2 Rich & exotic opulence in first half of decade - Orientalism Practicality of garments during WWI – 1914 – 1918Changes made because of necessity over fashionPeriods of upheaval are often a catalyst for profound social change, which in turn is a catalyst for dramatic change in fashion.
4 Influences Women’s suffrage movement Roots of Prohibition Great Influenza Epidemic (1918)Titantic sank in 1912Frank Lloyd Wright – Arts & Crafts movementSilent Films – Charlie Chaplin & Mary Pickford
6 Silhouette Rectangular - Tunic over a long underskirt - Empire waist early – loosened and gradually dropped to natural waist- Tunics gradually became longer and underskirts were made fuller and shorter– calf-length dresses over ankle length underskirt
12 Hobble Skirt Mimicked the Harem skirts of middle east 1914 Widest at hips – narrow at ankle
13 The Great War WWI 1914 – 1918 Women went to work – factories Independence increased – levels of activity and desire for practical shoesClothing more utilitarian – tailored, mannish appearanceHemlines inched up – dropped underskirts – above ankles – material shortagesDarker Colors – Mourning – Monochrome look
14 Hats/Hair Styles Large hats with wide brims early Small hats with flat brims – endBobbed haircut
15 Men Unchanged Styles Sack Suit Pants with cuff/with front/back creases Tuxedo jacketTies same
16 Children Boys – suits with trousers Girls – less “adult” - shorter skirts- Material Rationing