Presentation on theme: "William Shakespeare. Objectives: Common Core State Standards RL 1 Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says."— Presentation transcript:
Objectives: Common Core State Standards RL 1 Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. RL 2 Determine the theme or central idea of a text. RL 3 Analyze how complex characters with conflicting motivations develop, interact with others, and advance the plot or develop the theme. RL 4 Determine the figurative and connotative meanings of words and phrases as they are used in a text. RL 5 Analyze how an author’s choices concerning how to structure a text and order events within it create such effects as mystery, tension, or surprise. RL 9 Analyze how an author draws on and transforms source material in a specific work. RL 10 Read and comprehend dramas. RI 7 Analyze various accounts of a subject told in different mediums. SL 3 Evaluate a speaker’s point of view, reasoning, and use of evidence and rhetoric. L 1b Use various types of clauses to convey specific meanings and add variety and interest to writing.
Meet William Shakespeare… Born in 1564 Lived during the Renaissance Period during the reign of Queen Elizabeth And Henry the VIII Grew up in Stratford upon Avon- 400 miles from London Shakespeare wrote mainly comedies Including A Midsummer’s Night Dream, He also wrote tragedies like Romeo and Juliet. He wrote romances too, like The Winter’s Tale
Meet William Shakespeare cont… He helped build the Globe Theater It was common for people to eat, drink and talk during performances! Shakespeare modeled his writing after the great historian Plutarch. Plutarch was a famous Roman Citizen (pictured below).
Who is Julius Caesar? Caesar was born in 100 B.C He was a shrewd military general He became wealthy and powerful by conquering Gaul-a territory in western Europe In 60 B.C. Rome was under the control of Crassus, Pompey and Caesar These three leaders were known as The First Triumvirate Crassus died and soon Pompey and Caesar came into odds with each other
Who is Julius Caesar? Cont… Caesar defeated Pompey in 45 B.C The play opens up in 44 B.C-there is concern that Caesar might crush the republic that has been established and create either a monarchy- or worse, a dictatorship!
Act I-The Tragedy of Julius Caesar Setting: The Festival of Lupercal Act I opens here Lupercal comes from “lupus” or wolf Women who could not bare children would stand in the way of the “runners” carrying sacrificial goats or dogs, in order to be blessed with the powers to have children Caesar’s wife, Calpurnia was unable to have children
Act I-The Tragedy of Julius Caesar cont… Epilepsy-The Falling Sickness Several characters allude to or mention Caesar’s “falling sickness” Some in Shakespeare’s day associated the “falling sickness” to being able to prophesize or tell the future Pun A pun is a joke that makes use of two different meanings of the word. In Scene I, the cobbler (shoe maker) makes a pun with the words all and awl (a shoemakers tool). “Truly, sir, all that I live by is with the awl.” This is one of the earliest forms of humor
Act I Study Guide I. Vocabulary Wherefore: (line 32-Murellus): Should we? Exeunt: exit Vulgar: (line 70-Flavius): Common people Construe: to interpret or translate II. Literary Terms Blank Verse: unrhymed iambic pentameter (5 syllables in a line that are unrhymed). Prose: Ordinary speech or writing without metrical structure
Act I Study Guide cont… Tragedy: drama of literary work which the main character suffers extreme sorrow Pun: a play on words Conflict: fighting or disharmony between with different ideas or interests
Act I Study Guide cont… Types of Conflicts: External Conflict: man vs. man man vs. animal man vs. nature Internal Conflict: man vs. self Soliloquy: dramatic dialogue which a character reveals his or her thoughts, when alone or unaware of others.
Act I Study Guide cont… Iambic Meter: line in which there is a stressed syllable sound, followed by an unstressed syllable Iambic Pentameter: Five syllables in a line, with an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable Metaphor: Comparison not using like or as Simile: Comparison using like or as
Act I Vocabulary: 1. Tributaries: people who had to obey rules and laws 2. Servile: people who had to serve those who were in power (example: the senators below Caesar) 3. Construe: interpret 4. Cogitations: thoughts 5. Accoutred: to be well equipped 6. Encompass: to surround 7. Loath: to hate someone 8. Prodigious: extraordinary 9. Redress: to make amends (to make right) 10. Infirmity: to show weakness
Characters Introduced in Act I Julius Caesar: (Marcus) Brutus: Cassius: Antony: Casca: As we read fill in traits that describe each character!
Blog Response Question… Can your conscience (intuition/judgment) mislead you? Recall a situation or a time when this happened to you or someone you know. What did you (he or she) learn from it?