# Dem Bones! Dem Bones Lynne H. Hehr Center for Mathematics and Science Education Arkansas NASA Educator Resource Center University of Arkansas

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Dem Bones! Dem Bones Lynne H. Hehr Center for Mathematics and Science Education Arkansas NASA Educator Resource Center University of Arkansas lhehr@uark.edu

I have a little skeleton that goes everywhere with me. It gives me shape…is made of bones. It’s very hard to see.

Simon Says and Thinking Loops Simon says… …point to your skull …touch your knee Etc…. This word begins with… an “A” and is between your leg and your foot? an “E” and is the part of your arm that bends?

Activity 1 – Bag of Bones Each student is given a bag of bones, Practice sounding out words. Glue words on body parts page. Label large skeleton on floor. View chicken bones. Pick 2 words and make a sentence. Pick 1 word and write a story. Create a Venn Diagram Bones that have more than 4 letters with bones found below the waist. Bones above the waist with bones below the waist. AIMS magazine: March 2004

My Skeleton In pairs: Draw around partner on butcher paper on floor. Talk about where we bend and our bones. Have each child mark the body bends. Draw bones. Cut at the bends. Connect with yarn.

 Musical Bones  In a group circle of 17 1 bone per person Form circle and face in Place bone on floor inside the circle Sing and move around the circle When singing ends, pick up bone and complete the skeleton Extension: find name cards and place on bone

 Musical Bones Song  Here we go round the skeleton, the skeleton, the skeleton Here we go round the skeleton Let’s put it all together.

 BINGO  My arms have parts that bend and move Every time I use them. Shoulder, elbow, wrist and hand. Shoulder, elbow, wrist and hand. Shoulder, elbow, wrist and hand. And this is how I move them! My legs have parts that bend and move Every time I use them. Knee, ankle, heel and foot Knee, ankle, heel and foot Knee, ankle, heel and foot And this is how I move them! My trunk has parts that bend and move Every time I use them. Neck, back, waist and hips Neck, back, waist and hips Neck, back, waist and hips And this is how I move them! I'm made of parts that bend and move Every time I use them. Shoulder, elbow, wrist and hand.. Knee, ankle, heel and foot. Neck, back, waist and hips And this is how I move them!

 Did You Ever See a Skeleton?  Did ya ever see a skel-e-ton, skel-e-ton, skel-e-ton... Did ya ever see a skel-e-ton walking around? With foot bones & leg bones & hipbones & chest bones... Did ya ever see a skel-e-ton walking around? With hand bones & arm bones & neck bones & head bones... Did ya ever see a skel-e-ton walking around? With tibia, fibula, femur & foot bones With radius, humerus, ulna & hand bones With pelvic & sternum, scapula & neck bones With skull bones & jawbones, rib cage and backbone, Did ya ever see a skel-e-ton walking around?

Skeleton Spin Spin the spinner Outline the bone(s) you land on or place on hanging skeleton (Oriental Trading) Lose a turn if you already have them. First one to outline the whole skeleton…wins!

Making skeletons Macaroni pasted on cardstock Cutouts (Ellison and Accu-cut)

BONES Bingo Create enough bingo cards for all students to have a different card. Call drawn cards. First one to get 5 in a row, Bingos.

Card Games Bones Concentration Go Fish

Measure and predict With a partner, Measure your femur (upper leg bone) from where it joins your hip to where it joins your knee. Measure your height. Record your measurements on a class chart with the rest of your classmates. Younger students can use yarn or rolls of adding machine tape. Measure, add name, tape the height strip to the wall and then tape the femur length on top of the height strip. Does the length of the femur relate in any way to height?

Skeleton A skeleton is made up of bones that give us shape and keep the body from flopping around like a bowl of jelly. The smallest bone is in the ear. The longest bone is the femur. The skeleton protects our insides - like our brain, heart, lungs, and stomach.

Bones Bone is living tissue. Bones make up the skeleton. The skeleton keeps your “insides” safe and gives you shape. Bones act as a frame to hold you up and move with the help of muscles. There are 300 bones in a baby’s body. There are 206 bones in an adult body. Some bones are thick and some are thin. Some bones are flat and some are curved.

Skull This is a skull. It’s like a box around the brain that protects it from getting hurt. The skull is made up of 22 bones.

Ribs This set of bones is like a cage that protects your inner organs. This is a ribcage. It’s made up of 12 pairs of ribs. It protects your heart and lungs.

Hand The is a hand. It has 27 bones in it. It has many bones that move - to pick a flower, hold a crayon and wave hello.

Joint Bones cannot bend so when 2 bones come together and need to move, they form a joint. This is a joint. There are over 230 joints in the body. One of the joints in an arm is called the elbow. One of the joints in a leg is call the knee.

Inside your skin This is what a body looks like on the inside.

Skeleton This is an X-ray of the body. See the bones inside. What bones do you see? Doctors use X-rays to see broken bones. Have you ever had a broken bone?

X-ray X-rays see inside our skin. X-rays help us look at our bones. X-rays don’t hurt – when they are taken, it’s just like taking a picture of bones.

Head This is an X-ray of the head. What do you see?

Mouth and jaw This is an X-ray of the mouth, teeth and jaw. Point to the mouth. the teeth. the jaw. Where is the ear?

Chest This is an X-ray of the bones in the chest. Do you see the ribs? Count them.

Shoulder This is an X-ray of a shoulder. What bones do you see?

Elbow This is an X-ray of an elbow. The elbow is a joint. What is the name of the upper arm bone? What are the names of the lower arm bones?

Hand This is an X-ray of a hand. Find all 27 bones that make up the hand.

Knee This is an X-ray of the knee. The knee is a joint that helps your leg move. Name the upper leg bone. Name the lower leg bones.

Hips This is an x-ray of the hip. It’s called the pelvis. You sit on this.

Foot This is an X-ray of the foot. The foot has 27 bones. What is the part at the back of your foot called?

Foot This is a view of a foot from the top.

The skeleton Put all the bones together and you have a skeleton. Add muscles, organs, skin and a whole lot more and… you have a body.

Books and Resources Human Body by DK Eye Wonder Learning About My Body by Evan-Moor Looking into My Body by Reader’s Digest Magic School Bus in the Human Body by Joanna Cole Pop-up Human Body Skeletons! Skeleton! All About Bones by Katy Hall

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