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Preterite Imperfect Versus. Preterite versus Imperfect Standard Deviants Video Preterite vs Imperfect Rules Preterite vs Imperfect Rules 2 Simultaneous.

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Presentation on theme: "Preterite Imperfect Versus. Preterite versus Imperfect Standard Deviants Video Preterite vs Imperfect Rules Preterite vs Imperfect Rules 2 Simultaneous."— Presentation transcript:

1 Preterite Imperfect Versus

2 Preterite versus Imperfect Standard Deviants Video Preterite vs Imperfect Rules Preterite vs Imperfect Rules 2 Simultaneous Events Practice

3 Preterite vs Imperfect Index Continue

4 Rules for Using Preterite Imperfect One-Time, Completed action in the past Ongoing, Repeated action in the past for a specific period of time Main Action Ongoing, Repeated action in the past Was _________ing Were ________ing Used to ________ Description/Background/ Circumstantial Info. Index

5 Rule P1: One-Time, Completed action in the past Fui al mercado ayer. I went to the market yesterday. Index

6 Rule P2: Ongoing, Repeated action in the past for a specific period of time Fui al mercado a menudo la semana pasada. I went to the market often last week. Index x x x x x

7 Rule P3: Main Action Mi perro comió mi tarea. My dog ate my homework. Index

8 Rule I1: Ongoing, Repeated action in the past Iba al mercado a menudo. I went to the market often. Index

9 Rule I2: Was _________ing Were ________ing Ella cantaba. (Nosotros) bailábamos. She was singing. We were dancing. Index

10 Rule I2: Used to ________ Ellos bailaban y cantaban. They used to dance and sing. Index

11 Rule I3: Description/Background/ Circumstantial Info. El coche era rojo. Eran las nueve de la noche. Hacía calor. The car was red. It was 9:00 p.m. It was hot. Index

12 2 Simultaneous Events Two or more verbs can occur in the same sentence. If this happens, one of three scenarios will occur for a sentence with two verbs. 1 st Verb Preterite  2 nd Verb Preterite 1 st Verb Imperfect  2 nd Verb Imperfect 1 st Verb Preterite  2 nd Verb Imperfect (or) 1 st Verb Imperfect  2 nd Verb Preterite Index

13 2 Simultaneous Events 1 st Verb Preterite  2nd Verb Preterite Fui a la tienda de música y compré un disco compacto. Series of completed actions/events Index

14 2 Simultaneous Events 1 st Verb Imperfect  2nd Verb Imperfect Raúl estudiaba mientras escuchaba la música. 2 simultaneous actions/events that are equal in duration. Index

15 2 Simultaneous Events 1 st Verb Preterite  2nd Verb Imperfect 1 st Verb Imperfect  2nd Verb Preterite El sol brillaba hasta que la nube lo cubrió. Los niños empezaron a dormir mientras la música tocaba. 2 simultaneous actions/events that differ in length of duration. Typically one interrupts an ongoing action/event. Index

16 Common Words Usually Indicative of Preterite ayer anteayer anoche el _____ pasado mes la _____pasada semana de repente de pronto una vez Imperfect A menudo Muchas veces Siempre Verb + mucho Todos los _______ días Todas las _______ noches Frequentemente/con frequencia Usualmente/normalmente Generalmente/por lo general De vez en cuando Index

17 Preterite versus Imperfect Let’s Practice Index

18 My father ran through the park yesterday. Mi padre corrió por el parque ayer. One-Time, Completed action in the past Index

19 We always lived in the city. (Nosotros) siempre vivíamos en la ciudad. Ongoing, Repeated action in the past Index

20 The man and his son were tall and thin. El hombre y su hijo eran altos y delgados. Description/Background/ Circumstantial Info. Index

21 At 10:00 a.m. it began to rain. A las diez de la mañana, empezó a llover. One-Time, Completed action in the past Beginnings and Endings Index

22 It was 1:00 p.m. in the afternoon. Era la una de la tarde. Description/Background/ Circumstantial Info.--Time Index

23 It was cold and snowing. Hacía frío y nevaba. Description/Background/ Circumstantial Info.--Weather Index

24 The boys opened the door. Los chicos abrieron la puerta. Main Action Index

25 A child was reading in the library. Un niño leía en la biblioteca. Was _________ing Were ________ing Index

26 My mother used to cook dinner often. Mi madre cocinaba (mucho) la cena (a menudo). Used to ________ Index

27 I frequently ate dinner with my friends last week. (Yo) comí la cena/cené con mis amigos con frequencia/ frequentemente la semana pasada. Ongoing, Repeated action in the past for a specific period of time Index

28 My mom called me while I was sleeping. Mi madre me llamó mientras (yo) dormía. 1 st Verb: Interrupting action (shorter in duration) 2 nd Verb: Ongoing action Index

29 While I was watching television, the phone rang. Mientras miraba la tele, el teléfono sonó. 1 st Verb: Ongoing action 2 nd Verb: Interrupting action (shorter in duration) Index

30 My friends danced (were dancing) and sang (were singing). Mis amigos bailaban y cantaban. 1 st Verb: Ongoing action 2 nd Verb: Ongoing action Both of equal/unknown duration Index

31 You ordered the taco and ate it. (Tú) pediste el taco y lo comiste. Series of completed actions/events Index

32 Rules for Using Preterite Imperfect One-Time, Completed action in the past Ongoing, Repeated action in the past for a specific period of time Main Action Ongoing, Repeated action in the past Was _________ing Were ________ing Used to ________ Description/Background/ Circumstantial Info. Index


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