Presentation on theme: "Lecture # 5 Body Landmarks. When measuring the body for apparel design and production, it is necessary to have a few key points for which to measure."— Presentation transcript:
When measuring the body for apparel design and production, it is necessary to have a few key points for which to measure to and from. These points are called “Body Landmarks”.
Types of body landmarks! There are two type of body landmarks – Actual points of the body – Horizontal circumferences around the body
Body Landmarks.. 1. Top of the head: The crown of the head 2. C.F. neck (Center front neck): The hollow “pit of the neck” located between the clavicles at the base of the front neck 3. C.B. neck: The bone at the base of the neck that protrudes when you tilt your head forward
Body Landmarks.. 4. H.P.S. (High point of shoulder): The point where shoulder meets the neck at the base of the side of the neck, 5. Shoulder: The point where clavicle (Collar bone) ends 6. Bust / Chest: The circumference of the fullest part at torso above waist.
Body Landmarks.. 7. Waist: The circumference of the narrowest part of the body at torso 8. Hips: The circumference of the widest part of the body at torso below waist 9. Crotch: The base of the torso at its center point between the legs
Body Landmarks.. 10. Knee: The horizontal line which goes over the protruding bone at the inside of the knee and across the kneecap. 11. Ankle: The horizontal line that goes across the inside ankle’s most prominent point 12. Floor: The soles of the feet
Measurements… Once you know the key body landmarks, you can use those and other body points to measure all of the body dimensions appropriate for your market.
Key points… Model should be undressed Model should wearing only undergarments Undergarment should be very simple Shoe should be off Model should be standing straight Infants should be laying straight Breathing should be normal Horizontal measurements should be taken by a measurement tape
Key points… Use a measuring stick for vertical measurements Measurement tape should be flat on the body Tape can’t be used for neck and armhole curves A cord may be used for these two measurements
Measurements…. There are two type of measurements –Linear measurements Horizontal Vertical –Circular measurements –Curvical measurements
Horizontal Measurements… Midriff: The circumference along the top of the diaphragm just under the bust High Hip: The circumference around the upper part of the hips and across the fullest part of the abdomen area.
Horizontal Measurements… Mid neck: The circumference of the neck measuring along the horizontal line that is 1” up from H.P.S. Neck at base: The circumference around the base of the neck. (C.B - H.P.S. - C.F. – H.P.S. – C.B.)
Horizontal Measurements… Cross Shoulder: Horizontal distance between the two shoulder points Side Shoulder: Distance from H.P.S to shoulder point Shoulder slope:
Horizontal Measurements… Cross front: Horizontal distance from armhole to armhole. Take measurement halfway between the shoulder and armpit. ( about 3” from C.F) Cross back: Horizontal distance from armhole to armhole. Take measurement halfway between the shoulder and armpit. ( about 4” from C.B)
Horizontal Measurements… Bicep: The widest part of upper arm (Midpoint of shoulder and elbow) Elbow: The circumference measured when the forearm is bent so that it is at 90 degree with upper arm Wrist: The circumference of wrist.
Horizontal Measurements… Thigh: Circumference around the widest part of thigh, just below crotch Knee: Circumference around the protruding bone of knee. Calf: Circumference around the widest part of calf Ankle: Around the protruding bone
Horizontal Measurements… Seat spread: The circumference, while sitting, around the widest part of thighs. Measure while model is seated with feet flat on floor and ankles touching each other.
Vertical Measurements… Head Circumference: Circumference of widest part of head. Usually at the brows and just above the ears. Height C.B. neck height Waist height Hip height Crotch height Knee height Ankle height
Vertical Measurements… Total torso: Circumference of torso (Mid of shoulder – crotch – mid of shoulder) Crotch length: Distance from waist line at center front to the waist line and center back
Vertical Measurements… Waist to hip Waist to knee Waist to ankle Crotch to ankle
Vertical Measurements… Upper arm length: Distance from shoulder to the elbow bone. Measure with arm bent at 90 degree. Forearm length: Distance from elbow joint to the wrist line Inside arm length: Distance from armpit to the wrist line. Measure with relaxed arm