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Drug Abuse Drug Abuse Effects & Symptoms Short and Long Term Effects & Withdrawal Symptoms.

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Presentation on theme: "Drug Abuse Drug Abuse Effects & Symptoms Short and Long Term Effects & Withdrawal Symptoms."— Presentation transcript:


2 Drug Abuse

3 Drug Abuse Effects & Symptoms Short and Long Term Effects & Withdrawal Symptoms

4 What is a 'Drug' ? A pharmaceutical preparation or a naturally occurring substance used primarily to bring about any change in the existing process or state (physiological, psychological or biochemical ) is called a ‘drug’.

5 USE vs. ABUSE USE: Intake of drugs to :-  Treat an Illness  Prevent a Disease  Improve Health Condition ABUSE: Intake of drugs, for reasons other than medical, in such a manner that the drugs affects the physical or mental functioning of the person.

6 Stay away from them ! Drugs Kill !

7 Classification of Addictive Drugs  Narcotic Analgesics  Cannabis  Stimulants  Depressants  Hallucinogens  Volatile Solvents  Other Drugs of Abuse

8 NARCOTIC ANALGESICS Pain Killing orRelieving drugs with the Opium like effects. Natural Sources Opium Morphine Codeine Semi Synthetic Heroin (Brown Sugar) Synthetic Buprenorphine (tidigesic) Methadone Pentazocine

9 Modes of Intake Codeine Oral(tablets & cough syrups) Heroin Injection, Inhalation, Chasing Opium Oral, Inhalation Morphine Injection Buprenorphine Oral, Injection

10 LONG - TERM EFFECTS  Mood Instability  Reduced Libido  Constipation  Respiratory Impairments  Physical Deterioration  In female abusers, menstrual irregularity and fetal addiction / abnormality.  Infections like serum hepatitis and HIV can occur among IV users.

11 WITHDRAWAL SYMPTOMS Tolerance and Psychological Dependence Develop  Feeling Of Unpleasantness  Severe Pain  Diarrhea  Dilation of Pupils  Insomnia  Hallucinations

12 STIMULANTS Drugs which Excite or Speed up the Central Nervous System :  Amphetamines  Cocaine

13 DEPRESSANTS Drugs which Depress or Slow Down the Functions of the Central Nervous System :  Sedative - Hypnotics o Barbiturates o Benzodiazepines  Alcohol

14 DEPRESSANTS : Long Term Effect Long-term Effects of Depressants:  Depression  Chronic Fatigue  Respiratory Impairments  Impaired Sexual Function  Decreased Attention Span  Poor Memory and Judgement  Chronic Sleep Problems

15 HALLUCINOGENS Hallucinogens are drugs which affect Perception, Emotions and Mental Processes.  Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)  Phencyclidine (PCP)  Mescaline  Psilocybin

16 CANNABIS Cannabis includes :  Ganja / Marijuana  Hashish / Charas  Hashish Oil  Bhang. The most common mode Smoking of intake is Smoking.

17 CANNABIS : Long-term Effects  Decreased Cognitive Ability  Amotivational Syndrome  Respiratory Problems  Sterility/Impotence  Psychosis  In women abusers, Fetal damage can occur

18 WITHDRAWAL SYMPTOMS Tolerance and Psychological Dependence Develop  Sleep Disturbances  Loss of Appetite, Irritability  Depression or psychotic symptoms may become prominent  Tremors

19 OTHER DRUGS OF ABUSE  Muscle Relaxants  Analgesics  Anti-Histamines  Anti-Emetics  Anti-Depressants / Anti-Psychotics

20 EFFECT S A few examples of possible effects of Drugs !

21 DAMAGE DUE TO ADDICTION  Physical Deterioration  Psychiatric Problems  Safety Risks (Accidents and highly Risky Behaviour)  Intellectual Impairment  Personality Deterioration  Legal Risks

22 Drug Addiction  Tolerance  Psychological Dependence  Physical Dependence  Withdrawal Symptoms

23 Impact on Family How the drugs impact or affect the family ? Featuring a discussion on The Altered Family Dynamics

24 Happy Family Portrait by – Rani

25 ALTERED FAMILY DYNAMICS  Suffers as financial resources are diverted for alcohol / drugs  Loses self esteem due to growing criticism and provocations  Isolates from external contacts to protect itself from further embarrassment ies Koqy dy pu`qr ny myrI boql nwlI’c roHV qI !

26 Enabling Behaviour ieh dwrU nhIN, swfy cwcw jI dI dvweI hY ! In their attempts to eliminate the problem, the family unknowingly enables the addict to continue with his inappropriate behaviour.

27 Enabling Behaviour : few examples  Justifying addict’s use of drugs / alcohol.  Calling the employer and making excuses on addict’s behalf to explain his irresponsible behaviour.  Paying Debts Incurred by the addict. mW dI AwKrI inSwnI vI geI !

28 CO-DEPENDENCY TRAITS  Loss of Daily Structure  Lack of Personal Care  Indifference to Health Problems  Loss of Priorities in Life

29 ... co-dependency traits  Inability to Maintain Interpersonal Relationships  Inability to Set and Maintain Limits  Inability to Make Decisions  Defensiveness

30 Feelings Experienced by the Family Repeated problems and failures lead to :  Shame and Loneliness  Hopelessness  Fear  Hurt  Grief  Anger  Guilt

31 Impact on Children How the parent’s addiction affects the children ?

32 IMPACT ON CHILDREN a) Problems Faced by Children b) The Self-imposed Commands (the Self-protection Roles) c) Guidelines to Parents

33 (a) Problems Faced by Children  Lack of Care and Warmth  Lack of a Role Model  Loss of Self - Esteem  Difficulty with Intimate Relationships  Living in Constant Fear and Anxiety

34 (b) The Self-imposed Commands Three Painful, Self - Imposed Commands

35 ADJUSTING CHILD... the lost child  Very Timid  Indulges in Solitary Activities  ‘Invisible’ and Withdrawn  Gets Sick too often (stress related illnesses)

36 PLACATING CHILD... the mascot  Provides Humour / Fun to Reduce Tension in the Family  Fear of Not Belonging  Fear of Breaking Down Has Not Learnt :-  to take Care of his Emotions  to express his Needs

37 REBELLIOUS CHILD... the scapegoat  Defiant  Acts Out  Low Achiever  Throws ‘Tantrums’

38 (c) What Parents can do for the Child  Bitter are the Tears of your child Soothen them.  Ruffled are the Thoughts of your child Quieten them.  Heavy is the Grief of your child Lighten it.  Soft is the Heart of your child Embrace it.

39 Identifying the Child of an Addict  Poor attendance without any valid reason  Drop in school grades  Pre-occupation in class, sleepy unable to concentrate  Friendlessness and isolation or being withdrawn

40 … identifying the child of an addict  Sudden temper and other emotional outbursts  Extreme fear about situations involving contact with parents  Presence of bruises quite often on the child’s body  Agitation, rebelliousness

41 … identifying the child of an addict  Inability to pay school fees on time despite father holding a job  Unable to comply with school regulations such as bringing in permission slips, materials for project  Nobody present during the parent– teacher meeting

42 DO’s & DONT’s What the family members should :- AAvoid Doing ! NNeed to Do !

43 Avoid Doing This !  Hiding or throwing away alcohol / drugs.  Arguing when he is under the influence.  Asking reasons for alcohol / drug use.  Lecturing or making Emotional Appeals.  (Sticks) - Punishing, Threatening  (Carrots) - Bribing In the long run, none of these methods work.

44 What Family Need to Do !  To accept that addiction is a serious problem which requires professional help  To calmly discuss addiction and related problems openly

45 … need to do !  To stop protecting by covering up the consequences of drug / alcohol use.  Don’t feel or give the impression that the addict is doing a favour by not ‘using’

46 … need to do !  Start communicating openly to the other family members about their concerns  To plan one day at a time and start executing them

47 … need to do !  Let him start looking after their own needs and the needs of other family members  Let him understand that he is not alone and that all our help is available

48 … need to do !  Try To identify healthy leisure activities



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