Diarrhea and Nutrition Diarrhea most common infection causing undernutrion – Kwashiorkor induced by diarrhea Worst in children under 5 Diarrhea reduces –Water –Salts Fatal if dehydration > 15% –60-70% diarrhea deaths caused by dehydration
Causes of Diarrhea Rotavirus Cholera Shigella Samonella Parasites Etc.
Oral Rehydration Therapy Diarrheal salt loss cannot be corrected by drinking salt water –More fluid pulled from body into intestine If add sugar to salt, –sugar crosses intestinal lining –pulls salt into body Signs of dehydration
Oral Rehydration Therapy “The cheapest and most effective health intervention that can be implemented in the home to decrease childhood mortality” –UNICEF Diluted salt water with sugar
Malnutrition Exacerbates Infection Philippine children with respiratory infection were 13x more likely to die – if malnourished Malnutrition aggravates –Intestinal diseases –Worms –Parasites Philippine Children
Malnutition Exacerbates Infection Malnutrition most common cause of immune system deficiencies –Decreases in white cell response Interferon skin integrity Mucous membranes Tissue replacement, repair Children with PEM –Atrophied thymus –poor T cell production White blood cell surrounded by red blood cells
Malnutrition reduces Stamina Reduced capacity to cope with life Reduced job performance Reduced income for –Healthcare –Transportation to clinics –Medicines Uganda Health Clinic