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Gramática 1.2 Adjetivos en español
Repasamos: What is a noun? What is an adjective? What part of speech are articles?
Repasamos (con’t) What two words have we learned in Spanish that mean “the”? What two words have we learned in Spanish that mean “a” or “an”? What determines which word you use?
Aprendemos feo (a) ugly
Aprendemos bonito(a) pretty lindo(a) beautiful
Aprendemos guapo (a) handsome
Aprendemos alto(a) tall bajo(a) short
Aprendemos gordo(a) fat
Aprendemos bueno (a) good
Do you remember the nouns (sustantivos) we’ve learned?
Sustantivos the girl la muchacha
Sustantivos the (female) student la alumna
Sustantivos the boy el muchacho
Sustantivos the school la escuela
Sustantivos the secondary school el colegio
Sustantivos The (male) student el alumno
Sustantivos The (female) friend la amiga
Sustantivos The (male) friend el amigo
Sustantivos The person la persona
English Adjectives and Nouns In English, when we want to describe, we usually put the adjective before the noun: Ex:The pretty girl (adj)(noun)
Adjetivos y sustantivos en español In Spanish, you usually put the noun before the adjective: Ex:La muchacha bonita. (sustantivo)(adjetivo)
Adjetivos en español In Spanish, most adjectives agree with the noun they modify in gender What does that mean?
Adjetivos en español If you are describing a feminine thing in Spanish... La amiga... Any word you use to describe that noun also needs to be made feminine bonita
Adjetivos en español If you are describing a masculine thing in Spanish... El amigo... Any word you use to describe that noun also needs to be made masculine guapo
Adjetivos en español Nouns never change their gender Adjectives almost always change gender
Practicamos ¿Cómo se dice...? The handsome boy El muchacho guapo
Practicamos ¿Cómo se dice...? The short person La persona baja
Practicamos ¿Cómo se dice...? The pretty (female) friend La amiga bonita
Los adjetivos An adjective must agree with the word it describes (modifies) in 2 ways: 1) Gender (masculine/feminine) 2) Number (singular/plural)
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