2 Habit Custom Culture Repeat an action many times (habit)When many people continue this habit it becomes characteristic of them (custom)When we combine all the customs we get a comprehensive view of that group of people (culture)
3 What is Culture? Material Culture/Artifacts Mentifacts Buildings Is it biological? Or is it learned?LEARNED!Our age, sex, status, occupation, etc. preclude us from knowing our entire cultureCustomary beliefs (Mentifacts)Social Forms (Sociofacts)Material Traits (Material culture/Artifacts)Material Culture/ArtifactsBuildingsToolsClothingArt/MusicFoodMentifactsLanguageReligionEthnicityValuesBeliefs
4 Sub-culture“Sub-culture”- “groups that can be distinguished from the dominant group by their cultural patternsIndividuals expected to learn not just their dominant culture but also follow the “rules” and conventions of their specific subculture i.e.:Dominant culture :American HighschoolerSubculture: Athletics – Fine Arts groups –Subculture: Football, cheer, soccer, wrestling, band, choir, theatre, Minecraft club, Interact club
5 Culture traits, complexes and systems Culture traits -smallest distinct items of culture“units of learned behavior ranging from the language spoken to the tools used or the games played”Ex. Object: fishhookTechnique: weavingSome traits – Chritian religion, or Spanish language- may be a part of more than one culture!
6 Culture traits, complexes and systems Culture complex– individual traits that are related directlyMasia tribesmen: Trait- keeping cattle to herdWealth based on # of cattle ownedDiet of cow milk and bloodDisdain for non-herding laborUSA- Automobile ownershipStatus by brandMovies and games w/ car as central theme/roleUrban landscapes designed around carsRites of passage
7 Culture traits, complexes and systems Culture system- “the collection of interacting traits and complexes shared by a large group”Culture traits and complexes and systems have a physical extent– geographic boundariesWhen plotted on maps, regions can be seen/identified“Culture region” – “portion of the earth’s surface occupied by populations sharing recognizable and distinctive characteristics” such as:Common gov. systems (democracy vs dictatorship/fascism)Economic systems (free world vs communism)Type of clothing (folk vs popular clothing)
23 5. East Asia Language family: Sino-Tibetan Sino is Latin for ChinaDominate language is MandarinJapan speaks a different language, but written language is derived from ChineseReligion: Ethnic Religions (Confucianism/Taoism); Buddhism
27 7. South Asia Language: Indic Religion: Hindu/Islam Hindi, Panjabi, BengaliRelated (Sanskrit), but differentReligion: Hindu/IslamHindu majority, huge number of MuslimsBuddhist patches in Sri Lanka, Nepal & Bhutan