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Danger Signs in Newborn

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Presentation on theme: "Danger Signs in Newborn"— Presentation transcript:

1 Danger Signs in Newborn
Teaching Aids: NNF DS-

2 Sick newborn Early detection, prompt treatment and
referral (if required) are necessary to prevent high mortality Teaching Aids: NNF DS-

3 Problems in early diagnosis of sick newborn
Non-specific signs Difficulties in preterm and LBW babies Teaching Aids: NNF DS-

4 Lethargy and poor sucking
In a term baby who was feeding earlier  indicates neonatal illness (as perceived by mother) In a preterm baby  needs careful assessment because it may be due to cold stress or immaturity Teaching Aids: NNF DS-

5 Capillary refill time (CRT)
Indicates tissue perfusion Normal CRT < 3 seconds Prolonged CRT > 3 seconds * Use 10ml/kg normal saline bolus * Hypotension, hypothermia, acidosis Teaching Aids: NNF DS-

6 Capillary refill time (CRT)
Teaching Aids: NNF DS-

7 Respiratory problems RR > 60 / min* Retractions Grunt
Central cyanosis Apnea *Rate should be counted in a quiet state and not immediately after feed Teaching Aids: NNF DS-

8 R E T A C I O N S Teaching Aids: NNF DS-

9 Body temperature in newborn infant (oC)
Normal range Cold stress Moderate hypothermia Severe hypothermia Outlook grave, skilled care urgently needed Danger, warm baby Cause for concern 37.5o 36.5o 36.0o 32.0o Teaching Aids: NNF DS-

10 Failure to pass meconium and urine
Majority pass within 24 hrs Delayed passage May have passed in –utero Lubricated per-rectal thermometer may be therapeutic Suspect obstruction Failure to pass urine Majority pass within 48 hrs Exclude obstructive uropathy or renal agenesis Teaching Aids: NNF DS-

11 Causes of vomiting* Ingestion of meconium stained amniotic fluid
Systemic illness Congestive cardiac failure Raised ICP – IVH, asphyxia Metabolic disorders (CAH, galactosemia) *Persistent, projectile or bile stained - r / o intestinal obstruction Teaching Aids: NNF DS-

12 Causes of diarrhea Infective diarrhea* (often non breast fed baby)
Maternal ingestion of drugs (ampicillin, laxatives) Metabolic disorders Thyrotoxicosis Maternal drug addiction *Infective diarrhea needs treatment with systemic antibiotics Teaching Aids: NNF DS-

13 Cyanosis Peripheral Normal at birth Seen in extremities due to cold
Central Always needs appropriate referral Seen on lips and mucosa Indicates cardiac or pulmonary disease Teaching Aids: NNF DS-

14 Peripheral cyanosis Teaching Aids: NNF DS-

15 Central cyanosis Teaching Aids: NNF DS-

16 Yellow Palms & Soles Teaching Aids: NNF DS-

17 Yellow staining of soles
Teaching Aids: NNF DS-

18 Tracheo-esophageal fistula
Excessive drooling; choking; cyanosis during feeds; respiratory distress Failure to pass red rubber catheter beyond 8 to 10 cm from mouth Teaching Aids: NNF DS-

19 Tracheo-esophageal fistula
Teaching Aids: NNF DS-

20 Suspect cardiac disease
Cyanosis Tachycardia Murmur Hepatomegaly Shock Cardiomegaly Teaching Aids: NNF DS-

21 Abnormal weight loss pattern
> 10 percent of birth weight in term > 15 percent in preterm > 5 percent acute weight loss Teaching Aids: NNF DS-

22 Danger signs : Summary Lethargy Hypothermia Respiratory distress
Cyanosis Convulsion Abd. distension Bleeding Yellow palms/ soles Excessive wt. loss Vomiting Diarrhea Teaching Aids: NNF DS-

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