-class service delivery” stage of competitiveness be descried as “learning organizations”?
Interactive Class Exercise ä The class divides and debates the proposition “Frequent flyer award programs are or are not anticompetitive.”