2The ABC’s of Coaching the Goalkeeper The MythLeast Coached, Most MisunderstoodCommon Sense and Simple Principles of PlayThe mystique of coaching the goalkeeper is nothing more than a MYTHIt is the least coached and most misunderstood position on the team usually due to the lack of knowledge of the coach.Goalkeeping and goalkeeper training is based on common sense and the simple principles of play
3What are the characteristics of a good goalkeeper? Hand/Eye CoordinationDepth PerceptionGood goalkeepers need good hand /eye coordination and good depth perception to be successful. These are two of the main reasons that AYSO recommends that goalkeepers should not be introduced until the U10 age group.Seven and eight year olds just do not possess these attributes sufficiently to perform as keepers and we end up putting them in a stressful situation or making them afraid of the ball.
4Why is it important to understand the needed skills? Under 8 years old don’t possess the skillToo StressfulDevelop fear of the ballGood goalkeepers need good hand /eye coordination and good depth perception to be successful. These are two of the main reasons that AYSO recommends that goalkeepers should not be introduced until the U10 age group.Seven and eight year olds just do not possess these attributes sufficiently to perform as keepers and we end up putting them in a stressful situation or making them afraid of the ball.The reason WHY AYSO does not have goalkeepers before U-10
5What are the challenges with goalkeeper training during your session? What do you do to include goalkeeper training during your session?Goalkeepers may cause a few problems in terms of how they fail to fit nicely into team training but a little attention here and there will work wonders.You don’t have to be a “Goalkeeping Guru” to achieve this.Please consider going the extra distance to give goalkeeper training the attention it deserves. It will repay you in more ways than one.
6What will be covered today? The Characteristics of a GoalkeeperBasic Body Position of the GoalkeeperPositional Play (Angles)Methods of CollectionMethods of DistributionOrganizing the DefenseIn this session today we will cover:The Characteristics of a GoalkeeperBasic Body Position of the GoalkeeperPositional Play (Angles)Methods of CollectionMethods of DistributionOrganizing the Defense
7What Makes a good goalkeeper? Hand/eye coordinationJudgmentStrengthDecisiveAgilityCourage (not crazy)VisionAbility to take charge and directQuicknessConfidenceConcentrationCharacteristics we look for in a GoalkeeperHand/eye coordinationAgilityConfidenceJudgmentDecisiveCourage (not crazy)StrengthQuicknessAbility to take charge and directConcentrationVision
8Certain skills and knowledge are critical to developing the Goalkeeper Body Position (Proper Stance)Positional PlayMethods of CollectionMethods of DistributionCertain skills and knowledge are critical to developing the Goalkeeper. They are:Body Position (Proper Stance)Positional PlayMethods of CollectionMethods of Distribution
9Basic Body Position of the Goalkeeper Areas to focus on:Relaxed bodyWaist bentFeet positioningKneesArms and HandsBasic Body Position of the Goalkeeper:The basic body position (stance) of the goalkeeper should be:Body should be in a relaxed mannerBody should be slightly bent at the waistFeet shoulder width apart while standing on the balls of the feet, not flat footed.Knees slightly bentArms bent with the hands at waist height with the palms facing forward or out and fingers extended.
10Positional Play Keepers must understand positional play Understanding positional play = easier goalkeeping What can a goalkeeper do to make a player tame a bad shot?Positional Play:Just like field players the keeper must have an understanding of positional play. Goalkeepers with a sound knowledge of positioning can make the job look easy.How many times have you watched a game where almost every shot went either straight at the keeper or missed the goal completely? Why? Because the shooter is forced to take a bad shot because the goalkeeper has assumed a sound keeping location (position).
11Positional PlayWhat are the key points for the goalkeeper as it relates to positioning?2 goal postsThe ballPositional PlayIn coaching the field players we encourage players to avoid straight lines and to play in "triangles". This especially applies to goalkeepers. Two points of the triangle are static and the 3rd is constantly moving. What are the 3 points?Both goalpostsThe ballThere are several methods to demonstrate this triangle such as tapes, videos, chalkboards and flip charts but I have found that the easiest way for keepers and coaches to grasp and understand this concept is to use a rope.
14Methods of CollectionKeep as much of their body square to the ball as possible at all times.Hand Positions:Hands in a comfortable positionHalf way up or downUse the same starting position all the timeNote:With young players often the ball is too large for their hands. If they try to catch the ball, it will slip through their hands and into the goal.Teach the “W” for high balls and the “M” for balls below the waist.
15Methods of Collection Ground Balls Bend at the waist Go to one knee Keep eyes on the ballHands form the “M”Ball runs over the hand and up the armsGather the ball to the chestStand up straightPut the ball awayGoalkeepers need to:Bend at the waist to scoop up low balls keeping their legs together.Another method is to go to one knee.Always keep their eyes on the ball as it approaches.Hands form the “M”.Let the ball run over the hand and up the arms.Gather the ball to the chest.Stand up straight.Put the ball away.
16Methods of Collection High Balls Extend the arms and use the hands to take speed of ballUse the “W” hand extendedAs the ball hits, bend elbows to cushion the force of the shotPut the ball awayGoalkeepers need to:Extend the arms and use the hands to take speed of ball.Use the “W” hand extended.As the ball hits, bend elbows to cushion the force of the shot.Put the ball away.
17Methods of Collection Waist high balls Catch with the body Body collapses/ Takes forceArms to make a pocketTry not to catch it with their handsPut the ball awayWaist high ballsGoalkeepers need to:Catch with the body.Catch the ball as it comes into the body.Let the body collapse to take some of the force away.Use the arms to make a pocket, have the keeper not try to catch it with their hands.Put the ball away.
18Goalkeeper Distribution Technical Coaching Points Hands and Feet
19Goalkeeper Distribution BowlingAccurate short Cradled with hand and forearmStep towards & bring arm backSwing arm low to the groundQuick & SmoothFollow throughHandsBowlingaccurate short range (1-20 yards) distribution Ball is cradled with hand and forearm.Keeper steps towards target as the arm are brought back.Arms swing like a pendulum low to the ground.Ball is released quickly but smoothly on the ground.Arm and back leg come forward to follow through.
20Goalkeeper Distribution Baseball ThrowIntermediate style Palm of the throwing handKeeper steps toward targetBody gets low to the groundBall is thrown hard and lowFollow throughBall may skipAn accurate, intermediate style (20‑40 yards) distribution Ball is in the palm of the throwing hand.Keeper steps toward targetBody gets low to the groundBall is thrown hard and lowThrowing arm and back leg follow through.Ball will take one or two skips before smoothing out.
21Goalkeeper Distribution Sling ThrowMedium/Long rangeSide PositionPoint towards targetCradle BallKeep arm straightRelease pointBackspinFollow throughSling ThrowMedium to long range (20‑50+ yards) distribution Body is in a side on position to the target.Front arm is pointing to the target.Back aim has ball cradled between the hand and forearm.Front foot steps toward the target while back leg pushes off.Throwing arm is kept straight and is brought over the top of the head in vertical arc.Ball is released at about the top of the arc and comes off the finger tips last.There should be backspin on the ball to help maintain accuracy.Throwing arm and leg follow through and finish in front of the body.
22Goalkeeper Distribution Half VolleyLong, quick, and manageable distributionTiming is the keyThe ball must be struck just as it hits the groundToo early?Too late ? Release of the ballPlant footKicking foot/leg swings straight backUpper bodyThe kicking leg swings forward with the toe pointed downThe contact surface on the foot is the middle to upper foot on the lacesHalf VolleyTechnical Coaching PointsIf done properly it can give the keeper the ability to play a long, accurate, quick and manageable distribution. Timing is the key.The ball must be struck just as it hits the ground.Too early and it becomes a punt that is hit low.Too late and it will probably come off the shin and go about 15 yards.The ball is released from the hand(s) at waist height or belowPlant foot is placed next to the spot where the ball will hit the groundKicking foot/leg swings straight backUpper body is bent slightly forward and the head is steady and the eyes are focused on the ballThe kicking leg swings forward with the toe pointed downThe contact surface on the foot is the middle to upper foot on the laces
23Goalkeeper Distribution PuntingCan release ball with either or both handsHead down, eyes focused onthe ballBackswing with kicking legPlant foot aimed at targetPlant leg slightly bentContact point is the laces of the shoeAnkle lockedFollow throughPuntingCan release ball with either or both hands.Head down eyes focused on the ballBackswing with kicking legPlant foot aimed at targetPlant leg slightly bentContact point is the laces of the shoeAnkle lockedFollow through
24Organizing the Defense & Goalkeeper Communication Communicating is keyTry to reduce goalkeeper actionEvaluate on shots on goal, not savesAt most levels of play, many keepers believe that a great game is one with a ton of action and saves. In all fairness, they may have done well to stop many shots with their technical or athletic ability. However, when a goalkeeper progresses in age and ability, and the stakes of winning are higher, less action on goal is always welcome.Many professional goalkeepers rate their performance on how many shots were taken on goal. The fewer the shots, the better they were able to tactically organize their team so that the opponents attack was ineffective.
25Play The Position NOT Perform The Position Teach Your Keepers To:Play The Position NOT Perform The Position
26Organizing the Defense Keepers that can READ the game…Last line of defenseBest vision of the gameDevelop attackA knowledgeable goalkeeper who is able to read the game can place his/her players in positions where the attack can be stopped before reaching the goal or forcing the attacking team to play poor percentage shots and service.They are the last line of defense and have a better vision of the field and can see how the attack develops.
27How Should the Keeper Communicate? Voice should be:LoudCalmClearConciseHow should the Keeper CommunicateVoice: Should beLoudCalmClearConcise
28Goalkeeper Communication The goalkeeper must develop a glossary of terms that the team can agree on and understand the exact meaning of each term.
30Goalkeeper Communication Communication must be precise - Not confusingIn order to eliminate confusion, it is imperative to put a name to a specific job.“Jack, get goal side of #10” (good example)“Mark up!” (poor example)
31Diagram #1: What should be said? The other team has the ball and is counter attacking. The keeper has two defenders who are equally distant from the player with the ball. What should be said?
33Goalkeeper Communication Keepers should:Avoid “cheerleading“ – it’s not productiveAvoid yelling at teammatesGive support to their defendersCritique sparinglyNote:How would the keeper feel after giving up a “soft” goal?"Cheerleading" is not productive and is annoying to defenders who will ultimately tune out the keeper.Yelling at teammates:Keepers must try to remember that they need to give support to their teammates in order to get them to work FOR the keeper, not the other way around. If a keeper finds it necessary to say something to a player, they must do so sparingly. Have your keeper think of how they would like their teammates to respond to them after giving up a soft goal.
34In this session we have covered: Characteristics of a GoalkeeperBasic Body Position of the GoalkeeperPositional Play (Angles)Methods of CollectionMethods of DistributionOrganizing the Defense
35Remember: Keepers need different training than field players Take the time to work with themYou may have to set up a separate sessionGive them your attention coach; your team will reap the benefits.Remember, keepers need different training than your field players, so take the time to work with them. You may have to set up a separate session if time allows, or you or your assistant work with the keeper(s) while the other is training the rest of the team.Give them your attention coach; your team will reap the benefits.
36Teach Them To Be Keepers – NOT Goalies!! From the psychological and physical standpoints, the keeper occupies what may be the most difficult and important of all team positions. Topflight goalkeepers combine a proper approach to the game with outstanding physical ability. But, remember you are working with new goalkeepers. Take your time and be patient, they will make mistakes but they will learn from their mistakes. It is up to you coach:Teach Them To Be Keepers – NOT Goalies!!