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Contents Context Case 1: Urban Poverty Mapping Case 2: Community Mapping  Ga Mashie  Avenor Case 3: Ga Mashie Low Income Housing Survey Other pilot.

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Presentation on theme: "Contents Context Case 1: Urban Poverty Mapping Case 2: Community Mapping  Ga Mashie  Avenor Case 3: Ga Mashie Low Income Housing Survey Other pilot."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Contents Context Case 1: Urban Poverty Mapping Case 2: Community Mapping  Ga Mashie  Avenor Case 3: Ga Mashie Low Income Housing Survey Other pilot applications  District Metered Area  E-Governance Lessons

3 Urban and Slum Growth Rates Proportions in Africa, 2001 Context

4 Constitutional Democracy since 1992 Area239,000 km2 Population23 million Urban population6.7 Million Population Living Below Poverty Line5.6 Million % of urban population below poverty line33.3 GDP per capita300 Capital CityAccra Regions10 Metropolitan Assemblies (pop > 250,000)5 Municipal Assemblies (pop 95,000)32 District Assemblies (pop < 75,000)101 Number of Local Government (Assemblies) 138 Ghanaian main data Source: Government data, 2000 Context

5 Ghanaian urban poverty data Source: Making Cities Work; USAID, August 2002 and Pop. And Housing Census, GSS, 2000 Context

6 ACCRA Pop: 2.5m (2007 Est.) Size: 185 sq km Major Settlements: 74 Sub-Metro Districts: 11 Context

7 Growth of Urbanisation in Accra Context

8 Water: Most slum residents spend more time and 3 to 10 times more money to access water in their community Toilet Facilities: Over 90% of slum residents do not meet the international standard for access to an improved sanitation facility Waste Management: 60% of the solid waste are collected No sewerage system for all city More than one million of urban dwellers without water supply Around three millions of urban dwellers without access to sanitation Ghanaian urban poverty data Context

9 Public Health concerns Malaria: standing water for mosquito breeding –Ghana had an estimated 7.2 million cases in 2006 Diarrhea: areas that attract flies and spread disease Typhoid Fever: unprotected fecal matter Cholera: unprotected fecal matter –In Accra, there were 102 reported cases between Jan , 2009 Context

10 AYIDIKI AVENOR SABON ZONGO AGBOGBLOSHIE GA MASHIE ACCRA LEARNING SITE Pop: 9,214 No. of houses: 447 Tenureship: Family/ clan Pop: 58,940 No. of houses: 1,738 Tenureship: Stool Pop: 23,900 No. of houses: 1,252 Tenureship: Stool/ Family/Clan Pop: 9,214 No. of houses: 1,583 Tenureship: Stool/ Private Pop: 46,699 No. of houses: 1716 Tenureship: Family/ Clan/Stool/Private NIMA Pop: 88,640 No. of houses: 2,429 Tenureship: Stool/family Case 1 Case 2&3

11 Centrally planned state from independence (1957) Decentralisation and bottom-up approach to governance initiated in the 80’s and still in process: –Local Government Act, 1993 (Act 462) –National Development Planning (Systems),1994 (Act 480) –Local Government Service Act, 2003 (Act 655) Previous attempts at measuring and defining urban poverty done using the old top-down economic focused approach (income) Shift and emphasis on a participatory bottom-up multi-sector measurement of poverty backed by technology Case 1 Urban Poverty Mapping Background

12 Task force formation –Economic Development & Urban Planners –GIS Experts and –Statisticians Task force defined and agreed on –measurement of poverty at community level –indicators to use Planning and Statistics Offices of the AMA - Data collection, disaggregation and analysis Urban Management and Land Information System (UMLIS) – Digitizing existing hardcopy maps and geo-referencing them Production of thematic, composite and aggregate maps Periodic updates of maps by the Task force Process (December 2008 – May 2009) Case 1 Urban Poverty Mapping

13 Participatory community level data collection across all themes of urban poverty Disaggregating data into themes expressing the dimensions of urban poverty Linking of data to spatial units using GIS Production of thematic poverty maps City wide composite and aggregate poverty map Informing decision- making at the municipal and local levels Task force formation and decision on indicators and spatial level of measurement Housing Density Room occupancy Population Density Solid Waste Disposal Method/Facilities Liquid Waste Disposal Access to Toilets Income Levels Water Supply Case 1 Urban Poverty Mapping

14 Inclusive planning Targeted pro-poor intervention More responsive and coordinated interventions Peer to Peer Learning – replication in STMA Infusion of technology into local level planning Case 1 Urban Poverty Mapping Some Outcomes

15 INDICATOR JamestownUssher Town Population 17,78428,915 No. of Households3,3125,728 No. of Houses1716 % using public dumps79.15%88.1% Access to Sewage12.88%1.82% Access to potable water41.52%25.0% Access to toilet facilities55%5% No of rooms17,1395,761 Room occupancy Population growth rate3.4 Age Dependency Ration1:1.55 Economic Dependency Ratio1:2.2 Top 5 reported OPD Cases Malaria Diarrhea Typhoid Fever Intestinal Worms Malnutrition Unemployed13 Case 2 Community Mapping in Ga Mashie Profile of Ga Mashie

16 Further specialized studies. Example Ga Mashie Low Income Housing Survey. FGDs by residents and CHF Technical staff to identify key features  community facilities  physical layout  environmental conditions FGDs by residents and CHF Technical staff to identify key features  community facilities  physical layout  environmental conditions GACEED/GAMADA/OACADA advocacy to integrate pro-poor projects into AMA Medium Term Plan Application of GIS by CHF experts Community validation and Interface with AMA Case 2 Community Mapping in Ga Mashie

17 Population 8,725 No. of Households1281 No. of Houses447 % using public dumps31.03% Access to Sewage2.29% Access to potable water28.03% Access to toilet facilities21% No of rooms1209 Room occupancy7.0 Population growth rate3.4 Age Dependency Ration1:1.55 Economic Dependency Ratio1:2.4 Top 5 reported OPD Cases Malaria71.1 Diarrhea5.8 Typhoid Fever1.8 Intestinal Worms19.2 Malnutrition2.1 Unemployed28 Profile of Avenor Case 2 Community Mapping in Avenor

18 Community Transect Walks and FGDs to identify key features and discuss  community facilities  physical layout  environmental conditions Community Transect Walks and FGDs to identify key features and discuss  community facilities  physical layout  environmental conditions Advocacy by CHF/NIMCOSS/Avenor Residents to integrate pro-poor projects into AMA Medium Term Plan Application of GIS by CHF Experts Community validation and Interface with AMA Further specialized studies into Housing, Sanitation etc. Case 2 Community Mapping in Avenor

19 Community Forum with Housing the Masses (HM) Zonal meetings for Landlords, Family Heads & HM Data collection, using maps and interview guides Data processing, analysis Residents petition to GAMADA for settlement upgrading and general improvement Active residents engagement Introduction of technology Stakeholder engagement to mobilize funds for redevelopment Presentation and discussion of results Case 3 Ga Mashie Low Income Housing Survey

20 On going coding, entering and analyzing the data collected Case 3 Ga Mashie Low Income Housing Survey

21 Other pilot applications of technology to promote good urban governance; bottom-up approach. District Metered Area E-Governance

22 District Metered Area Unknown conditions of existing main pipelines Unknown number of connections Passive monitoring of water distribution system 50% of water pumped is unaccounted for. Illegal connections are common and not often detected. Existing Conditions Expansion of the city into the peripheries ahead of urban services extension

23 Only a quarter of Accra residents have continuous supply District Metered Area

24 identityy_projectionx_projectionA/C NONAMEADDRESS CAPRICE HOTEL CAPRICE CASINOC24/1 NSAWAM ROAD PROFESSIONAL AUTO CENTRE LTDC 28/7 BEH. CARPRICE TOTEL ALLOTEY J KWARD C BLOCK 7 HOUSE NO MENSAH CODJOC550/7 OLYMPICS LINK YEKINNI LATIFYHNO C 407/ NANA ATTUHSE NO C 535/ DATSOMOR EMMANUEL KHSE NO C 533/ APPIAH JOEC553/7 OLYMPICS LINK BOYE DOE ISSIAHC554/7 OLYMPICS LINK ANNAN T.E.D.C555/7 OLYMPICS LINK ANNAN N.D.C556/7 OLYMPICS LINK ARYEE REGINAWARD C BLOCK 7 HOUSE NO OMAR MRSNR HSE NO C 482/7 OLYMPIS LINK ODOI DANIELBEHIND C482/7 OLYMPICS LINK KING SAMHNO C 560/7,KPEHE SOLOMON MARY M.D.C561/7 SCHOOL ROAD METTLE-NUNOO E.A.C562/7 SCHOOL ROAD DODOO S.D.C563/7 SCHOOL ROAD SENAYAH EMMANUEL.C564/7 SCHOOL ROAD AMOO KWASIC565/7 SCHOOL ROAD DORKUNOR G.K.C566/7 SCHOOL ROAD Extract of a GWCL Customer Directory District Metered Area

25 Eliminating (inefficient) human element in billing Reducing unexplained water loss during distribution Water Bills Paid within Area = Volume of Flow between District Meters (DM 1, DM 2 ) DM 1 DM 2 Actors Ghana Water Company Ltd. Aqua Vitens Rand Ltd. Public Utilities Regulatory Commission Easy Identification of areas with problematic water supply Monitoring water supply by service providers Water flow Revenue flow District Metered Area Objectives

26 E-Governance CHF twice organized the Urban Forum to build partnerships at the Institute of Local Government Studies, with participants from  AMA, STMA and other District Assemblies  Professional Learning Institutions - ILGS, KNUST  Government Ministries, Departments & Agencies  Private actors  Local NGOs and  Civil Society Organizations A policy brief has been prepared and circulated to participants and stakeholders. Participants prioritized the Urban Platform as a means to influence urban policy decisions and governance

27 Lessons Urban Poverty Mapping URBAN POVERTY MAPPING OUTPUTS Thematic poverty maps Urban poverty definition OUTCOMES Prioritized domains Prioritized geographical zones Influence on urban planning and projects design

28 Community mapping for interventions –Participatory data collection –Discussing solution to undesirable living conditions Consolidation of data by use of technology (GIS) General Information and Maps Income Housing Typologies Public Facility Refuse dumps Public toilets Electricity poles, pylons, sub- stations GWCL lines General Information and Maps Income Housing Typologies Public Facility Refuse dumps Public toilets Electricity poles, pylons, sub- stations GWCL lines Specific Uses Flood Intervention proposals Housing improvements Community Facilities Specific Uses Flood Intervention proposals Housing improvements Community Facilities Amplifying the voice of the urban poor Concrete basis for engagement with Municipal Authorities Amplifying the voice of the urban poor Concrete basis for engagement with Municipal Authorities Capacity building at all level and across sectors Local and Municipal level Action Lessons Community Mapping Participatory implementation, Monitoring and Evaluation Community mobilization and consensus building

29 Bottom-Up In Urban Poverty Mapping Community Mapping Specific Participatory Surveys Good Urban Governance Improved urban services Improved shelters Improved incomes Inclusive Planning Participatory Budgeting Interface between Local Authorities and Slum Dwellers Multi Stakeholders Contracts INFORMATIONPARTICIPATION&PARTNERSHIPPRO-POOR INTERVENTION Changed Power Dynamics Improved living conditions C o – P r o d u c i n g t h e C i t y C i t i z e n E n g a g e m e n t Active Engagement of Municipal Authorities to integrate citizens aspirations into plans and budgets

30 Scaling-up SCALING-UP, a bottom-up approach to real sustainable development-oriented urban governance backed by appropriate technology.

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