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The ABC’s of Coaching The Goalkeeper

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Presentation on theme: "The ABC’s of Coaching The Goalkeeper"— Presentation transcript:

1 The ABC’s of Coaching The Goalkeeper

2 The ABC’s of Coaching the Goalkeeper
The Myth Least Coached, Most Misunderstood Common Sense and Simple Principles of Play The mystique of coaching the goalkeeper is nothing more than a MYTH It is the least coached and most misunderstood position on the team usually due to the lack of knowledge of the coach. Goalkeeping and goalkeeper training is based on common sense and the simple principles of play

3 What are the characteristics of a good goalkeeper?
Hand/Eye Coordination Depth Perception Good goalkeepers need good hand /eye coordination and good depth perception to be successful. These are two of the main reasons that AYSO recommends that goalkeepers should not be introduced until the U10 age group. Seven and eight year olds just do not possess these attributes sufficiently to perform as keepers and we end up putting them in a stressful situation or making them afraid of the ball.

4 Why is it important to understand the needed skills?
Under 8 years old don’t possess the skill Too Stressful Develop fear of the ball Good goalkeepers need good hand /eye coordination and good depth perception to be successful. These are two of the main reasons that AYSO recommends that goalkeepers should not be introduced until the U10 age group. Seven and eight year olds just do not possess these attributes sufficiently to perform as keepers and we end up putting them in a stressful situation or making them afraid of the ball. The reason WHY AYSO does not have goalkeepers before U-10

5 What are the challenges with goalkeeper training during your session?
What do you do to include goalkeeper training during your session? Goalkeepers may cause a few problems in terms of how they fail to fit nicely into team training but a little attention here and there will work wonders. You don’t have to be a “Goalkeeping Guru” to achieve this. Please consider going the extra distance to give goalkeeper training the attention it deserves. It will repay you in more ways than one.

6 What will be covered today?
The Characteristics of a Goalkeeper Basic Body Position of the Goalkeeper Positional Play (Angles) Methods of Collection Methods of Distribution Organizing the Defense In this session today we will cover: The Characteristics of a Goalkeeper Basic Body Position of the Goalkeeper Positional Play (Angles) Methods of Collection Methods of Distribution Organizing the Defense

7 What Makes a good goalkeeper?
Hand/eye coordination Judgment Strength Decisive Agility Courage (not crazy) Vision Ability to take charge and direct Quickness Confidence Concentration Characteristics we look for in a Goalkeeper Hand/eye coordination Agility Confidence Judgment Decisive Courage (not crazy) Strength Quickness Ability to take charge and direct Concentration Vision

8 Certain skills and knowledge are critical to developing the Goalkeeper
Body Position (Proper Stance) Positional Play Methods of Collection Methods of Distribution Certain skills and knowledge are critical to developing the Goalkeeper. They are: Body Position (Proper Stance) Positional Play Methods of Collection Methods of Distribution

9 Basic Body Position of the Goalkeeper
Areas to focus on: Relaxed body Waist bent Feet positioning Knees Arms and Hands Basic Body Position of the Goalkeeper: The basic body position (stance) of the goalkeeper should be: Body should be in a relaxed manner Body should be slightly bent at the waist Feet shoulder width apart while standing on the balls of the feet, not flat footed. Knees slightly bent Arms bent with the hands at waist height with the palms facing forward or out and fingers extended.

10 Positional Play Keepers must understand positional play
Understanding positional play = easier goalkeeping  What can a goalkeeper do to make a player tame a bad shot? Positional Play: Just like field players the keeper must have an understanding of positional play. Goalkeepers with a sound knowledge of positioning can make the job look easy. How many times have you watched a game where almost every shot went either straight at the keeper or missed the goal completely? Why? Because the shooter is forced to take a bad shot because the goalkeeper has assumed a sound keeping location (position).

11 Positional Play What are the key points for the goalkeeper as it relates to positioning? 2 goal posts The ball Positional Play In coaching the field players we encourage players to avoid straight lines and to play in "triangles". This especially applies to goalkeepers. Two points of the triangle are static and the 3rd is constantly moving. What are the 3 points? Both goalposts The ball There are several methods to demonstrate this triangle such as tapes, videos, chalkboards and flip charts but I have found that the easiest way for keepers and coaches to grasp and understand this concept is to use a rope.

12

13 Goal #1 Goal #2

14 Methods of Collection Keep as much of their body square to the ball as possible at all times. Hand Positions: Hands in a comfortable position Half way up or down Use the same starting position all the time Note: With young players often the ball is too large for their hands. If they try to catch the ball, it will slip through their hands and into the goal. Teach the “W” for high balls and the “M” for balls below the waist.

15 Methods of Collection Ground Balls Bend at the waist Go to one knee
Keep eyes on the ball Hands form the “M” Ball runs over the hand and up the arms Gather the ball to the chest Stand up straight Put the ball away Goalkeepers need to: Bend at the waist to scoop up low balls keeping their legs together. Another method is to go to one knee. Always keep their eyes on the ball as it approaches. Hands form the “M”. Let the ball run over the hand and up the arms. Gather the ball to the chest. Stand up straight. Put the ball away.

16 Methods of Collection High Balls Extend the arms and use the
hands to take speed of ball Use the “W” hand extended As the ball hits, bend elbows to cushion the force of the shot Put the ball away Goalkeepers need to: Extend the arms and use the hands to take speed of ball. Use the “W” hand extended. As the ball hits, bend elbows to cushion the force of the shot. Put the ball away.

17 Methods of Collection Waist high balls Catch with the body
Body collapses/ Takes force Arms to make a pocket Try not to catch it with their hands Put the ball away Waist high balls Goalkeepers need to: Catch with the body. Catch the ball as it comes into the body. Let the body collapse to take some of the force away. Use the arms to make a pocket, have the keeper not try to catch it with their hands. Put the ball away.

18 Goalkeeper Distribution
Technical Coaching Points Hands and Feet

19 Goalkeeper Distribution
Bowling Accurate short   Cradled with hand and forearm Step towards & bring arm back Swing arm low to the ground Quick & Smooth Follow through Hands Bowling accurate short range (1-20 yards) distribution  Ball is cradled with hand and forearm. Keeper steps towards target as the arm are brought back. Arms swing like a pendulum low to the ground. Ball is released quickly but smoothly on the ground. Arm and back leg come forward to follow through.

20 Goalkeeper Distribution
Baseball Throw Intermediate style   Palm of the throwing hand Keeper steps toward target Body gets low to the ground Ball is thrown hard and low Follow through Ball may skip An accurate, intermediate style (20‑40 yards) distribution  Ball is in the palm of the throwing hand. Keeper steps toward target Body gets low to the ground Ball is thrown hard and low Throwing arm and back leg follow through. Ball will take one or two skips before smoothing out.

21 Goalkeeper Distribution
Sling Throw Medium/Long range Side Position Point towards target Cradle Ball Keep arm straight Release point Backspin Follow through Sling Throw Medium to long range (20‑50+ yards) distribution  Body is in a side on position to the target. Front arm is pointing to the target. Back aim has ball cradled between the hand and forearm. Front foot steps toward the target while back leg pushes off. Throwing arm is kept straight and is brought over the top of the head in vertical arc. Ball is released at about the top of the arc and comes off the finger tips last. There should be backspin on the ball to help maintain accuracy. Throwing arm and leg follow through and finish in front of the body.

22 Goalkeeper Distribution
Half Volley Long, quick, and manageable distribution Timing is the key The ball must be struck just as it hits the ground Too early? Too late ?  Release of the ball Plant foot Kicking foot/leg swings straight back Upper body The kicking leg swings forward with the toe pointed down The contact surface on the foot is the middle to upper foot on the laces Half Volley Technical Coaching Points If done properly it can give the keeper the ability to play a long, accurate, quick and manageable distribution.  Timing is the key. The ball must be struck just as it hits the ground. Too early and it becomes a punt that is hit low. Too late and it will probably come off the shin and go about 15 yards. The ball is released from the hand(s) at waist height or below Plant foot is placed next to the spot where the ball will hit the ground Kicking foot/leg swings straight back Upper body is bent slightly forward and the head is steady and the eyes are focused on the ball The kicking leg swings forward with the toe pointed down The contact surface on the foot is the middle to upper foot on the laces

23 Goalkeeper Distribution
Punting Can release ball with either or both hands Head down, eyes focused on the ball Backswing with kicking leg Plant foot aimed at target Plant leg slightly bent Contact point is the laces of the shoe Ankle locked Follow through Punting Can release ball with either or both hands. Head down eyes focused on the ball Backswing with kicking leg Plant foot aimed at target Plant leg slightly bent Contact point is the laces of the shoe Ankle locked Follow through

24 Organizing the Defense & Goalkeeper Communication
Communicating is key Try to reduce goalkeeper action Evaluate on shots on goal, not saves At most levels of play, many keepers believe that a great game is one with a ton of action and saves. In all fairness, they may have done well to stop many shots with their technical or athletic ability. However, when a goalkeeper progresses in age and ability, and the stakes of winning are higher, less action on goal is always welcome. Many professional goalkeepers rate their performance on how many shots were taken on goal. The fewer the shots, the better they were able to tactically organize their team so that the opponents attack was ineffective.

25 Play The Position NOT Perform The Position
Teach Your Keepers To: Play The Position NOT Perform The Position

26 Organizing the Defense
Keepers that can READ the game… Last line of defense Best vision of the game Develop attack A knowledgeable goalkeeper who is able to read the game can place his/her players in positions where the attack can be stopped before reaching the goal or forcing the attacking team to play poor percentage shots and service. They are the last line of defense and have a better vision of the field and can see how the attack develops.

27 How Should the Keeper Communicate?
Voice should be: Loud Calm Clear Concise How should the Keeper Communicate Voice: Should be Loud Calm Clear Concise

28 Goalkeeper Communication
The goalkeeper must develop a glossary of terms that the team can agree on and understand the exact meaning of each term.

29 Goalkeeper Communication
“Keeper” “Away” “Contain” “Tackle” “Push up/out” “Push left/right” “Don’t dive in” “Pressure ball” “Cover” “Balance” “Step up” “Drop” “Track your runner” “Stand him/her up”

30 Goalkeeper Communication
Communication must be precise - Not confusing In order to eliminate confusion, it is imperative to put a name to a specific job. “Jack, get goal side of #10” (good example) “Mark up!” (poor example)

31 Diagram #1: What should be said?
The other team has the ball and is counter attacking. The keeper has two defenders who are equally distant from the player with the ball. What should be said?

32 Diagram #2: What should be said?

33 Goalkeeper Communication
Keepers should: Avoid “cheerleading“ – it’s not productive Avoid yelling at teammates Give support to their defenders Critique sparingly Note: How would the keeper feel after giving up a “soft” goal? "Cheerleading" is not productive and is annoying to defenders who will ultimately tune out the keeper. Yelling at teammates: Keepers must try to remember that they need to give support to their teammates in order to get them to work FOR the keeper, not the other way around. If a keeper finds it necessary to say something to a player, they must do so sparingly. Have your keeper think of how they would like their teammates to respond to them after giving up a soft goal.

34 In this session we have covered:
Characteristics of a Goalkeeper Basic Body Position of the Goalkeeper Positional Play (Angles) Methods of Collection Methods of Distribution Organizing the Defense

35 Remember: Keepers need different training than field players
Take the time to work with them You may have to set up a separate session Give them your attention coach; your team will reap the benefits. Remember, keepers need different training than your field players, so take the time to work with them. You may have to set up a separate session if time allows, or you or your assistant work with the keeper(s) while the other is training the rest of the team. Give them your attention coach; your team will reap the benefits.

36 Teach Them To Be Keepers – NOT Goalies!!
From the psychological and physical standpoints, the keeper occupies what may be the most difficult and important of all team positions. Topflight goalkeepers combine a proper approach to the game with outstanding physical ability. But, remember you are working with new goalkeepers. Take your time and be patient, they will make mistakes but they will learn from their mistakes. It is up to you coach: Teach Them To Be Keepers – NOT Goalies!!

37 Questions?


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