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Digestive System Disorders and Diseases! By Vinny Fushetto.

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Presentation on theme: "Digestive System Disorders and Diseases! By Vinny Fushetto."— Presentation transcript:

1 Digestive System Disorders and Diseases! By Vinny Fushetto

2 Appendicitis Appendicitis is an irritation, inflammation, and infection of the appendix. Appendicitis isnt a really important part of the immune system but if infected can cause death. The appendix can rupture 48 to 72 hours if you don’t get medical attention fast enough. If you feel pain by your appendix make sure you seek medical attention.

3 Celiac Disease Celiac disease is a digestive disease that damages the small intestine. Because of a sensitivity to gluten, which is found in wheat, rye, barley, and oats. This disease interferes with the absorption of nutrients from food. If you eat gluten this disease damages your small intestines.

4 Crohns Disease Is a disease where an inflammatory bowel disease that is a extreme condition that may occur at various times over a lifetime. Crohn's disease is also called ileitis or enteritis. It damages the smaller intestine. In some cases the small and large intestines are damaged.

5 Hemorrhoids Hemorrhoids are blood vessels, that are in and around the anus and lower rectum, that have become swollen due to stretching and pressure. These are very common in both men and women, and about half the population have hemorrhoids by age 50. This isnt a life threatening disease. Very common in pregnant women.

6 Gastritis Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining. Drinking to much alcohol and smoking and eating spicy food is what can give you this disease. There are many different ways that cause this disorder but these are just some of them. Stay away from consuming to much of these items if you don’t want this disease.

7 Stomach Cancer Is cancer that starts in any part of the stomach. It is also called gastric cancer. This is a very life threatening disease. A lot of people in America pass away each year from this disease. The earlier it is found and treated the better.

8 Gastroparesis Gastroparesis is a stomach disorder in which the stomach takes too long emptying out everything. If food remains in the stomach for too long, it can cause problems such as bacterial overgrowth from the food sitting. The food can also harden in to solid masses called, bezoars which may cause vomiting or nausea.

9 Ulcers An ulcer is an open sore, or lesion, usually found on the skin or mucous membrane areas of the body. About 25 million Americans develop at least one ulcer during their lifetime. 5 Million people get affected each year due to ulcers. Stomach ulcers are called gastric ulcers There are many different palaces that you can have ulcers.

10 Gallstones Gallstones are hard, pebble-like deposits that form inside the gallbladder. Gallstones may be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a golf ball. Gallstones are usually discovered in an annual x- ray. This is not a life threatening disease.

11 Part 3 – Lindsey Bernoskie Sudden Illnesses/ First Aid/ Emergency of the Digestive System

12 Pictures!

13 What are the most common sudden illnesses in the Digestive System? Hiccups Heartburn/Acid Reflux Throw up Diarrhea

14 Useful Terms 2 Coughing - an important way to keep your throat and airways clear. However, excessive coughing may mean you have an underlying problem. Endoscope - a procedure that uses a lighted, flexible endoscope to see inside the upper GI tract. Dysentery- an inflammatory disorder of the intestine, especially of the colon, that results in severe diarrhea containing mucus and/or blood in the feces with fever and abdominal pain. Dysbiosis- poor digestive function Leaky Gut Syndrome- the name given for the condition that allows larger food particles to pass through the gut wall.

15 Useful Terms Diarrhea- is the condition of having three or more loose or liquid bowel movements per day. Hiccups - is an esophageal contraction of the diaphragm that repeats several times per minute. Digestive System - is the mechanical and chemical breaking down of food into smaller components that can be absorbed into a blood stream, for instance. Heartburn- also known as acid reflux, is a painful and burning sensation in the esophagus, just behind the breastbone, usually associated with regurgitation of gastric acid. Irritable bowel syndrome refers to a disorder of the lower intestinal tract. It involves abdominal pain and abnormal bowel movements. Emotional stress often makes the symptoms worse.

16 Hiccups Causes of hiccups –Eating too much –Drinking carbonated beverages –Excessive consumption of alcohol –Sudden temperature changes –Excitement or emotional stress What is a hiccup? A Hiccup is defined as the involuntary contraction of the diaphragm — the muscle that separates your chest from your abdomen and plays an important role in breathing. -Prevention of Hiccups DON’T: - Eat large meals - Drink carbonated beverages or alcohol - Have Sudden changes in temperature

17 Heartburn/ Acid Reflux Symptoms –Burping –Nausea after eating –Stomach fullness or bloating –Upper abdominal pain and discomfort Acid Reflux and Heartburn is defined as: A common condition and an abnormal one in which acid in the stomach rises up into the esophagus. Prevention -People with heartburn should avoid or reduce consumption of foods and beverages that contain caffeine, chocolate, peppermint, spearmint, and alcohol. - Physicians often advise patients with Acid Reflux to cut down on fatty foods. - Increasing protein may help strengthen -Whole grain products -Eat fruits and vegetables, although avoid acidic vegetables and fruits

18 Diarrhea What are Causes of Diarrhea? Viruses Bacteria and parasites Medications Lactose Fructose Artificial sweeteners Surgery Symptoms of Diarrhea? -Frequent, loose, watery stools -Abdominal cramps -Abdominal pain -Fever -Blood in the stool -Bloating How to treat Diarrhea? -Drinking lots of fluids -Eat probiotic yogurt. -BRAT diet: bananas, rice, apples or applesauce, and dry toast. -Avoid diarrhea medications Diarrhea is defined as: A familiar phenomenon with unusually frequent or unusually liquid bowel movements, excessive watery evacuations of fecal material.

19 Throw Up/ Vomit Throw up or vomit is defined as: To eject part or all of the contents of the stomach through the mouth, usually in a series of involuntary spasmic movements. Symptoms Of Vomiting: -Involuntary expulsion of food from mouth and nose -Increased saliva -Dizziness -Light-headedness -Difficulty in swallowing food or liquid -Changes in skin temperature -Increase in heartbeat rate -Increased sensitivity to certain smells -Changes in the taste of some foods Prevention: DON’T EAT FAST or FOODS YOU DON’T LIKE Causes of Vomiting: - central causes (signals from the brain) -association with another illnesses -medications and medical treatments

20 This is a picture of acid reflux - which is the burning in or around your stomach from eating food.  Diarrhea causes death amongst young children and is just too much water in the stool. Diarrhea could also lead to dehydration. 

21 The End


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